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man is the worst of creatures; a to the glory of God,"—that is the wicked Christian is the worst of men; Christian's rule of life. May we and a wicked minister is the worst of have grace to conform ourselves to Christians."
this rule, in thought, word, and Ye are the light of the world. The work! Let the excellence of the Lord Jesus Christ is the light of the Gospel and the power of divine grace world, in the highest and full sense appear in our good temper and holy of the expression. He is the sun, course of life ; and we may trust the glory of the church, from whom that, by the divine blessing, our all other light is borrowed. But all example will be made useful to those believers, who are enlightened by around us, and the great Giver of all this principal luminary, may reflect good may be glorified by means of some portion of his splendour; and the gifts of his mercy bestowed upon being themselves" light in the Lord,” | ourselves. How delightful is this may “shine as lights in the world, thought to the mind of every disciple holding forth the word of life.” Eph. of the Lord Jesus, who is duly influv. 8; Phil. ii. 15.
enced by love towards Him who first Let your light so shine before men. loved us ! Or, thus let your light shine before I an not come to destroy, but to men.--As a candle gives light to all | fulfil.–Our Lord Jesus Christ, by that are in a room where it is burn
his ministry and work, so far from ing, so should your religion be known, casting any discredit upon the law by its effects, by all those among whom of Moses or the sayings of the proyou dwell, and should contribute to phets, did really complete, fill up, the dissemination of the truth. and carry out the design of the whole
A spirit of ostentation and vain volume of existing revelation. Himglory is alien from the nature of true self and his Gospel were in substance religion deeply seated in the heart; what the Law was in shadow or outbut, at the same time, it is one cha- line. As to the moral law, he perracteristic of genuine piety that it fectly fulfilled it in his most holy manifests itself, and becomes evident, life;—he endured in his own person by its fruits. Our love to God and the penalty of transgressions which devotion to his service are to be
others had committed;—he expoundmade known not by a loud and for- ed its meaning and spirituality, and ward profession, but by our good | vindicated its obligation, in opworks. Even these are not to be position to the false glosses of performed for the purpose of display, human traditions and mistakes ;—and but in obedience to the will of God. he continues to complete it, by his And our object—the noble and ani- Spirit, in his people, giving them mating object at which we are con- grace and power to obey it from the tinually to aim-is, not our own heart, by loving God above all things praise, but the glory of our heavenly and their neighbour as themselves. Father. “Whatsoever ye do, do all It is to this latter portion of his office, --the true exposition of the law, and Except your righteousness shall era provision for its fulfilment by his ceed the righteousness of the scribes disciples, not only in the letter but in and Pharisees.-It must exceed their spirit,--that our Lord more especially righteousness in its aim and end, its refers in the positive assertions now principles and motives, being hobefore us. Let us be thankful that nestly directed to the glory of God; we are permitted to see what many -in its extent, bearing respect to all righteous men desired in vain to commandments and injunctions of witness, “ Christ, the end of the law the moral law;—and in its spirituality, for righteousness to every one that being not a mere outward demonbelieveth.” Let us rejoice that in stration, but an internal quality or him types and prophecies have been disposition of the heart, a determinafulfilled; that he has blotted out the tion of the will, a bias of the affechandwriting of ordinances which was tions, tending towards God.-Such against us; and that he has enforced righteousness, and such alone, is the and beautified the eternal and royal genuine fruit and proof of faith in law of love, and has given his people Christ. power to obey it.
Ye shall in no case enter into the One jot or one tittle; the smallest kingdom of heaven.—What words can vowel or the mere corner or orna- more forcibly express to us the great ment of a consonant,-a proverbial and unalterable truth that holiness expression denoting the smallest of heart and life-a holiness which part,-shall in no wise pass from the is the work of God himself within the law, till all be fulfilled.-As to the soul-is invariably and indispensably mere ritual or ceremonial parts of
necessary to salvation! Not that our the Mosaic law, they point to the good works contribute to save us; Gospel, and in its establishment they but that the will and power to per are finally fulfilled. The moral law, form them is an integral part of our which was from the beginning, must union with Christ by faith, and an remain in force for ever ; not as a indispensable preparation for our covenant, yet as a declaration of the admission into the regions of perfect divine will, and a rule of human purity and bliss. duty ;-"as not depending either on
HYMN. time or place, or any other circum- Great Teacher of thy Church, we own stances liable to change, but on the
Thy precepts all divinely wise ;
Oh may thy mighty power be shown nature of God, and the nature of
To fix them still before our eyes. man, and their unchangeable relation
Deep on our hearts thy law engrave, to each other."
