Слике страница
PDF
ePub

STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED IN STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT SO ORDERED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905–Concluded.

[blocks in formation]

Ra’lroad, canal, and road build

ing.
Railroad transportation,
Rope, twine, and bagging.
Rubber goods..
Shipbuilding.
Silk goods.
Slaughtering and meat packing.
Smelting and refining.
Stone quarrying and cutting..
Stoves and furnaces..
Street railway transportation.
Streets and sewers.
Telegraph and telephone.
Tin and sheet metal goods.
Tobacco: chewing and smoking.
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes..
Trunks and valises...
Typewriters, cash registers,

and sewing machines.
Watches and clocks..
Water transportation.
Wooden goods
Woolen goods.
Miscellaneous.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

In the building trades 96.12 per cent of the strikers and 96.06 per cent of the employees thrown out of work were in ordered strikes. In the manufacture of men's clothing 96.94 per cent of the strikers and 97.18 per cent of the employees thrown out of work were in ordered strikes. In coal and coke the percentages were 81.16 and 77.88 per cent, respectively; in cotton goods, 64.57 and 58.30 per cent; in foundries and machine shops, 84.01 and 81.53 per cent; in railroad transportation, 80.07 and 85.56 per cent.

The table by States and geographical divisions follows:

STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN

VOLVED IN STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT SO ORDERED,

BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1905. (See Table VIII, pages 492 to 495, for notes relating to strikes not reported whether ordered or not ordered

and general strikes extending into two or inore States.]

[blocks in formation]

Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware.
District of Columbia.
Florida..
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Indian Territory
Iowa..
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana,
Maine.
Maryland..
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Ilampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico..
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon..
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota..
Tennessee
Texas.
Utah.
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.
Wyoming..

16. 19 84.74 28. 71 14. 41 19.92 41. 76 47. 70 11.84 42. 61 31. 17 19.05 12. 68 26. 23

7. 10 31. 83 13. 86 19. 44 14. 34 38. 77 21. 44 24. 31 56. 74 34. 23 32. 47 14. 15 36. 40 22. 94

75. 69

13,468

53,353
84. 64 9,685 15. 36

67,172 83. 81 12,979
525 16. 84 2,593 83. 16

660 15. 26

3,664
7,844 74. 50 2,685 25. 50 8,072 71. 29 3,251
72,251

85. 25 12, 496 14. 75 88,057 85. 59 14,823
68,388
80. 10 16,994

19.90

74,822 80.08 18,613
36,013 59. 56 24, 455 40.44 56,090 58. 24 40, 220
4,006 60. 40
2,626 39. CO 5, 142 52. 30

4,690
9,197
87. 38

1,328
12. 62 10,083 88.16

1,354
51,090 58. 12 36,815 41.88 56,624 57. 39 42,049
20,725 69. 14 9,251 30. 86 25,356 68. 83 11,484
2,777 78. 12
778 21.88 3,307 80.95

778
783, 412 87. 47 112,181 12. 53 1,053,942 87.32 153,058
125,876 78. 26 34,971 21.74 164,136 73. 77

58,360
6,150
92. 83
475 7.17 7,063 92. 90

540
48,877 69. 58 21,364 30. 42 54,209 68. 17 25, 306
24,780 85. 70 4,134 14. 30 31,865

86. 14 5, 126
51,607 80.97 12,130 19.03 56,339 80. 56 13,595
69, 962 85. 31 12,046 14. 69 75, 296 85. 66 12,605
15,370
63. 69 8,762 36. 31 25,964 61, 23

