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Arnold Adair and the Swiss Spy

A Tragic Mistake and How It Was Remedied


Many, perhaps it is safe to say most, of our readers remember how Arnold Adair, the daring American aviator, lost his helpful Swiss spy behind the German lines, and to his intense surprise brought back a German sentry instead. The story was told by Mr. Laurence La T. Driggs in The Outlook of December 26, and it brought many expressions of interest from our readers. One of the most welcome of these expressions was from one of our boy readers, who sent us the following letter:

Laurence La Tourette Driggs

Author of the Amold Adair stories

Des Moineega.








Dear sers.

Those Arnola Adour stories are just swell. Please have some wwre, Please get the poor shelteinen

sapyback to the camp, @ workas to be an aviator,

traily yours

Robert Lies.

To this letter there was sent the following reply:

Robert Lees,
Care James H. Lees, Esy.,

The Outlook Office, January 10, 1918.
1725 York Street, Des Moines, Iowa.
Deur Robert:

Your very nice letter of December 31, which has already been acknowleilypıl, I think, has been brought to my
personal attention and I want to thank you for it. I am sending it to Mr. Driggs, the author of the Arnold Adair
stories, asking him if he cannot tell us in The Outlook whut become of that Suiss spy. When I read the story I
felt just as you did about it and I sha'n't be comfortable until I know that he is safe and sound.
Thanking you very much for your letter, I am Sincerely yours,

Lurrence F. Abbott, President, The Outlook Company.
This correspondence was sent to Mr. Driggs, the author of the Arnold Adair stories. “Don't be disturbed,” he replied:
The spy got back all right. But I ought to warn you that in the process Arnold Adair himself disappears."

These further exciting experiences of Arnold and his colleagues will be related in some new chapters of Arnold Adair's adventures. The first will appear in next week's Outlook, the issue of February 6. The general title of these stories is

Whose Prisoner?

Previous adventures of Arnold Adair have been told in the issues of The Outlook for October 17 and 31, November 7 and 21, December 5 and 26.


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Copyright, 1918, by The Outlook Company TABLE OF CONTENTS || The University of Chicago Vol. 118 January 30, 1918 No. 5

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Mr. Garfield's Ukase........ ........ 169
Mr. Garfield's Explanation .............
The American Defense Society Hears a

Defense of Criticism ..........
“Go On or Go Under" ...............
The Strengthen America Campaign ......
The Caillaux Case..
The Nobel Peace Prize................. 171
The International Red Cross Committee 171
Progress of Prohibition..
Women as Conductors.......
Chinese Changes ...........
A Fine American Seaman...
Cartoons of the Week .......
A Turning-Point. ............
Russia's New Despotism ...........
Repairing the War Machine.............
The Turmoil in Washington ............. 177

Staff Correspondence by Elbert F. Baldwin We Want the Facts About the War..... 178

By Joseph H. Odell
German Propaganda in the Church...... 180

By the Pastor of a City Congregation
Trotsky on the East Side............... 181

By Henry Moskowitz
Aces of Aviation ................ 184

By Laurence La Tourette Driggs

........... 186
By John Finley
Current Events Illustrated.....
The Women of Belgium ................ 191

By Annie P. Hillis (Mrs. N. D. Hillis)
Weekly Outline Study of Current History 192

By J. Madison Gathany, A.M.
A Friendly Act...

.......... 167
By William H. Hamby
Wanted : Uniformity......

By C. H. Ibershoff
The New Books......

By the way.............


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SCHOOLS can do what the public schools cannot, viz., fit the course of study to meet the individual student's needs and carry out more freely new pedagogical ideas. Therefore the private schools of to-day, by reason of their excellent equipment, are performing a splendid function in the training and development of useful future citizens.

It is of the utmost importance, however, to select the right school for your son or daughter a school which might meet the requirements of one student would perhaps be entirely vosuited for another.

The Outlook School Bureau is prepared to give information concerning all types of schools and will be glad to assist you in making your selection if you will send us the age and sex of your child and any other data which you think will aid us in making suggestions. There is no charge to

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When the fire that couldn't


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HY WILLIAM H. HAMBY John Vance Cheney, the poet, told me this wory of his long-time friend John Muir.

One night, after a long absence, Muir walked in, as he often did, looking like a wild man, and sat down by my fire. He had been up in the Sierras for weeks.

