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Agricultural implements..

87 0.24 93 0.05

16,997 0.25 22,942 0.26

Agriculture..

35 .10 131 .07 13,065 . 19

Automobiles and bicycles..

13, 227

79

93 .05 5, 579 .08

9,073 .10

Awnings, tents, and sails.

10 .03

30 .02

374 .01

374

Bakery

(a)

424 1. 15 6, 423

3. 54

29,811

32,531

Blacksmithing and horseshoeing.

.37

88 .24 2,979 1. 64 7, 423

Boots and shoes.

7,576

1, 101 3. 00 1,555

88, 553 1.32

Brass and brass goods.

160, 059 1.84

119 . 32 284 . 16 12, 536

Brewing..

13,729

166 . 45 874 48 16, 051 .25 18, 177 .21

Brick and tile..

332 .90

1, 476 .81 81, 391 1.21 90, 410 1.04

Brooms and brushes.

42 .11

65 04 1,694 .03 2.050

.02

Building trades (1).

9,564 26. 02 69,899 38. 53 917, 905 13. 64 1,083, 699 c12. 45

Canning and preserving.

48 .13 113 06 6,928 .10 9, 164

Car building.

..10

441

1. 20 614

66, 181 .98 89, 277 1.03

Carpets...

175

426 24 37,830 .56 66, 109

Carriages and wagons.

125 .34 1, 420 .78 20, 542 . 31 23.351

Clothing, men's.

3. 12 15,996 8.82 372, 214 5. 53 459, 059 5. 27

Clothing, women's..

640 1.74 4,918 2. 71 215, 595 3. 20 232,154 2. 67

Coal and coke.

3,336 9.08

Collins and undertakers' goods.

17,025

9.39 2,006,353 29. 82 2,460,743 28. 27

15

441

916

Confectionery

17 .05

39 .02 1.383 .02 2.820

Cooperage

.03

323 .88

1,086

25, 652 .38

Cotton and woolen goods.

27, 474 .32

111 30 440 24 38, 308 .57

Cotton goods..

64,928

665 1.81 832 46 166, 357 2. 47 277, 470 3. 19

Cutlery and edge tools.

93 . 25

96 05 5, 202 .08 8. 402 . 10

Domestic service....

338 .92 2,924 1.61 31,803 47 32,212 .37

a Less than 0.01 per cent.

0 Including 1 strike involving nearly all industries in New Orleans, the principal industry affected

being building trades.

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By far a larger per cent of strikes occurred in the building trades
than in any other industry. Expressed in percentages 26.02 per cent
of the strikes, 38.53 per cent of the establishments involved, 13.64
per cent of the strikers and 12.45 per cent of the employees thrown
out of work were in the building trades. In the coal and coke in-

of the establishments involved; but there were more than twice as many strikers and employees thrown out of work as in strikes in the building trades, the percentage of strikers being 29.82 per cent and of employees thrown out of work 28.27 per cent of the total number. So far as the number of strikes is concerned the next industry in importance is the manufacture of cigars and cigarettes, while so far as establishments involved, strikers, and employees thrown out of work are concerned, the manufacture of men's clothing occupies third place.

The table which follows presents similar data by States and geographical divisions:

PER CENT OF STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, STRIKERS, AND EMPLOYEES

THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1905. •
(See Table V, pages 480 to 485, for notes relating to general strikes extending into two or more States.)

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. 15

.90 . 10 . 16

.11

.33

.09 .91

.94

.48

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.36
.96

.86

.87

Alabama..
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Indian Territory
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan.
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New Mexico.
New York,
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio..
Oklahoma
Oregon.
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota
Tennessee.
Texas.
Utah
Vermont..

296 0.80 737 0.41 63,038

15 .04 28 .02 3,118
69 . 19 175 . 10 10, 529
638 1.74 3, 357 1.85 84, 747
378 1.03 3, 663 2.02 85, 382
930 2.53 2,111 1.16 60, 468
77
.21 279

6, 632
121

785

.43 10,525 415 1.13

1, 360

.75 87, 905 263 .72 715 .39 29,976 21 .06

27

.02 3, 555 3, 624 9.86 29, 176 16.08 895, 593 1, 126 3.06 3, 533 1.95 160, 847 13 .04

63 .03 6,625 446 1.21 1,706

70, 241
175

477 . 26 28, 914
405 1. 10 1, 315 .74 63, 737
209 .57 2,098 1.16 82, 008
238
431

24, 132
384 1.04 1,565

64, 563
2, 774 7.55 10,009 5.52 353, 136

637 1.73 2, 409 1.33 98, 067
535 1. 46 2, 135 1.34 74, 441
32 .09

87 .05 2,517
1,004 2.73 6, 196 3.58 152, 413

132 . 36 230 .13 14, 183
109
498

19, 128
4
5 (6)

210
188 .51 283 . 16 13, 675
1,507 4.10

6,722

3.71 182, 924 29 .08

45 .02 4, 154 10, 199

27.75 51,597 28. 44 1,422,778 28 .08

49 .03 4, 219 26 .07

34 .02 2,074 2,570 6.99

10, 207

5.63 427, 720
13 .04
34 .02

782
678 .37 14,685
4, 159

11.31 24,985 13.77 1,690, 414 369 1.00 1, 376 .76 34,762 38

101 .06 3,833 22

10 .02 1, 372 419 1.22 1, 239 .68 61,025

.88 1,313 .74 31, 557
63 .17 248 14 5,071
68 .18

490,
.27

10, 790
a Not including 12 establishments not reported.

