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The Outlook

FEBRUARY 13, 1918
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their pourer to facilitate deliveries


is impossible for him to give attention to. For " nothing but CRITICISED BY ITS FRIENDS

the genius of perfection and the power of omniscience could Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, continued the Democratic enable one man to look after these vast interests." criticism of the War Department, begun by his Democratic colleague from Oregon, Senator Chamberlain, in a speech on

THE BULGARIAN MINISTER AT WASHINGTON the Hoor of the Senate last week. He set forth the objects of the speech in the following language:

Demetra Vaka (Mrs. Kenneth Brown), a Greek by birth, My purpose is to present concisely the reason which had led but an American by choice, residence, and marriage, contributed the Committee on Military Affairs to recommend the passage of

to The Outlook of January 16 an article in which she called two bills. One creates the office of Director of Munitions ; the Stephen Panaretoff, the Bulgarian Minister to the United other creates a War Cabinet of three persons. In both cases, of States, “ an accredited German agent in Washington," and course, the President would make the appointments.

intimated that his official presence in Washington was a menace Senater Hitchcock asserted that the Military Committee, of to this country in its war against Germany. which he is a member, by its careful investigations has found

We have received some letters of protest in response to this that the work of preparing our military forces to take an active

article. The Rev. Arthur S. Hoyt, of the Auburn (New York) and successful part in the European war is not going on Theological Seminary, in a letter which he signs “ Yours smoothly or satisfactorily. He quoted facts, figures, documents, Indignantly," says : and statistics to corroborate his assertion. The following is a Dr. Panaretoff is one of the best products of Robert College striking illustration of some of the facts he presented :

[the well-known American college in Constantinople), a special We found that we are only now, nine months after entering

protégé of Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, a trusted friend and co-worker of the war, just beginning work on two great powder plants to cost

Dr. George Washburn, always treated by them like a very son. $60,000,000, although it was evident last summer that we must

For forty years Dr. Panaretoff has been one of the noblest forces have a million pounds a day more powder than America can now

of Robert College for the higher life of the peoples of the East. manufacture. We cannot get powder from these plants before

A hundred well-known men in America, graduates of Robert next August.

College, former tutors and professors, will stand by him. He is

as liberty-loving as Theodore Roosevelt. I would as soon charge Senator Hitchcock said that much of the work of the War

Dr. Lyman Abbott with being a secret agent of the Kaiser as Department had been found to be creditable and satisfactory, Dr. Panaretoff. and that the officials of the Department had worked desperately

Another gentleman, a well-known citizen of Boston, who has hard. The source of all the trouble is, Senator Witchcock be had as intimate relations with Robert College as perhaps any lieves, that our war undertaking is too vast, complicated, and other living American, also protests to us in a letter in which extensive to be handled by one man, even if that man has con he

says : ferred upon him all the powers which have recently been

I have known Stephen Panaretoff for more than forty years. conferred by Congress upon the President of the United States. Much of that time he was almost the same as one of our family. Under the stress, said the Senator, “ the great transportation He was one of the early graduates of Robert College, and as system of the United States is a gigantic wreck to-day." The tutor and then professor has been there ever since until he was shipping situation is the most serious of all, and the figures called to be the Minister of Bulgaria to the United States. His which Senator Hitchcock gave in support of his criticism of the ideals and sympathies are all American, and his wife is an shipping confusion are startling. Secretary Baker, in his second

American lady from Andover. appearance before the Military Committee of the Senate, said This testimony as to Minister Panaretoff's personal honor that the country might expect to have one and one-half million and loyalty, taken with other evidence of the same sort, comes American soldiers landed in France during the year 1918, in with such authority that we accept it without question. But the addition to the several hundred thousand already at the trench very fact that he is a loyal and honorable man makes it all the bases under General Pershing's command. But Senator Hitch more his moral duty to be a loyal pro-German. For his country, wock pointed out that to transport such a vast army across the

of which he is the official representative in America, is an ally Atlantic and to give it the necessary supplies of food and muni of Germany. If he is not pro-German, he has no right to tions will require several million tons more shipping than are hold the office of Bulgarian Minister. If he is pro-German, even in sight at the present time.

