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FEBRUARY 6, 1918
On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
AUSTRIA CAN'T; GERMANY WON'T
try there may be some value in attempting to give equally wide The replies of the German Chancellor and the Austrian currency to the denial of the truth of these rumors. The purPremier to President Wilson's statement of fourteen conditions suit of a slander is always a stern chase, and stern chases are essential to peace afford no indications of a desire on Germany's always proverbially long. part to concede anything, nor of a possibility on Austria's part
General Pershing's latest testimony concerning the moral of escaping German domination. In other words, Germany will welfare of our troops was made public in a letter from Secrenot now talk of peace otherwise than as a victor ; Austria can tary of War Baker to Governor Capper, of Kansas. Governor not and dare not act independently.
Capper wrote to Secretary Baker concerning the “persistent It means nothing for Austria to express a willingness to dis reports as to the immoderate sale of liquor among our forces enss at a peace conference matters which do not concern her in France, and in reply received a letter from the Secretary of own Empire directly, for Count Czernin adds that Austria will War, from which we quote as follows : remain a faithful German ally-that is, of course, that Austria · You will be glad to know that I have just received the followwill support German claims as to-Alsace-Lorraine, the African ing from the commander of the American expeditionary forces: colonies, and the German designs on parts of western Russia. “ There has never been a similar body of men to lead as clean Neither does it mean anything for Germany to announce her
lives as our American soldiers in France. They have entereil adhesion to President Wilson's first four points, for each of
this war with the highest devotion to duty, and with no other these deals with general principles, and each may be defined
idea than to perform those duties in the most efficient manner diversely. What Germany would regard as open diplomacy,
possible. They fully realize their obligation to their own people,
their friends, and the country. freedom of the seas, trade equality, and reduction of arma
"A rigid programme of instruction is carried out daily with ments no one now knows. In Germany's dealings with Russia traditional American enthusiasm. Engaged in healthy, interestshe has accepted the principle of “no annexations and no ing exercises in the open air, with simple diets, officers and men, indemnities," and then quickly unmasked her intention of like trained athletes, are ready for their task. Forbidden the use holding a vast amount of Russian territory. As to the other of strong drink and protected by stringent regulations against and concrete points in Mr. Wilson's programme, Germany's
sexual evils, and supported by their own moral courage, their Chancellor is either evasive or scornfully defiant.
good behavior is the subject of most favorable comments, espeA single sentence saying that Belgium would be restored with
cially by our allies.
“ American mothers may rest assured that their sons are a lue reparation would be a better basis for possible discussion of
credit to them and to the Nation, and they may well look forward peace than all of Count von Hertling's elaborate subtleties. to the proud day when on the battlefield these splendid men will, One almost welcomes the fat-footed declaration that Germany shed a new luster on Ainerican manhood.” will never give up Alsace-Lorraine, because it is the one manly, straightforward statement in the Chancellor's speech. Even It is not a pleasant fact to contemplate, but it is the truth, the acceptance of President Wilson's freedom of the seas idea that the most persistent of the rumors to which Governor Capis coupled with the insulting and non-apropos demand that Eng- per referred were given the public support and sanction of the land should give up Gibraltar, Malta, Aden, Hongkong, and
Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals of the the Falkland Islands! And Count von Hertling's reply to the
Methodist Episcopal Church. The statement issued by this demand for justice to Belgium is cryptic; what does the state
Board in regard to the moral conditions of our troops in France ment that “Germany has never demanded the incorporation of supplied an excellent example of the kind of criticism of the Belgian territory” mean? It may be literally true as to the management of war in which no loyal American should indulge. past; it promises nothing as to the present or future.
