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ex contorer S. Sow wowo
AVIATION ACES AND THEIR VICTORIES
(See article on opposite page by Laurence La Tourette Driggs for fuller explanation)
Pilot British Aces (Continued) Victories. Lieutenant Berthold . . . . . .
. 28 Lieutenant Andrew E. McKeever ... Official to December 1, 1917– Victories 399
Lieutenant von Richthofen . . . . .
26 Lieutenant Richard Raymond-Barker ... 8
Lieutenant Richard Pearman (naval). ... 8
Lieutenant Lionel B. Jones . . . . . . .
Lieutenant A, S, Shepherd (7 in one month). tember, 1917) . . . . . . . . 21 Lieutenant von Bulow . . . . .
Lieutenant Stanley Rosevear (Ontario) ...
Captain Lancelot Lytton Richardson . . . .
Lieutenant Cecil Roy Richards (4 in one day).
Howard Saint . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lieutenant Edward R. Grange . .....
Lieutenant W. G. Miggitt .....
13 Lieutenant Laurence W. Allen . . . .
Lieutenant D. M. B. Galbraith. ...
Lieutenant William D. Matheson . ...
Lieutenant Stanley J. Goble. .....
Lieutenant W. C. Cambray . . . . . . .
Flight Commander F. C. Armstrony . . Several
Flight Lieutenant H, F. Beamish ... Several 1.3 Lieutenant Mathieu de la Tour ..
Flight Lieutenant G. W. Hemming (3 in one
flight) . . . . . . . . . . . . Several Adjutant Dauchy · · · · · · · Lieutenant Konig . . . .
Flight Lieutenant J. E, L, Hunter . . . Several
Flight Commander R. P. Minifie ..Several
AMERICAN LAFAYETTE ESCADRILLE
(The American list includes every victory to Decem
ber 1, 1917, Lufbery being the only ace, however.) Lieutenant Loste, .... Victories to December 1, 1917-589
Major Raoul Lufbery . . . . . . . . . 17 N. 81 Lieutenant Marcel Hughes · · · · 7 Lieutenant Werner-Voss-Crefeld (Sept. 24, 1917) 47
Sergeant Kiffin Rockwell (killed September Sergeant Montrion ... ... . 7 Captain Boelke (October 27, 1916). .... 45
23, 1916). . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corporal Walter Lovell . ... .. ..
Lieutenant de Laage de Manx (killed May 8,
1917) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sergeant Walter Rheno .........
Sergeant Guerin. . . . . . . . 6 Captain Behr . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporal Andrew C. Campbell ......
Captain Thenault . .... .. . .
Adjutant Norman Prince (killed Oct. 15, 1916)
Lieutenant Charles Cahteau Johnson ....
Phelps Collins .............
Lieutenant Schneider .......... Lieutenant Willis Haviland .......
Captain Robert Rockwell. ........
Charles J. Biddle ... .· · · · ·
5 BELGIAN ACES-Victories 31
5 Lieutenant Hohndorf (Sept. 13, 1917).. 12 Adjutant Beulemest ......... 6 V.77 Lieutenant Marty ....... 5 Lieutenant Buddecke · · · · · · ·
Lieutenant de Meulemeester. ....... 6
Lieutenant Robin · · · · · · ·
10 ITALIAN ACES
Victories to November 1, 1917--121 1.3 Lieutenant Dorme (May 1, 1917) . . 23
Captain Bert ............ Major Baracca .
Captain (Duke) Calabria ........ 16
8 Lieutenant Olivari . . . . . . . . . . 12 C. 64 Captain René Doumer (April 26, 1917) 7 Lieutenant Immelmann . . . . ...
Lieutenant Ranza .
Lieutenant Parnis ....
Sergeant Poli ........... 16, 1917) . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Rosenkrantz ..
Lieutenant Stophanni . . . . . . . . .
3 RUSSIAN ACES–Victories 30 dolski at Belfort) . . . . . . . 6
German total ......... 1,093
Disputed by Frenci . . . . . . .
338 Lieutenant Pachtchenko ........ 5 C. 46 Captain Lecour-Grandmaison
Ensign Smirnoff ........... 9 1. 23 Roland Garros (captured June 17,
33 BRITISH ACES
1 BULGARIAN ACE– Victories 20 1915). . . . . . . . . . . 5
At least 400 victories to December 1, 1917 Lieutenant von Eschwege (killed by shell on 1.3 Lieutenant Baillot (May 20, 1916)... 5 N. 57 Adjutant Pierre Violet (killed Decem
Captain William A. Bishop (retired). ... 47 November 22, 1917) ........ 20 ber 27, 1916, during combat in which Captain Albert Ball (killed). . . . . . . 13
1 TURKISH ACE–Victories 8 he brought down two enemy airLieutenant John J. Malone (5 in three days). 20
Captain Schetz ........... 8
54 aces. Germany. . 1,093 victories, 1,1 Captain W. C. Campbell ........ 11
2 " Bulgaria-Turkey 28 " tories by 27 GERMAN ACES (living) Captain Noel William Ward Webb (killed
66 aces August 13, 1917) ......12 59 aces. France .. 567 victories Victories to December 1, 1917–504 . Lieutenant John 0. Andrews ..... .
