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history can settle some of these mooted questions, but multitudes the United States is able to produce three million tons of ship of people seem to be firmly convinced that the Administration ping in 1918, it will be accomplishing a wonderful feat." Lincoln is extremely skillful in passing the buck.
Colcord, an authority on shipping, is quite positive that we Still, in spite of all the confusion canse:) by facility in shift shall not build much more than 1,500,000 tons. (Philadelphia ing responsibility, any one who is in Washington and in contact " Public Ledger," February 2, 1918.) He says that Mr. with influential men on both the legislative and administrative Baker has already passed the buck to E. N. Hurley, Chairman branches of the Government-as I have been for the past week of the Shipping Board, and prophesies that when the country
cannot but recognize that a sudden change has come over the knows the facts the Administration will make Mr. Hurley the
tions Bills-were conceived and framed, not to hamper or curtail There are a thousand jobs in America which Mr. Baker the Commander-in-Chief, but to give him, competent aids in the could fill more perfectly than the one he now holds. It is no prosecution of the war. By thus liberating
him from any care secret that he did not want the War portfolio. And it has been concerning preparations at home the Senate Military Committee stated with an air of positive knowledge that he offered to hoped to free him for those tremendously urgent and exacting resign, but the President would not hear of it. “Secretary Dan- duties which seem to have fallen upon him as the spokesman of iels weathered the storm, why not Secretary Baker ?" Mr. Wil the Allied nations. But it is useless to argue tue pros and cons son asks. The cases are totally different. There is no doubt of those bills; the President does not want them, and even if one now that the agitation against the Secretary of the Navy was should pass the Senate in its present form it would be only to started largely and augmented constantly by the liquor inter meet a swift death in the House. In view of the Congressional rests, and besides that the “ Hon. Josephus Daniels ” was a name elections in the fall, the President absolutely controls the lower with which Gilbert and Sullivan could have juggled for two chamber--no Congressman would ever dare face bis constituents hours of delicious opéra bouffe. The criticisn upon Mr. Baker with the President's disapproval branded upon him. Mr. Wilsou bas been almost entirely from calm and experienced business is as absolutely master of the situation as was Gulliver among the men--men of both political parties and from every section of Lilliputians. the country. And it has not been leveled at his opinions, but at This is America's war, and we are in it as Americans-not as his defects as an administrator. The work of the War Depart- Democrats or Republicans. Any outcropping of partisan spirit ment at this stage is more industrial than military in its should be put under the ban instantly. One of the high officials nature, and that is why thoughtful people feel that there must be of the Government preached that to me with eloquence and a large degree of truth in the charges made. Military defects sincerity the other day. Then he drifted into a discussion of are hardly visible at this stage ; if serious ones have been made, Mr. Baker. I took the position that Mr. Baker was a liability to we shall read them later in letters of blood and sorrow.
the Administration, and his continuance in the War Office weakPerhaps the most persistent question asked in Washington ened public confidence. At least, I said, that was the way I read is whether Mr. Stettinius will be given the powers necessary the mind of the people. “Supposing Mr. Baker is not as ineffifor the accomplishment of his task. At present he is under cient as the general public thinks," I argued. "It would seem Colonel Pierce, and Colonel Pierce represents the General Staff. that to restore the confidence of the Nation is the most urgent If Mr. Wilson will agree to a modification of the Ministry of necessity at this moment." Munitions Bill, by which Congress shall give Mr. Stettinius the “ But can you suggest a man for the place ?" the official powers necessary for building up a forceful department, or if asked. the President will definitely transfer some of his own powers to “Yes," I said; “Mr. Elihu Root. If he were appointed, every Mr. Stettinius, we shall begin to get results at once.