he should not hold an official position in Washington, the It is true that the Shipping Board hopes to construct six very source of all the energy and plans of the United States million tons of shipping during the year 1918, but it can do in its prosecution of the war against Germany. Is it not an this only if it gets the necessary mechanics. Excellent ship- illustration of the curious muddled state of feeling in this ping authorities, experts in shipbuilding, say that if we build country about the war that his intimate friends fail to see that three million tons of shipping this year we shall be doing the very essence of loyalty and honor prevents him from being extraordinarily well. “Yet," said Secretary Hitchcock," the pro -American and pro-Bulgarian at the same time? We do not Secretary of War, who is compelled to depend upon shipping for a moment assert that he will pursue the ignominious methods to get his army and supplies across the ocean, is so out of of a von Papen or a Bernstorff, but we do assert that it is his tonch with the Shipping Board and shipping authorities duty to transmit to his country, Bulgaria, any information about and shipping information that he makes a statement that is war activities in the United States which comes to his hands,

and that it is, in turn, the duty of Bulgaria to transmit such Senator Hitchcock disclaims any desire to hamper or obstruct information to Germany. If Minister Panaretoff does not do the Administration in its gigantic task. The legislation which this, he is a disloyal Bulgarian Minister; if he does do it, he is he is supporting is designed, he asserts, to help the President a menace to the United States in its prosecution of the war. and to liberate him from some of the harassing details which it It may be debated whether it is wise and expedient for the

absolutely preposterous."

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United States Government to declare war upon Bulgaria as it

cut off all Southern Africa, all Boer land, both the Rhodesias has declared war upon Austria, but, in our judgment, it is

and the Cape from British East Africa, and Uganda-i.e., from not debatable that the consistent and wise course for the

the immense fertile region extending from the northern bounUnited States Government to pursue would be to break off

dary of German East Africa to the southern slope of the Abys

sinian Mountains. diplomatic relations with Bulgaria as long as Bulgaria remains an ally of our arch-enemy, Germany.

The danger from Germany in Africa is neither local nor a fantasy. It is real, serious, and of one texture and nature with

all Germany's effort toward world domination. Here as elseTHE UNREST IN GERMANY

where, we, the Allies, must not dicker with a defiant Germany Simultaneously with the reports that strong repressive but dictate to a defeated Germany. measures adopted by the German Government had put an end to the extensive strikes at many places came a new report of a labor outbreak at Jena, where a third of the workmen have gone

A YEAR OF RUTHLESS SUBMARINE WARFARE out on strike. This new strike is a protest against the recent February 1, 1917, was the date fixed by Germany for the conviction of Dittmann, a Socialist who had led a former beginning of its indiscriminate attacks on merchant vessels, strike.

enemy and neutral alike. It marked off vast zones of the world's The German papers, evidently under orders from the Govern ocean, and threatened death to all who would not comply with ment, have done their best to minimize the recent industrial its humiliating and lawless conditions. disturbances. But their very efforts in this direction have The most noticeable result, as a German Socialist has said, served to emphasize the seriousness of the revolt. When the was to bring the United States into the war. It is certain that Government finds it necessary to court-martial industrial Germany took this risk deliberately, believing that her submaworkers in a building closed to the public and guarded by rines would end the war within a few months. This was the bayonets, its alarm is great. It may very likely be that bayonets boast of many German writers, and German officials predicted and machine guns may keep the mob of Berlin and other cities a loss to her enemies of a million tons a month. But instead of in subjection for the time being, but this will not destroy indus 12,000,000 tons of shipping in the year just ended, the actual trial demands and deep dissatisfaction. The Socialist paper loss of all nations is put by careful estimates at little over half

Vorwärts” is right when it says that this movement comes this amount. The total number of ships sunk is about 2,000; the from the workers' fear that they have been misled, and adds: British list includes 1,190. The British reports do not, for

They want food and peace and Germany free outwardly and sound naval reasons, give the exact tonnage of the ships sunk, inwardly. Any attempt to hold them by force is dangerous. All but classify them as above or below 1,600 tons. From this a thoughts of an attempt to force on the people aims which pro fair average estimate can be made. Norway has been the next long the war, aims for which they never fought, or to keep from largest sufferer, with a loss of about 300 ships. The United the people their promised rights, can only work as disintegrating

States has lost 69. factors. That to-day is our greatest danger.

