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TABLE XIX.—SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905—Continued.

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a Not involving union rules.

o Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the

TABLE XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905—Continued.

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Against demand for increase of wages,
Against demand for increase of wages, and
concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization..
To enforce reduction of wages..
Against demand for reduction of hours..
Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization..
Concerning overtime work and pay..
Concerning method and time of payment..
Concerning Saturday part holiday..
Concerning docking, fines, and charges.
Concerning working conditions and rules(a).
In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere.. Other causes..

5, 221

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Against demand for increase of wages.
Against demand for increase of wages, and
concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization.
To enforce reduction of wages.
Against demand for reduction of hours..
To enforce increase of hours.
To enforce increase of hours, and concerning

recognition of union and union rules and

employers' organization. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization. Concerning overtine work and pay. Concerning docking, fines, and charges, and

other causes.. Concerning working conditions and rules (a). In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere. Other causes.

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TABLE XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905-Continued.

Year and cause.

Lock-
outs.

Establishments in
which lockout-

Total Em

Emestab ployees plores Suc

thrown Suc

lish- locked ceeded Failed. nents.

out of ceeded.

out.

work. partly.

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1892-Concluded. To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of union and union rules

and employers' organization...
Against demand for reduction of hours.
To enforce increase of hours.
Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization... Concerning employment ofcertain persons (a) Concerning employees working out of regular

occupation.
Concerning overtime work and pay and Sat-

urday part holiday..
Concerning method and time of payment..
Concerning working conditions and rules().
In syinputhy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere.. Other causes. Total..

1893. Against demand for increase of wages.. Against demand for increase of wages and

reduction of hours.. Against demand for increase of wages, and

concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization.. To enforce reduction of wages..... Toenforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of urion and union rules

and employers' organization....
To enforce reduction of wages, and concern-

ing working conditions and rules («).
To enforce increase of hours..
Toenforce increase of hours, and othercauses.
Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization...
Concerning employment ofcertain persons (a)
Concerning working conditions and rules(a).
In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere. Other causes. Total.....

1894. Against demand for increase of wages. Against demand for increase of wages and

reduction of hours.. Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization.. To enforce reduction of wages.. To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of union and union rules

and employers' organization..
Against demand for reduction of hours.
To enforce increase of hours.
Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization...
Concerning employment ofcertain persons (a)
Concerning docking, fines, and charges.
Concerning working conditions and rules(a).
In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere Other causes..

Total.

2
2
1

2

9 6 1

9
8
1

200

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a Not involving union rules.

Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report.

c Not including 20 establishments in which lockout was pending at the close 0: wome one of the four investigations included in this report.

Table XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905—Continued.

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1895. Against demand for increase of wages..

7 17 To enforce reduction of wages...

10

6 To enforce reduction of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization....

1

1 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization....

16 15 Concerning employment of oertain persons (a) 1

1 Concerning working conditions and rules (a)

1 Other causes.

3

8 Total..

40 49 1896. Against demand for increase of wages..

7 Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours....

1 To enforce reduction of wages. To enforce reduction of wages and increase of hours...

10 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

18

15 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization

and working conditions and rules..

1 Concerning employment of certain persons (a)

2

2 Concerning working conditions and rules (a). In sympathy with lockout and against strike, elsewhere..

1

1 Total...

40 41 1897. Against demand for increase of wages.

4

3 To enforce reduction of wages...

3

1 To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

1 To enforce reduction of wages, and other causes..

1 To enforce increase of hours.

2 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

17 96 Concerning working conditions and rules (a) 1

1 In sympathy with lockout and against strike, elsewhere..

1

1 Other causes..

2

1 Total..

32 104 1898. Against demand for increase of wages.

46 To enforce reduction of wages...

9 10 To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization....

1

1 Against demand for reduction of hours.

2

2 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization.

21 39 Concerning working conditions and rules (a) 1 In sympathy with lockout and against strike, elsewhere..

2

3 Other causes.

2

2 Total..

42 104 1899. Against demand for increase of wages.

2 Against demand for increase of wages, and

other causes.. To enforce reduction of wages..

TABLE XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905–Continued.

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a Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report.

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