one would be gratified, and Mr. Wilson would be praised for One of the most discouraging aspects of the Washington rising to the Lincoln level in the Stanton appointment." situation is that the members of the Administration appear to “Impossible," came the reply; "it couldn't be done. We are be comfortably satisfied with themselves. There is something committed to the party system of government. I deplore it almost Pharisaical about their attitude-“ Lord, I thank thee exceedingly myself, but it is inevitable.” that I am not as other men--or even as this Republican.” The So there is a growing feeling that the non-partisanship should President, Mr. Baker, Mr. Daniels, Mr. MeAdoo, have all all be exercised by the Republicans. And I hope that the pointed out how well they have handled a stupendous task, and Republicans will be large enough and generous enough to play they imply that no one could have done any better in view of the rôle, at least during the present crisis. The question which all the circumstances. It is noticeable, however, that their stock came most often and most persistently to my mind during the taking runs no further back than April, 1917, and calmly week I lived almost exclusively in the Administration atmosignores all the lost antecedents.
phere was whether the Administration realized how tremenLet us grant, for the time being, that most of the defects and dously the people of America had been gripped by the great deficiencies in war material—artillery, small guns, ammunition, spiritual issues involved in the war. No message from the Presiclothing --may be made up; but what can ever make up
the dent evoked such a response as the one he gave in answer to shipping deficiency? That business has been blundered and his Holiness the Pope, in which he laid down as the first and bugleil from the beginning. We were led to believe that paramount condition an overthrow of the present militaristie American skill and resources could produce six million tons of rulers of Germany, whose word was worthless and whose most shipping in about a year. Then came the controversy between solemn bond was invalid ; there must be a final crushing defeat General Goethals and Mr. Denman over the material of con of autocracy. The President's more recent utterance, known as struction, which dragged great names through the mud and the "Fourteen Terms,” omits all reference to the overthrow of held up production during several vital months. Then, only last antocracy, or of making the world safe for democracy, and preweek, Mr. J. W. Powell, of the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Cor sents a bargain counter. So people are asking, and where they poration, testifierl before the Senate Commerce Committee : “ If cannot ask it for lack of precise phraseology they are manifest
ing their question in a hundrel forms of unrest, whether the For we must win the war decisively. That is the only thing great spiritual element has slipped from the soul of the Ad America is living for to-day, its one purpose and function in the ministration and all efforts are now being made for a negotiated world, the end for which it is willing to give all and suffer all, prave, a “ peace without victories,” a shoddy peace, a peace What is needed now in Washington is a stream of spiritual and which will make all the vast sacrifices of the past three and a industrial energy which shall force its way into the ship-buildHvalf years utterly vain.
ing, the Ordnance Department, the manufacture of high exploOne gets the feeling in Washington that the rank and file of sives --an energy which will brook no obstacle and scorn to emthe people of America are spiritually far ahead of the Admin- ploy an excuse, an energy which will produce the instruments istration in their attitude toward the war. The people are think necessary to winning a decisive victory for democracy. It does ing of its costs, its sacrifices, its tragedies, its emoluments to not matter so very much whether it is the result of the Senate the race, with a truer and finer temper than that which one Munitions Bill, or whether it shall be a reorganization of the meets in official Washington. I am not nearly so much afraid War Industries Board by the President himself; it does not of the Administration falling down in matters of material equip matter much whether it is Mr. Stettinius or Mr. Baruch, or ment as I am of a dimming or diminishing of that glorious both combined with others; the only thing that matters is that sacrificial spirit which now burns in the hearts of the people. it shall be energy-experienced, plenary, and resistless energy. We do not want to turn back at Gethsemane,
Washington, D. C., February 4, 1918.