And fill our hearts with heav'nly zeal ; And hence we may understand that That, while we trust thy power to save, heavy woe, pronounced in the nine- We may that sacred law fulfil. teenth verse, against all who wilfully
Adorned with ev'ry heav'nly grace,
May our example brightly shine ; and habitually violate the least of
And the sweet lustre of thy face, God's commandments !
Reflected beam from each of thine.
These lineaments divinely fair
deliver thee to the officer, and Our heav'nly Father shall proclaim ;
thou be cast into prison. And men, that view his image there, Shall join to glorify his name.
26 Verily I say unto thee, OLNEY H.
Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid
the uttermost farthing. § XVI.
27 [ Ye have heard that it CHAP. V. 21-32. was said by them of old time,
9 Thou shalt not commit adulWhat it is to kill ;-to commit adultery.
tery : 21 Ye have heard that it was
28 But I
That said || by them of old time, * Thou whosoever looketh on a woman shalt not kill; and whosoever to lust after her hath committed shall kill shall be in danger of adultery with her already in his the judgment :
heart. 22 But I say unto you, That 29 And if thy right eye || of•whosoever is angry with his fend thee, * pluck it out, and brother without a cause shall be
cast it from thee: for it is
proin danger of the judgment: and fitable for thee that one of thy whosoever shall say to his bro-members should perish, and not ther, || ' Raca, shall be in danger that thy whole body should be of the council: but whosoever cast into hell. say, Thou fool, shall be in
30 And if thy right hand ofdanger of hell fire.
fend thee, cut it off, and cast it 23 Therefore if thou bring from thee: for it is profitable thy gift to the altar, and there for thee that one of thy memrememberest that thy brother bers should perish, and not that hath ought against thee;
thy whole body should be cast 24 Leave there thy gift be- into hell. fore the altar, and go thy way; 31 It hath been said, 'Whofirst be reconciled to thy bro- soever shall put away his wife, ther, and then come and offer let him give her a writing of dithy gift.
vorcement : 25 *Agree with thine adver
32 But I sary quickly, 'whiles thou art
m whosoever shall put away his in the way with him ; lest at wife, saving for the cause of forany time the adversary deliver nication, causeth her to commit thee to the judge, and the judge adultery: and whosoever shall
11 Or, to them. x Ex. xx. 13. Deut. v. 17.-a 1 John iii. 15. || That is, vain fellow. 2 Sam. vi. 20. b James ii. 20.c ch, viii. 4, & xxiii. 19.-d See Job xlii. 8; ch, xviii. 19. 1 Tim. ii. 8. 1 Pet. iii. 7.--e Prov. xxv. 8. Luke xii. 58, 59. See Ps. xxxii. 6 Is. lv. 6.-9 Ex. xx. 14. Deut. v. 18.-h Job xxxi. 1. Prov. vi. 25. See Gen. xxxiv. 2. 2 Sam. xi. 2.-ich. xviii. 8, 9. Mark ix. 43, 47. || Or, do cause thee to offend. k See ch. xix. 12. Rom. viii. 13. I Cor. ix. 27. Col. iii. 5.-/ Deut. xxiv. 1. Jer. iii. 1. See ch. xix. 3, &c. Mark x. 2, &c —m ch, xix. 9. Luke xvi. 18. Rom. vii. 3. 1 Cor. vii,
marry her that is divorced com- The Jews had an inferior court of mitteth adultery.
