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MEN OF THE IMPERIAL GUARD DIVISION The officer in the left foreground with sword drawn is Prince Li of Korea, who, as a member of the Japanese Imperial Guard, is gaining military experience PICTURES OF THE FORCES THAT MAY ENTER SIBERIA Grand Maneuvers, held a few weeks ago. hey are of special interest and timeliness in view of the fact that either General Otani or General land in Siberia, and that event may happen before this issue of The Outlook reaches its readers
the election took place, some votes being challenged, some votes sworn in ; and the lesson was so thoroughly learned that in that spring election as many women as men voted, and not one woman's vote had to be thrown out.
We ought to add, to avoid any possible misapprehension, that all of these movements were initiated before the editorial in
The Outlook was published. We cannot, therefore, claim the honor of having had any share in bringing them about. We hope that this publication may stimulate other communities to organize similar education classes, and we should like to see them so organized and carried on that men as well as women could get the benefit of them.
SOME WASHINGTON PORTRAITS
SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE BY FREDERICK M. DAVENPORT
\HE struggle of a few weeks ago in Congress for a War there. And he does not seem to have been fooled much in his
Cabinet has faded in the distance. Things have waked up information or his insight about men. He is rated high in
in the inner circle in Washington since it happened, and Washington for acute human penetration. And it is the human there is far more deference in the matter of letting the country side of Daniels which is most attractive. He has fine sympathies know what is going on. And there is more chance for the really and splendid horse sense.
and splendid horse sense. His enemies say he is not the greatpowerful civilian personalities who are at work in Washington est man in the United States. Well, who is ? to have a free hand in their important service. Of course the
And next take Baker. Not yet forty-seven, short, black War Cabinet idea never had a look-in towards fulfillment while haired, clean-shaven, still youthful in appearance. A man whose the President was opposed.
mind, I judge, runs far more easily among the idealistic moral It is futile in a time like this to make a prolonged fight ities than among the sheer brutálisms of things necessary to for any particular form of machinery, anyway. If Stettinius put the moralities across. Not a man perhaps who might have and Hoover and Hurley and Goethals and men of that sort been selected for Secretary of War if war had been on wlan be can have their energies fully released, that is what the country was selected. But just then the President was keeping is out is after. It is the opportunity for the effectiveness of the of war. Strangely enough, if my memory serves me right, human element that counts, and not any particular kind of Baker came into office within a day of the Villa raid. That machinery.
must have been a rude awakening for a man who normally hates Nevertheless the War Cabinet plan had the germ of need war. Not that Baker is a mollycoddle. Far from it. Ask the and truth in it all right. What is demanded more than any city of Cleveland. Ask the men who tried to get the Cleveland thing else in Washington this minute is a small group of men water-front away from the people. I can understand why Wilson who are free to think, and nothing else, and to form their con likes him. He has a mind that works like chain lightning, a clusions each day from the expert information of the day. Then fair mind, a scholar's mind, but full of rich human experi the Administration would not again and again bump up against ence, a good mixer, a liberal. I think very likely he has been trouble which might have been foreseen. There is nothing until recently too complacent about his Department and its Washington needs so much as pre-vision about the organization activities. The War Department is a harder job than the of material things. And it does not make a bit of difference Navy, and is normally not in as good order. And in sifting where these pre-visioners are located provided they are free to men out and in the development of the “ follow-up " system think and to put their thinking across. The latest device seems to see that things in the whole war organization are fit to be to make assistant secretaries of some of them in the War and right, the Army seems to have fallen considerably behind Department. All right, let them sit on top of the Washington the Navy. The great contribution which Baker has made to the Monument-anywhere-only give pre-vision in material, mun country is the human welfare environment of the army camps. dane, military matters a chance to show what it can do. Wash. There has been nothing like that among armies in the history ington is short on thinkers and long on men of energy running of the world. And if-which may God forbid! - America should around in circles.
be, in the course of events, estopped from bringing her whole There is a real War Cabinet in Washington, anyway,
and power of sacrifice to bear in this conflict upon the cause of there has been all along—the “reg'lar fellers”. —and, I
civilization and freedom, the very safety of the country for the that is one reason the President resented the new idea so keenly. future would lie in the deliberate retention of universal train
. The real War Cabinet are Wilson, McAdoo, Baker, and ing, and the carrying out of the Baker idea on its social and Daniels. And perhaps I ought to add Gompers. But, not being industrial as well as military side into the immediate physical. exactly a “reg lar feller," I suppose he must be listed among mental, and moral disciplining of the Nation. And my judgment the extraordinarily effective civilian outsiders. And Secretary is that if the purely militaristic ideal were safeguarded by the Lane must not be forgotten, with his far-reaching plans for an social and vocational check, there would be little opposition effective mastery of our natural internal resources while the war from men like Baker and those who think as he does about pure lasts and a greater America when the war is done. But I am militarism in the United States. To say that Baker is a pacifist talking about the central intensive power group. And they are by nature, as Senator Weeks did in Congress, is absur . Ang Wilson, McAdoo, Baker, and Daniels.