PERSONAL MEMORIES OF LINCOLN
1-PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ADDRESS AT GETTYSBURG
BY AN EYE-WITNESS, JUNIUS B. REMENSNYDER Dr. Remensnyder, the writer of this article, was a student in Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg during the Civil War. It was his good fortune to be present when President Lincoln, on November 19, 1863, delivered his famous address. It was the idea of Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, to make of Cemetery Hill a National burying-ground, and it was the most appropriate conceivable place, because it marked the high tide” of the Confederacy, and because here were buried over thirty-five hundred Northern soldiers who died to save the Union in the battle of July 2 and 3, 1863. Few men are now living who were old enough to appreciate the meaning of that address and who were also artually present at its delivery. In more ways than one this account has a personal quality which gives it special value.—THE EDITORS. THE date for the consecration of the cemetery at Gettys favorably impressed, we retired from the scene. President
burg (November 19, 1863) was set in response to the sug; Lincoln had correctly sized the situation. It mattered very little
gestion of the Hon. Edward Everett, who had been invited what he said to our thoughtless student body, that merely by the Governors of the several States to be the orator of the desired to have its curiosity gratified. He would save himself, occasion. No formal address by President Lincoln seems to and we with others could well wait for the morrow. This little have been thought of. Mr. Everett was easily the most cul- speech made to the college students that night, I believe, has tured speaker in the United States, it being generally thought never before been reported. that, if upon any one, the mantle of Daniel Webster had fallen The next Thursday, November 19, proved to be beautiful. upon his shoulders. Still, it occurred to Judge Wills, the All Gettysburg was alive with crowds, soldiers, distinguished President of the Cemetery Association, that, after the oration, Americans, banners, and music. The procession, President it would be fitting that President Lincoln in a few words should Lincoln on horseback leading, started for Cemetery Hill at formally dedicate the cemetery to the memory of the brave about ten o'clock. As I was perfectly familiar with the ground, heroes here sleeping their last sleep.
and by nature not indisposed to improve my opportunity, So in his letter of invitation Judge Wills wrote: “ It is the a fellow-student and I secured what we thought the best desire that, after the oration, you, as Chief Executive of the place for seeing and hearing. We stood perhaps thirty feet in Nation, formally set apart these grounds to their sacred use by front of the stand which had been erected for the speakers on a few appropriate remarks."
the central knoll of the cemetery. President Lincoln accepted the invitation and left Washington The chief interest centered in the address of the Hon. Edward on November 18, 1863, for Gettysburg. With Governor Curtin, Everett. His great reputation as an accomplished orator natuSecretary Seward, and Edward Everett, he went to Judge rally excited the student imagination, which expected to hear in Wills's house as his guest. The house faced the central square,
him an American Cicero. And it was an admirable oration, and when the students (of whom I was one) learned where the clothed in elegant diction, delivered in a cultured manner, and at President was staying the square was thronged and made pain- times, especially in the parts descriptive of the sacrifices of the fully vocal with college cries. But the students were determined soldiers and the solicitude of the anxious at home, very moving to see the President and have a speech for themselves. Loud and impassioned. It occupied about two hours in the delivery, and long-continued calls brought no response. At last, when and at the close was greeted with great applause. our patience was almost exhausted, the President, who had been All this while I could not but notice President Lincoln. · He at dinner, which our turbulence had not permitted him to enjoy was seated in a very tall rocker that looked as if especially in peace, appeared upon the balcony. He waved his hand, and, made for his gaunt frame. He appeared bored by the address. as far as I can remember, uttered these few words :"" I am worn Its great length and the brilliant rays of the sun pouring upon and tired. You would like to have me deliver a speech on the him, as upon the crowd, seemed to make him uneasy. He great events and issues in which our Nation is now so deeply swayed restlessly to and fro, assuming all manner of attitudes, engaged. But you must remember that I occupy a conspicuous giving the appearance of decided weariness. When Mr. Everett's station, where all eyes are turned upon me, and where every
address was concluded, President Lincoln rose, adjusted his word I speak is reported and given exceptional import. Hence glasses, and with the utmost deliberation, and no show whatever I should say nothing except it had been carefully prepared. of oratorical attempt, proceeded to read his address. I have had no time to think, and where one cannot say
This seemed to be written on a large sheet or sheets of paper, anything worth hearing he had better say nothing. Good which, either from scarce-suppressed emotion or a slight breeze,
fluttered in his hands. His voice, somewhat rasping, was forcible There was nothing particularly oratorical in this speech, nor and penetrating, and evidently reached the farthest ear of the did the students think it very complimentary after their tedious wait. So, with a feeling of disappointment, and by no means I must confess that I was not expecting anything remarkable
in the address. President Lincoln did not have the unique repu At all events, I found myself quite carried away with emotion. tation then that he later came to have. I looked
him I was as greatly surprised as I was enthralled. The sentences thoroughly honest man, of simple rugged strength, but somewhat that had most impressed me were:
The world will little note uncouth in person and in style, which impression had been nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget deepened in me by his nervous, ungainly manner during the what they did here;" and especially this one, which Mr. Lincoln lengthy preceding speech.
