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AVIATION ACES AND THEIR

THEIR VICTORIES
(See article on opposite page by Laurence La Tourette Driggs for fuller explanation)
43 FRENCH ACES (living)

Pilot.
German Aces (Continued) Victories. Pilot.

British Aces (Continued) Victories.
Lieutenant Berthold
Official to December 1, 1917– Victories 399

28

8

Lieutenant Andrew E. McKeever .
Lieutenant von Richthofen

26 Lieutenant Richard Raymond-Barker
Escadrille.
Pilot.

Victories.
Lieutenant Dosler
26 Lieutenant Richard Pearman (naval) .

8 V. 65 Lieutenant Nungesser .

30
Lieutenant Wuesthoff
26 Lieutenant Lionel B. Jones . .

7 N. 3 Captain Hearteaux (wounde 1 Sep

Lieutenant Bongartz

26 Lieutenant A, S. Shepherd (7 in one month) 7 tember, 1917)

21
Lieutenant von Bulow
28 Lieutenant Stanley Rosevear (Ontario)

6 N. 103 Lieutenant Fonck

19
"Lieutenant Chevalier von Tutscheck .
23 Captain Lancelot Lytton Richardson .

6
V. 3
Lieutenant Deullin

18
Lieutenant Schleich

23 Lieutenant Cecil Roy Richards (4 in one day). 6 N. 124 Major Lufbery (American)

17
Lieutenant Boehm.

24 Howard Saint .
N. 38 Lieutenant Georges Madon

17
Lieutenant Arigi (Austrian)

21 Lieutenant Edward R. Grange
N.3 Captain Pinsard

16
Lieutenant Klein.
22 Lieutenant W. G. Miggitt

5
V. 3
Lieutenant Jean Caput
Lieutenant Max Muller.

13 Lieutenant Laurence W. Allen :
Lieutenant Navarre (retired)

12
Lieutenant Goettsch .

13 Lieutenant D. M. B. Galbraith.
V. 15 Adjutant Jailler .

12
Sergeant Frickart.

9 Lieutenant William D. Matheson
V. 3
Lieutenant Tarascon

11
Lieutenant Banfield (Austrian)
9 Lieutenant Stanley J. Goble .

5
Lieutenant Ortoli
Lieutenant von Althaus

Lieutenant W. C. Cambray
Lieutenant Boyau
Lieutenant Goering
8 Flight Commander F. C. Armstrong

Several
N. 3 Adjutant Chainat

9
Lieutenant Bethge

8 Flight Lieutenant H, F. Beamish Several
1.3 Lieutenant Mathieu de la Tour .
Lieutenant Walz .

6 Flight Lieutenant G. W. Hemming (3 in one N. 23 Adjutant Casale .

Lieutenant Haehn

6 flight)

Several
Adjutant Dauchy
Lieutenant Konig .

6 Flight Lieutenant J. E. L. Hunter . Several
Lieutenant Viallet (Serbian army) 7
Captain Zauder
5 Flight Commander R. P. Minitie

Several
C, 46 Adjutant Vitalis (gunner)

7
Lieutenant Brauneck (Bulgarian army)

5
Lieutenant Lachmann

7
Lieutenant Ullmer

AMERICAN LAFAYETTE ESCADRILLE

5
Sergeant Flachaire
7

Victories 45
N. 57 Adjutant Victor Sayaret

7 37 GERMAN ACES (dead or captured) (The American list includes every victory to Decem-
Lieutenant Loste ,
✓ Victories to December 1, 1917-589

ber 1, 1917, Lufbery being the only ace, however.) N. 81 Lieutenant Marcel Hughes

Major Raoul Lufbery

17 7

Lieutenant Werner-Voss-Crefeld (sept. 24, 1917) 47
Sergeant Montrion

Sergeant Kiffin Rockwell (killed September
7
Captain Boelke (October 27, 1916).

