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Deputies, a co-defendant, and now under arrest in Italy, was advance.” M. Capus was perhaps thinking of what Renan said also sentenced to death. The conviction of Cavalini is cer in 1885 concerning a somewhat similar candidacy, as quoted in tainly ominous as to the fate of ex-Premier Caillaux, whose the “ Excelsior :" " The person who is sure to become one of relations with Cavalini, it is alleged, have been very close. us is the general who will bring victory back again to us. We
Another co-defendant, Darius Porchère, an accountant, busi would nominate him by acclamation !" ness agent, and intermediary, was sentenced to three years' Marshal Joffre is the seventh Marshal of France to be elected imprisonment.
to the Academy. The first was Marshal Villars, elected in Bolo's propaganda, now known throughout the world as 1714; then followed Marshal d'Estrée, Marshal de Richelieu, “Boloism -- a word quickly acclimatized -consisted in buying Marshal de Belle-Isle, Marshal de Beauvau, and Marshal interests in newspapers or founding new publications with money de Duras. As the last named was elected in 1775, a long supplied by Germany. How much it took to “float” Bolo is not period of time has thus elapsed“ between Marshals.” known, we suppose. But at least $2,500,000 has been located. The French like to poke fun at their great men, and the The greater part of this was transferred from Berlin to Paris Academicians have become known as “ Immortals." by way of New York. As a result of the discovery of this manipulation the New York authorities were able to obtain information which they forwarded to Paris.
CONDITIONS IN HOLLAND Bolo's trial was as sensational as even sensation-loving Paris would wish. Bolo's two wives were on the stand, as was M.
According to the New York "World,” travelers who have Panon, Bolo's partner in various undertakings in Marseilles.
been in Germany recently report that there is increasing Bolo had swindled Panon out of 100,000 francs and disappeared for the time being, that the people of Holland are threat
privation in Germany; but, what is still more important with Madame Panon, leaving her husband to settle debts of 50,000 francs. Extravagant statements which reminded one of
ened with starvation. More than one of the travelers quoted Tartarin also marked the trial, as, for instance, the fanciful
attributed the danger of starvation in Holland to the embar. allegation that Bolo had prevailed upon Mr. J. P. Morgan to
goes insisted upon by the United States. As we have already subscribe for $12,000,000 of the capital for a bank to be estab
told our readers, the United States has taken steps to prevent lished in Cuba-certainly evidence of a fertile imagination on
food from this country going through neutral countries into the part of the witness; and the testimony to the effect that Germany. In the process of doing this it has unquestionably articles , praising Mr. W. R. Hearst had repeatedly been taken
made it difficult for Holland and other neutral countries to get to Senator Humbert's paper, the “Journal," in which Bolo had goods that they need from Germany, because Germany will not bought an interest.
send her goods to these neutral countries unless the neutral But the actual facts were clear cut, and conviction was
countries send to Germany in return goods which they have inevitable.
The bandsome, plausible Levantine-Frenchman got from America and other enemies of Germany. went to pieces in the trial. As he said of himself: "The thin
As a consequence, Holland is in great difficulty, and one of veneer of cultured refinement was promptly rubbed off and
the purposes of the newly arrived Minister to America from I, Bolo, stood out unscrupulous and vulgar.
Holland, Dr. Philips, is to bring about such an understanding But France has not gone to pieces. Persons who do not know
with the United States that the Dutch may be able to get the the French may think them merely pleasure-loving, mercurial,
food that they need. Several of the travelers quoted declared volatile, if not decadent. Persons who do know the French are
that the present situation, if continued, would drive Holland glad that this image has now been replaced in the minds of
into the war on Germany's side. There is no way, they said, by others by the real French-a thrifty, virile, prompt, precise, from Rumania, and Holland can get it through Rumania only by
which Holland can get food, if we cut off our supplies, except relentless folk when it comes to elemental matters. This people has shown itself stern to foes abroad. It is showing itself permission of Germany. She will be able to get that permission equally stern to traitors at home.
only by becoming Germany's associate in the war.