way, Mrs. Baker isn't, judging by the words of a song To begin with Daniels. Whatever the newspapers may have she sang yesterday to the men at Camp Meade: said of him in the past, he is a good old scout, And an efficient
“ We are ready now to serve, Uncle Sam, old scout-the country has at last learned that. He was lucky
We have money, men, and nerve, Uncle Sam, to get his dose of criticism early. And don't you doubt that he
We will stick through thick and thin till we shut them in Berlin, profited by it. Most of the criticism was undeserved, anyway.
For, by God, we're going to win, Uncle Sam. He may
have been a little over-stiff in the backbone in his suspicions about munition profiteers-that is a trait that runs
Let the eagle flap his wings, Uncle Sam ;
These are sorry days for kings, Uncle Sam, through the whole inner Administration circle. It is a trait
And the Kaiser and his crew will be missing when they're through that can be overworked in a crisis, but the country does not With the old Red, White, and Blue, Uncle Sam.” reckon it to be a bad trait. And Daniels insisted upon liquor being kept out of the Navy on grounds of efficiency and safety. And take McAdoo. Now, I am not nominating anybody for It is too late in the day to put a twenty-million-dollar super the Presidency. As a Republican who believes that the Repub«lreadnought under the control of a booze brain. And the lican party, under liberal leadership, has naturally a far larger country is just learning, that efficiency is good old scout proportion of efficient men in it for the purposes of government
. Daniels's middle name. The Navy afloat and the naval depart I shall be acquitted of any subtle leading interest in Democratie ments at home are in charge of young, eager, virile, efficient candidates. But, next to President Wilson, his esteemed son-1Americans. And Daniels picked most of them and put them law, William Gibbs McAdoo, does as much thinking for the
United States as any man in the inner circle at Washington. the Senate, but it would be very illuminating if the country He is the kind of man who keeps a pad and pencil by his bed could get the sweep and power of his personality in his recent and wakes up very early in the morning and writes a letter to testimony before the Senate Committee on Finance or the Interthe President with new ideas in it which he thinks ought to be State and Foreign Commerce Committees of Congress. He put across. And, phew! how easy it is to get the President to bowled all his cross-examiners over as easily as if he were the read it! McAdoo is a thinker with a mind that works day and original expert in ten-strikes. night. And a constructive thinker, too. He woke up in the night The distinguished head of the power group is the President. with a merchant shipping programme in his brain in the very And with the verdict of history upon the mental method and inner month of 1914 in which war was declared. And he secured the nature of his great personality, of course the record of the whole assent of the President and tried to get his programme through power group will stand or fall. He is now the master interpreter at once, but it was long afterwards before the men of con of the practical international moralities. Thus Europe acclaims servative mind of both parties in Congress saw the need. And him. Did he orient himself in the international crisis too late? the final success of the Federal Reserve Act and the democrati Was a man of quicker instinctive insight needed in the leader. zation of that Act--that was McAdoo and Wilson. And now the ship of the country? His supporters everywhere maintain that Governmental control and operation of railways---the Director he was at all times fully abreast of the rapidly broadening General is McAdoo. The railway is a problem that he has conviction of the Nation, and that for weal or woe no faster studied for many years, and he had far less trepidation in progress toward the salvage of the world could have been made tackling it than he had about entering upon his duties as Secre than was made under his leadership. If the world is saved, that tary of the Treasury. McAdoo has not the reputation of being judgment of his supporters will stand in history. beloved of some New York financiers nor of the conservatives in Washington, February 26, 1918,
DARE WE DICKER FOR PEACE ?
