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98, 004

6,649

60, 413

7,121

9, 220

a Not including 1 strike involving 12 establishments not reported.

Not including 1 strike involving 21 establishments not reported.
c Not including 2 strikes involving 33 establishments not reported.

The largest numbers of strikes occurred, as might be expected, in
the most important industrial States of large population. The
greatest number of strikes in any one State occurred in New York,
the number in that State being 10,199. In Pennsylvania there were
4,159 strikes, and in Illinois 3,624.

The number of establishments involved in strike was 51,597 in
New York, 29,176 in Illinois, and 24,985 in Pennsylvania.

In a consideration of strikers and employees thrown out of work,

Pennsylvania occupies the first position. The number of strikers

was 1,690,414 in Pennsylvania, 1,422,778 in New York, and 895,593

in Illinois. The number of employees thrown out of work was

2,242,934 in Pennsylvania, 1,674,290 in New York, and 1,207,000 in

Illinois.

The average number of establishments per strike was 5.1 in New
of strikers per strike was 140 in New York, 406 in Pennsylvania, and

247 in Illinois. The average number of employees thrown out of

work was 164 in New York, 539 in Pennsylvania, and 333 in Illinois.

The largest number of establishments per strike was in Colorado, the

average in that State being 9.7.

The presentation by geographical divisions shows that a much

larger number of strikes occurred in the North Atlantic and North
Central divisions than in the other divisions, which occupy less impor-
tant positions industrially. The average number of establishments
involved per strike was the highest in the Western division and much
lower in the South Atlantic and South Central divisions than in the
corresponding Northern divisions. The average number of strikers
per strike was the highest in the North Atlantic and South Atlantic
divisions and the lowest in the Western. The average number of
employees thrown out of work per strike was the highest in the North
Central division and the lowest in the Western.

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92

51

171

164

323

2,281

451

1,304

3, 288

2, 316

1, 255

361

1,044

232

407

856

505

741

7.9

38.0

5.1

16.7

21.4

20.7

11.5

239

263

358

776

185

389

729

401

628

The total number of lockouts during the period from 1881 to 1905
was 1,546, the number of establishments involved 18,547, the number
of employees locked out 716,231, and the number of employees
thrown out of work 825,610.

The average number of establishments involved per lockout was
12, the average number of employees locked out 463, and the average
number of employees thrown out of work 534.

During the 25-year period, the smallest number of lockouts within

any one year was 6, in 1881, involving 9 establishments, locking

out 655 employees, and throwing out of work 655 employees. In

1903 there were 154 lockouts, the largest number within any one year,

involving 3,288 establishments, locking out 112,332 employees, and

throwing out of work 131,779 employees.

The average number of establishments per lockout varied from 1.3

in 1896 to 38 in 1900. · The average number of employees locked

out per lockout varied from 92 in 1896 to 859 in 1887, and the average

number of employees thrown out of work from 109 in 1881 to 1,044

in 1900.

Similar data by industries are presented in the table which follows:

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LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EM-

PLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905–Concluded.

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The greatest number of lockouts within any one State occurred
in New York; in that State were 326 lockouts, 6,422 establishments
involved, 222,853 employees locked out, and 269,415 employees
thrown out of work. In Pennsylvania were 164 lockouts, 2,276

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