Pro-Ally as most of the Dutch are, it is said that they can
not much longer endure the physical suffering consequent upon JOFFRE AN IMMORTAL
their maintenance of neutrality unless the Allies see to their Marshal Joffre will stand “under the Cupola.” So the
relief. This testimony, of course, is not conclusive, and is at French say when a man is elected to the French Academy, and
best only hearsay; but certainly we do not want deliberately to on February 14 Joffre was so elected.
use terrorism or constraint upon any neutral country or hamper The "Cupola” is a dome-covered and somewhat clumsy but
its freedom of action in any way, except as the safety of the cause not unimpressive structure, situated on the left bank of the
for which we are fighting and the rights of ourselves and our Seine, opposite the Louvre on the right bank. Visitors to Paris
allies as belligerents bring on others incidental and unavoidable will remember the façade on this dome-crowned edifice as
hardship. The people of Holland surely must understand that shaped like a crescent. It is the Palais de l'Institut. The high
we cannot afford to send food and other supplies through their est ambition of every literary and scientific Frenchman is to be country to our enemy. "Membre de l'Institut." The Palais houses five academies, namely: the Académie Française, the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, the Académie des Sciences, the Académie des
THE SHIP-BUILDERS' STRIKE Beaux-Arts, and the Académie des Sciences Morales et Poli What has been called in the daily newspapers “ the shiptiques. Each of these has forty members except the Académie builders' strike” was really the strike of the Brotherhood of des Sciences, which has sixty-six. Each member receives a yearly Carpenters and Joiners of America. But when that strike was salary of $240. While the Académie des Inscriptions is chiefly threatened it was generally regarded as only the overture to a devoted to the study of the ancient languages and to archæ still more widespread strike among the mechanics in steel ship ological research, while the Académie des Sciences cultivates building. The strike of the ship carpenters and joiners was the study of mathematics and natural science, while the Aca- ostensibly over the question of wages. But it also involved, as démie des Sciences Morales et Politiques exists for the study of all labor strikes do in one form or another, the question of a philosophy, history, and political economy, and while the Åca- recognition of the unions and as far as possible the establishdémie des Beaux-Arts promotes painting, sculpture, architecture,
ment of the "closed shop." Although shipyard wages are now and music, the Académie Francaise is mainly occupied with the higher than they ever have been before, it was claimed by the
men that the prevailing increase in the East was not as great may seem surprising that a soldier, no matter how distin as on the Pacific coast, and, moreover, was not sufficient to meet guished, should aspire to distinction in a selected assemblage of the greatly augmented cost of living. The Shipping Board is literary men.
The truth is that those men have always aspired now engaged in the problem of establishing a National ship to have among them such a soldier. One of the Academicians, yard wage, standardized for the entire country, which shall be M. Alfred Capus, recently remarked in the Paris newspaper acceptable both to the Government and the workmen. “ Excelsior" concerning Joffre, “ His election is certain in The strike of the ship carpenters and joiners was abruptly
THE OUTLOOK brought to an end last week by a message from President Wilson to their leader, William L. Hutcheson, in which the President
convict. When Mrs. Mooney and Israel Weinberg were tried for stated with his characteristic felicity of expression the funda- dence, they were acquitted. The other alleged accomplice
the same offense as Mooney, but without the Oxman evimental issue at stake:
Warren Billings, had been convicted, and, like Mooney, is under I feel it to be my duty to call your attention to the fact that
sentence. the strike of the carpenters in the shipyards is in marked and
The labor leaders and Socialists in San Francisco aver that painful contrast to the action of labor in other trades and places. Ships are absolutely necessary for the winning of the war. No
a plot existed to make organized labor bear the infamy of one can strike a deadlier blow at the safety of the Nation and of
murder and disloyalty; justly or unjustly, this feeling grew its forces on the other side than by interfering with or obstruct
passionately, and meetings of protest were held by Socialists ing the ship-building programme.
from California to Russia. The Mediation Commission so far All the other unions engaged in this indispensable work have
indorse this feeling as to say that the circumstances of agreed to abide by the decisions of the Ship-Building Wage Ad
Mooney's prosecution, in the light of history, led to the belief justment Board. That Board has dealt fairly and lioerally with
that the terrible and sacred instruments of criminal justice all who have resorted to it. I must say to you very frankly that
were consciously or unconsciously made use of against labor by it is your duty to leave to it the solution of your present diff
its enemies in an industrial conflict." culties with your employers and to advise the men whom you
It is not quite clear how the President's intervention is represent to return at once to work pending the decision. No expected to bring about a new trial—the case is not in Federal body of men have the moral right, in the present circumstances courts. But in view of the facts above stated, the ordinary of the Nation, to strike until every method of adjustment has been tried to the limit. If you do not act upon this principle, you
American citizen, who has no opinion whatever as to the guilt are undoubtedly giving aid and comfort to the enemy, whatever
or innocence of Mooney and Billings, and who also earnestly may
wishes to see the despicable perpetrators of the outrage punbe your own conscious purpose. I do not see that anything will be gained by my seeing you
ished, may yet feel that common fairness calls for a trial in personally until you have accepted and acted upon that princi
which an alleged suborner of perjury who is also suspected ple. It is the duty of the Government to see that the best possi
of perjury shall not be the State's chief witness.