Two or three conclusions are evident: First, the dreaded inThis is a plain recognition that the recent riots were not

crease in the number of active submarines has not appeared. solely or chiefly for food. They were largely political in the This is believed to be largely because of the difficulty in making sense of being a great public protest against the influence of the right kind of marine engines fast enough. Second, there the so-called Fatherland party, which means to yield nothing

has been no steady rise in the number of vessels sunk; the for peace, not even Belgium. The influence of the Russian rad record for the last six months is smaller than that for the icalism may be plainly seen in these revolts.

first six months ; thus, the average for the four weeks of JanuIn an editorial on another page entitled “ Restless Germany" ary was thirteen, as compared with an average of twenty-three the meaning of the disturbances in Germany is discussed. a week for the three preceding months. Third, the ship-building

of the Allies has so nearly kept up with the destruction that

the danger of defeat by submarine in 1918 is surely averted. SHALL GERMANY HAVE A MITTEL-AFRIKA?

In short, Germany has failed of her purpose. The submarine The world has awakened rather slowly to the German has done great mischief and will do more, but it will not win designs for domination over “ Mittel-Europa.” But few know

the war for Germany. The murder of non-combatants has left that she plots what we may truly call a “ Mittel-Afrika"--a an indelible brand of shame on Germany as a nation. Her solid belt of territory across the Dark Continent.

people may well begin to ask if the gains are worth what they When peace terms are discussed, there is a tendency to speak cost in loss of honor. of Germany's African colonies, now in our Allies' hands, as a mere diplomatic make-weight, to be kept or restored according

FROM THE WAR FRONTS as other concessions are made or refused on either side. Any one who doubts whether Africa enters largely into Germany's The most interesting news from the war fronts, so far as plan of world domination would do well to read a convincing in Frances It seems that on February 3 an artillery battle of

Americans are concerned, is a report from the American army article by Dr. William S. Rainsford in the New York “Tribune for January 22 last. Dr. Rainsford knows Africa as few Amer considerable extent took place between the German and Americans do. Long residence there, extensive travel and exploration, ican gunners on that portion of the line which, as Secretary knowledge of traders, officials, and missionaries, have all helped to Baker has just officially announced, is held by American forces make him familiar with its racial and political aspects. He finds as a unit. This engagement, while not of enormous importance that one end only has directed Germany's African policy—the in itself, was the first in which our artillery, acting on its own future domination of the continent. And he supports this belief initiative, has engaged. It is therefore a matter of pride to all with strong evidence. Always he finds that she has beaten down of us at home to read that the American commanders are elated natives, worried her territorial neighbors, and shown delib by the skill and promptness with which our guns and gunners erate purpose“ to do in Africa what Englishman, Boer, French met the attack. When the Germans, after the usual preliminary man, Belgian, Portuguese have so far not only refrained from bombardment, sent up a red rocket calling for their guns to doing, but have pledged themselves for Afrika's advantage place a barrage to cover a German advance, the American never to do, and that is this : Germany has proved her intention artillery answered the enemy's signal quicker than its own guns of building up in Central Africa a military state.

could by placing its own barrage or curtain of fire in front of the How would she build up her Mittel-Afrika? Dr. Rainsford enemy's lines, and thereby stopping the threatened attack. In replies to this question as follows:

every way our artillery did good work and proved its thorough Germany's plan for Africa is an exact counterpart of her plan

training, for middle Europe. She aims to establish a solid belt of territory

The Italian armies in the week ending February 6, despite between the Indian Ocean and the Southern Atlantic. By doing the hard winter conditions, drove an offensive forward against so she would cut the continent in two. She would again divide the Austrian lines on the Brenta River front, gained new adher enemies and rivals, she would keep them divided. She would vanee positions on Monte Rosso and Monte Val Bella, and

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showed decisively that the Italian army is now rehabilitated. In

across Italy, and will transport thither all the Spreziano workthis offensive the Italians took 2,600 men, 100 officers, 100 men, with their families, machines, and tools. It is a satisfaction to machine guns, and thcusands of rifles.

feel that our Red Cross is to be represented in the undertaking. Another air raid has been made on Venice and other towns In France, aside from what the American Red Cross is doing on the Venetian plain where, as the despatches say, “the peace for American soldiers there, it is giving-or selling where it population is densest and the military objective of the least can —meals at its canteens to about a million French soldiers importance.” No serious damage was done.

