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RESULTS OF STRIKES IN FRANCE, BY INDUSTRIES, FOR THE PERIOD 1890 TO 1905.

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m Strikes for 1890 to 1892 included in stone and earth work (building trades).
* Not including establishments not reported for 1893.
Not including establishments not reported for 1890, 1892, and 1893.
p Not including days of work lost for 1890 and 1892.
I Including wood working (building trades) for 1890 to 1892.

Not including establishments not reported in 24 strikes.
& Not including establishments not reported in 9 strikes.
1 Including 2 strikes beginning in 1895 and ending in 1896, which are duplicated.
u Not including establishments not reported in 73 strikes.
• See notes to details.
w Not including strikers not reported in 18 strikes.

Of the 17 groups of industries enumerated that of textiles proper had the largest number of strikes and strikers involved, being more than one-fourth the entire number in each case. The group of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries had the largest number of establishments affected.

The following table shows the number of strikes and strikers, grouped according to the duration and results of the strikes:

RESULTS OF STRIKES IN FRANCE, BY DURATION, 1890 TO 1905. [The figures compiled in this table for the years 1890 to 1899 were mostly obtained from a summary published in the report for the year 1899. The totals do not, in some cases, agree with the figures on pages 838 and 839, which were obtained from the several annual reports.)

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The strikes were mostly of short duration, 5,324, or 62.1 per cent, out of a total of 8,570, lasting 7 days or less. These short strikes affected 689,755 employees, or 33.8 per cent, out of a total of 2,043,232.

The next table shows the strikes grouped according to the number of strikers involved and their results and duration,

STRIKES IN FRANCE, BY NUMBER OF STRIKERS INVOLVED, RESULTS, AND

DURATION, 1890 TO 1905. [The figures compiled in this table for the years 1890 to 1899 were mostly obtained from a summary

published in the report for the year 1899. The totals do not, in some cases, agree with the figures on pages 838 and 839, which were obtained from the several annual reports.

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In the French reports the cause of the dispute is taken as the unit, the figures given in the annual summaries showing the number of times each cause figured as an incentive to a strike.

The following tables show the causes of strikes and their results for each year from 1890 to 1905, inclusive.

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN FRANCE, BY YEARS, 1820 TO 1905. [Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under cach cause. Hence the totals fcr this table, if computed, would not agree with those for the preceding tables.]

1890.

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140
49
4

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For increase of wages.
Against reduction of wages.
Against increase of hours without increase

of wages,
Against reduction of wages resulting from

reduction of hours.
For reduction of hours without reduction

of wages.
For reduction of hours
Various causes affecting wages not enu-

merated above.
For adoption of trade-union rules and

recognition of trade unions.
Against discharge of workmen, foremen,

etc.
For discharge of workmen, foremen, etc....
Against fines..
Against obnoxious shop rules.
For reform of aid, pension, and other funds.
Other causes..

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a Not including establishments in 17 strikes, not reported.

Not including establishments in 16 strikes, of which 5 succeeded, 2 succeeded partly, and 9 failed. Not including strikers in 3 strikes, not reported. d Not including strikers in 2 strikes which succeeded. e Not including establishments in 3 strikes, not reported. i Not including establishments in 3 strikes, of which 2 succeeded and 1 failed. o Not including establishments in 8 st rikes, not reported.

Not including establishments in 8 strikes, of whi h 1 succeeded, 4 succeeded partly, and 3 failed.

Not including establishments in 1 st rike which failed. · Not including strikers in 2 strikes, not reported. k Not including establishments in 2 strikes, not reported.

Not including establishments in 2 strikes which succeeded partly.

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN FRANCE, BY YEARS, 1890 TO 1905. [Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause. Hence the totals for this table, if computed, would not agree with those for the preceding tables.)

1890.

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in Not including strikers in 2 strikes, of which 1 succeeded partly and 1 failed.
n Not including establishments in 18 strikes, not reported.
o Not including establishments in 17 strikes, of which 13 succeeded and 4 succeeded partly.
p Not including establishments in 1 strike, not reported.
9 Not including establishments in 1 strike which succeeded.

Not including establishments in 3 strikes, of which 1 succeeded and 2 succeeded partly.
• Not including strikers in 1 strike, not reported.

Not including strikers in 1 strike which failed. * Not including strikers in 1 strike which succeeded.

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