With the oratorical fire for which he has earned a reputaNo better statement could be made of the paramount present tion, Senator Ollie James, of Kentucky, continued in the Senate day duty of every American citizen from the President down to the defense of the war activities of the Administration. His the youngest office boy. Every American must do his utmost speech was made on February 14. However biting some of his to help win this war. While questions of domestic economy, words may seem in print, it is impossible to think of them as National efficiency, and individual justice may be discussed, being accompanied by anything less than the good-natured smile they must be discussed in such a way as to aid and not to inter
of this massive Senator from Kentucky. His line of argument fere with vietory.-A-man-who-strikes at a time of National was much the same as that which Mr. Glass followed in the emergency simply because he sees a chance selfishly to increase speech which he made in the House and which we reported last his income, whether he be a profiteer or a day laborer, is really week. an enemy to his country. That this is recognized by many of During the course of the debate there have been charges of the ship carpenters themselves is indicated by the fact that at partisanship against those who criticise certain aspects of the least in one shipyard of which we know many of the men not Administration's management of the war. This point, as well only refused to go out but themselves posted up placards urging as others, was taken up by Senator Weeks in his speech on
, their fellow-workers to "build ships and beat the Germans.
effort for rhetorical effect, but read his manuscript closely. The Even before the President's intervention the number of workers
Senator from Massachusetts declared near the outset of his who actually went out on strike was much less than some of
speech that never in his experience in the House of Representthe sensational accounts indicated.
atives or in the Senate had he seen a Congressional investigation so devoid of partisanship; that the investigation had been
conducted on the principle that the people have a right to THE MOONEY CASE: AN APPEAL TO
examine and regulate the administration of their Government. THE PRESIDENT
He acknowledged the difficulties with which the War DepartWhen, many months ago, cable despatches from Petrograd
ment had to wrestle, and said that the Committee that made the reported a riotous demonstration against the American Embassy in the Russian capital, and added that it was in protest investigation had just cause of pride in much that had been
accomplished. But he gave facts in evidence of shortcomings, against the Mooney conviction in California, not a few Ameri: prefacing them by the following statement: cans asked in surprise who Mooney was, what he had done, and why Russian Socialists should be excited about his conviction. If I were to criticise the Secretary of War personally, it would
be that he has undertaken to do too many things himself
, some The other day another unusual chapter was added to the
of which, at least, might have been attended to by subordinates, history of the case when the Federal Mediation Commission
and that he has been too open to access to people who might have recommended that President Wilson use his good offices with the
had their needs provided for through some subordinate officer, California authorities to bring about a new trial for Mooney in
leaving him too little time to deliberate over the many larger case the California Supreme Court sustained his conviction. The
problems coming before his Department. Mediation Commission, in reviewing the history of the matter, If I were to make a further criticism, it would relate to his says that “the Mooney case soon resolved itself into a new
temperamental relationship to war. Doubtless he himself would aspect of an old industrial feud instead of a subject demanding admit that he is a pacifist by nature. For example, he is even
now opposed to universal military training, one of the benefits calm search for the truth.” The offense with which Thomas J. Mooney (together with we ought to get out of the great sacrifices we are making; and I
cannot divorce myself from the conclusion, based on his own others) was charged was the throwing of a bomb into the Pre
testimony, that he has been inclined to plan for the prosecution paredness Parade in San Francisco on July 22, 1916. Six
of the war—and this condition has to some degree permeated sons were killed and many injured by this outrage. Mooney
the Department on the basis that we are three thousand miles was duly convicted, but largely on the direct testimony of
from the front, instead of hastening preparation with all the vigor Frank Oxman. After the conviction letters from Oxman came
we would exercise if our borders were the battle-front. to light which, in the words of the Mediation Commission, had
In reference to the charges of political bias Senator Weeks the plain import of an attempt by Oxman to suborn perjury to corroborate his testimony in this trial against Mooney. Natu- said near the conclusion of his speech : rally, when Oxman was thus discredited, a stain was placed on
Not a question indicating partisanship was raised until the his own evidence. Oxman was indicted, but the jury failed to President deliberately injected politics into the situation by an
attack upon the Chairman of the Committee and the Committee
party could not bear the burden of being managed by a man, no
matter how fine bis personal character, who had justified the House many Democratic
party leaders, not for consultation purposes, but to insist that a discussion of this question on the floor
invasion of Belgium and protested against any vigorous action of the Senate be prevented if possible. This latter statement, of
on the part of the United States regarding the sinking of the course, is based upon current gossip, but as far as I can learn
Lusitania and the drowning of American women and children it has never been denied.