England ... 400 " | 1,171 Captain Baron von Richthofen (retired as in Captain Gilbert Ware Green...... 9 10 " Italy... 121
9 Lieutenant Joseph Stewart Fall (3 in one fight) 15" structor June, 1917) . . . . . . . .
United States. . 63
by Lieutenant Lloyd Samuel Breadner (3 in one 5 " Belgium ... Adjutant Hans Muller . . . . . . . . . 37
125 aces .30 flight). . . . . Sergeant Major Buckler . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 8 3 " Russia .. . 30
engines in 1917 by standardizing the Mercedes and the Benz time are worthy of imitation. It is the opinion of Anglo-Saxons
perienced aviators, regardless of the chivalrous sportsmanship Iu selecting personnel and advisers General von Hoeppner . of their opponents. Tactics that have proved successful to displays the same skill that he has shown in airplane construction. Boelke and Immelmann are adopted by the entire air service lle inflamed Germany with press propaganda and held war and are first rehearsed and then practiced by all German airexbibitions throughout the larger cities in which the latest typesmen in combat. Team work, formation fighting, shameless of war airplanes were demonstrated and sham battles in the air avoidance of an equal contest, venturing over enemy lines only were fought. The result was an enthusiastic rush to the flying with strong support, permit the few thus banded together to service by the young men most eager to learn this work-and hold their own against the preponderating but scattered free it is precisely this class of applicants that yields the natural. lances of the Allies. With one competent mind to direct it, born pilots.
with iron-clad rules to protect it, the German air service, like But, above all else, the prevailing air tactics of the astute von the German machines, to-day easily outranks the world opposed. Iloeppner must be examined and approved. Tactics which per. The sooner this unpalatable but relentless truth is realized, the mit sixty-seven German pilots to win almost as many victories sooner will we adopt methods to cope with these of Germany, as one hundred and twenty-four Allied pilots win in the same and then the sooner will our peace with honor come.
BY JOHN FINLEY
TN the tenth chapter of the book of Genesis -- a chapter filled
with the names of the generations of Noah, Shem, Ham, and I Japheth and their sons born after the flood-there is one verse which turns from bald genealogical fact to give a glimpse of the ancient world through which the patriarchs known to us chiefly by their names passed in rapid procession, despite the hundreds of years which each one seems to have lived. This verse reads as follows:
* And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided.”
This child, born back two thousand years or more in the B. C. centuries, is remembered because he lived at the time of the great Division, or of the Confusion of Tongues, as it is best known. It is as if one born in this country during the Civil War were named “ Secession” or in 1776 “Revolution,” for, as the marginal note tells us, Peleg meant “ Division.”
I have often imagined the son of ancient Eber asking his father why this generic abstract name, usually of unhappy con notation, should have been given him, this word which was, as I suppose, the same that was used beneficently in the first chapter of Genesis to tell of the separation of the light from darkness, or of the division of “ the waters under the firmament from the waters above the firmament.”
And Eber would tell how in a certain year (circa 2247) the earth was of “one language and one speech," how some of the imperious-minded men of that time said, “Let us make a name," how they journeyed toward the east and began to build a city and a tower that should reach unto heaven, how in the midst of their building, in which they were using “brick for stone and slime for mortar," as the record has it, a confusion of tongues came upon them so that they could not understand one another and how they were divided, dispersed from thence over the known world, mumbling, jabbering, gesticulating—“ Pelegians" all, people of a divided earth.
“So, child,” Eber would say at the end of his explanation, “ born as thou wert in the beginning of those days when men could no longer · build together because of their confused tongues, I named thee · Division '--that is, * Peleg.'”
To-day has another Confusion come upon the earth ; not a confusion of tongues, for the people have learned through centuries of living side by side upon the expanding flat earth that has now become after thousands of years a whirling spherical planet in a measureless universe-have learned, despite the fact that Esperanto and Volapük have not made great headway, to understand one another by teaching their children other tongues as well as their own and by employing interpreters (liaison
officers, as they are called who now go between the Allies of
A month ago I attended in Syracuse a supper at which there
How practical is the need of a language in this country, common to all tongues, is illustrated by what I saw in one of the great cantonments a few nights ago. In the mess hall, where I had sat an hour before with a company of the men of the National Army, a few small groups were gathered along the tables learning English under the tuition of some of their comrades, one of whom had been a district supervisor in a neighboring State and another a theological student. In one of those groups one of the exercises for the evening consisted in practicing the challenge when on sentry duty. Each pupil of the group (there were four of Italian and two of Slavic birth) shouldered in turn the long-handled stove-shovel and aimed it at the teacher, who ran along the side of the room as if to evade the guard. The pupil called out in broken speech, "Halt! Who goes there ?” The answer came from the teacher, “Friend." And then, in as yet unintelligible English (the voices of inmumerable ancestors struggling in their throats to pronounce it), the words, “ Advance and give the countersign.” So are those of confused tongues learning to speak the language of the land they have been summoned to defend. What a commentary upon our educational shortcoming that in the days of peace we. had not taught these men, who have been here long enough to be citizens (and tens of thousands of their brothers with them), to know the language in which our history and laws are written and in which the commands of defense must now be given ! May the end of this decade, though so near, find every citizen of our State prepared to challenge, in one tongue and heart, the purposes of all who come, with the cry, “Who goes there!
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