BY JOSEPH H. ODELL
OOMING up on the horizon of National consciousness is Alsace-Lorraine, I would reply yes ; we are fighting for Alsacethe possibility of a negotiated peace-what William Lorraine, just as Germany is fighting for us and fought for Roscoe Thayer 1 has warned us against as a
Lemberg and Trieste. I know no difference between Strassburg
and Trieste. Peace.” The people realize its presence, they shrink from it as from a monstrous spiritual menace, they loathe it as the thing Those words give America its ultimatum : the Hohenzollerns that may make all of their chivalry and sacrifice vain, they and the Hapsburgs have an indissoluble pact. France is never dread it as the one and only door through which dishonor can to have Alsace-Lorraine and Italy is never to have Trieste on come to the American name, they feel instinctively that its only
any terms. legacy to the world will be a “potter's field.” They feel, how According to Chancellor von Hertling, Germany is still more ever, that it is possible, and this is beginning to fall like a resolute in the matter of territory, for he said late in January, nightmare upon the National spirit. They know that many “ We will never permit ourselves to be robbed of Alsaceapparently altruistic reasons can be given for wooing its closer Lorraine.” And, unless we have entirely misunderstood his approach. They understand that its ultimate disaster to man speech, von Hertling would not even discuss the question of kind can be hidden under immediate humanitarian sophistries. Belgium until the Allies are ready to accept unconditionally the For Americans are in the war body, mind, soul, wealth, and they integrity of all enemy territory as
integrity of all enemy territory as the only possible foundado not want and do not mean to crawl out of the war until the
tion for peace negotiations." That is, we must abandon the one object for which they entered it has been achieved—to crush Arabs and Armenians and Syrians to the gracious and gentle militaristic autocracy, or, in President Wilson's admirable ministrations of Turkey before Germany will even talk about phrase, “to make the world safe for democracy.” Their decision evacuating Belgium and northern France. To speak of peace is final, and they will damn any form of diplomacy which seeks terms, with Germany still in that mood, is as if a lamb were to deflect them from that splendid dedication.
to discuss internal politics with a lion. But this feeling is instinctive, intuitive, and inarticulate ; the The Chancellor's speech before the Reichstag February 25 people need to be interpreted to themselves. When they see in was more subtle but infinitely more dangerous. Von Hertling clear and concise words the sentiments and convictions which verbally assented to President Wilson's “ Four Principles, are stirring in their minds and hearts they give quick and em given February 11, but in such a way that his only purpose could phatic assent. Upto the delivery of his “Fourteen Points" speech have been to drive a wedge between the United States and of January 8, 1918, President Wilson was the clarion voice that Great Britain. England, he contends,' must agree to Mr. spoke for the people; his speech of that date and his address of Wilson's phrase, “ All well-defined national aspirations shall February 11, 1918, they are not quite able to harmonize. This be accorded the utmost satisfaction,” by giving up Ireland, does not mean that the people have abated their loyalty to the Egypt, and India before Germany can put the “ Four PrinciPresident, but simply that for the time being he has ceased to ples” into effect and evacuate Belgium. It looks as if two were speak their language. He may not have made himself perfectly playing the same game of " driving the wedge," and von Hertclear, or the people may have failed to understand his object. Iing had all the advantage. In the meantime Germany is eating Nevertheless they feel that the measured tones of diplomacy her way into the heart of Russia and knocking the Ten Comused in the January and February speeches are not the out mandments and international law to smithereens. Forty-three pouring of their souls.
months have passed since Germany began to smash laws, human In the first place, the American people are convinced that and divine, on the Belgian frontier--forty-three months of pereven if Austria-Hungary seems to be more compliant and rea fidy, outrage, and dishonor, forty-three months without a single sonable to-day it is only a pose assumed at the dictation of virtue to redeem the black record-and yet some are willing to Germany. As late as December, 1917, Count Czernin made this listen to the voice of Berlin as though it were the voice of an significant and conclusive statement :
equal! We are fighting for the defense of Germany, just as Germany President Wilson sent his reply to his Holiness Pope Beneis fighting for our defense. In this respect I know no territorial dict XV, on August 27, 1917, and the concluding paragraph boundaries. If any one should ask whether we are fighting for stands out as the mind of America then and the mind of 1 The distinguished American historian whose “Life of Cavonr" is now the
America now: standard and authoritative work on the achievement of Italian unity and popular Liberty. His article entitled “ Beware of a Judas Peace appeared in the
We cannot take the word of the present rulers of Germany " Saturday Evening Post” for February 16.
as a guarantee of anything that is to endure, unless explicitly
supported by such conclusive evidence of the will and purpose the misuse of prisoners of war, and a score of other atrocities of the German people themselves as the other peoples of the world would be justified as the successful means to an end-German would be justified in accepting. Without such guarantees treaties victory! That is, whatever withdrawals there might be from of settlement, agreements for disarmament, covenants to set up
Belgium and northern France, and whatever compensation arbitration in the place of force, territorial adjustments, reconstitu
might be paid for the destruction of property in those areas, tions of small nations, if made with the German Government, no
nevertheless Germany would be the unmistakable victor in the man, no nation, could now depend on. We must await some new
war and would be satisfied with the achievement. This the evidence of the purposes of the great peoples of the Central Powers. God grant it may be given, and in a way to restore the
American people cannot contemplate and will not tolerate. confidence of all peoples everywhere in the faith of nations and Beyond these considerations, Americans realize that we went the possibility of a covenanted peace.