Less than 0.01 per cent.

0.94 80, 151 0.92
.05

4, 324
. 16 11, 323

.13
1.26 102, 880 1.18
1.27
93, 435

1.07
96, 310 1.11

9,832 11, 137

.13 1.31 98, 673 1.13

36, 810 . 42 .05 4,085 .05 13. 31 1, 207,000 13.87 2.39 222, 496 2.56 ..10

7,603 1.04 79,515

36, 991 . 43 .95 69, 931 .80 1.22 87, 901

1.01
42, 407

75, 962
5.25 520, 827 5.98
1.46 135, 784 1.56
1.11 89, 105 1.02

.04 2,981 .03
2. 26 177,062 2.04
.21 a 19, 158 0.22

28,933 (b)

242 (0)
..20

31, 334
2.72 257, 840 2.96
.06 4, 761

.06
21.15 1,674, 290 € 19.24
.06 5, 277 .06
2, 084

.02 6.36

583, 931 6.71
.01

846 .01
22
19,025

22
25.12 2, 242, 934 25.77

.52 65, 186 .75
.06 4,173

.05
1, 429
72, 403

34. 967 . 40
.07

6,630 .08 . 16 12,056

.30

.27

. 28

.33

.01

. 36

.03

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PER CENT OF STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, STRIKERS, AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1805-Concluded.

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An examination of the above table shows that during the twentyfive years a large part of the strikes occurred in a few of the principal manufacturing States of the largest population. In New York were 27.75 per cent of the strikes, 28.44 per cent of the establishments involved, 21.15 per cent of the strikers, and 19.24 per cent of the employees thrown out of work. In Pennsylvania were 11.31 per cent of the strikes, 13.77 per cent of the establishments involved, 25.12 per cent of the strikers, and 25.77 per cent of the employees thrown out of work. In Illinois were 9.86 per cent of the strikes, 16.08 per cent of the establishments involved, 13.31 per cent of the strikers, and 13.87 per cent of the employees thrown out of work. Next in importance were Massachusetts and Ohio.

In the presentation by geographical divisions it is seen that in the North Atlantic division were 55.59 per cent of the strikes, 54.02 per cent of the establishments involved, 56.38 per cent of the strikers, and 56.79 per cent of the employees thrown out of work. In the South Atlantic division were but 4.98 per cent of the strikes, in the South Central 4.92 per cent, and in the Western 4.39 per cent.

PER CENT OF LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED,

EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES AND BY STATES.

Tables relating to lockouts, similar to those immediately preceding relating to strikes, follow. The first table presents the data by industries.

PER CENT OF LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT,

AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905.

[graphic]

Employees thrown out of

work.

Per cent

of total.

15 .02 .33 .14 5.04 .03 .92 .29

.01 29.77

.42 .45 .43 6.19

.95 8.53 (a)

. 15

.01 2.42 .35 .13

Agricultural implements.
Automobiles and bicycles..
Bakery.
Blacksmithing and horseshoeing.
Boots and shoes..
Brass and brass goods.
Brewing....
Brick and tile.
Brooms and brushes.
Building trades.
Car building..
Carpets...
Carriages and wagons.
Clothing, men's.
Clothing, women's.
Coal and coke..
Confectionery.
Cooperage..
Cotton and woolen goods.
Cotton goods...
Cutlery and edge tools.
Domestic service..
Electric and gas apparatus and sup-

plies...
Electric light and power.
Flour mill products.
Foundry and machine shop.
Freight handling and teaming.
Furnishing goods, men's.
Furniture and upholstering-
Glass..
Gloves and mittens.
Hardware...
Harness and saddlery
Hats and caps.
Hosiery and knit goods.
Iron and steel.
Ironwork, ornamental.
Jewelry and silverware
Laundry work..
Leather..
Lime and cement.
Lithographing.
Lumber and timber products.
Metallic goods.
Millinery goods.
Mining, ore.
Musical instruments.
Paper...
Paper goods.
Planing mill products.
Pottery.
Printing and publishing.
Public works..
Railroad transportation
Rope, twine, and bagging.
Rubber goods..
Shipbuilding.

.33 .01 .01 2.02 1.91 1.81 1.38 3.33 2.30

. 47

.01 2.21 1.76 2.18 .05 .19 .20 .95 .20 1.07 .42 . 16 .24

52 .62 .09 .01

19 .56 .63

.01

.01

12 .08 28

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