uttered with a tone of dignity equal to the strength of the But all these impressions vanished from the moment the great thought :
thought : “ That we here highly resolve that these dead shall leader began to read. His simple power and pathos at once held not have died in vain, that this Nation, under God, shall have a me. Every sentence seemed perfectly to voice the great history new birth of freedom.” This noble sentence long rang in my ears. making epoch through which the Nation was passing. The After the applause had subsided I turned to my friend, address appeared to gather up and utter in terse phrase all the Wieting, and said, “What do you think of it ?” He answered: mighty issues of the hour. Its force, its clear-cut sentences, its “Pretty well done for Old Abe! How did you like it?" I strong monosyllables, were notable. And then the beauty of it! replied: “ That speech is a classic; it will take its place in EngThe elevation of thought, the depth of reverence for the martyred lish literature.” dead, the generic truths of democracy, the tender sympathy, Such are my impressions of this great hour in President were uttered with a rhythmical flow of words that left a musical Lincoln's life, gathered from my vivid memories, and also from cadence on the ear. The time, in the midst of the great war for the records of my diary. the Union ; the scene, the crucial battlefield of the struggle, The grandeur and beauty of this immortal address were no the hills and woods about us still echoing with the roar of guns at once recognized. But when it had spread throughout the and artillery; and, above all, the thousands of hero graves en world, and men had time to take its measure, it soon came to circling us, contributed to heighten the moral grandeur of the be recognized, as it now is, as one of the two or three addresses moment. Then, too, more impressive even than the address, the most memorable in the political annals of the race; nor is there personality of the man himself, incarnating the great issues, any fear that it will ever be displaced from this peak of solitary shone forth with a compelling power.
II-THREE PICTURES OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
BY LUCY S. BAINBRIDGE
IHREE pictures I have of Abraham Lincoln--pictures opportunity for all our ministry under the direction of the that can never fade while life lasts. They are not photo doctors in charge. We had been so close to the front that we graphs upon paper, but graven upon heart and mind. had heard the cannonading, and had cared for the men, black
from the rifle-pits. At last our party were at City Point; our PICTURE NUMBER ONE
supplies did not arrive as quickly as had we. The barrels and Lincoln was elected. On the next March he would take his boxes and bundles were on their way, so that the first night at place at the head of the Nation. He came to Cleveland, Ohio, the Point we had only a tent. The grass was thick and clean, and with Mrs. Lincoln beside him received and greeted the and could serve as bed and chair. Johnny, the drummer boy, people. The bands played lustily, flags waved from every place rolled in a log, saying, “ Here's a pillow for you, Sister Ohio.' where a flag could be fastened, and bunting was draped from At dusk a tap on our tent pole showed us a caller. “Will you window to window outside and inside the hotel where they ladies take in for the night," asked an officer, “ Miss Barton ? stayed.
There is no place for her to-night. She has business in the “This reception is for the distinguished citizens,” said my morning at headquarters. We cannot place her, as our supplies brother. “ It would not look well for a girl to go. '
are not here.” " But father has been here since Cleveland was a village, and We gave to Clara Barton a most cordial welcome. She slept every one knows his record. Surely he is distinguished enough, beside me, with the grass for a mattress, part of the log for a and as his daughter I could go, and I mean to go, and I am pillow, and half of my mother's big warm plaid blanket-shaw] going to shake his hand. So there!"