23, 1916)

3 X. 65 Lieutenant Bonnefoy Lieutenant Gontermann (November 3, 1917) 39

Corporal Walter Lovell

3 Captain Derode

Flight Lieutenant Cort Wolf (Sept. 15, 1917) 33
N. 26 Maréchal des logis Soulier (youngest

Lieutenant de Laage de Manx (killer May 8,
Lieutenant Schaefer (June 7, 1917)

30 ace, born September 6, 1897)

1917) Lieutenant Almenroeder (June 27, 1917) 30

Sergeant Walter Rheno

3 Adjutant Herbelin

6
Lieutenant Bernet (October 13, 1917).

27
Major William Thaw

2 Sergeant Guerin

6
Captain Behr ..

19
Corporal Andrew C. Campbell .

2 N.3 Lieutenant Gond .

6
Lieutenant Thulzer

19
Captain Thenault

1 N.77 Maréchal des logis Boyan .

Lieutenant Wintgens (September 25, 1917) 18
N. 12 Lieutenant de Sevin.

Adjutant Norman Prince (killed Oct. 15, 1916) 4
Lientenant Baldamus (March 20, 1917)

18

Lieutenant Charles Cahteau Johnson .
Adjutant Bloch
Lieutenant Frankel (April 8, 1917).

17
N. 49 Lieutenant Paul Gastin
5

Phelps Collins .
Lieutenant Schneider

15

Lieutenant Willis Haviland
3.3 Lieutenant Borzecky (observer)

5
Lieutenant Immelmann (June 18, 1916)

15
C. 46 Maréchal des logis Rousseau (observer)

Captain Robert Rockwell.
5
Lieutenant Nathanall

14
Lieutenant Leps .

Charles J. Biddle
5
Lieutenant Dassembach

14

Didier Masson.
Lieutenant Regnier .

3
Lieutenant Festner

12
Commandant de Marancourt
Lieutenant Pfeiffer .

12

5 BELGIAN ACES-Victories 31 N. 48 Lientenant de Turrenne

5
Lieutenant Manschatt (March 21, 1917)
12 Lieutenant Thieffry.

9 N. :3 Adjutant Herisson

Lieutenant Hohndorf (Sept. 13, 1917).

12
1.77 Lieutenant Marty

Adjutant Beulemest
Lieutenant Buddecke

12

Lieutenant de Meulemeester.
Lieutenant von Kendall

11

Captain Jaquet
16 FRENCH ACES (dead or retired) Lieutenant Kirmaier

11
Lieutenant Robin

5 Lieutenant Theiller .

11
Victories 168
Lieutenant Serfert

11

10 ITALIAN ACES N.3 Captain Guynemer (Sept. 11, 1917) 53

Lieutenant Mulzer

10 Victories to November 1, 1917--121 V. 3 Lieutenant Dorme (May 1, 1917) 23

Captain Bert

10 Major Baracca
N.3 Adjutant Maxime Lenoire (captured). 11
Lieutenant Letfers (December 22, 1916)

Lieutenant-Colonel Piccio (40 years old).
Captain Matton (September 10, 1917). 9
Lieutenant Schulte

Captain (Duke) Calabria
N. 38 Sergeant Sauvage (disappeared)

8
Lieutenant Parschau (July 26, 1916)
8 Lieutenant Barachini

13
N. 23 Lieutenant de Rochefort
7 Lieutenant Schilling

Lieutenant Olivari

12 C. 64 Captain René Doumer (April 26, 1917) Lieutenant Immelmanın

6 Lieutenant Ranza
N.3 Captain Auger (July 28, 1917)
7 Lieutenant Fallbusch, .

Lieutenant Parnis

7
N. 12 Lieutenant Languedoc (accident July
Lieutenant von Siedlit

5
Sergeant Poli.

6
16, 1917).
Lieutenant Rosenkrantz

Lieutenant Stophanni
M. S. 49 Lieutenant Adolph Pégoud (killed Lieutenant Habor

Lieutenant Arrigoni.
August 31, 1915, by Corporal Kan-

Lientenant Reimann.
dolski at Belfort).
6

3 RUSSIAN ACES— Victories 30 C. 46 Lieutenant Delorme

German total

1,093 5

Captain Kosakoff

16

338
B. 101 Maréchal des logis Hauss .

Disputed by Frene's
Lieutenant Pachtchenko

5

753
C. 46 Captain Lecour-Grandmaison

5
Admitted total. .
Ensign Smirnoff

9 N. 23 Roland Garros (captured June 1,

33 BRITISH ACES

1 BULGARIAN ACE- Victories 20 1915).. 1.3 Lieutenant Baillot (May 20, 1916). . At least 400 victories to December 1, 1917

Lieutenant von Eschwege (killed by shell on 5

17 N. 57 Adjutant Pierre Violet (killed Decem Captain William A. Bishop (retired)

November 22, 1917)

20

13 ber 27, 1916, during combat in which Captain Albert Ball (killed).