among its innocent passengers. Here is a vital question to consider. Have we come to such a
In 1912 we expressed more than once in these pages the hope pass that the action of the most important committee in Congress
that the revolutionary progressive movement of that year would at this time is to be forbidden by the President of the United lead to the establishment in this country of two great parties, States as far as he is able to do so ?
not a Reactionary and a Progressive party, not a Tory and a
Liberal party, but a Conservative and a Radical party. The THE REPUBLICAN PARTY IN 1920
election of Mr. Hays may foreshadow just such a result. The
Republicans and the Democrats would both, in such a case, look The first gun in the Presidential campaign for 1920 was
toward the future and would both assert their belief that the fired at St. Louis, Missouri, on the afternoon of February 13, country will steadily progress towards greater governmental when Mr. W.H. Hays, of Indiana, was elected Chairman of the efficiency and a more widely distributed social justice. The Republican National Committee. Ordinarily the election of a National Chairman in either of the two great parties is a matter
Republicans, however, might become the party standing for the
conservation in this progress of whatever is good in the insti. of little interest to the great body of voters. It usually commands the attention only of the inside party managers. În this case,
tutions that we have laboriously built up during the century however, there was a fundamental principle at stake, and the elec
and a quarter of our National existence. The Democrats might tion of Mr. Hays was the conclusion of a deep-seated and stren
become the party laying emphasis on the need of radical struc uous controversy. His opponent was Mr. John T. Adams, of
tural changes in our forms of government. Both parties would
then stand for social welfare in National and international Dubuque, Iowa. Mr. Adams was a member of the Committee; relations ; but the country would have presented to it the Mr. Hays was not. Mr. Adams is an orthodox Republican of opportunity to choose, not between two different ends which it the strictest sect, and had the united support of that wing of the wishes to attain, but between the methods by which it will party popularly known as “standpatters" or the Old Guard ; reach a single end; and the voters would be asked to decide Mr. Hays, who was Republican State Chairman of Indiana in the Presidential campaign of 1916, and to whose efficiency and
whether, in curing the ills of the body politic, they prefer to
adopt the conservative method of political hygiene or the liberal spirit is ascribed the success of the Republicans in carry
radical method of political surgery.
I had a rifle range at Sagamore Hill where I often took friends
to shoot. . . . The best man with pistol and rifle who ever shot ists of either wing, he succeeded in uniting both factions in the
there was Stewart Edward White. Among the many other good State of Indiana in 1916, and made Indiana a liberal Republi
men was a stanch friend, Baron Speck von Sternberg, after
wards German Ambassador at Washington during my Presican State. This was a noteworthy achievement, for Indiana dency. He was a capital shot, rider, and walker. ... Among the has been conservative in its political course, now on the Demo
other men who shot and rode and walked with me was Cecil cratic side and now on the Republican side, for many years. It
Spring-Rice. :,.. He was my groomsman, my best man, when has been generally regarded as a typical standpat State. What
I was married-at St. George's, Hanover Square, which made ex-Senator Frederick M. Davenport 'said in The Outlook in
me feel as if I were living in one of Thackeray's novels. May, 1916, of the ferment at that time in Indiana throws not a So wrote Theodore Roosevelt in his autobiography. The sudlittle light on the currents and forces which have led to Mr. den death at the age of fifty-eight, at Ottawa, of Sir Cecil Hays's election :
Arthur Spring-Rice comes as a shock to a host of friends in The narrow arrogance of the Bourbon inner circle is much
many parts of the world. He had made himself the understandless prominent. The fine young Chairman of the State Central ing friend of every people with whom he had been associated Committee (Mr. Hays, who has now been chosen to manage the
He was born and bred and lived in the best traditions of British Presidential campaign of 1920] is sounding across the State the diplomacy. His father was a former Under-Secretary of State slogan that the right of participation in party affairs by the for Foreign Affairs. His education was at Eton and at Balliol membership of the party shall be and remain equally sacred and College, Oxford, where he took honors. His wife is a daughter acredly equal. The leading Progressives are by no means all of Sir Frank Lascelles, British Minister or Ambassador for econciled, and some of them are waiting for a little more evi
over thirty years. Sir Cecil became clerk in the Foreign Office, dence of real return to the faith once delivered to Lincoln.
