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Arnold Adair and the Swiss Spy
A Tragic Mistake and How It Was Remedied
Many, perhaps it is safe to say most, of our readers remember how Arnold Adair, the daring American aviator, lost his helpful Swiss spy behind the German lines, and to his intense surprise brought back a German sentry instead. The story was told by Mr. Laurence La T. Driggs in The Outlook of December 26, and it brought many expressions of interest from our readers. One of the most welcome of these expressions was from one of our boy readers, who sent us the following letter:
Laurence La Tourette Driggs
Author of the Amold Adair stories
STATE OF IOWA
GEORGE R. KAY, DIRECTOR
NELLIE E. NEWMAN
Those Arnola Adour stories are just swell. Please have some wwre, Please get the poor shelteinen
sapyback to the camp, @ workas to be an aviator,
To this letter there was sent the following reply:
The Outlook Office, January 10, 1918.
Your very nice letter of December 31, which has already been acknowleilypıl, I think, has been brought to my
Lurrence F. Abbott, President, The Outlook Company.
These further exciting experiences of Arnold and his colleagues will be related in some new chapters of Arnold Adair's adventures. The first will appear in next week's Outlook, the issue of February 6. The general title of these stories is
Previous adventures of Arnold Adair have been told in the issues of The Outlook for October 17 and 31, November 7 and 21, December 5 and 26.
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Copyright, 1918, by The Outlook Company TABLE OF CONTENTS || The University of Chicago Vol. 118 January 30, 1918 No. 5
STUDY temps 16th Year
in addition to resident work, offens also instruc tion by correspondend. For detailed ia
formation address V.afC. (Div. E) Chicago, Ill.
THE OUTLOOK 15 PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. LAWRENCE F. ABBOTT, PRESIDENT. N. T. PULSIFER, VICE-PRESIDENT, FRANK C. HOYT, TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY. TRAVERS D. CARMAN, ADVERTISING MANAGER. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS FIFTY-TWO 18SUES--YOUR DOLLARS IN ADVANCE. ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK POST-OFFICE
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Mr. Garfield's Ukase........ ........ 169
Defense of Criticism ..........
Staff Correspondence by Elbert F. Baldwin We Want the Facts About the War..... 178
By Joseph H. Odell
By the Pastor of a City Congregation
By Henry Moskowitz
By Laurence La Tourette Driggs
By Annie P. Hillis (Mrs. N. D. Hillis)
By J. Madison Gathany, A.M.
By C. H. Ibershoff
Just Ont. A New Song Book. Sample copy will demonstrate its value. Examination Copy Board 25c. Cloth 350 The Biglow and Main Co., New York - Chicago
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That's a broad claim. But I can prove it. I have reduced 40,000 of the most cultured women and built ap as many more, in the privacy of their rooms
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Malassimilation Susanna Cocroft Dept. 8 624 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 1
SCHOOLS can do what the public schools cannot, viz., fit the course of study to meet the individual student's needs and carry out more freely new pedagogical ideas. Therefore the private schools of to-day, by reason of their excellent equipment, are performing a splendid function in the training and development of useful future citizens.
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The Outlook School Bureau is prepared to give information concerning all types of schools and will be glad to assist you in making your selection if you will send us the age and sex of your child and any other data which you think will aid us in making suggestions. There is no charge to
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When the fire that couldn't
A FRIENDLY ACT
HY WILLIAM H. HAMBY John Vance Cheney, the poet, told me this wory of his long-time friend John Muir.
One night, after a long absence, Muir walked in, as he often did, looking like a wild man, and sat down by my fire. He had been up in the Sierras for weeks.
** Had a beautiful storm up there,' said
this new building is absolutely modern “In the night I dozed, and waked to
and fire-proof. feel something warm on my face that did Never better! not feel like steam. I did not stir, but
Fire couldn't get headway in' our opened my eyes very slowly. It was a Only trouble is, 'way behind our place—not in a thousand years. You grizzly bear licking my face ! orders,
can't burn cement floors and steel " The geologist looked around at me
girders, you know. with a twinkle Now I call that a right But our new factory started up last friendly act of that old bear.' . week-soon catch up.
Broke last year's record in SeptemDidn't you ever get scared at anything
ber of this year. Got enough orders in the woods?" I asked. He always went Automatic sprinklers ? Oh, no. We booked to more than double what we into the wilds unarmed. In fact, usually don't need them.
did last year. the only preparation he would make for å five months' trip would be to take his hat No possible danger of fire. You see Things certainly do look rosy! off the hall rack.
