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The table by years follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACII SEX STRIKING, BY YEARS, 1887 TO 1905.

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o Not including 1 establishment not reported.
o Not including l establishment in which number employed before strike was not reported.
c Not including 5 establishments not reported.
& Not including 5 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.
e Not including 33 establishments not reported.

Not including 33 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.
Not including 40 establishments not reported.
Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Considering all strikes in the United States during the nineteenyear period from 1887 to 1905, the above table shows that of the 11,782,692 male employees in the establishments involved immediately preceding strikes, 44.91 per cent struck, while of the 1,452,247 female employees before the strike but 28.15 per cent struck. In 1905, the last year covered by the investigation, 35.60 per cent of the male employees and 12.24 per cent of the female employees in establishments involved struck. In every one of the nineteen years included in the table the percentage of male employees striking was greater than that of female employees striking, except in 1904, when 43.03 per cent of the males and 43.44 per cent of the females struck.

The table presenting these data by industries follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACII SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX STRIKING, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905.

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Agricultural implements.

48, 477 10,198 21.04

2,992

700

23.40 Agriculture....

16,397 11, 450 69.83 2, 152 1, 435 58.52 Automobiles and bicycles.

28, 797
5, 372 18.65

660)

57

8.64 Awnings, tents, and sails.

1,217
337 27.69

87

2)

25.29 Bakery...

35, 890 23, 812 66. 43

3,954

1,555 39.33 Blacksmithing and horseshoeing. 18,510

5,839 31.49 Boots and shoes..

200, S99 52, 967 26.36 91,819 15, 213 16.57 Brass and brass goods

35,632
9, 688 27.19 2, 361

56

2.37 Brewing.. 47,729 12, 389 25. 96 1,104

82

7.43 Brick and tile. 86, 173 62, 157 71.88

223

30.20 Brooms and brushes.

2, 281
1, 302 57.08

230

15

6.52 Building trades.. a 1,428, 545 820, 129 57. 41

a 2,988 61,183 0 39.59 Canning and preserving.

9, 316
4,692 50.20 5,895 1,871

31.74 Car building 369, 801 54,058 14.62 1,479

100

6.76 Carpets.. 59,185 19, 066 32.21 52, 383

8,331 15.90 Carriages and wagons.

31, 769 16, 432 51.72

000

51

8.50 Clothing, men

337, 112 275, 222 81.64 179, 429 77,259 43.06 Clothing, women's..

160, 564 139, 593 86.94

81, 146
50, 399

02.11 Coal and coke.

2,337,307 1,772,619 75.81 Collins and undertakers' goods.

2, 859
391 13.68

507 Confectionery

1,511
456 29.59

2,185

893 40.87 Cooperage.

31,512 14,684 46.60

64 Cotion and woolen goods.

61,198 19,393 30.21 62,081 15, 136 21.33 Cotton goods.

236, 428 76,218 29.72 265, 298 73,200 27.59 Cutlery and edge tools.

11,336 3, 416 30.40

1,013 Domestic service.

38,585 26,883 69.67 14, 242 4,210 29.56 Electric and gas apparatus and supplies.

27, 195
5, 663 20.82

4,757

530 11.14 Electric light and power.

25,087 4,117 16.41

1,481 Flour mill products..

9,591
3, 682 38. 39

973

196

20.14 Foundry and machine shop. 917,714 180, 130 19.63 10,931

718

6.57 Freight handling and teaming

309, 087 193, 819 62.72

798

20

2.51 Furnishing goods, men's

19, 855 10, OSO 50.77 56,536 10,741 19.00 Furniture and upholstering.

86,024
29,750 34.58 3,030

731 24.13 Gas..

10,989

5,068 46. 12 Glass, 169,690 54, 904 32.36 8,918

732

8.18 Gloves and mittens.

11,466

3,064 26.72 14,612 2,925 2).02 Hardware. 78, 100 13,617 17.37 8, OSI

614

7.60 Harness and saddlery.

11,541
6, 133 55.73

200

36.04 Hats and caps.

51,745 24, 187 46.74 18, 086 3, 817 21.10 Hosiery and knit goods.

