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STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY DURATION AND YEARS, 1899 TO 1905.

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LOCKOUTS IN GERMANY, BY DURATION AND YEARS, 1899 TO 1905.

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RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY DURATION, 1899 TO 1905. [The column headed “Strikers" shows the maximum number of strikers at any time during strike.]

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The strikes were mostly of short duration, 60.3 per cent of the total number which occurred during the seven-year period having lasted ten days or less. The lockouts, on the other hand, were mostly of longer duration, 58.8 per cent of the total number having lasted over twenty days.

In the next two tables are shown, respectively, the number of strikers involved in strikes each year, and the number of strikes which succeeded, succeeded partly, and failed, the number of establishments and the number of persons affected during the seven-year period,

NUMBER OF STRIKERS INVOLVED IN STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO

1905.

[The columns headed “Strikers involved" show the maximum number of strikers at any time during

strike.)

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309 1,447 4,084 5, 444 7, 700 12,329 14, 157 | 18, 707
433 1,655 4,876

35, 161
4,654 7, 476 15, 495 16,009
349

23, 297 48,908 1,559 3,593 3, 438 5,683 8,775 10, 438 400

11, 415 1,537 3,719

10, 012 3,547 5,684 9,329 9, 273 9,653 462 1, 682 4,846

10, 770 5, 526

6,594 12, 533 13, 676 | 17, 110 679 2, 223

23, 174 6, 430 6,758 9, 132 18, 175 19, 25922, 471 633 2,841

28, 353 7, 107 8,875

12, 482 25,770 28, 298 31, 851 290, 288 3,265 12,944 34,655 38, 242 54,751 102, 406 111, 110 134,504 446, 666

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STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY NUMBER OF STRIKERS INVOLVED, 1899 TO 1905. [The column headed “Strikers” shows the maximum number of strikers at any time during strike.)

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In the German reports, where the causes of strikes are given in the tabulations, the demand and not the strike is taken as the unit—that is, each individual demand is made a separate unit, regardless of the number of strikes. The following table shows the number of strikes in which each cause has figured and the result for each year from 1899 to 1905:

CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1905. [Sirikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for this table, if computed, would not agree with those for the preceding tables.)

1899.

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For increase of wages.
Against reduction of wages.
Other causes affecting wages.
For reduction of hours.
Against working overtime..
other causes affecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment.
For discharge of foremen, etc.
For reinstatement of discharged employees.
Other causes.

346

820

193
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18 134 133 13

67 239 275 23 81 64 34 153 345

3 12 3

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27 23 17 98 150

29
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26
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CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1905-Continued.

1900.

Strikes which

Cause or object.

Total strikes.

Suc- Succeedceeded. ed partly.

Failed.

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For increase of wages..
Against reduction of wages..
For extra rate for overtime.
For extra pay for secondary work.
For payment of wages before regular pay day.
Other causes affecting wages.
Against increase of hours..
For reduction of hours....
For abolition or limitation of overtime work.
For reduction of hours on Saturday.
Against introduction of overtime work.
For regular hours.....
Other causes affecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment.
Against change in method of payment.
For reinstatement of discharged employees..
For discharge or against employment of certain persons.
For discharge of foremen, etc..
Against being compelled to work on holidays.
For better sanitary conditions, etc..
Against use of material from establishment in which strike

was pending....
For better treatinent.
For recognition of committee of employees.
For posting of shop rules and adoption of wage scale.
Other causes.

3 7 40

5

36

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1901.

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For increase of wages.
Against reduction of wages..
For extra rate for overtime.
For extra pay for secondary work.
Other causes affecting wages.
Against increase of hours..
For reduction of hours..
For abolition or limitation of overtime work.
For reduction of hours on Saturday.
For regular hours....
Other causes affecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment..
Against change in method of payment.
For reinstatement of discharged employees.
For discharge or against employment of certain persons.
For discharge of foremen, etc..
Against being compelled to work on holidays.
For better sanitary conditions, etc.
Against use of material from establishment in which strike

was pending..
For better treatment.
For recognition of committee of employees.
For posting of shop rules and adoption of wage scale.
Other causes.