** Had a beautiful storm up there,' said
Muir, after he got a little accustomed to the
fire and the presence of a fellow human
being, Snow was waist deep most places.
One night I found a crevasse where steam
was coming out of the mountain. I lay
down as close to it as I could, and when
one side froze numb I would turn it over
to the steam.
Oh, yes, business is fine!

this new building is absolutely modern “In the night I dozed, and waked to

and fire-proof. feel something warm on my face that did Never better! not feel like steam. I did not stir, but

Fire couldn't get headway in' our opened my eyes very slowly. It was a Only trouble is, 'way behind our place—not in a thousand years. You grizzly bear licking my face ! orders,

can't burn cement floors and steel " The geologist looked around at me

girders, you know. with a twinkle Now I call that a right But our new factory started up last friendly act of that old bear.' . week-soon catch up.

Broke last year's record in SeptemDidn't you ever get scared at anything

ber of this year. Got enough orders in the woods?" I asked. He always went Automatic sprinklers ? Oh, no. We booked to more than double what we into the wilds unarmed. In fact, usually don't need them.

did last year. the only preparation he would make for å five months' trip would be to take his hat No possible danger of fire. You see Things certainly do look rosy! off the hall rack.

** Well,' he confessed, once I was a little embarrassed by fear. You know what acres of blackberries grow up in the mountains. They were ripe, and I waded into a patch to help myself. There was a scuffing noise fifteen feet away, and I saw an old grizzly also helping himself. His method was to reach out and rake in an armful, eating berries, tops and all. That old grizzly looked at me in a way that suggested I was an intruder, a trespasser, committing a will What! Our new building in flames ! of course! But I'm thinking about the ful misdemeanor. "I returned his look in the friendliest

How could a FIRE-PROOF build- loss of business ! . . sort of way, trying to convey to him the ing—burn!

We've got thousands of dollars' impression that I had no thought of intru Not the building, you say, but THE

worth of orders on the books that we'll sion ; that I admitted the berry patch was STUFF INSIDE THAT'S BURNhis, but in passing had merely stopped to

never be able to take care of. They're ING? The building's only a flue? taste a mouthful of berries—and that I was

not insured. Our advertising was just Why, I wouldn't have had this hap going on in a minute.

beginning to pull ; we were just “ cash" I did,' smiled John Muir,' in less than

pen for anything in the world! I'll lose ing in ” on development work ; our a minute, for he did not seem to get my

THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS, to organization was just beginning to run impression, but started to gather me in say the least..

smoothly. Now everything is chaos with his next armful of blackberry vines.'” Insurance? Fully covered? Why, practically burned up. WANTED: UNIFORMITY

$28,000 persones BY C. 1. IBERSHOFF

togerner By appointinent a serious-minded fresh

$17,000 loss in orders man called at my university office not long ago for a personal conference. After the immediate matter in hand had been disposed of my young visitor remarked : “Today one of my instructors talked to the class on university marks. When he told us that the grade E is an insult,' I was for a time utterly dumfounded, and I con:

Today, six months later, we resume tied up on long-time contracts with our fess that I am still sorely confused, because business.

competitors. at the high school which I attended for four We have our plant restored--thanks

And it will take us two years to years E was the mark of honor.” The little incident suggests this query : to our insurance--and equipped with catch up, to recoup our losses--if we

ever do! Why not adopt a uniform notation for the

Grinnell Sprinklers." system of marking in American schools But --- we start with most of our

That is the price we paid to learn that and universities? Such an arrangement organization scattered.

Grinnell Sprinklers provide SURE would help to simplify in a slight way this

protection, and save money wchile doing complex and somewhat confusing world of We start with a deficit of $28,000,

it through reduced insurance rates. ours, and would represent a reform which representing the expense of holding the

Write for a Grinnell Information would, I believe, be appreciated not only by remainder of it together.

Blank and get in touch with experts the unadjusted and unacclimated freshman We start with a loss of $17,000 on and his interested parents, but also by

who have helped thousands to cut | the orders we had in hand the day Inany members of the teaching staffs of our

their insurance costs 40 to 90 per cent. before the fire and couldn't fill because schools and universities, not to mention our

Address the General Fire Extinguisher faithful deans and registrars. of it.

Company, 289 West Exchange Street, University of Iowa, Town City, Iowa.

We start with some of our best trade Providence, R. I.

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On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their power to facilitate deliveries

have an authorized representative stationed at the street entrance of their various places of business to receive mail from the carriers, who will make their usual rounds,” since " it can be readily understood that an accumulation of five days' mail for delivery on Wednesday next will tend to unduly tax the capacity of the Post-Office."

There was also lack of co-ordination to some extent between the officials responsible for this order and those whom the order affected. The order was designed to save fuel and clear up freight congestion. Nevertheless, in New York City, for instance, it failed of part of its purpose, because many manufacturers closed down so completely on the first idle day that they refrained from taking away from the freight depots such mate rial as was awaiting delivery. Such misunderstandings of the order were the natural consequence of the haste and suddenness with which the order. was issued.