** Well,' he confessed, once I was a little embarrassed by fear. You know what acres of blackberries grow up in the mountains. They were ripe, and I waded into a patch to help myself. There was a scuffing noise fifteen feet away, and I saw an old grizzly also helping himself. His method was to reach out and rake in an armful, eating berries, tops and all. That old grizzly looked at me in a way that suggested I was an intruder, a trespasser, committing a will What! Our new building in flames ! of course! But I'm thinking about the ful misdemeanor. "I returned his look in the friendliest
How could a FIRE-PROOF build- loss of business ! . . sort of way, trying to convey to him the ing—burn!
We've got thousands of dollars' impression that I had no thought of intru Not the building, you say, but THE
worth of orders on the books that we'll sion ; that I admitted the berry patch was STUFF INSIDE THAT'S BURNhis, but in passing had merely stopped to
never be able to take care of. They're ING? The building's only a flue? taste a mouthful of berries—and that I was
not insured. Our advertising was just Why, I wouldn't have had this hap going on in a minute.
beginning to pull ; we were just “ cash" I did,' smiled John Muir,' in less than
pen for anything in the world! I'll lose ing in ” on development work ; our a minute, for he did not seem to get my
THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS, to organization was just beginning to run impression, but started to gather me in say the least..
smoothly. Now everything is chaos with his next armful of blackberry vines.'” Insurance? Fully covered? Why, practically burned up. WANTED: UNIFORMITY
$28,000 persones BY C. 1. IBERSHOFF
togerner By appointinent a serious-minded fresh
$17,000 loss in orders man called at my university office not long ago for a personal conference. After the immediate matter in hand had been disposed of my young visitor remarked : “Today one of my instructors talked to the class on university marks. When he told us that the grade E is an insult,' I was for a time utterly dumfounded, and I con:
Today, six months later, we resume tied up on long-time contracts with our fess that I am still sorely confused, because business.
competitors. at the high school which I attended for four We have our plant restored--thanks
And it will take us two years to years E was the mark of honor.” The little incident suggests this query : to our insurance--and equipped with catch up, to recoup our losses--if we
ever do! Why not adopt a uniform notation for the
Grinnell Sprinklers." system of marking in American schools But --- we start with most of our
That is the price we paid to learn that and universities? Such an arrangement organization scattered.
Grinnell Sprinklers provide SURE would help to simplify in a slight way this
protection, and save money wchile doing complex and somewhat confusing world of We start with a deficit of $28,000,
it through reduced insurance rates. ours, and would represent a reform which representing the expense of holding the
Write for a Grinnell Information would, I believe, be appreciated not only by remainder of it together.
Blank and get in touch with experts the unadjusted and unacclimated freshman We start with a loss of $17,000 on and his interested parents, but also by
who have helped thousands to cut | the orders we had in hand the day Inany members of the teaching staffs of our
their insurance costs 40 to 90 per cent. before the fire and couldn't fill because schools and universities, not to mention our
Address the General Fire Extinguisher faithful deans and registrars. of it.
Company, 289 West Exchange Street, University of Iowa, Town City, Iowa.
We start with some of our best trade Providence, R. I.
On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their power to facilitate deliveries
have an authorized representative stationed at the street entrance of their various places of business to receive mail from the carriers, who will make their usual rounds,” since " it can be readily understood that an accumulation of five days' mail for delivery on Wednesday next will tend to unduly tax the capacity of the Post-Office."
There was also lack of co-ordination to some extent between the officials responsible for this order and those whom the order affected. The order was designed to save fuel and clear up freight congestion. Nevertheless, in New York City, for instance, it failed of part of its purpose, because many manufacturers closed down so completely on the first idle day that they refrained from taking away from the freight depots such mate rial as was awaiting delivery. Such misunderstandings of the order were the natural consequence of the haste and suddenness with which the order. was issued.
MR. GARFIELD'S UKASE 1 On January 16 the Fuel Administrator, Mr. Garfield,
ordered what was in effect a "lockout” of practically all industries east of the Mississippi.