justice, called here the judgment, which was a body of twenty-three magistrates; and a superior court, here named the council, which was the great Sanhedrim, capable of inflicting a higher degree of punishment than the other. Our Lord here alludes to these courts, with
view to teach us that various degrees READER. Ye have heard. - Our
of enmity and malice will subject Saviour now proceeds to comment men to corresponding condemnation upon certain false glosses upon the at the hands of God. law, and some perverse maxims and “ The gehenna of fire" is an sayings prevalent in his time, tend-image under which our Saviour often ing to weaken or obscure the real spoke of the future punishment of meaning of various moral precepts the wicked.—But no language can contained in the Old Testament.describe, no thought conceive, the How prone
is the mind of man to extent of their misery and woe! mar and corrupt even the true say- If thou bring thy gift to the altar.ings of God! And how plainly does To worship God with a heart full of it appear that our blessed Lord did
ill-will and enmity against our brenot seek to destroy the law, but only thren, is an awful affront to the to remove those corruptions by which Majesty of heaven, the author and it had been darkened and dishonour- lover of peace. Such a sacrifice is ed! Oral tradition is a bad expositor indeed “an abomination unto the of the written record of God's will Lord."- We must do our part, all and ways; the words of the Lord
that lies in our power, to live in a Jesus, "they are spirit and they are state of harmony with our brethren; life."
using our best endeavours to accomThou shalt not kill.—The Jews modate differences, to allay animosiseem to have supposed and taught ties, and to live in amity and peace. that this prohibition extends only “If it be possible, as much as lieth to the taking away of life; but our in you, live peaceably with all men.' Lord shows that the spirit of the law Rom. xii. 18. is violated, in the sight of God, by It is a proof that the heart is not the indulgence of vain, unjust, or right with God, not purified by faith rash anger, and by the use of oppro- and fit for heaven, when it harbours brious and insulting language, occa- dispositions of hatred, rancour, or sioned either by natural infirmities contempt, or cherishes an implacaor the like (Raca), or containing the ble, unforgiving spirit. This unchaimputation of moral worthlessness ritable temper is ruinous and deadly (Thou fool).
to the soul. “No gifts, however
costly, no devotions, however spe- clinations or desires, if we cannot recious, will prevail with God to pass tain or pursue these things without it by, while we live; and if we die transgressing the law of God. It is with hearts full of this rancour and our duty to avoid whatever may lead bitterness, we can never expect to to sin or become an occasion of it.be encircled in the arms of Him “ The right eye and the right hand,” who is love. There is no ręcon- says one, " are here used to point ciliation to God without our hearts' out those sins which appear most good-will to all men. Nay farther, pleasing and profitable to us.— The the text here speaks of a prison, right eye may be considered as dewhich is the dreadful dungeon of noting the darling idol ; the right hell, into which the implacable and hand, the profitable employment, unreconciled person must be cast, pursued on sinful principles; these and lie for ever without mixture of become snares and traps to the soul, pity: and it is not men's scoffing at by which it falls into the pit of perit that will secure them against the dition.
We must shut our senses horror of it.”
against dangerous objects, to avoid Hath committed adultery with her the occasion of sin ; and must deprive already in his heart.—Still our Sa- ourselves of all that is most dear and viour employs his discourse in point- profitable to us, when we find that ing out the spirituality and extent these dear and profitable things, howof the moral law; declaring that it ever innocent in themselves, cause us reaches even to the very
intents and to sin against God." imaginations of the heart. Wanton Let him give her a writing of dithoughts, lascivious looks, and im- vorcement.-Under the law of Mopure desires, are sinful in the sight ses, divorce was permitted in certain of God. “The thought of foolish- cases, besides that here mentioned, ness is sin."-Remember the fall of on account of the hardness of men's David. And, if we have been mer- hearts. But, as our Saviour elsecifully preserved from so flagrant a where teaches us, it was not so from transgression of the holy and perfect the beginning. It was the original law of God, still let the prayer of law of God, and it is his permanent the royal penitent be evermore our institution, that the marriage union own, “Behold, thou desirest truth should be sacred and indissoluble. in the inward parts.-Create in me a And what a merciful provision for clean heart, O God, and renew a the real welfare and happiness of right spirit within me.” Ps. li. 5- mankind is here! How blessed are 10.
the love and faithful attachment of If thy right eye offend thee, i. e. husband and wife, living together cause thee to stumble or fall, pluck it according to God's holy ordinance, out and cast it from thee.—We must amidst the duties and comforts of a renounce whatever is most dear to Christian home, until God, in his us, or most agreeable to our own in- wisdom, sees fit to part them by the