1 TURKISH ACE- Victories 8

20
he brought down two enemy air-
Lieutenant John J. Malone (5 in three days)

19

Captain Schetz
planes)

Lieutenant Allan Wilkinson (6 in one day)
5
Lieutenant Oliver Warman (Philadelphia, Pa.). 15

SUMMARY
French total

567
Major Fred Libby

14
54 aces. Germany. 1,093 victories

1,121 vicCaptain W. C. Campbell

tories by

2 Bulgaria-Turkey 28
27 GERMAN ACES (living)
Captain Noel William Ward Webb (killed

12
August 13, 1917)

59 aces,
France

567 victories
Victories to December 1, 1917–504
Lieutenant John 0. Andrews

33 England

400

1,171 Captain Baron von Richthofen (retired as in Captain Gilbert Ware Green .

10
Italy

121

victories
structor June, 1917)
Lieutenant Joseph Stewart Fall (3 in one flight) 9

15
United States *12

by
Adjutant Hans Muller .
37 Lieutenant Lloyd Samuel Breadner (3 in one

Belgium

31
Sergeant Major Buckler
20 flight).

3
Russia

30

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engines in 1917 by standardizing the Mercedes and the Benz time are worthy of imitation. It is the opinion of Anglo-Saxons motors, but he produced the deadliest type of fighting machine that German temperament and characteristics do not lend themthe world has ever seen in the 1917 Albatros single-seater. selves so nicely as do ours to the science of aviation. Yet, Loudon, July 7, 1917, he exhibited to the Allies the best nefcon despite this racial handicap, their airmen hold their bet

against overwhelming numerical odds. Verily, an ounce of sive war plane--the Gotha--that had ever been devised. And brain is worth a pound of brawn. it is rumored that the coming spring will see." flying tanks German tacties are permeated with that detestable word and a superior type of Fokker fighting airplane as further efficiency.” The maximum of success with the minimum of results of the constant experimentation so wisely encouraged by risk is determined upon by von Hoeppner and his staff of exvon Ilveppner.

perienced aviators, regardless of the chivalrous sportsmanship In selecting personnel and advisers General von Hoeppner of their opponents. Tactics that have proved successful to displays the same skill that he has shown in airplane construction. Boelke and Immelmann are adopted by the entire air service le inflamed Germany with press propaganda and held war and are first rehearsed and then practiced by all German airexhibitions throughout the larger cities in which the latest types men in combat. Team work, formation fighting, shameless of war airplanes were demonstrated and sham battles in the air avoidance of an equal contest, venturing over enemy lines only were fought. The result was an enthusiastic rush to the flying with strong support, permit the few thus banded together to service by the young men most eager to learn this work-and hold their own against the preponderating but scattered free it is precisely this class of applicants that yields the natural lances of the Allies. With one competent mind to direct it, born pilots.

with iron-clad rules to protect it, the German air service, like But, above all else, the prevailing air tactics of the astute von the Gerinan machines, to-day easily outranks the world opposed. Hoeppner must be examined and approved. Tactics which per The sooner this unpalatable but relentless truth is realized, the mit sixty-seven German pilots to win almost as many victories sooner will we adopt methods to cope with these of Germany, as one hundred and twenty-four Allied pilots win in the same and then the sooner will our peace with honor come.

PELEG

BY JOHN FINLEY
PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

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N.the tenth chapter of the book of Genesis a chapter filled officers, as they are callerl who now go between the Allies of

with the names of the generations of Noah, Shem, Ham, and differing speech).