This criticism was of a destructive and not of a constructive kind. One cannot help pitying Austria. Her subservience to Ger However justly Secretary Baker may be criticised for some of many has led to degradation and danger. Strikes, food riots,
the deficiencies of his Department, few informed people will threats of revolution, beset her. No doubt Austria might like
be found to question the splendid work of the War Departto make a separate peace with Russia, but even the Bolsheviki ment in its efforts to provide clean living conditions for the would hardly consent to such a peace if Austria were to be left
soldiers intrusted to its care by the American democracy. free to turn all her armies against Italy (to say nothing of the other allies), and Germany would never consent to a peace
THE LAST CHANCE: GOING, GOINGwould take Austria out of the war altogether. What internal Austrian conditions are may be judged when a Moderate Socialist
The Government has made unprecedented provisions for can say in the Austrian Chamber, as Victor Adler said the other
the protection of its soldiers and sailors, and the families of its day: “ The monarchy... must become a federal state of
soldiers and sailors, by the enactment of a law whereby every nationalities, for which the people are enthusiastic and ready to
man in the service is entitled to take out as much as $10,000 fight.
insurance within one hundred and twenty days after he enlists. This law was described in The Outlook for December 12 last.
One million men were in the service of the United States TAKING PART IN A STERN CHASE
when the provisions of this law went into effect in October, and The sweeping charges of intemperance among our soldiers for these men the opportunity to take out Governmental insurin France
, which recently occupied so large a place in the news, ance expires on February 12. Up to that time every man in papers of the country, have again been denied by General the service, no matter when he enlisted, can take out à $10,000 Pershing in no uncertain terms. It may seem hardly worth policy for about $6.50 a month. Compared with the cost of while to dignify these charges by continued discussion, but as ordinary commercial insurance, this war insurance represents a hysterical rumors have been so widely scattered over the coun most tempting offer, and the soldier or sailor who fails to take
advantage of this opportunity will be neglectful of his own Government in the printing of the bonds of the last two loans interests and the interest of his family.
may also have worked to discourage co-operation of the right kind, It cannot be too strongly urged that families and dependents for those who bought Liberty bonds on the installment plan of every man in the Army and Navy do their utmost to encour were left for a time with nothing but a hole in their weekly pay age the men in the service to take advantage of this offer of the envelopes and without anything more tangible than a receipt for Government. Relatives may wisely offer to help pay the premiums when such aid seems advisable or possible, in order that Mr. Fell believes that these objections arising from conditions their fathers, sons, and brothers may not lose this opportunity, under which the Liberty. Loans were financed can be largely Not only will Governmental insurance protect families and met by applying the automatic savings idea to the sale of War dependents of men in the Army and Navy in case of death, but Savings Stamps and Certificates. He suggests that business such insurance will also protect the men who are insured in case houses offer to their employees a chance to receive part of their of permanent and total disability. In case of total disability a wages or salaries in the form of War Savings Stamps. He sug. $10,000 policy will result in the payment of $57.50 per month gests that to make this plan of selling War Savings Stamps for life to any holder. On January 26, 551,849 men had already attractive employers agree to pay the odd cents which are accepted this offer and filed applications for insurance aggre necessary when War Savings Stamps are exchanged for War gating $4,663,420,500 and averaging $8,451 per man. There Savings Certificates. Such a plan, Mr. Fell believes, would remain, however, at least a million more men who have not taken prove the patriotic disinterestedness of employers, and would advantage of this offer. The time is short. Application blanks also encourage thrift and help win the war. "One War Savings can be obtained by writing to the Bureau of War Risk Insur- Stamp in the hands of each citizen of our country means more ance, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C., or from any than four hundred million dollars for the war. That is a sum not Army and Navy station. An application for insurance may
be to be despised. Mr. Fell believes that this suggestion, if carried made on any ordinary sheet of paper, provided that it gives the into effect, would draw out a great deal of money not now in applicant's full name, rank, organization, and station, the amount circulation. Its special appeal to the wage-earner he pictures in of insurance wanted, and the authorization to deduct the premium the following words : from the soldier's or sailor's pay. Such an application must be With $4 in Thrift Stamps he could buy a War Savings Certifiduly witnessed, preferably by the applicant's commanding offi cate which other persons outside the sphere of the worker would cer, and the name and address of the witness must also be given. have to pay $4.12, or $4.13, or $4 and something in odd cents February 12 is the last date on which this application can be
to obtain. "He would see, not 312 per cent as in the first Liberty filed by thousands of men in the service. For them the oppor
Loan as his reward, or 4 per cent as in the second, but 5 per tunity is like a tempting bargain at an auction sale. The Gov
cent compound interest. And with the 5 per cent he would have
the additional impulse of patriotism. ernment the auctioneer, has already started to call, “Going, going—' When the hammer falls, we trust that these thou
The suggestion sounds discussible. How far is it practicable to sands of men will have “signed on the dotted line.”
carry it into effect ?