16,443
51,384
79. 64 13,139

20. 36 59,633 78. 56 16, 274
282, 412 79.90 71,024 20.10 394,225

126,602
46,539
47. 46
51, 528

52. 54 58, 744 43. 26 77,040
49,992 67. 19 24,415

32.81 58, 554

65. 77

30, 472 1,923 76. 40

23. 60

2,015

67.53
129,753 85. 13 22,660 14. 87 152,009 85. 85 25,053
10,677 75. 28

3,506

24. 72 a12,183 103.60 6,973 70. 41 5,600 | 29. 59 22,297 77. 06

6,636
240 100.00

242 100.00
6,939 50. 74 6,736
49. 26 11,757 37. 52

19,577
119,873 65. 53 63,051 34. 47 161, 800 62.75 96,040
3,139 76.05

23. 95

3,769
79. 11

995
1,239, 926 87. 15 182,852 12. 85 -1,454,638 686. 88 219,652
83. 10

713
16. 90

3,719

70. 48 1,558 162 7.81 1,912 92. 19

172 8. 25 1,912
351,341 82. 19

76,179
17.81 471,490

$0.74 112,441
412 52. 69
370 47. 31
474 56. 03

372
13,217 90.00 1,468 10.00 17,219 90.51 1,806
1,294,983 76.94 388, 136

23.06 1,631,279

72. 97 C04,330
19,097 54. 94 15,665 45. 06 35,167 53. 95 30,019
2,576 67.21
1,257 32. 79 2,765 66.26

1, 408
747 54. 45
625 45. 55
784 54. SO

645
47,645 78. 07 13,380 21.93 55,092 76.09 17,311
26,001 82. 58

5,496

17. 42 29,007 82. 96 5,960 3,076 72. 10 1,415 27.90 4,193 63. 24

2,437 9,334 86. 51 1,456

13. 49 10,308 85. 50 1,748
21,920 68.05 10,293 31. 95 29,704 64. 72

16,194
15,789
73. 75

5,621 26. 25 17,757 71. 58 7,051
67,117 66. 57 33,707 33. 43 81,633 64. 58

44,709 66,909 67. 46 32,274 32. 54 85,216

67. 46 41. 104 2,356 42.63 3,171 57. 37 3, 227 | 40. S6

4,671
5,355,516 79. 69 1,365,067 20.31 c1,735,273 077.45 1,960,957
3,023,947 79. 87 762,137 20. 13 63,781,228 076.61 1,154,631

1
231,521 67.96 109, 129 32. 04 274,659 66. 27

139,780
1,642,050 80. 89 387,903 19. 11 2,153, 418 80.04 5:37, 153
264,957 82. 33 56, 861 17. 67 300, 530 81. 64 67,582
193,035 | 79.74 49,037 20. 26 a 225,438 278. 48 61,811

3,506

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

62. 48 37. 25 20.89 13. 12 29. 52 91. 75 19. 26 43.97

9. 49 27.03 46. 05 33. 74 45. 14 23. 91 17.04 36. 76 14. 50 35. 28 28. 42 35. 42 32. 54 59. 14

Total..

22. 55

North Atlantic.
South Atlantic.
North Central
South Central.
Western.

23. 39 33. 73 19. 96 18. 36 21. 52

a Not including 12 establishments not reported.
o Vot including 21 establishments not reported.

In New York 87.15 per cent of the strikers and 86.88 per cent of the employees thrown out of work were in strikes ordered by labor organizations; in Pennsylvania the percentages were 76.94 and 72.97 per cent, respectively; in Illinois, 87.47 and 87.32 per cent; in Ohio, 82.19 and 80.74 per cent; in Massachusetts, 79.90 and 75.69

per cent.

In the North Atlantic division 79.87 per cent of the strikers and 76.61 per cent of the employees thrown out of work were in strikes ordered by labor organizations; in the South Atlantic division the percentages were 67.96 and 66.27 per cent, respectively; in the North Central, 80.89 and 80.04 per cent; in the South Central, 82.33 and 81.64 per cent; and in the Western 79.74 and 78.48 per cent. DURATION OF STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS CLOSED, AND

TIME CLOSED.

The following three tables show the average duration of strikes per establishment, the per cent of establishments in which strikes occurred which were closed by strikes, and the average days closed per establishment. The first table of the series presents these data by years, the second by industries, and the third by States and geographical divisions. The table by years follows:

DURATION OF STRIKES, NUMBER AND PER CENT OF ESTABLISHMENTS CLOSED,

AND AVERAGE DAYS CLOSED, BY YEARS, 1881 TO 1905. (See Table IV. pages 478 and 479, for notes relating to establishments closed permanently, establish

ments in which strike was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report, and establishments in which duration or time closed was not reported.]