23, 832
3, 148 13.21

46,688

7,139 15.20 Iron and steel. 690, 681 172,909 25.03 2,301

223

9.69 Ironwork, ornamental

6,183

3, 336 53.94 Jewelry and silverware

15, 836
6, 360 40.16 3,718

103

2.77 Laundry work.

3, 926

3, 306

84.21 8,612 7,319 87.33 Leather.

53,377 19, 703

36.91
1,401

119

8.49 Leather goods.

4, 279
1,215 29. 10

876

80

9.13 Lime and cement

13, 498
4,336 32. 12

1 Lithographing..

11, 403
2,598 22.78 3, 835

9

.23 Lumber and timber products.

64, 793 35,877 55.37

43 Metallic goods.

42,645
9, 946 23, 32 5,501

476

8.65 Millinery goods.

363
268 73.83

816 91.56 Mining, ore.

109,216 62, 679 57.39 Musical instruments.

28, 065

8, 206
29.24

296

581 19.59 Paper....

24.590 11, 479 46.68 5, 708 4,211 73.01 Paper goods.

5, 106
1,649 32.30 5,214 3, 220

61.76 Planing mill products.

87, 106 45, 191 51.70

478

73 15.27 Pottery...

26, 897 12,030 44.73 8, 410 3,252 38.67 Printing and publishing. €137, 688 d 35, 431 d 25.73 C 39, 747

d 3, 454 d 8.69 Public works.

29, 362
15,590 53. 10

2
Railroad, canal, and road building. 151, 139 68, 227 45.14
Railroad transportation.
891, 789 102, 184 11.46 4,104

166

4.04 Rope, twine, and bagging

6.071
1,903 31.33

6,743 2.393 35. 49 Rubber goods..

14, 221

3, 840 27.00 11, 229 2,587 23.04 Shipbuilding. © 256, 940 d 43,729 d 17.02

€68 Silk goods..

63,011 32,676 51.86 70,741 21, 473 30.35 a Not including 38 establishments not reported.

Not including 38 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported. Not including 1 establishment not reported.

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN
WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF
EACH SEX STRIKING, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905-Concluded.

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a Not including 40 establishments not reported.
• Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

In the industries in which large numbers of employees of both sexes are found the table shows that in a majority of industries a larger per cent of the males than of the females in the establishments involved went on strike. In the manufacture of men's clothing 81.64 per cent of the male employees and 43.06 per cent of the female employees struck. In the manufacture of women's clothing 86.94 per cent of the male employees and 62.11 per cent of the female employees struck. In cotton goods 29.72 per cent of the male employees and 27.59 per cent of the female employees struck. In the manufacture of cigars and cigarettes 73 per cent of the male employees and 45.42 per cent of the female employees struck. In hosiery and knit goods 13.21 per cent of the male employees and 15.29 per cent of the female employees struck. The presentation of these data by States and geographical divisions follows:

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NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN

WHICHI STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF

EACH SEX STRIKING, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1887 TO 1905. (See Table V, pages 480 to 485, for notes relating to general strikes extending into two or more States.]

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a Not including 1 establishment not reported.

Not including 1 establishment in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Not including 12 establishments not reported. d Not including 12 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Not including 26 establishments not reported.

Not including 26 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported. 9 Not including 40 establishments not reported. h Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Not including 13 establishments not reported.

In the States where the largest number of labor disturbances occurred the percentage of male employees striking was greater than that of the female employees. In New York 52.47 per cent of the males employed in establishments involved and 40.01 per cent of the females struck; in Pennsylvania, 53.33 per cent of the males and 25.96 per cent of the females; in Illinois, 31.26 per cent of the males and 21.77 per cent of the females.

The portion of the table by geographical divisions shows that in the Western division 47.61 per cent of the males employed in establishments involved struck and 49.59 per cent of the females. In each of the other geographical divisions the percentage of males who struck was much larger than that of the females.

SEX OF EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT.

The three tables following present data for lockouts similar to that presented for strikes in the series of three tables preceding. These three tables, like the three immediately preceding, cover the years from 1887 to 1905 only. The first of the tables is a compilation by years, the second by industries, and the third by States and geographical divisions. The table for years follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISIIMENTS
IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES
OF EACII SEX LOCKED OUT, BY YEARS, 1887 TO 1905.

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Considering the lockouts in the United States during the nineteenyear period from 1887 to 1905, 67.98 per cent of the male employees and 55.10 per cent of the female employees in establishments involved

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