MR. GARFIELD'S UKASE 1 On January 16 the Fuel Administrator, Mr. Garfield,

ordered what was in effect a "lockout” of practically all industries east of the Mississippi.

The order provided, first, that until further notice all persons walling fuel should give precedence to the necessary current muirements of railways, domestic consumers, hospitals, chari. table institutions, army and navy cantonments, public utilities, br-product coke plants supplying gas for household use, telephone and telegraph plants, shipping for bunker purposes, the l'nited States for strictly Governmental purposes (not including factories or plants working on contracts for the United States); manufacturers of perishable food or of food for necessary imneliate consumption, and municipal, county, or State governhents for necessary public uses.

The five days from January 18 to January 22, and every Monday thereafter until March 25, were by this order made days of enforced idleness for most of the business men of I the country. With certain exceptions, manufacturing plants have been forbidden to burn fuel or use power derived from fuel on any of these days. This provision is made to apply to all business offices on each workless Monday.” The - exceptions to this provision included manufacturers of certain kinds of food, and plants necessary to the publication of daily papers and current periodicals. Plants which must be : operated continuously to avoid serious injury have been permitted to use as much fuel as is necessary to avoid such injury. All plants and buildings have been of course permitted to use enough fuel to prevent injury by freezing.

Food stores, under this sweeping order, have been permitted to keep open on any of the specified days until twelve o'clock noon. Stores selling drugs and medical supplies have been permitted to maintain the heat necessary for this purpose throughout the day and evening. Theaters and places of public entertainment were first included in the general provisions of the law, which would have necessitated their closing on Monday. Upon the urgent plea of men interested in the theatrical business theaters were later granted permission to open on Monday, provided they kept closed on Tuesday.

After this sweeping order was issued it was found necessary ; to modify its action in regard to certain specified industries engaged in important war work. It is a curious fact that in making public the list of necessary exceptions Mr. Garfield violated one of the fundamental rulings of the Governmental censorship -rulings which are posted and observed in every newspaper

aper unce in the country. This ruling prohibits the publication of

bite the publication of mformation concerning contracts and production of air mate

air mate. nal. Yet Mr. Garfield scattered broadcast over the country a list of firms engaged in work of this kind_work of such impor tance to the Government that it was deemed essential to release them from the restriction of the Fuel Administrator's order.

op of the Fuel Administrator's order. There seems to have been lack of co-ordination somewhere along The effect of the ramifications of the Garfield order in pro

A dan in no lucing confusion in the business centers of the country is well

country is well Hustrated by a notice which the Postmaster of the city of New cork found it necessary to issue to every business house of that

y. This notice stated that “it is anticipated that congestion way result from the accumulation of mail during the period (of ve days' closing) unless some provision is made for its delivery rior to January 23.” In view of this congestion the Postmaster quested that “concerns whose place of business are affected


The suddenness with which the order was issued was explained in part by Mr. Garfield in his public defense of his action. Plainly he regarded his order as an emergency operation of the kill-or-cure variety. In the course of his defense he said :

Industry is in an unbalanced condition. We lack many essentials--food, clothing, fuel. We have piled up enormous stores of things not essential to life, but very essential to war. We have piled these up so high on our docks and in our storehouses that the ships available cannot carry them away as fast as they pile up. For lack of bunker coal held back by traffic congestion the number of ships in our harbors increases menacingly.

The food supply is threatened to an even greater degree than the fuel supply. This condition is in large part due to the congestion that at many points holds the loaded cars in its grip. ...

The order as it stands puts all industry on an equal footing, favoring none and avoiding unfair competition, but this reason alone is not sufficient.

This reason, plus the fact the order will put coal in the empty bins of the people, will save coal, will aid in breaking up congestion of traffic and in furnishing an adequate supply of coal to the people who need it and to the ships which cannot sail without it--these are sufficient reasons and justify the order. ...

To have delayed the application of the order would only have added to the congestion.

Preside:it Wilson, in support of Mr. Garfield, has said that ne he agreed that such action was necessary, and that he had ap proved of the or proved of the order. Press comment on the order of the Fuel Administrator has been sharply critical of the inefficiency which has permitted the present situation to develop-some of the nas severest arraignments of the handling of the fuel situation have come from journals which have been consistent and whole-hearted come from journals defenders of defenders of the Administration.

the line.


The American Defense Society has brought an active year to an active conclusion by acquiring a new honorary President, Theodore Roosevelt. In accepting the honorary presidency of this society Mr. Roosevelt pointed out very distinctly the fallacy of those who pleaded that to support the present Adminis. tration it is necessary to suppress unpleasant facts concerning its shortcomings. He pointed out the fact that every loyal

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