Year.

Establish-
ments in
which

strike
occurred.

Average days duration per establish

Establishments closed
by strike.

Average
Per cent days closed

of establish- per estabNumber. Inents in lishment.

ment.

which strike

occurred.

1881 1882 1883 1884. 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889. 1890 1891 1892 1893. 1894 1895 1896. 1897 1898, 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903. 1904 1905

2,928 2, 105 2, 759 2, 367 2, 284 10.053 6,589 3,506 3,786 9, 424 8, 116 5, 540 4, 555 8, 196 6,973 5, 462 8, 492 3, 809 11, 317

9.248 10,908 14, 248 20, 248 10, 202 8, 292

12.7 21.9 20.6 30.4 30.0 23.3 20.9 20.3 26.2 24.2 34.9 23.4 20.6 32.4 20.5 22.0 27.4 22.5 15.2 23.1 29.2 25.4 29.1 35.5 23.1

1.636 1, 137 1,754 1.532 1,636 5, 857 3,792 1,874 2, 343 5, 301 4,598 3, 634 2,990 5,729 5,984 4,570 7,091 2,941 7,669 5, 181 5, 455 7.991 11, 435 5, 437 3,776

55.87 54.01 63,57 64.72 71.63 58.26 57.55 53. 45 61.89 56.25 56.65 65. 60 65.64 69.90 85.82 83.67 83.50 77.21 67.77 56.02 56.01 56.09 56. 47 53.29 45.54

12.1 24.9 24.2 32.0 29.9 21.4 17.8 21.2 29.8 16.4 19.1 14.9 16.9 36.9 16.9 20.7 24.7 18.4 15.2 15.1 16.6 22.9 21.0 22.7 14.2

The presentation of strikes by years shows that the average duration per establishment for the 25 years from 1881 to 1905 was 25.4 days. During these years the average duration of strikes varied from 12.7 days in 1881 to 35.5 days in 1904. Of all establishments involved in strikes during these years 61.38 per cent were closed, and the average number of days closed per establishment was 20.1. The per cent of establishments in which strikes occurred which were closed by strikes varied from 45.54 per cent in 1905 to 85.82 per cent in 1895. The average days closed per establishment varied from 12.1 in 1881 to 36.9 in 1894.

The table presenting these data by industries follows: DURATION OF STRIKES, NUMBER AND PER CENT OF ESTABLISHMENTS CLOSED,

AND AVERAGE DAYS CLOSED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905. [See Table III,pages 472 to 477, for notes relating to establishments closed permanently, establishments in which strike was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report, and establishments in which duration or time closed was not reported.]

[graphic]

Agricultural implements.

93
28.4

24.73

25.7 Agriculture..

131
4.6

47.33

4.6 Automobiles and bicycles.

93
16.6

26.88

10.6 Awnings, tents, and sails.

30
17.5

23. 33

13.6 Bakery

6, 423

11.8
2,169

33.77 Blacksmithing and horseshoeing

2,979
8.0 1,095

36. 76

3.1 Boots and shoes..

1,555
24.7
590
37.94

25.0 Brass and brass goods.

284
24.1

15.85

19.8 Brewing...

874
26.8
290
33. 18

12.4 Brick and tile.

1,476

31.5
1, 125
76.22

24.6 Brooms and brushes.

65
15.4

28
43. 08

11.6 Building trades (a).

69,899
22.9 43, 851

62.73

14.5 Canning and preserving

113
13.7

26
23.01

18.8 Car buildings

38.4

84
13. 68

11.2. Carpets...

426
32.6
187
43.90

23. 1 Carriages and wagons.