every month. Major Murphy, who has been directing our Red The Bolshevik troops are reported to have had some successes Cross work in France, says that in the old days the French against the Ukrainians-Ukrainia now claims to be an soldier on leave would come to the junction points where he independent nation, and the Bolsheviki fear it because of its changed to take his train for home and sometimes would have proximity to Rumania, and because a separate peace between to stay there twenty-four hours. The buildings, equipped to Ukrainia and Germany would embarrass the Petrograd plans. handle fifty or seventy-five people, would be at times bombarded The rumored capture of the city of Kiev by the Red Guard is by four or five thousand. Nor was that the worst. These men a feat of some importance ; Kiev lies on the Dnieper River, has direct from the trenches, Major Murphy tells us, were infested a population of 250,000, was the first Russian capital, and from with trench vermin, and were cold and wet; after sleeping in the its antiquity has been called the “ Mother of Russian Cities.” open they got little food and that at an exorbitant price; the result

of all was that they arrived home discouraged and possibly dis

eased. On their return they were bluer and still more discouraged. VICTORY BREAD

In co-operation with the French Government, which has borne Our allies need wheat. There has been reduced production most of the expense, the American Red Cross has opened a in Europe, both because of the larger diversion of man-power series of canteens where these men are given comfortable quarto the war and because of the partial failure of harvests. *As if ters where they can eat well, and sit about and sleep well too. this were not enough, there has been an elimination of the more The barracks are equipped with shower baths, and while the distant supply markets because of the destruction of shipping. men are bathing their clothes are put through a process and the

Our allies overseas need at least thirty per cent of the wheat vermin killed. Moreover, amusement is provided. “When these we use at home. In order that we may reduce our consumption fellows arrived at our canteens at first,” says Major Murphy, by that percentage, wholesalers, jobbers, and retailers have been "they were so delighted with them that they actually would not warned by Presidential proclamation to buy and resell to their go to bed in those bunks at all. They sat around and talked and customers only seventy per cent of the amount of wheat used in sang all night, they were so happy.” They go back to their 1917, and customers have been warned to reduce their purchases homes, we are not surprised to learn, in a different state of mind of wheat products to seventy per cent of what they were last year. from that in which they left the trenches.

To emphasize all this President Wilson has also enjoined the observance of Mondays and Wednesdays as wheatless days and

THE DEATH OF A NOTABLE AMERICAN of one meal every day as a wheatless meal. In order to provide sufficient cereal food to replace the missing thirty per cent of

In the death of John L. Sullivan, one of the most famous and wheat, there should be, he adds, the substitution of com, barley,

victorious boxers and prize-fighters that ever lived, this country oats, rice, and other products

. Bakers are authorized to apply loses a notable figure. That he was an acquaintance and often the name “Victory Bread” to all bread they bake which con

a respected friend of many eminent men outside of strictly tains twenty per cent or more of wheat flour substitutes and to

“ sporting circles” is good evidence that he had excellent persell such bread for consumption on “ wheatless days.”

sonal qualities not often associated in the minds of the gentler The President also directs, by special proclamation, all manu

sort with the rough and often brutal profession of prize-fighting. facturers of bread and other bakery products to procure Gov

One of these qualities was honesty. John L. Sullivan was never ernment licenses. This proclamation covers hotels, restaurants,

known to “throw" a fight--that is, to fail to do his best in a other public eating places, and clubs which serve bread or other

contest in order to make money or enable his backers to make bakery products of their own baking. The sole exceptions are

money by the odds in the betting. One of his old sporting those concerns or individuals already licensed under the origi- acquaintances

, so the New York “Globe” informs us, tells this nal provisions of the Lever Act and those whose consumption story of him : of any flour and meal in the manufacture of such products

Jem Mace, the old English heavyweight, came to me one day, aggregates less than three barrels a month. These licenses, we

when he (Mace) was on the down grade, and suggested that I expect, will check any extortion in the sale of bread.

arrange a match between him and Sullivan. But Mace made one suggestion, which was that Sullivan should let him stay the four rounds, saying that he could not afford to be put out, even by

Sullivan. I put the proposition up to Sullivan, who replied : “ If 23,475,000 RED CROSS MEMBERS

Mace can whip me, let him do it. If I can whip him, so much the The latest returns from the American Red Cross Drive of better. I will try to knock his block off from the moment I enter last Christmas indicate a stupendous total Red Cross member the ring until I leave it. I wouldn't meet him on the conditions ship. The figures given in the “Red Cross Bulletin ” are he names for the Bank of England.” 23,475,000. They seem almost incredible. Taking the country's About twelve years ago, at the age of forty-seven, Sullivan's population as now 106,693,000, this means about twenty-two unrivaled physique became almost hopelessly broken down from per cent.

