Слике страница
PDF
ePub

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN AUSTRIA, BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1905–Continued.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN AUSTRIA, BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1905-Concluded.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

1 For free working clothes.
2 For free tools for miners.
3 For free or lower-priced fuel.
4 For free or lower-priced lighting.
5 For free bakery products..
6 For car fare and pay for time spent in going to place

of work.
7 For secondary pay for lodging.
8 For free lodging..
9 Against increase of hours..
10 Against change of hours on Saturday, Monday, or on

holidays. 11 Against enforced idleness.. 12 For retention of hours of rest. 13 For reduction of hours.. 14 For reduction of hours on Saturday or Monday 15 For reduction of hours before holidays.. 16 For reduction of hours for women. 17 For abolition or limitation of overtime.. 18 For abolition or limitation of Sunday and holiday

work. 19 For week-day rest when working Sundays or holidays. 20 For additional days of rest. 21 For abolition of night work. 22 For intermissions during hours of labor. 23 For or against change of rules.. 24 For better arrangements concerning workshops and

dwellings. 25 For discharge of foremen, etc., 26 For reinstatement of discharged employees. 27 Against discharge of striking employees. 28 For discharge of objectionable persons. 29 Against being compelled to work on holidays. 30 For recognition or creation of employees' committees. 31 For abolition of piece or contract work.. 32 Disagreement regarding sick and accident insurance. 33 For regulation of apprenticeship system. 34 For arbitration of labor disputes.. 35 Against discharge of employees' delegates (Vertrau

ensmänner). 36 For pay while on strike... 37 For employment of union men only. 38 Against abolition of piece or contract work. 39 For establishment of court of arbitration. 40 Against employment of objectionable persons. 41 Against being compelled to board with employer.. 42 For payment of wages in advance 43 For better sanitary conditions. 44 For piece or contract work. 45 For abolition of female labor. 46 For abolition or limitation of home work, 47 Other causes...

7 36

[ocr errors]

7 46

_- Enco AN---immo 28.58 --- జ

2 13 10

38 118 132 40 80 119

9 13 20 18

[blocks in formation]

6

[blocks in formation]

26 1 1 2 76

[blocks in formation]

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN AUSTRIA, BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1905–Concluded.

1905-Concluded.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

BELGIUM

The statistics of strikes and lockouts in Belgium were compiled from a report covering the years 1896 to 1900 and from annual summaries which appeared in the monthly bulletins of the Belgian labor bureau. As the data in the annual summaries are not as complete as those in the report for the years 1896 to 1900, it was not possible to present in each table a complete series of figures for the whole period from 1896 to 1904.

The following table shows the number of strikes and lockouts, establishments involved, and persons affected each year from 1896 to 1904:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS IN BELGIUM, BY YEARS, 1896 TO 1904.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

a Not including number of establishments for 3 strikes, not reported.
Not including number of other employees thrown out of work in 5 strikes, not reported.
Not including number of other employees thrown out of work in 3 strikes, not reported.
d Not including number of establishments for 1 strike, not reported.
« Not including number of establishments for 4 strikes, not reported.
Not including number of other employees thrown out of work in 13 strikes, not reported.

During the nine-year period from 1896 to 1904 there were 961 strikes and lockouts reported, affecting 230,727 strikers and employees locked out. Of these strikes and lockouts 957 affected 2,019 establishments, and in the case of 948 it was reported that 44,637 other employees were thrown out of employment on account of the strikes and lockouts.

The next table shows the percentage of success, failure, or partial success of strikes and lockouts which occurred each year from 1896 to 1904:

RESULTS OF STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS IN BELGIUM, BY YEARS, 1896 TO 1904.

[blocks in formation]

During each year of the nine-year period over one-half of the strikes and lockouts resulted in favor of the employers, the percentage of strikes in their favor ranging from 56 to 76. Measured by the number of strikers and other employees involved, the success of the employers was even greater, the percentage of such persons affected in strikes and lockouts which resulted in favor of employers ranging from 48 to 90.

In presenting the strikes and lockouts by industries the original reports show the results only for the period from 1896 to 1900. For this reason two tables are here given, the one showing simply the number of strikes and strikers in each industry each year from 1896 to 1904, and the other showing the results by industries for the period 1896 to 1900:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS IN BELGIUM, BY INDUSTRIES AND YEARS, 1896 TO 1904.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

935

[ocr errors]

Mining.

10,454 27,571 5,970 45,657 6,851 7,712 5,860 637 5,614 116,326 Quarrying

340 405 459, 2, 307 1,032 710 1,072 943 38 7,326 Metallurgical, inetal working, and machinery 2,340 1,989 1,315 1,111 4,402 573 1,118

535 791 14,194 Ceramic.

399
935 893

13

3,000 282 6,457 Glass..

145 772 8,671

662
330

10,636 Chemical products. 70 660 672 1,554 1,121 563

67

4,707 Foods and drinks.

204 276 144 100

50 778 Textiles.

6,218 1,901 1,137 2,561 13,763, 1,177 1,579 1,378 2,086 31,800 Clothing

300 523 165 994 Building trades..

555
125 1,454
429 640 489 103 19

3,814 Wood working, etc. 1,763 637 110 332 438 91 162

78 3,611 Leather and hides.

127 4 280 316 245 70 147 188 Tobacco.

1,833 73 405 37 145 43

550 358 12

1,623 Paper.. 30

30 Printing 97 16 588 550 1,376 76 88

20 2,838 Art trades and scientific instruments. 11 858

201 1,156

330
49
254 3,000

5,859 Special...

304 255 86 947 201

32 52 39

1,916 Transportation. 64 44 130 543 168 15,067

68

16,084 Total.

23,204 35,958 13,101 57,931 32,443 35,817 10,989 a8, 690 12,693 a230, 826

27

a This total does not agree with the total given in other tables, but it is the sum of the details as

« ПретходнаНастави »