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The statistics of strikes in Spain were compiled from the report published by the bureau of social reform of that country. The period covered by this report is for the year January 1.to December 31, 1905.
The following table shows the number of employees in establishments involved in strikes and the number of strikers, by industries and sex of strikers:
During the year there were 130 strikes reported, in which 20,176 strikers, of whom 19,354 were males and 822 females, were involved. Of the total strikes 46, or 35.4 per cent, were successful; 22, or 16.9 per cent, were partially successful; and 62, or 47.7 per cent, failed. The number of employees involved in strikes which were successful was 3,256, or 16.1 per cent of all strikers; in the partially successful strikes there were 2,726, or 13.5 per cent of all the strikers involved; and 14,194, or 70.4 per cent of all strikers involved, participated in strikes which failed.
Of the total number of male strikers reported, 5,267, or 27.2 per cent, were engaged in the building trades. The mining and quarrying industries come next in order, with 4,652 male strikers.
The following table shows the strikes by industries and results:
RESULTS OF STRIKES IN SPAIN, BY INDUSTRIES, 1905.
Of all the strikers reported 9,953, or 49.3 per cent, were engaged in the mining and quarrying and the building trades; and 3,610, or 17.9 per cent, were in the metal-working trades.
The largest number of strikers in any one industry was found in the building trades, in which 13 per cent were in strikes which were successful, 4.4 per cent were in strikes which were partially success· ful, and 82.6 per cent were in strikes which failed.
The three following tables show, respectively, the strikes for the year, classified according to duration, size of establishments, and the number of strikers involved:
STRIKES IN SPAIN, BY SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, 1905.
STRIKES IN SPAIN, BY NUMBER OF STRIKERS INVOLVED, 1903.
Of the 130 strikes 80, or 61.5 per cent, lasted less than 11 days; and 70, or 53.8 per cent, involved less than 51 strikers.
In 40 strikes, or 30.8 per cent of the total number, wage disputes were the sole cause of strikes; while in 26 others, or 20 per cent, they were one of the causes. In disputes in which wages alone formed the basis of strikes, 30 per cent were successful, 25 per cent partly successful, and 45 per cent failed.
The following table shows the strikes by causes and results: