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The Outlook

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TEACHERS' AGENCIES

MASSACHUSETTS
The Pratt Teachers Agency
70 Fifth Avenue, New York

FOR
Recommends teachers to colleges, public and

private schools.
Advises parents about schools. Wm. 0. Pratt, Mgr.

NORTHAMPTON, MASSACHUSETTS
SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
Founded by Mary A. Burnham in 1877

Copyright, 1918, by The Outlook Company
CONNECTICUT

Opposite Smith College Campus

MISS HELEN E. THOMPSON, Headmistress
The Curtis School for Young Boys

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Has grown forty-two years under the same master. Read
what parents think of the unconscious growth in character

THE MISSES ALLEN SCHOOL
in its boys.
FREDERICK S. CURTIS, Principal
Each girl's personality observed

Vol. 118 January 23, 1918 No. 4
GERALD B. CURTIS, Assistant Principal
BROOKFIELD CENTER, CONNECTICUT.
and developed. Write for booklet.

THE OUTLOOK IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OUTLOOK COMPANY,

WEST NEWTON, Mass.
ILLINOIS

381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. LAWRENCE Y. ABBOTT.
NEW JERSEY

PRESIDENT. N. T. PULSIFER, VICE-PRESIDENT. FRANK C. HOYT,

TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY. TRAVERS D.
The University of Chicago

CARMAN, ADVERTISING
Bordentown Military Institute

MANAGER. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS

FIFTY-TWO ISSUES YOUR DOLLARS IN ADVANCE. ENTERED
Thorough preparation for college or business. Efficient
in addition to resident

faculty, small classes, individual attention. Boys taught AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK
HOME

POST OFFICE work, offers also instruc

how to study. Military training. Supervised athletics. 320

year. For catalogue address
tion by correspondence.

Bordentown, N. J. Col. T. D. LANDON, Principal.
STUDY For detailed in-

An Announcement....

125 formation address

Miss Beard's School for Girls One Cause of the Coal Shortage. 26th Year V. of C. (Div. E) Chicago, Ill. Mikobell Terra Orange, New Jersey. Booklet on request.

125 MISS LUCIE C. BEARD, Principal.

Fuel, Life-Saving, and Industry.

Should the Theaters be Closed ?. 125
MASSACHUSETTS

Kent Place: A School for Girls More Food for Our Allies ....
Home School children and Youth

SUMMIT, N. J. (near New York)

Speed Up the War ...

126
Founded by Mrs. W. D. Herrick, in 1881, Indi Mrs. PAUL, Miss WOODMAN, Principals Our Airplane Programme.

126
vidual training, securing most satisfactory results in self-
control, articulation, and application in work and play. Open

Cartoons of the Week

127
all the year. Exceptional opportunity for permanent pupils.

NEW YORK
Two Gains for Woman Suffrage.

128
Terms, $800 and up.
Miss Frances J. Herrick, Prin., 10 S. Prospect St., Amherst, Mass.

A Battle at Sea...

128
For nearly sixty years
the leader. Thoro train-
The Futile Peace Parleys.

128
ing in every business
pursuit.
Actual prac-
The Most Pious George...

128 A School for Girls. ANDOVER, MASS. Founded 1828.

tice in required duties.
He Practiced What He Preached

129 23 miles from Boston. General course with Household

Accounting, Banking,
Science. College Preparation. Horseback riding and outdoor

Civil Service, Secretarial

We Should Not Bind Ourselves..

and Teachers' courses. Both
sports. Address MISS BERTHA BAILEY, Principal.

sexes. Has trained more than
Our Part in a New World..

129
fifty thousand of America's success-
MASSACHUSETTS, Barre.

ful men.
Open all the year. Enter Not for Editors Only

130 ELM HILL A Private Home and School for

any week-day. Catalog on request.
C.C. CAINES, Box 673, Poughkoopslo, N.Y.
Nietzeche's Religion.

131
Skillful and affectionate care. Invigorating air. 250-acre
farm. Home dairy. All modern conveniences. Personal

Getting Things Done and Leaving Things
companionship. Health, happiness, efficiency. 69th year.

The training Undone : How the Navy Orders Its
Address GEORGE A. BROWN, M.D., G. PERCY BROWN, M.D.

Yonkers Homeopathic Hospital and Maternity offers oppor Guns-Contrast with Army Delay-
The Cambridge School for Girls

tunity to young women to learn nursing. Accepted candi-
dates receive board, lodging, laundry and compensation

Further Facts Brought out in the Senate
Founded in 1886. Resident and day pupils. Schoolhouse and weekly during period of training. Full particulars gladly

Investigation Secretary Baker's Test:
Residence, modern, separate buildings. General and College sent on request to Miss MCLIMONT, Supt., Yonkers, N. Y.
preparatory courses. Art, Gardening, Swimming, Athletics.

mony

132 RUTH COIT, Head Mistress, 36-40 Concord Ave., Cambridge, Mass. St. John's Riverside Hospital Training

German-Russian Peace...

133

By Samuel Colcord
WALNUT HILL SCHOOL

School for Nurses

Two Letters That Explain themselves.. 134 23 Highland St., Natick, Mass.

YONKERS, NEW YORK
A College Preparatory School for Girls. 17 miles from Boston.
Registered in New York State, offers a 3 years' course-a

The President and Peace: A Poll of
Miss Conant, Miss Bigelow, Principals.
general training, to refined, educated women. Require-

Opinions....

136
ments one year high school or its equivalent. Apply to the
MISS CAPEN'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS Directress of Nurses. Yonkers, New

York.
New Rochelle : A Fine Type of the Ameri-

137 For many years known as “The Burnham School."

can Small Town in War Time....

PENNSYLVANIA 42nd year opens September, 1918.

Arthur McQuaid, American : The End

School of Horticulture for Women
Correspondence should be addressed to

of a Day...

138
Ambler, Pennsylvania. Two years practical and theoretical
Miss B. T, CAPEN, Principal, NORTHAMPTON, Mass. course in Horticulture. Next entering class for diploma stu-

By Herman Schneider
dents, January 15, 1918. Fall course of ten weeks for amateurs
began September 11th. Write for particulars. Early registra The New Spirit of the New Army: The
tion advised. ELIZABETH LEIGHTON LEE. Director, Box 103 Miracle of Democracy..

140
Special Correspondence by Joseph H. Odell
Write for
Current Events biustrated....

143
This it today
Course of forty lessons in the history, form,

THE LAW
A

Knoll Papers : The Making of a Minister 146 structure, and writing of the Short-Story taught

TRAINERS Free Book Tells
by Dr. J. Berg Esenwein, for yeats

By Lyman Abbott
Editor of Lippincott's.

HowYou Can Learn Law
Ad Finem (Poem).

148 One student writes: "Before

in yoursparetimethrough a non-res-
completing the lessons, received
ident Course of University Standards.

By Jean Brooke Burt
over $1000 for manuscripts
The Blackstɔne Institute-the recogniz-

Business to Win......

148 sold to Woman's Home Com.

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What the Women are Doing for Our Army
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Thousands of men now successful execu

Weekly Outline Study of Current History 152
In all, over One Hundred Courses,

tives at large salaries have taken the
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Learn the law-it trains you for the
Send
bigger positions in life.

A Community Wood Chopping Day..... 154
250-Page Catalog Free. Please Address

for 118
Blackstone Institute

By Kenneth B, Welles

Dert. No. 211
The Home Correspondence School

608 S. Dearborn St.

A New Old Tune to “ The Battle Hymo
Dept. 68, Springfield, Mass.

Book Now
Chicago, III.
of the Republic".

156
American Library Association War Service 157
How Not to Invest.

159
W. Douglas Mackenzie
“Born and Bred in Kansas

161
President
The Rural School Speaks..

161

By A. P. Hollis
Through these associated schools Hartford offers Old Ben Franklin on “Daylight Saving" 161
Theological Seminary
ample training, both scholarly and practical, for the

By the Way...
Dean, M. W. JACOBUS

Christian ministry; meets the present demand for

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School of Religious Pedagogy social service ; and gives special missionary prepara-

BY SUBSCRIPTION $4.00 A YEAR. Single copies 10 cents
Dean, E. H. KNIGHT
tion for the foreign field. Each of these schools has

For foreign subscription to countries in the Postal Union, $5.56.
its independent faculty and its own institutional life,

Address all communications to
Kennedy School of Missions but together they form one interdenominational in-

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY
Secretary, E. W. CAPEN
stitution with the unity of a common aim and spirit. 381 Fourth Avenue

New York City

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Short-Story Writing

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HARTFORD

162

How a big man played an uphill game and

WON!

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along with ambitious young men in their employ.

Among the 65,000 subscribers are such men as A. T. Hardin, Vice-Presi. dent of the New York Central Lines; E. R. Behrend, President of the Hammermill Paper Co.; N. A. Hawkins, Manager of Sales, Ford Motor Co.; William C. D'Arcy, President of the Associated Advertising Clubs of the World; Melville W. Mix, President of the Dodge Manufacturing Co., and scores of others equally prominent. In the Standard Oil Company 291.

are enrolled in the Alexander Hamilton Institute; in the United States Steel Corporation, 450; in the National Cash Register Company, 194; in the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 108; in the General Elec tric Company, 300—and so on down the list of the biggest concerns in America.

5

men

When E. M. Paget took charge of the Sales Department of the Iliff-Bruff Chemical Company, Chicago, the problem was to market the product of a new concern in an already crowded field and at a time of great business depression.

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of many The same business information which this man applied so successfully to his business is available, too, to you. If you own a business—if you are an executive --if you hope to be an executive—you need this Course.

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! Advisory Council Business and educational authority of the highest standing is represented in the Advisory Council of the Institute.

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The Outlook

JANUARY 23, 1918
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their power to facilitate deliveries

Laurence La Tourette Driggs, the aviation expert, whose stories of the daring air pilot Arnold Adair printed in The Outlook have proved to be not only absorbing tales of adventure but luminous accounts of the varied services of aviators in war time, has prepared for The Outlook a list of "aces” of aviation. This will appear

in next week’s Outlook—the first list of the kind, we believe, to appear in America. Accompanying the list will be an article on the subject by Mr. Driggs.

sumer.

THE WEEK ONE CAUSE OF THE COAL SHORTAGE

tion last week when he gave out the following “ sequence of The managers of factories which are now threatened with preference:” 1. To householders ; 2. To public utilities supplythe necessity of closing their doors, and the citizens who have ing light and heat ; 3. To ships transporting food and war been struggling to get a few hodfuls of coal in order that heat materials to the American and Allied armies ; 4. To industries less days shall not be added to the meatless and wheatless days making war supplies ; 5. To other industries. prescribed by the Food Administration, have reason to recall to Opinions may differ as to the precise order here chosen, but their minds one of the fundamental facts responsible for the the method seems the only sensible one, since the free play of present shortage of coal.

demand and supply is impossible and undesirable under the Last June Secretary Lane called together the coal operators present Governmental control. It is to be assumed that hosand induced them to reorganize their systems of distribution in pitals are included in public utilities ;” other lists made by order that the delivery of coal might be expedited. In agree

State officials place hospitals first. ment with the Secretary of the Interior the coal operators abso

One New York paper last week bore the odd headline, lutely surrendered their power to fix prices and gave this power

Churches and Saloons Not to Close.” Schools have closed in without reserve to the United States Government. Thereupon large numbers in New York and New England. the Secretary of the Interior, in conjunction with the Federal

The wretched weather and storm conditions in the first half Trade Commission and the Coal Production Committee of the of January made actual progress in providing a working supply Council of National Defense, fixed a scale of maximum prices of coal in New York and New England (to say nothing of rewhich they thought would assure the production of the maxi- serves) almost impossible, while Chicago has suffered from snow inum amount of coal at the lowest possible cost to the con and storm almost beyond endurance; and from the South came

reports of zero weather and worse in places where this was Secretary Baker and Secretary Daniels immediately there unexampled, and of many consequent deaths from exposure. after repudiated this agreement, Secretary Daniels basing his Just as this page went to press the Fuel Administrator, Dr. action upon the fact that he had purchased coal at a much lower

Garfield, issued a drastic order closing factories (with certain figure for the Navy, and ignoring the fact that some mines have exceptions) for five days and ordering Monday holidays to and a much lower cost of production than the average--for exam

including March 25. This has aroused a wide protest on the ple , because of low wages and low living conditions.

ground that it will cause as much waste and hardship as it It is said that the coal prices finally fixed by the Government

will prevent. led the operators to center their attention chiefly upon supplying the coal for which contracts already existed, to the detri

SHOULD THE THEATERS BE CLOSED ? ment of that large portion of the consuming public which does not ordinarily provide itself with contracts in advance. Some Among the schemes proposed to save coal has been that to of the coal operators complain that the Government price has close theaters and vaudeville and motion-picture houses three compelled them to supply coal at a loss to shipping firms that are days a week. making exorbitant profits from their business, shipping firms The effect of such a rule would be chiefly noticeable in New which in their own countries were compelled to pay a much York City, with its 118 places of such entertainment. They higher price for coal than they have found it necessary to pay burn some $2,500 worth of coal a day; were they closed in colă in the American market.

weather they would still have to burn much fuel to prevent the While the country is less interested in this phase of the prob- freezing of their sprinkler systems. lem than it is in the supply of coal for our homes, hospitals, and The attendant loss to the Government, however, of taxes industries, it is an item which should not be ignored when we on admission would much exceed any possible saving in coal. So come to sum up the loss to the country which resulted from the far from saving something to the Government, therefore, the repudiation of the Lane agreement.

scheme would work the other way and the saving of coal would be very slight.

But this is not all. At least twelve thousand employees, to FL'EL, LIFE-SAVING, AND INDUSTRY

say nothing of some thirty-five hundred actors and actresses, It may be that the question as to closing down non essential would be reduced to part pay on half-time employment. iudustries may be settled by the coal famine itself. If there is Nor is even this all. London and Paris have long since not enough coal for every one, there must be either a haphazard recognized the theaters as distinct means of stimulating a scramble or a control of priority. The Government, in other cheery, soldierly spirit. All the theaters in those cities are words, need not order any industry or factory to close ; it may

open and crowded. In New York City there are very many simply see that coal goes first where it is most needed in a soldiers and sailors on leave. They seek warmth, light, and sound, humane, patriotic sense.

entertainment. They and their families and friends are now the Dr. Garfield, the Fuel Administrator, moved in this direc most prominent patrons of the theaters. Incidentally never

have these places offered more wholesome amusement. Why nity from attack by other nations. In so saying Mr. Roosevelt close them and drive our men in khaki and our men in blue to did not fail to add that it would be foolhardy not to introduce other places? If there is to be closing, let it be first the closing a system of real preparedness based upon universal military of the saloons and more questionable resorts.

training. Such an army, in his opinion and ours, would be not only the most democratic but might be the most efficient

in the world. MORE FOOD FOR OUR ALLIES

The Food Administration is planning to ship ninety million bushels of wheat to our allies, although the country's estimated OUR AIRPLANE PROGRAMME surplus had been shipped by mid-December. The country can Last week we inquired, in an editorial, “ Is all well with not ship abroad food which it does not have. Such a statement

our airplane programme ?” In the course of our inquiry we may sound almost simple enough to be foolish, but it might be expressed the opinion that information, whether good news or a good plan to hang this statement over every dining-table in bad news, concerning not only our airplane programme but the country.

also the actual achievements in carrying that programme out, Unless we still further limit our consumption of wheat should be given to the public. we shall certainly not have enough for our own needs nor Before the ink was dry on the issue of The Outlook containfor our allies. If we do not limit our consumption of wheat ing this editorial it happened that an official statement was issued voluntarily, we shall have to do so by law. The Food Adminis- describing the progress made in supplying America with war tration is already considering legislation to make the saving of aircraft. wheat compulsory, and has approved a bill drawn by Senator This statement was made by Mr. Howard E. Coffin, ChairPomerene, of Ohio, and Representative Lever, of Alabama, to

man of the Aircraft Production Board. He outlined the proenforce wheatless days. Representative Lever. is one of the

gramme under seven heads : closest students of agricultural conditions in the lower house of First, the establishment and maintenance of a great system Congress.