into the war for something very different from territorial tech
nicalities. They know that we went into the war for a purpose What have the people of the Central Powers done recently much greater than to protect our own invaded or violated rights
. that might restore confidence? A momentary strike on regu While it is true that the specific grounds for our action were lation trade-union lines in Germany, and doubtless much mag enumerated as the sinking of our vessels, the destruction of the aified by the German censor in transmission for its effect on property of our citizens, restrictions put upon our commerce, American morale! Germany gay with bunting over the latest and the killing of Americans while they were exercising their and most dastardly perfidy of German autocracy--the indecent rights of travel upon the high seas, the Nation realized that we cape of prostrate Russia ! President Wilson described Germany, had become the champion of things more universal. In the December 4, 1917, as “the German Power, a Thing without President's words on April 2, 1917 : conscience or honor or capacity for covenanted peace.” Ger We are accepting this challenge of hostile purpose because we many is still that, and has proved it in its cowardly and conscience know that in such a Government, following such methods, we less treatment of Russia since the opening of 1918. Let us can never have a friend ; and that in the presence of its organanderstand clearly what has occurred: Russia went into the ized power, always lying in wait to accomplish we know not what Brest-Litovsk parley on the explicit understanding of negotiat purpose, there can be no assured security for the democratic gov. ing peace on the basis of “no annexations, no indemnities, and
ernments of the world. We are now about to accept gauge of the self-determination of peoples." Germany, in entering the
battle with this natural foe to liberty, and shall, if necessary, conference, accepted the terms. Germany began to haggle about
spend the whole force of the Nation to check and nullify its Poland and Courland. Lenine and Trotsky were helpless,
pretensions and its power. vacillating, and inefficient. The Bolsheviki hesitated, wavered,
Nothing has changed the situation since that fateful day and surrendered. True, they did not make peace, but they except such additional acts of autocratic brutality and lawless declared the war to be at an end, and began to demobilize the
ness as but strengthen our purpose. We have come to see that Russian armies. Then Germany boldly threw off the mask and
the war cannot be won unless we win it, and democracy cannot marched her waiting forces on a four-hundred-mile front
remain domiciled in the world unless our might makes its tenure straight into Russia, paying no more attention to the self secure. A negotiated peace at this time, or in the near future, determination of the Russian or Polish peoples than a snake
means that all the heroic and sacrificial endeavors of our allies pays to the self-determination of a fatally fascinated bird will have gone for naught. No matter how great our horror at von Hertling's subsequent statement concerning Courland and the thought of our sons and brothers falling thick upon the
battlefield, we are so placed now that we cannot assume the Germany has changed since August, 1914, only for the worse.
initiative in negotiating peace without meriting the shame of Every vile and disreputable and treacherous thing that a nation having deserted Belgium, France, Britain, and Serbia after they could do Germany has done and in deepening degree as the
have poured out their life on our behalf. Four hundred miles of months have passed. If America enters into any kind of nego
blood-sodden land, from the North Sea to the Swiss border, has tiations for peace with an undefeated Germany, America will become the only line of honor on which Americans can stand. be tricked and betrayed even as Russia has been. While Ger
The story of Louvain and Liège makes Thermopylæ seem many has a sword in her hand she is incapable of a covenanted pale; shall all that Belgian crimson splendor go for naught? peace. And if Germany can trick and betray America through Shall the imperishable deeds of the Marne and Verdun be the simulated compliance of Austria, Germany will surely do
thrown away in a lusterless barter? Shall Ypres and the it. And some of the American people are afraid that the first
Somme be counted as the last forlorn hope of the Anglo-Saxon innings of the game are being played.
while we dicker for immunity, protected by the British fleet? In the second place, the American people are resolutely de
Americans will not have it so; we must go on, though the costs termined to overthrow the militaristic autocracy of Germany.