for a covering. In the morning, when she had gone, I was In a blue dress a red-haired girl with red, white, and blue standing at the tent door, looking out upon the scene of the ribbons was presented. Taking my hand in his, Mr. Lincoln camp activity, when not far away, just good photographic discovered it with his other big, warm hand, and for the instant tance, stood those two great men, Lincoln and Grant, in earnest held it. Looking down with a smile, as though he saw the funny conversation. There were only a few flags flying and there was side of it all- a smile on that rugged, homely face which made no music; no glimpse of a funny story on those strong, sad lips. it handsome--he said, “ Daughter, I am right glad to see you." The President looked as though he might have been awake a
The only other part of this memory picture is that of his large part of the long night and in prayer. At a respectful disturning me over to the little woman in hoops and tiny ruffles tance from the two men stood a soldier, as motionless as a statue. who stood beside him.
They did not see me, and I was careful not to move; but upon That girl was such a hero-worshiper that for days her right my heart and mind there is graven a picture in which every hand was kept wrapped up so that there would be no need to line of that face, that bent form, the eamest attention as he wash off the warm, loving grasp of Mr. Lincoln.
listened or spoke to the General near him, stands out today. PICTURE NUMBER TWO
PICTURE NUMBER THREE The Civil War was calling men and women to duty.
The body of our martyred President was to rest on its jourare coming, Father Abraham, six hundred thousand strong," ney to Springfield, Illinois, at Cleveland, Ohio. In the center sang the men. But there was need of women as nurses. That of the public square very hastily a pavilion was erected, where was before the day when well-equipped, trained nurses were the body would lie in state. Flags drooped at half-mast ; bands ready for service. Among the many agencies for relief was one rehearsed the saddest of sad music; a committee of young got up by the Ohio Military Agent. A party of Ohio men women, decorated with sashes of black, with busy fingers made were to go to help as best they could, under the leadership of an up huge rosettes and trimmings of black and of white cambric earnest, practical Methodist minister. One experienced woman with which to make more pleasing the pavilion where the dead was ready to go, and, as one woman could not go alone, I was hero should rest. With drawn faces and many a sob, the people ulded as a junior member of the group.
came, one after another, to look upon that quiet form, wonderWe had been tried at Aquia Creek, where the poor bruised ing, wondering who could guide the ship of state now that our and broken men were brought from Fredericksburg after the captain had fallen. The city mourned, the Nation mourned; battle on their way to Washington hospitals. Our party had and to-day, after all the years, we do not forget to love and been sent to several different points where there was plenty of praise and honor Abraham Lincoln.
WARSHIPS AND INTERNATIONAL FRIENDSHIP
AND WHAT IT HAS ACCOMPLISHED
BY SAMUEL G. INMAN
EXECUTIVE SECRETARY OF THE COMMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION IN LATIN AMERICA 1OON after the entrance of this couutry into the great war,
Back of all of North America's protests of friendship Latin in the course of the negotiations and interchange of com America has thought that she saw a threatening of force. It was
munications on that momentous subject between South natural that some should connect the fleet's visit with this sugAmerican countries and the Government of the United States, gestion of force. This was especially true in Argentina, where a detachment of the fleet of the United States Navy in the Pa even after the fleet's arrival some of the prominent men of the cific, consisting of four vessels—the North Dakota, the Pueblo, country retained the idea that the visit had been forced upon the Frederick, and the Pittsburgh-was detailed to visit South them. It was most interesting, however, to see the way in which America. These four vessels, second-class battle-ships, are all a direct acquaintance with our admiral and his men changed of the same type-a picture of one appears on page 247. They this attitude. I recall particularly a conversation that I had with passed out of the Pacific in June, 1917, through the Panama a prominent professor in the University of Buenos Aires. BeCanal
, into the Atlantic Ocean, and made as their first point fore the fleet's visit we had talked over carefully various probof call one of the northern ports of Brazil
. When they entered lemis connected with the enlargement of friendship between our that harbor, it was problematic whether the war exigencies two countries. He had expressed his belief that Argentina would permit them to stay more than twenty-four hours, but should cultivate closer relations with the United States than immediately upon their arrival they received a telegraphic invi with any other country. While I was away from the city, howtation from Rio de Janeiro, the capital of Brazil
, to visit that ever, he made an address at a public meeting in one of the large metropolis. The problem thus being happily solved as to Bra theaters protesting against the Government's inviting the North zil
, official invitations for the four vessels of the feet to visit American fleet. On my return to the city we met at his club Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, and Buenos Aires, that of on the Avenida de Mayo. As the Latins do, we talked around Argentina, soon followed.