of training stations. If we eat less wheat, we must eat more of something else. Second, an international standardization of aircraft. The Part of the vacancy in our regular menus can be filled by the Allied countries have already agreed on international specififamiliar South American tuber generally known as the Irish cations and a co-ordination of manufacturing facilities and potato. Grocers are urged to inaugurate a “ Potato Day” each policies. week, selecting whatever day is slack in deliveries and making Third, the construction of primary training machines. In a special price for potatoes delivered on that day. Housewives

this the production“ will be in excess of the needs of the proare asked to buy a week's supply on each Potato Day. The Food

gramme of January 20." Administration wishes to place the Irish potato every day in the Fourth, the provision of trained and equipped fliers and year on every table in America. The sale of regular quantities mechanics. This is a progressing exactly on schedule." of potatoes will equalize distribution for the next five or six

Fifth, the provision of “raw and semi-finished material months, will relieve railway congestion, and will encourage the and finished parts, including motors, to insure the consummation production of a larger crop this coming year. Before this recom of the augmented Allied aircraft-building programme. This has mendation can be carried into full effect, however, the price of been and is being done." potatoes to consumers will have to be very much lower than it

Sixth (and very important),“ to provide for the equipment of is at present. Five cents a pound for potatoes does not en the American forces in France for the period of January to June, courage the average city consumer to make the potato a

1918, in large part by purchase of fighting machines manufacpopular article of diet.

tured in Allied countries, and to supply the machine tools and raw and semi-finished materials necessary to insure their produc

tion.” This is a subject on which we believed the country was SPEED UP THE WAR

specially entitled to information, for it is important to know At the Ohio Society dinner the other night in New York

whether our country was to withhold its blow against the enemy City Mr. Roosevelt thus referred to the present exposure of until it had developed its Liberty motor. Mr. Coffin's answer military shortcomings :

is reassuring. He says : “ One of the first acts of the Aircraft Our past lamentable failure in the speedy building of the Board, after the passage of the Appropriation Bill in July, was indispensable implements of modern war, and of the great trans to authorize the placing by General Pershing of orders for sevport Heet which alone will enable us to utilize our giant strength eral thousand fighting machines in Allied countries. Many after we have developed it, must merely spur us on to efficient millions of dollars' worth of material and machine tools have action in the present and the future. To refuse to see and to

been shipped from this country to aid this production." point out these failures is both silly and unpatriotic.

Seventh, the provision of service machines (that is, aircraft It is no mere accident that has made all the pro-German for actual use in warfare) after the first of next July. Origiorgans in the press clamor against the men who dare point out nally, advanced training was planned to be carried wholly on our shortcomings, the speaker proceeded to assert, for the pro the other side of the ocean, near the theater of war, so there Germans know well that our country's ruthless enemies, whom was no intent of providing any other than training planes on they serve as far as they dare, desire nothing so much as to see this side. Now, Mr. Cottin announces, it is planned to give this country afraid to acknowledge and make good its short- advanced training also on this side of the ocean, and consecomings; and those pro-Germans cloak their traitorous aid to quently “the delivery of advanced training planes will begin Germany under the camouflage of pretended zeal to save Amer this month." ican officials from just criticism." But there is an even In further explanation Mr. Coffin says that “ airplanes and lower depth,” Mr. Roosevelt affirmed, “ and this is reached by engines of the very latest European development are going into the men who treat the discovery of our shortcomings as a reason production in the United States as quickly as ... and in greater for relaxing our efforts to win the war.”

quantities than, in. Allied countries, and that “the feat of getOur one and whole-hearted immediate aim, Mr. Roosevelt ting the twelve-cylinder U. S. A., or so-called Liberty, engine concluded, must be to speed up the war in every possible way from the first scratch on paper in June to the beginning of proand at the earliest moment to make our military strength of duetion of quantity-manufacturing tools in November is one decisive weight in Europe. Let us remember, he reminded never equaled even among the spectacular performances of bis auditors, that “our troops fight abroad beside the Allies the American motor-car business.' now so that at some future time they may not have to fight Mr. Coffin is one of the most far-sighted of those patriotic without allies beside their own ruined homes.” This carried citizens who helped to make preparation against war before our the twelve hundred diners to their feet, cheering.

Government thought of doing so. What he says deserves the As to the future, only vision and firm purpose in preparing widest publicity; and the hard work he and his associates to deal with our industrial and military problems will enable us have been doing calls for the widest public approbation. More to guarantee future peaceful development at home and immu

than that, public opinion must be kept alert to see that all the

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