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- Why not trust the President? James Hamilton Lewis. Ind., 78:279.

May. Monroe Doctrine. Doctrine de Monroe et les états sud-américains, La. Georges

Lafond. R. pol. int., 1:570. June. - Monroe Doctrine and the Latin American Republic, The. R. J. MacHugh. Fort. R., 95:671.. April.

- Monroe Doctrine fundamentals. Theodore S. Woolsey. N. Amer. R., 199:

833. June. - Panama and Monroe Doctrine. Walter H. Page. N. Y. Japan R., 2:140.


- Real Monroe Doctrine, The. Elihu Root. N. Amer. R., 199:841. June. Morocco. Mission dans l'Atlas Marocain, Une. R. des quest. col. et marit., 39:130.

May. Navies. Navy, The. A power for peace. Joseph Daniels. World's Work, 28:62.

May. - Navy and the future, The. Edinb. R., 219:448. April. Neutrality. Internationale Garantie und dauernde Neutralität als Mittel der

zwischen staatslichen Organization. Rafael Erich. 2. f. Volk., 7:452. Newfoundland. Newfoundland's fishermen "playing politics." R. of R. (N. Y.),

49:462. April. New Hebrides. New Hebrides experiment. (Anglo-French convention, 1906.)

John H. Havens. 19th Cent., 75:932. April. Nicaragua. Nicaragua. Pan-American M., 17:3. April. - Nicaragua and the United States. David Pollard. Pan-American M.,

17:69. April. - Nicaragua Mixed Claims Commission, The. Pan-American M., 17:68.

April. Panama. Broken treaty, A. The Panama Canal Tolls. J. M. Kennedy. Fort. R.,

95:905. May. - Canal tolls and national honor. Cur. Op. 56:255. April. - Coastwise toll exemption. Emory R. Johnson. N. Amer. R., 199:540. April. - Coastwise traffic insincerities. Nation (N. Y.), 98:383. April.

Panama Canal an American highway, The. James O'Gorman. Ind., 78: 278. May. - Panama Tolls repeal bill. Outlook, 106:782, 791. April.

Panama Repeal bill, The. Spectator, 114:554. April. - In a nut shell. Outlook, 106:743. April.

Panama tolls jarring democratic harmony. Lit. Dig., 48:805. April. - Supremacy in the Panama Canal. David Jayne Hill. R. of R. (N. Y.), 49:722. June.

- Why the Panama tolls exemption should be repealed. Robert L. Owen.

R. of R. (N. Y.), 49:560. May. Pan-American Affairs. États-Unis et l'Amérique Latine, Les. Myron T. Herrick.

France-Amérique, 5:321. June. - International politics in North and South America. Alejandro Alvarez. British R., 6:321. June.

- Panamericanisme, Le. Leopold Lugones. R. Sud-Amer., 1:31. Jan.

— Révolution de Panama, Le. (3 novembre, 1903.) A. S. Tuaner. R. d'hist.

dipl., 28:274. Peace. Bryanische Friedensplan, Der. B. de Jong van Beek en Donk. 2. f. Völk.

7:533. - Freiheit und Frieden. R. Cahén. Friedens-Warte, 16:132. April. - Peace problem, A. Edwin D. Mead. N. Y. Japan R., 2:148. April.

Some hindrances to the peace movement. C. E. Maurice. Contemp. R., 105:556. April. - War industries and the future of efforts on behalf of peace. Hans Wehberg. Peace Movement, 3:157; Mouvement pacifiste, 3:156; Friedens-Bewegung,

3:161. April. Persia. Admiralty's proposed speculation in Persian Oil fields, The. (Great Britain.)

Economist, 78:1315. May. - Is a crisis approaching in Russia and in Persia? Economist, 78:1380. June.

Situation en Perse, La. G D. Turner. R pol int., 1:598. June Roumania. Entwicklung Rumäniens unter König Carol und der Balkankrieg, Die.

Demetrius M. Studer. Deutsche R., 29:54. May. Russia. Raisons de la tension russo-allemande. Par A. L. La France de demain,

10:288. May. Suez Canal. Canal de Suez, La. Vie int., 5:214. Sweden. Sweden and Russia. E. J. Dillon. Contemp. R., 105:718. May. - Sweden's call to arms. Lit. Dig., 48:814. April. -- Sweden torn by militarism. Lit. Dig., 48:609. March.

Why the Swedes are demanding increased defenses. R. of R. (N. Y.), 49: 483. April Third Hague Conference. Dritte Haager Konferenz, Die. Friedens-Warte, 16:121.