and about many questions, until I finally said to him: This detachment, which is generally referred to in South “I am soon returning to the United States, and shall have America as La Flota (fleet) Norte Americana, is under the com- opportunity of speaking to my people concerning these problems inand of Admiral Caperton, who has had long experience in Latin of friendship about which we have been talking. I should like America. It carries a complement of about four thousand men. to know your final recommendations as to how these may be This visit of Admiral Caperton's war-ships to Brazil
, Uru. better cultivated." guay, and Argentina constitutes one of the most important Quick as a flash, he turned to me with an upraised hand and events in the development of closer international relations
said: “Don't force us! This matter of the visit of
fleet between North and South America. I was in these three coun doesn't set well with me at all, because it seems that you are tries during the time of the fleet's visit, having arrived in South forcing us to take a position that we are not yet ready to take. America in April, 1917. I returned to New York in the latter I believe, as your country believed for a long time, that the best part of October.
thing for Argentina is neutrality. If your protests of friendl
ship and of allowing us to shape our own policies are sincere, nations and no small nations before the equality of right. Thus then you have no right to force us into a position which really has been enlarged the Monroe Doctrine, which heretofore had aneans a declaration of hostilities."
only guaranteed the integrity of the American nations with a My reply was as follows: "I appreciate what you say and certain theoretical efficacy. Such is the conception of our adhecannot entirely answer it, for I do not know the secrets of our sion to the policy of the United States ; what we are asking is State Department. I am sure, however, that it has reasons for the continuation of our historic attitude ; otherwise the United what it bas done in connection with the fleet's visit to Buenos States is pursuing the principles of democracy when the rest of
Aires, if it has suggested the visit, as you claim it has. But I America is breaking them. These principles bring serious redo know the hearts of our people. I believe that I understand sponsibilities. Among others is that of co-operating with those the purposes of President Wilson and his Cabinet, that they are who see themselves obliged to use the force that they have in thoroughly in accord with the public declarations made by the order to defend their honor, which they find attacked by despots, President concerning our desire for friendship with Latin and in order that this honor by which they live shall triumph. America and for allowing each nation to direct its own policies. Otherwise such honor becomes simply a voice covering shame. At a time like this is it not necessary for us to trust one another? The league of which President Wilson has spoken now exists. Some day you and I will know what only our Governments It is necessary for us to enter or to stay outside forever. The renow know. Then I am sure that there will be a satisfactory ception of the American squadron will lack the necessary signifiexplanation."
cance if it does not have this result: To declare our solidarity Spontaneously be reached forward his hand and exclaimed: with the international policies of the United States and to co" You are right. We will trust one another!"
operate effectively in the enterprise which this fleet shonld This incident may be said to be typical both of the fears of accomplish." the intelligent and cultured South Americans and of their real This great meeting had the desired effect, in spite of the fundamental desire to be at friendship with us.
strong opposition above noted, and the fleet was invited to visit Before Argentina invited the fleet there had, indeed, been a Buenos Aires. A splendid reception was given it. The pressure remarkable struggle between the people on the one side and that was put on the Government to invite the fleet naturally the Government and pro-German elements on the other. I was created a very delicate situation, and here Admiral Caperton in Argentina during the month of this struggle, and have wit showed most remarkable tact and wisdom. nessed no more interesting incident regarding
national relation Equally important was the effect produced by the behavior ships in fifteen years in Latin America. The President of of the four thousand sailors who manned the fleet. As visitors Argentina strongly resisted giving the invitation, and later has they made a most favorable impression. The uniform was an resisted the breaking of relationships with Germany. He was introduction everywhere. Not only the members of the Englishaccused of being under the control of the Germans. I judge the speaking colonies but the South Americans who could speak situation rather differently, however. He is in many ways a English talked with the boys on the street cars, in the stores
, Socialist and a pacifist. I am willing to attribute to him the and wherever they were found. The boys were, truth to tell, same honest motives in keeping out of war as I attributed to homesick, and didn't mind saying that they were. They were our own President. But no doubt he will be driven by such eager to talk about mother and mother's religion. I have never revelations as have recently been made concerning Germany's seen, in many years of travel in different parts of the world, plotting against what she calls“ veneered Indians” to follow such a readiness to confess homesickness and such an outward the same path as President Wilson.