The order provided, first, that until further notice all persons walling fuel should give precedence to the necessary current muirements of railways, domestic consumers, hospitals, chari. table institutions, army and navy cantonments, public utilities, br-product coke plants supplying gas for household use, telephone and telegraph plants, shipping for bunker purposes, the l'nited States for strictly Governmental purposes (not including factories or plants working on contracts for the United States); manufacturers of perishable food or of food for necessary imneliate consumption, and municipal, county, or State governhents for necessary public uses.
The five days from January 18 to January 22, and every Monday thereafter until March 25, were by this order made days of enforced idleness for most of the business men of I the country. With certain exceptions, manufacturing plants have been forbidden to burn fuel or use power derived from fuel on any of these days. This provision is made to apply to all business offices on each workless Monday.” The - exceptions to this provision included manufacturers of certain kinds of food, and plants necessary to the publication of daily papers and current periodicals. Plants which must be : operated continuously to avoid serious injury have been permitted to use as much fuel as is necessary to avoid such injury. All plants and buildings have been of course permitted to use enough fuel to prevent injury by freezing.
Food stores, under this sweeping order, have been permitted to keep open on any of the specified days until twelve o'clock noon. Stores selling drugs and medical supplies have been permitted to maintain the heat necessary for this purpose throughout the day and evening. Theaters and places of public entertainment were first included in the general provisions of the law, which would have necessitated their closing on Monday. Upon the urgent plea of men interested in the theatrical business theaters were later granted permission to open on Monday, provided they kept closed on Tuesday.
After this sweeping order was issued it was found necessary ; to modify its action in regard to certain specified industries engaged in important war work. It is a curious fact that in making public the list of necessary exceptions Mr. Garfield violated one of the fundamental rulings of the Governmental censorship -rulings which are posted and observed in every newspaper
aper unce in the country. This ruling prohibits the publication of
bite the publication of mformation concerning contracts and production of air mate
air mate. nal. Yet Mr. Garfield scattered broadcast over the country a list of firms engaged in work of this kind_work of such impor tance to the Government that it was deemed essential to release them from the restriction of the Fuel Administrator's order.
op of the Fuel Administrator's order. There seems to have been lack of co-ordination somewhere along The effect of the ramifications of the Garfield order in pro
A dan in no lucing confusion in the business centers of the country is well
country is well Hustrated by a notice which the Postmaster of the city of New cork found it necessary to issue to every business house of that
y. This notice stated that “it is anticipated that congestion way result from the accumulation of mail during the period (of ve days' closing) unless some provision is made for its delivery rior to January 23.” In view of this congestion the Postmaster quested that “concerns whose place of business are affected
MR. GARFIELD'S EXPLANATION
The suddenness with which the order was issued was explained in part by Mr. Garfield in his public defense of his action. Plainly he regarded his order as an emergency operation of the kill-or-cure variety. In the course of his defense he said :
Industry is in an unbalanced condition. We lack many essentials--food, clothing, fuel. We have piled up enormous stores of things not essential to life, but very essential to war. We have piled these up so high on our docks and in our storehouses that the ships available cannot carry them away as fast as they pile up. For lack of bunker coal held back by traffic congestion the number of ships in our harbors increases menacingly.
The food supply is threatened to an even greater degree than the fuel supply. This condition is in large part due to the congestion that at many points holds the loaded cars in its grip. ...
The order as it stands puts all industry on an equal footing, favoring none and avoiding unfair competition, but this reason alone is not sufficient.
This reason, plus the fact the order will put coal in the empty bins of the people, will save coal, will aid in breaking up congestion of traffic and in furnishing an adequate supply of coal to the people who need it and to the ships which cannot sail without it--these are sufficient reasons and justify the order. ...
To have delayed the application of the order would only have added to the congestion.
Preside:it Wilson, in support of Mr. Garfield, has said that ne he agreed that such action was necessary, and that he had ap proved of the or proved of the order. Press comment on the order of the Fuel Administrator has been sharply critical of the inefficiency which has permitted the present situation to develop-some of the nas severest arraignments of the handling of the fuel situation have come from journals which have been consistent and whole-hearted come from journals defenders of defenders of the Administration.
THE AMERICAN DEFENSE SOCIETY
The American Defense Society has brought an active year to an active conclusion by acquiring a new honorary President, Theodore Roosevelt. In accepting the honorary presidency of this society Mr. Roosevelt pointed out very distinctly the fallacy of those who pleaded that to support the present Adminis. tration it is necessary to suppress unpleasant facts concerning its shortcomings. He pointed out the fact that every loyal