and Secretary to Earl Granville, British Foreign Secretary, and But man after man of the younger Fairbanks organization assure
Secretary of Legation at Brussels before his appointment to me that the whole plan was necessarily as well as happily on the
Washington (where he formed a close friendship with Theodore level. We are tired, said they, of the long-time prostitution of
Roosevelt, then Civil Service Commissioner), going thence to the party government by the union of the Taggart element [Taggart being the head of the Democratic State machine and Tokyo, Berlin, Constantinople, Teheran, Cairo, Petrograd, and the Bourbon Republican element. The old idea of the party rising steadily in the diplomatic scale until lie was appointed
Minister to Persia, and afterwards Minister to Sweden. In control in the hands of a few for the sole purpose of holding office and keeping up a perfunctory government with special 1912 he came as Ambassador to Washington.
We repeat what we said at the time of his appointment as privileges for the few has maintained itself too long.... Govern
deep ment, said these young men, is a social function as well as a re
Ambassador. Sir Cecil was a man of very wide and cording and policing device, and it has got to be used more and
cultivation, but of simple democracy, not merely socially, but more for the good of all the people and to make a real country.
intellectually; he had a peculiar understanding of the great
world forces that tell for division and union, not only as between The election of Mr. Hays is as near an assurance as anything
civilized nations, but as between the civilized and the less civil can be in politics that there will be no “steam-roller” tactics in
ized nations of mankind; yet with this knowledge went an inti the management of the Republican campaign of 1920.
It must not, however, be supposed that the Old Guard has
mate understanding of the play of social and industrial forces within the great civilized industrial nations themselves. Particu
larly did Sir Cecil have a sympathetic insight into American that he was strongly pro-German in the autumn of 1914. It
Such were the qualities which Viscount Bryce's
British Ambassador to the United States brought to his task was apparent even to his strongest supporters
that the Republican here. Lord Bryce won just fame as publicist, educator, historian,
and philosopher. His successor as Ambassador did not have conference table. The first of these articles appeared in The such distinction. He was simply an administrator. Yet on Outlook of February 13, and was called “ Passing the Buck in such as he the British Empire chiefly rests. Its main work
Washington;" the second appeared last week under the title must of necessity be quietly done in order to be efficiently and “ Who Is the United States ?''; the third of the series will
appear in next week's Outlook, dated March 6, under the title Especially has this been evident during the crisis of the past Interpreting the People to the President." Its purpose will few years. Here was Germany with her agents ---Bernstorff, be to endeavor to show from the President's own speeches that Dernburg, Papen, Boy-Ed, and the rest-full of luridly conspic- the true policy of the war is a defeat at arms of militaristic uous and unceasing energy. To oppose their activity Great autocracy. The article will maintain that the spirit of the Britain's representative seemed markedly inconspicuous; but American people is such now that they will not be willing to he was none the less effective. We heard no more about the abate the President's own demand in the slightest, that they British Ambassador than if we were living in peace times. Though will not be contented with a negotiated peace unless the nego he had a charming personality and winning speech, he rarely 'tiations are sought for by the German people after their recog. spoke in public.
nition and admission that Prussian militarism is a complete In truth, Great Britain did not have to be sensational. Ger- failure as a war machine, and therefore as an instrument of many did. Germany's thought was alien to ours. The British
world politics. Ambassador, however, knew that he represented what both Great Britain and the United States stand for. He was useful because he was not sensational, as the German Ambassador was.
KAISER, PREMIER, AND PRESIDENT Yet a year before America entered the war the British Ambassador had a difficult task. He had to reconcile us to the TF the German Kaiser, the British Prime Minister, and the hardships of the British blockade. A ready and acute writer American President had met in conference, they could though the forceful quality of his writing is known only to a hardly have exchanged views more effectually than by their too restricted body of men—he was the author of remarkable recent utterances within the period of two successive days. state papers supporting the British contention that the blockade On the part of the German Kaiser on the one side and on the rigors were necessary to combat German warfare. In the many part of the British Prime Minister on the other there was no troublesome cases that have arisen between this country and sign of yielding.
sign of yielding. “We desire,” said the Kaiser, " to live in England no one, we think, could have worked more faithfully or friendship with neighboring, peoples, but the victory of German shown greater discretion. Sir Cecil's success in this line of arms must first be recognized. • It was adamant,” said the endeavor is generally admitted. The patience and courage with British Prime Minister, concerning the attitude of Austria as which he handled the grave problems provoked by the war will well as
well as Germany to the demands of_the Allies; and like adacause his memory to be preserved as an inspiration not only by mant stood Lloyd George himself. But the President seemed all those privileged to work with him but by all for whom he far from being irreconcilable. Though he replies to the German worked.
Chancellor as to one who lives " in his thought in a world dead and gone,” the President takes up the words of Count Czernin,
the spokesman of Austria, with what seems like eagerness for LET US DEFEAT THE GERMANS IN THE AIR
reconciliation and mutual understanding. The best way to silence the German artillery is to conquer Does this mean that the President is entertaining the thought the German air fleet. The aerial supremacy of the Allies enabled that possibly America may compromise with those who by terthem to achieve their advance at the Somme. At once the whole rorism and lawlessness have undertaken to impose their will on German aeronautic department was reorganized, with the result the world ? Is it possible that to the demands of such as these that to-day in aerial strength the Germans appear to be equal the President is making ready for yielding anything essential to the Allies.
to victory? We think not. It is now for the United States to offset this balance of Does this mean, then, that the President sees any reasonable power, not in a small way, but overwhelmingly and by every prospect that the enemy is ready to make concessions? We do
not believe so. Hence we call attention to the appeal now being made by the What seems far more probable is that the President saw an Chief of the Bureau of Navigation to increase the number of opportunity of unmasking an enemy, of stripping him of his engineers in the Naval Aviation Service. Applicants do not disguise, and took it. have to be graduate engineers. All that is asked is that they
To understand the President's speech, it is necessary to recall should be practical men, those who have managed garages or what preceded it. shops or who have been the bosses of repair gangs. Any further On January 8 President Wilson, in an address before Connecessary training will be supplied by the Government. The gress, announced fourteen
gress, announced fourteen "arrangements and covenants” age limit is forty-one years, but exceptions will be made where which he declared to be “the programme of the world peace, special skill or experience is shown.
and “the only possible programme.” (These fourteen points Thus some of the men above the draft age who have been can be found quoted verbatim in The Outlook for January 16.) lamenting the fact that they cannot take an active part in the These may be summarized very briefly as follows: I. Public war have now a chance to prove the sincerity of their plaint. diplomacy. II. Freedom of navigation except as limited by
international action. III. Equality of trade conditions. IV. Re
duction of armaments. V. Adjustments of colonial claims, with DR. ODELL'S ARTICLES
equal regard for the populations concerned and the claims of We are sure our readers will be interested to know that the Governments in question. VI. The unembarrassed opporthe
articles by Dr. Joseph H. Odell which have been appearing tunity for Russia to determine her own political development. in The Outlook on our training camps, under the title “The VII. The evacuation and restoration of Belgium. VIII. The New Spirit of the New Army,” have been published in book restoration of invaded France and the righting of the wrong form by the Fleming H. Revell Company, 158 Fifth Avenue, done to France in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine. IX. The New York City, with an Introduction by Mr. Baker, Secretary readjustment of the frontiers of Italy. X. Autonomous develof War. In this Introduction Mr. Baker says: “ These chapters opment of the peoples of Austria-Hungary. XI. Evacuation of interested me greatly when in part they first appeared in The Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro, and guarantees to the BalOutlook, for I found in them a complete understanding of the kans. XII. Autonomous development of the non-Turkish parts work of the War Department Commission
on Training Camp of Turkey and international guarantees for the Dardanelles. Activities."
XIII. An independent Polish state. XIV. A general associaIn the same patriotic spirit which prompted these articles on tion of nations. the training
camps Dr. Odell is now writing for The Outlook a To this address, intended very clearly not primarily for Conseries of articles on the necessity of establishing a durable peace gress but for the Central Empires, both the German Chancellor, on the battlefield before negotiations can be taken up at the Count von Hertling, and the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Min