desire for friendship. These boys were not the old tars that has Over against this opposition was an influential committee been members of the Navy for many years. I met several of which favored the invitation to the fleet and gave a great dem them who were young physicians, lawyers, and civil engineers. onstration in one of the theaters of Buenos Aires on the Fourth Most of them had been recently recruited in the Western States, of July. A former Minister of Foreign Relations presided, and and represented normal North American life. many of the most prominent men in Argentina took part. The In talking to an old tar who had been in the Navy for some United States Ambassador, Mr. Stimson, made a notable ad fifteen years, I was greatly edified when he said: "These days dress, the more impressive because, unlike most of our diplomats are certainly some different from the old ones. We don't have sent to South America, he was able to pronounce it in forceful anything to drink on board now, and the boys don't seem to Spanish. The following illustration moved the audience to care about drinking like we used to. Why, when we came to enthusiastic applause: Referring to the wonderful monument in South America before we had the policemen taking to the trees! Mendoza which commemorates the unselfish service of Argen But now it is all different. And I guess it's a good deal better." tina in delivering Chile and Peru from the Spaniards, he said : The difference was not merely in the character of these
“You have a great monument that stands on the hill of Gloria American sailors, but in the recognition by their hosts and looking westward to the slope of the Andes. It has a thousand hostesses of the fact that they were of a new sort. Those bronze figures springing from the living rock; it is the most acquainted with Latin-American customs know how the young marvelous monument of modern times. "It commemorates the girls of South American countries are surrounded with all kinds patient, unselfish devotion of the Argentine people and their of restrictions, never allowed to receive young men except in victorious march across the Andes under San Martin. As yet the presence of others, and always accompanied by a chaperon we of North America have no monument like yours of Mendoza. on the streets. But on this occasion the mothers of the girls But may the time come when our deeds shall justify one ; when employed in the large packing-houses of Montevideo told their the world will look upon our entry into this great war for the daughters that they had such confidence in their North Amerirights of the peoples of Europe as we all look upon that mighty can visitors that they might go up to any man wearing an epopee
when San Martin led his Argentines across the snows to American uniform and invite him home to tea! This so liberate the peoples of South America! We are crossing the astounded the American residents in Montevideo that some of Atlantic as he crossed the Andes. Never have we doubted in them took it upon themselves to impress the boys with the idea my country that, in this our time of trial, we should have the that great confidence was being placed in them, and with the sympathy of the people of Argentina. Argentina, which first absolute necessity that they should not abuse it. And, so far as bore the torch of liberty to her sister Spanish peoples, will gladly they were able to find out, no advantage in a single case was see us take up this torch and carry it on to those peoples who taken of this remarkable letting down of social conventiolla. are more enslaved to-day than any ever were in the days of the There were, of course, some amusing incidents resulting, as when Holy Alliance.”
an American sailor found himself looking across the tea table One of the leading literary men of Argentina, indeed of South at a Uruguayan señorita, neither of them being able to use more America, is Dr. Lugones. In a remarkable address at this meet of a common language than a smile. The boys who were able ing he said:
to pick up children who spoke both languages, to act as interWhen President Wilson founded with his immortal Message preters, were the envy of all the others! the League of Honor among the nations, this historic fact In Montevideo the whole programme and reception were praes established two things of greatest importance: That each nation tically directed by the Young Men's Christian Association, to is, above all, a moral entity, and that therefore there are no great which the Government turned over a large building near the