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229 85 24 11 38 11 51 13 16 3 6 18 10 100 48 13 8 7

5 3 29 11

18 11 3

6

15

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CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1905-Continued.

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For increase of wages..
Against reduction of wages.
For extra rate for overtime.
For extra pay for secondary work.
Other causes affecting wages.
Against increase of hours.
For reduction of hours.
For abolition or limitation of overtime work,
For reduction of hours on Saturday.
For regular hours.
Other causes affecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment.
Against change in method of payment.
For reinstatement of discharged employees.
For discharge or aga'nst employment of certa'n persons
For discharge of foremen, etc...
Against being compelled to work on holidays
For better sanitary conditions, etc...
Against use of material from establishment in which strike

was pending...,
For better treatment.
For recognition of committee of employers..
For adoption, retention, or change of wage sale
Other causes.

6 70 12 6 3

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25 56 13 233 69 24 12 33

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1 1 40 19 25 6 5 24

1 51 8 0 8 19

27 10 146 41 14 4

10 23 72 148 220

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1901.

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For increase of wages..
Against reduction of wages.
For extra rate for overtime
For extra pay for secondary work
Other causes affecting wages.
Against increase of hours,
For reduction of hours.
For abolition or limitation of overtime work,
For reduction of hours on Saturday.
For regular hours..
Other causes atřecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment.
Against change in method of payment
For reinstatement of discharged employees.
For discharge or against employment of certain persons
For discharge of foremen, etc...
Against being compelled to work on holidays.
For better sanitary conditions, etc..
Against use of material from establishment in which strike

was pending...
For better treatment
For recognition of committee of employees..
For adoption, retention, or change of wage scale.
Other causes.

1, 122

90 227 113 227

14 390 39 71 24 76 91

16 284 96 43 17 58

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CAUSES AND RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1905-Concluded.

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For increase of wages..
Against reduction of wages.
For extra rate for overtime.
For extra pay for secondary work.
Other causes atfecting wages..
Against increase of hours.
For reduction of hours..
For abolition or limitation of overtime work.
For reduction of hours on Saturday
Against introduction of overtime work.
For regular hours..
Other causes affecting hours of labor.
For change in method of payment.
Against change in method of payment.
For reinstatement of discharged employees.
For d scharge or against employment of certain persons
For discharge of foremen, etc.
Against being compelled to work on holidays.
For better sanitary conditions, etc.
Against use of material froin establishment in which strike

was pending..
For better treatment.
For recognition of committee of employees.
For adoption, retention, or change of wage scale.
Other causes

1,558

91 328 157 317

11 482

77 109

4 54 112 92

13 331 105

11

11 14 15

2 58 19

85

3 142 22 25

1 15 33 30

3 194 71 33 6

8

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17 20 58 89 141

441

GREAT BRITAIN.

The statistics of strikes and lockouts in Great Britain and Ireland were compiled from the annual reports published by the British labor department since 18$9. The first report, that for 1888, is not so comprehensive as those for subsequent years, and has therefore been excluded from the present compilation. The report for 1889 includes 15 strikes which began in 1888. In all other cases, except where otherwise indicated, the figures for total strikes and lockouts represent those beginning in each specified year. The reports for 1889 to 1893, inclusive, consider strikes and lockouts separately in most of the tables, but in the reports for subsequent years the strikes and lockouts are combined. Other changes that may have been made in the method of presentation from time to time are mentioned in connection with the tables.

These various changes make it impossible to present for comparison in the same table the more important facts published in relation to labor disputes for the entire period. The three following tables, therefore, show the statistics of disputes, grouped by years for which they are comparable, namely, 1889 to 1893, 1894 and 1895, and 1896

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