drink. He tried moderation, but that did no good, and finally, Reports from the territorial, insular, and foreign possessions as the result of a tragic experience, he became a total abstainer. of the United States have not been included in this tabulation. For the last twelve years he has been a public and constant The unprecedentedly unfavorable weather conditions which pre opponent of liquor and the liquor interests. vailed throughout the drive have continued, and even at this Two years ago, when he was starting out to deliver a series late date returns from all the outlying chapters have not yet of temperance lectures, in an interview with a representative of been received.

The Outlook he said for publication in these pages : “ If I Meanwhile the Red Cross work continually increases not only had not quit drinking when I did and gone to farming with in extent but also in picturesque features. For instance, it is my good wife, there would be somewhere in a Boston suburb a contributing the necessary articles to supply kitchens and ma modest tombstone with the inscription on it, “Sacred to the terial for serving the population of the Italian village of Sprezi- memory of John L. Sullivan.' That is why I am quitting the ano. This village is on the Piave River, and is, of course, in the farm and “coming back’ to have a go with a bigger champion midst of the danger zone. The inhabitants of Spreziano are than I ever was-the champion of champions--John Barleycorn. mainly engaged in the manufacture of wooden cases for oil and There is only one way to get the best of John Barleycorn, and gasoline, a war industry. Why not save them and their industry that is to run away from him! There are men who say about to the country by transferring them elsewhere ? Accordingly liquor that they can take it or leave it, but those are the ones the Italian Government decided to move the village population who always take it. And in the end it gets them.” intact to another location. It chose a suburb of Leghorn, quite John was a great fighter. During the ten years that he held

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the championship of the world he defeated more than two is stated, were taken from the studios of artists fighting at the hundred of the picked men of the earth. Until after dissipation front. Historic furniture, porcelains, and tapestries are also had impaired his strength and he was beaten by a younger included, four magnificent Gobelin tapestries dating from the man, he was never so much as knocked down in the ring. But time of Louis XIV being the most prominent objects in the he never made a finer fight than in his extraordinarily victori last-named group: Admission to the exhibition is free (except ous encounter with the rum appetite. And his well-deserved on Mondays and Tuesdays), but the privilege of seeing it is well prize was a regained manhood, a renewed good citizenship, and worth the cost of an extended trip by any one who admires and the respect and regard of all who knew him, high and low. wishes to study good modern pictures.

The portrait by Besnard, referred to above and reproduced

on another page, is that of a painter by a painter. The subject FIREMEN HELPING OUR SOLDIERS

of the picture is Alphonse Legros, the French painter, etcher, In our picture section this week will be found a photograph and sculptor, who died in 1911. In Paris he was the intimate of a group of New York City firemen at work making comforts friend of Degas, Bracquemond, and Whistler. When the last for our soldiers at the front. Some are knitting woolen helmets, named in 1863 settled in England, he persuaded Legros to do one is cutting out paper vests, and another is busily at work at so 'too. Legros became Professor of Etching at the South a sewing machine. The idea of getting these firemen to devote Kensington Museum, and later succeeded Poynter as Professor a part of their “off time” to this useful work originated, we of Fine Arts at University College, London. He married an are informed, with the Rainbow Division Welfare Association, Englishwoman and became a citizen of London. By his teaching of 47 East 58th Street, New York City. This Association de as well as by his painting he strongly influenced English art. votes itself especially to work for the men of that Division, who Examples of his work may be seen at the Metropolitan Museum are, however, representative of many States-twenty-six in all of Art, New York City, at the Tate Gallery in London, and at the North, South, East, and West. The Society's officers give their Luxembourg in Paris. All of his work shows the union of intelservices to this work without recompense. The Chairman is Mrs. lect and feeling. This is particularly true of his portraits. Per Charles G. Stirling; the Treasurer, Mr. Thomas B. Clarke, Jr., haps the finest of them is that of the late George Frederick Watts. Vice-President of the Harriman National Bank, 527 Fifth The painter of the Legros portrait is Albert Besnard. He is Avenue, New York.

nearly seventy years old, and also lived for a time in London. This Association has secured the permission of the Govern- The portrait of Legros is a good example of Besnard's powers ment to forward its boxes direct to the Rainbow Division in in dealing with the problems of light, and of the peculiar atmosFrance. The work in no way conflicts with that of the Red phere in which he likes to envelop his easel pictures