1, 420
25.8
813
57.25

12.8 Clothing, men's.

15,996
15.0 13, 255

82. 86

11.4 Clothing, women's.

4,918

12.7
4,190
85. 20

10.3 Coal and coke..

17,025
50.91 16, 465

96.71

45.0 Coffins and undertakers' goods.

27
32.5

7
25.93

71.6 Confectionery..

39
28.9

16
41.03

20.6 Cooperage.

1,086
22.3
811
74.68

19.0 Cotton and woolen goods.

440
48.3
240
54.55

56.8 Cotton goods...

832
27.9
327
39.30

40.0 Cutlery and edge tools.

96
30.8

29
30.21

16.4 Domestic service..

2,924

23.5
1,864
63. 75

7.3 Electric and gas apparatus and supplies.

111
23.1

29
26. 13

10.4 Electric light and power.

150
26.2

27
18.00

7.5 Flour mill products...

89
22.3

28
31. 46

27.5 Foundry and machine shop.

4,722

40.8
1,362
28.84

21.7 Freight handling and teaming

5,665

15.2
3,691
65. 15

6.5 Furnishing goods, men's.

885
18.3
707
79. 89

14.3 Furniture and upholstering.

1,551
25.8
580
37.40

23.6 Gas.

52
8.0

10
19.23

4.3 Glass.

1,020
48.4
519
50.88

47.6 Gloves and mittens.

241
54.6
143
59.34

65.9 Hardware.

305
41.8
102
33. 44

74.4 Harness and saddlery.

340
35.7
169
49.71

27.0 Hats and caps.

600
18.2
235
39.17

9.0 Hosiery and knit goods.

251
14. 2

86
31. 26

16.9 Iron and steel...

1,219
36.1
737
60.46

39.5 Ironwork, ornamental.

101
37.5

26
25.74

32.7 Jewelry and silverware.

315
29.4
147
46. 67

22.2 Laundry work.

482
30.7
404
83. 82

31.2 Leather..

346
37.5
152
43.93

34.3 Leather goods.

71
6.7

30
42.25

7.8 Lime and cement.

13.2 a Including 1 strike involving nearly all industries in New Orleans, the principal industry affected DURATION OF STRIKES, NUMBER AND PER CENT OF ESTABLISHMENTS CLOSED,

AND AVERAGE DAYS CLOSED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905–Concluded.

[graphic]

Lithographing..
Lumber and timber products.
Metallic goods.
Millinery goods.
Mining, ore.
Musical instruments.
Paper..
Paper goods.
Planing mill products.
Pottery
Printing and publishing
Public works.
Railroad, canal, and road building
Railroad transportation..
Rope, twine, and bagging.
Rubber goods..
Shipbuilding
Silk goods.
Slaughtering and meat packing.
Smelting and refining.
Stone quarrying and cutting.
Stoves and furnaces..
Street railway transportation.
Streets and sewers.
Telegraph and telephone.
Tin and sheet metal goods.
Tobacco: chewing and smoking
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes.
Trunks and valises...
Typewriters, cash registers, and sewing

machines.
Watches and clocks.
Water transportation.
Wooden goods.
Woolen goods.
Miscellaneous.

9.4 26.1 30.7 12.3 47.7 15.9 21.7 10.7 15.6 103.4

6.8 6.2 14.5

9.4 20.5 17.5 28.2 29.5

7.3 31.4 28.5 37.0

3.7 18.5

8.5 13.8 16.6 27.6 30.2

25.0 21.6 30.3 22.5 21.7 16.2

20.1

The above table shows that the average duration of strikes per establishment varied from 4.6 days in agriculture to 83.2 days in ore mining. Industries showing high averages are pottery, 66.5 days; gloves and mittens, 54.6 days; coal and coke, 50.9 days.

An interesting column in this table is the one showing the per cent of establishments involved which were closed by strike. The percentages varied from 9.72 per cent in slaughtering and meat packing to 96.71 per cent in coal and coke. Industries showing a low percentage of establishments closed are lithographing 10 per cent and car building 13.68 per cent. Industries showing a high percentage of establishments closed are water transportation 92.46 per cent, women's clothing 85.20 per cent, ore mining 84.55 per cent, laundry work 83.82 per cent, and men's clothing 82.86 per cent. The average days closed varied from 3.1 in blacksmithing and horse

« ПретходнаНастави »