April. - Nederlandich voorstel voor de Derde Vredesconferentie, Een. Vrede door

Recht, 15:142. May. - Troisième conférence de la Haye, La. Baron Hold von Ferneck. La R. pol.

int., 1:513. June. Treaties. Deux conventions peu connues sur le droit de la guerre (États-Unis d'Amé

rique et Grande Bretagne 12 mai, 1813, Colombia et Espagne, 26 novembre, 1820). J. Basdevant. R. gen. de dr. int. pub., 21:5. - Un mancato trattato di commercio fra le due Sicilie et la Francia e un “parere” inedito dell abate Galiani. R. Guariglia. R. di dir. ibt., Ser. 2, vol. 3:3. - Schiedsgerichtsverträge der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika bis zur ersten Haagar Friedenskonferenz, Die. Kurt Eduard Imberg. 2. f. Völk.,

7:554. - Treaty-making power, The. Henry St. George Tucker. N. Amer. R., 199:

560. April. - Treaty-making power, The. A rejoinder. Edward S. Corwin, N. Amer. R.,

199:893. June. Turkey. Army and navy reorganization in Turkey. R. of R. (N. Y.), 49:494. April. - Emprunt turc, L'. Yves Guyot. J. des économistes, 42:206. May.



- Franco-German agreements concerning Turkey in Asia. Peace Move
ment, 3:90; Mouvement pacifiste, 3:90. Friedens-Bewegung, 3:90. March.
- Nouvelle loi militaire ottomane, La. E.N. Q. dip., 37:669. June.
- Organisation du Comité “Union et Progrès, L'. A. de Rochebrune. Q. díp.,
37:400. April.

— Turquie après la guerre, La. Tsarigradski. Q. dipl., 37:610. May.
United States. América moderna, La. Vincente Gay. España Moderna, 305:135.

- Army's peaceful triumphs, The. Lindley Garrison. World's Work (N. Y.),

28:59. May.
- Démocratie en Amérique, La. Georges Clemenceau. R. Sud-Amer., 1:1.
- Foreign relations of the United States. James Davenport Whelpley. Fort.

R., 95:1055. June.
- Imperialisme des États-Unis * * * Corresp., 219:568. May.

Last refuge of the spoilsman. Atlantic, 113:433. April.

Neure Verfassungsentwicklung, in den Vereinigten Staaten, Die. Wilhelm Hasbach. Z. für Politik, 7:49. - Shall we control the Pacific? Jas. H. Oliver. World's Work (N. Y.), 28:64. May. - United States unprepared for war, The. H. A. Austin. Forum, 51:526. April. - What Europe thinks of us. David S. Jordan. World's Work (N. Y.), 27:656; 28:99. April-May.

- What the War Department has done. Lindley M. Garrison. Harper's W,

58:9. March. War. New finance: How shall we pay for a war? Archibald Hurd. Fort R., 95:973

June. - Pour payer une guerre. N. Mondet. J. des Economistes, 42:233. May.

- Probleme der Kriegswirtschaft Lehre. Olto Neurath. 2. für die Gesamte

Staatswissenschaft, 69:438.
- Shipowners and war. Economist, 78:1067. May.

- Streiflichter auf einen Zukunftskrieg. Richard Gädke. Friedens-Warte,

16:128. April.
- War and diplomacy. Spectator, 114:637. April.

- War risks of shipping. Spectator, 114:819. May.
Westlake, John. John Westlake. A. G. de Lapradelle. Green Bag, 26:218. May.




So long as the rule of capture of private property at sea exists unimpaired, states with mercantile marines of any importance will find that one of the problems they have to face in war is to defend their sea-borne commerce, and to attack that of their adversary. On the 26th March, 1913, Mr. Winston Churchill, the First Lord of the British Admiralty, made an important statement in the House of Commons regarding the methods proposed by Great Britain for the protection of trade. As reported in the Times Mr. Churchill's speech was as follows:

I now turn to one aspect of trade protection which requires special reference. It was made clear at the Second Hague Conference and the London Conference that certain of the great Powers have reserved to themselves the right to convert merchant steamers into cruisers, not merely in national harbours but if necessary on the high seas. There is now good reason to believe that a considerable number of foreign merchant steamers may be rapidly converted into armed ships by the mounting of guns. The sea-borne trade of the world follows wellmarked routes, upon nearly all of which the tonnage of the British mercantile marine largely predominates. Our food-carrying liners and vessels carrying raw material following these trade routes would, in certain contingencies, meet foreign vessels armed and equipped in the manner described. If the British ships had no armament they would be at the mercy of any foreign liners carrying one effective gun and a few rounds of ammunition. It would be obviously absurd to meet the contingency of considerable numbers of foreign armoured merchant cruisers on the high seas by building an equal number of cruisers. That would expose this country to an expenditure of money to meet a particular danger altogether disproportionate to the expense caused to any foreign Power in creating that danger. Hostile cruisers, wherever they are found, will be covered and met by British ships of war, but the proper reply to an armed merchantman is another merchantman armed in her own defence. This is the position to which the Admiralty have felt it necessary to draw the attention of leading shipowners. We have felt justified in pointing out to them the danger to life and property which would be incurred if their vessels were totally incapable of offering any

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