Japheth and their sons born after the flood--there is one A month ago I attendeel in Syracuse a supper at which there verse which turns from bald genealogical fact to give a glimpse were present representatives of more peoples than were gathof the ancient world through which the patriarchs known to us ered at Pentecost, and we were able to understand one another chiefly by their names passed in rapid procession, despite the hun- despite our diverse inherited tongues. That was because we dreds of years which each one seems to have lived. This verse are all, in this great democracy, coming to learn one language; reads as follows:

learning it not in a moment, as did those who were all assem" And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was bled “with one accord in that one place " long ago, but through Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided."

hours and days and nights of our Americanizing schools. What This child, born back two thousand years or more in the B. C. I saw then is but a prophecy, I hope, of what is to come centuries, is remembered because he lived at the time of the throughout the State and Nation; for if we are to go unitedly great Division, or of the Confusion of Tongues, as it is best toward those ideals to which America is committed in the hisknown. It is as if one born in this country during the Civil tory of the ages that have been and for which she is fighting in War were named “ Secession or in 1776 “Revolution,” for, as the present, we must, for practical reasons as well as for the marginal note tells us, Peleg meant “ Division.”

reasons of a sentiment that would preserve those ideals in the I have often imagined the son of ancient Eber asking his language in which they were first conceived and expressed, father why this generic abstract name, usually of unhappy con have a common language. notation, should have been given him, this word which was, as How practical is the need of a language in this country, comI suppose, the same that was used beneficently in the first chap mon to all tongues, is illustrated by what I saw in one of the ter of Genesis to tell of the separation of the light from dark great cantonments a few nights ago. In the mess hall, where I ness, or of the division of “ the waters under the firmament from had sat an hour before with a company of the men of the Na the waters above the firmament.”

tional Army, a few small groups were gathered along the tables And Eber would tell how in a certain year (circa 2247) the learning English under the tuition of some of their comrades, earth was of one language and one speech,” how some of the one of whom had been a district supervisor in a neighboring imperious-minded men of that time said, “Let us make a name, State and another a theological student. In one of those groups how they journeyed toward the east and began to build a city one of the exercises for the evening consisted in practicing the and a tower that should reach unto heaven, how in the midst of challenge when on sentry duty. Each pupil of the group their building, in which they were using “ brick for stone and (there were four of Italian and two of Slavic birth) shouldered slime for mortar,” as the record has it, a confusion of tongues in turn the long-handled stove-shovel and aimed it at the came upon them so that they could not understand one another teacher, who ran along the side of the room as if to evade the and how they were divided, dispersed from thence over the guard. The pupil called out in broken speech, “ Halt! Who known world, mumbling, jabbering, gesticulating—" Pelegians ” goes there ?" The answer came from the teacher, "Friend." all, people of a divided earth.

And then, in as yet unintelligible English (the voices of inmu So, child,” Eber would say at the end of his explanation, merable ancestors struggling in their throats to pronounce it), the " born as thou wert in the beginning of those days when men words, “ Advance and give the countersign.” So are those of could no longer build together because of their confused

confused tongues learning to speak the language of the land tongues, I named thee · Division '--that is, ' Peleg.'”

they have been summoned to defend. What a commentary Today has another Confusion come upon the earth ; not a upon our educational shortcoming that in the days of peace we confusion of tongues, for the people have learned through cen had not taught these men, who have been here long enough to turies of living side by side upon the expanding flat earth that be citizens and tens of thousands of their brothers with them). has now become after thousands of years a whirling spherical to know the language in which our history and laws are written planet in a measureless universe --have learned, despite the fact and in which the commands of defense must now be given that Esperanto and Volapük have not made great headway, to May the end of this decade, though so near, find every citizen understand one another by teaching their children other tongues of our State prepared to challenge, in one tongue and heart

, the as well as their own and by employing interpreters (liaison purposes of all who come with the cry, " Who goes there?"

CHESAPEAN

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This view of one of the streets along the Lake front shows the appearance of Chicago after what is said to be the heaviest snowfall in twenty years

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WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION

THE COAL SHORTAGE-LOOTING AN UNGUARDED CAR IN PHILADELPHIA

A SEVERE WINTER-SCENES IN TWO AMERICAN CITIES

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