THE GOVERNMENT'S PLAN FOR AUTOMATIC SAVING AUTOMATIC GUNS AND AUTOMATIC SAVINGS Mr. Herbert N. Fell, whose article on "Automatic Sav
Apparently the need of automatic saving is one which has ing" appeared in The Outlook for January 10, 1917, now comes
not been lost sight of by the Government. The National War forward with the statement that the same reasons which made Savings Committee has its own method of encouraging regular automatic saving desirable in time of peace make it doubly
economy and thrift. It hopes to accomplish this by the formadesirable in time of war. He writes us :
tion of War Savings Societies. According to the plan of the
National War Savings Committee, ten or more persons, memIf we need automatic guns to whip the Kaiser, we need auto bers of the same church, lodge, club, association, school, commatic saving to support our automatic guns. Money, men, and munitions are so interrelated in a war of such colossal mag
munity, or employees in the same office, shop, factory, or mill
, nitude as that in which we are engaged in Europe that lack of
may form a War Savings Society by holding a meeting at which one cripples the other. The longer the war lasts, the greater the
officers are elected and simple by-laws are adopted. Each memdependence of the Allies on all three. We wouldn't think of arm ber of such a group signs a pledge that he or she willing our men with the old muzzle-loading musket, yet we are using 1. Purchase War Savings Stamps and Thrift Stamps ainountmuzzle-loading methods in our finance. It is time we awakened.
ing to $
or more weekly (monthly): It is time we applied methods of automatic saving to co-ordi 2. Aid the Government by buying only what he needs and only nate with our automatic guns.
when he needs it.
3. By example encourage economy and thrift among his friends Mr. Fell believes that the Liberty Loan campaigns have not and associates, and secure as many members as he can for the brought out some of the resources which can be tapped by using society. the principle of automatic saving in the present emergency. Each of these groups is to be known as a War Savings SociHe says
that in each of the first two Liberty Loans we created a ety, and upon reporting to the State director becomes affiliated great machine for the raising of money which upon the conclu with the National War Savings Committee. It is expected that sion of each campaign was permitted to disintegrate. What we regular meetings of these societies will be held, and that compeneed, Mr. Fell believes, is some method by which a permanent tition between societies will have an important effect upon and continuous campaign for the raising of loans can be wageu. regular sale of stamps. These societies, it is hoped, will prove
Of course the best field for such a campaign lies in the dis an effective vehicle for discussion and the readjustment of per: tribution of Thrift Stamps and War Savings Certificates, but sonal and family budgets to war conditions, and that they will it is not enough continually to urge the purchase of these stampsheip to cut down extravagance and promote the investment of and certificates. They must be sold in a way to encourage their money in Government securities of all kinds. automatic purchase by millions of our citizens to whom the
There is nothing in Mr. Fell's suggestion, reported above, buying of a Liberty Bond would be a financial impossibility. which is antagonistic to the principle involved in the organization
During the great Liberty Bond campaigns many business of the War Savings Societies. Perhaps both plans could be houses did their best to encourage their employees to purchase effectively combined as a means of aiding the Government. these Governmental securities. In the majority of instances cooperation between employers and employees was whole-hearted and disinterested, but there were perhaps some instances where
HOARDING HIDES unfortunate pressure was applied, with the result that ill-feeling It appears that the meat-packers have been hoarding hides. was aroused and sympathy for the bond campaigns lost. Amer Yet shoe prices have been climbing upward, and with excessive icans have a wholesome dislike for anything which looks like profits to the packers, who practically control the hide market. the thrusting of benefits upon them. Most of us would rather be
During the past five years the slaughtering of cattle has kicked in a democratic and neighborly fashion than kissed by increased some thirty per cent. Such a record ought not at the charity or paternalism. Perhaps, too, the unavoidable delay of the same time to mean that the country should be forced to pay