. That Cross, but is supplementary thereto. A great many soldiers, it Besnard is also a psychologist is evident from this picture. He is said, still lack the warm knitted helmets and other comforts is better known, however, through his works of pure decoration, which this Welfare Association undertakes to supply. One reason some of which are fairly exotic in color, reflecting impressions for this is that articles of clothing wear out much faster in the gained from a long sojourn in India. trenches than in America. All kinds of personal wear get the hardest kind of service in war time, and it is scarcely possible to send our men an oversupply of garments such as helmets,

MEDALS TO OUR MEN socks, wristlets, etc. The helmets are specially needed for the The Senate has passed and the House has favorably drivers of ammunition and supply trains, who drive in open reported a bill amending the existing law so as to authortrucks without any wind-shield.

ize “the President to present, in the name of the Congress

, a “How long does it take a man to learn to knit?” one of these Medal of Honor only to each person who, while an officer or busy firemen was asked. About two minutes," was the prompt enlisted man of the Army, shall hereafter in action involving reply, The man's fingers were deftly plying the needles as he actual conflict with an enemy distinguish himself conspicuously talked. “I used to look at the girls in the subway with won by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and der,” he said, “ to see how fast they made their needles go. But beyond the call of duty." It's easy enough if you once get right down to it. See here I The bill provides also for another medal—a Distinguished even know the names--purl two, knit two, and so on. We fel Service Medal for“ exceptionally meritorious service to the Govlows are mighty glad to help the boys at the front in this way. ernment in a duty of great responsibility or by extraordinary Wish we could do more--it's only odd moments we can give to heroism in the line of his (the candidate's] profession.” This it, you know."

medal is to be awarded, not by Congress, but by the ComThe Rainbow Division Welfare Association announces that mander-in-Chief, the President, on the proper commanding offiit will gratefully receive any gifts of wool or money for wool cer's recommendations. For a second act of distinction the that may be sent to keep the firemen employed in this kindly President may award a suitable bar in lieu of another medal

, work for their brothers in France.

and each bar shall entitle the owner to additional pay of $2 a month. Through a retroactive clause, some old soldiers whose

names were long since sent in for the Medal of Honor but who A FRENCH GOVERNMENT LOAN ART EXHIBITION

did not receive it may yet be cheered by obtaining the new medal

. The host of Americans who have for nearly four years We are glad to learn from Mr. Dent, Chairpan of the House been debarred from the possibility of travel in Europe on Military Affairs Committee, that this bill, as well as the bill account of the war will welcome an opportunity to see a repre- giving our soldiers the right to accept foreign decorations, will sentative collection of French paintings. The West has already probably pass the House. seen these pictures at the Panama-Pacific Exposition. The The military man knows a great deal more about what the French Government now gives Eastern picture lovers an oppor various rewards for service and bravery should be than do those tunity of seeing the collection. It is to be on exhibition at the who sit in editorial chairs. We are certain, however, that we Brooklyn (New York) Museum until the middle of March. The

should urge the passage of a law providing for such simple decoracollection includes both a retrospective group of pictures dating tions as military commanders at the front may bestow promptly from 1870 to 1910--and an exhibition of contemporary works for bravery under fire. The highest

, open to any one from private dating between 1910 and 1915. The first group was selected to generalissimo, should be given only by the President, who is from the Luxembourg Gallery in Paris. These include pictures the Commander-in-Chief. Others should be given by officers in by Bastien-Lepage, Besnard (one by this artist is reproduced in the field. There is moral value in the sight of a man called out our picture section this week), Breton, Cabanel, Degas, Detailles, from the ranks to be decorated directly after his deed of gallantry . Harpignies, Ilenner, Legros, L'Hermitte, Monet, Neuville, Congress should consider the creation of an Honor Commis Puvis de Chavannes, and others. Five statues by Rolin (we sion to be appointed by the President, the Commission to do give a picture of one of them in this issue) are also to be seen. everything necessary to provide honors and other insignia and The collection of later French art comprises nearly two hun to establish regulations

for their awarding. Such a Commission dred pictures, which give an impression of freshness and of would seem to be much more competent than Congress to persona varied and unconventional interest. Many of these pictures, it vide details of plans for such awards. This

, however, is not the


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