be staggering ; we must and shall go on until our armies have President Wilson fixed that determination in the mind and soul broken the frightful power of the Hohenzollern and the Hapsof the Nation in a series of magnificent addresses and state burg, and until with pride we can hand to our allies the rights papers during the first nine months of the war. By that deter and franchises of liberty to which we ourselves lay claim. A mination the people now stand and they refuse to abate it in negotiated peace with this unaccomplished would be treason to any degree; for they know that a peace made on any other humanity. terms will be a decisive German victory. The Allies are in no
In the third place, Americans are asking why this talk of a position to barter ; Germany has swept up most of the stakes negotiated peace should be creeping through the land. They and has abrogated all the rules of the game. Belgium, northern
know it cannot have sprung from the Marquis of Lansdowne's France, Serbia, most of Rumania, northern Italy, and all of
indiscreet letter of November 30, 1917. Are there any reasons eastern Russia are in Germany's hands. To offset all of these why America should move for peace by negotiation ? Îf so, the the Allies hold only a few remote and potentially valuable colo people ought to know them immediately. As no authoritative nies which Germany was just beginning to develop. If the war
statement has been given, guesses have been freely made. They should end now by negotiation, France would not receive Alsace
are somewhat as follows: Lorraine-German victory! If the war should end now, Italy 1. That German propaganda has penetrated America would not recover Trieste and the Austrian outlying lands through pacifists, through Austria's simulation, and through inhabited by Italian people—German victory! If the war such channels as Ireland, Holland, and the Vatican ; and that should end now, German influence would be paramount through
it has succeeded in modifying the stern front America presented Middle Europe and at least as far as the Taurus Mountains
to the Central Powers up to the close of 1917. German victory! If the war should end now, Serbia, Monte This surmise is the most difficult of all to disprove, because aegro, and Rumania would remain at the mercy of Austria we have had no ringing declaration of our primal dedication Hungary and Turkey-German victory! If the war should end since the beginning of the present year. If President Wilson aow, there would be no chance of the southern Slavonic peoples would announce to the people that every phrase and sentence of coming to any form of self-determining nationality-German his thrilling speech of December 4, 1917, still stands, unmoduvictory! If the war should end now, ruthless submarine war. lated and unabated and unglossed, we could say without a fare against neutrals, aerial bombardment of unfortified places, quaver that we shall go on until the Teuton demon is exorcised
from the body politic of the world. Americans continue to we ought to know it immediately, and abandon our futile quote from the December 4 speech :
dreams and settle down to the nasty but inevitablo business of Let it be said again that autocracy must first be shown the
living as serfs. utter futility of its claims to power or leadership in the modern But the American people will never accept such a conclusion, world. It is impossible to apply any standard of justice so long and they will never sanction a negotiated peace on the assumpas such forces are unchecked and undefeated as the present tion that it is true. Possibly the war may not be won in 1918. masters of Germany command. Not until that has been done but if not then it may be won in 1919, and even if not then can right be set up as arbiter and peacemaker among the na 1920 will see the achievement. We have at least twenty million tions. But when that has been done-as, God willing, it assur men of fighting age available for the front lines, and by 1919 edly will be-we shall at last be free to do an unprecedented thing, and this is the time to avow our purpose to do it. We
or 1920 we can have them so adequately equipped and muni. shall be free to base peace on generosity and justice to the
tioned that they will ultimately crush the German front like an exclusion of all selfish claims to advantage even on the part of
eggshell. That is, we have everything necessary for finally de the victors.
feating autocracy, and we would rather take two, three, or four Let there be no misunderstanding. Our present and immedi years of unparalleled effort in doing it than to bring our soldiers ate task is to win the war, and nothing shall turn us aside until home and leave the brutal Kaiser to stride across Europe and it is accomplished. Every power and resource we possess, Asia chanting his hymn of hate and blasphemously appropriatwhether of men, or money, or of materials, is being devoted to ing the Almighty while he and his kin wallow in blood and lust
until it is achieved. Those who desire to bring We are going to win this war in fair fight or brand ourselves as peace about before that purpose is achieved I counsel to carry
cowards and defaulters for all time. their advice elsewhere. We will not entertain it. So, if President Wilson has not absolutely and radically
4. That our Government is falling down in the matter of war
equipment production-shipping, munitions, armament, airchanged his mind since last December, it is certain that the craft--and an early negotiated peace would hide our shame and German peace propaganda must be in vain. And the people of save our face. America still stand dedicated upon the President's platform: “ Our present and immediate task is to win the war, and Perhaps there have been vacillation and confusion, misdirer nothing shall turn us aside until it is accomplished.” “ Not tion and fossilization, in some of our departments; perhaps we until that has been done can right be set up as arbiter and may fail to keep our schedule in ship-building or machine guns peacemaker among the nations.” We will talk peace only when or high explosives or aircraft; perhaps the stupidity of our two the militaristic autocracy admits defeat.
years and a half of false security and unpreparedness may exact 2. That France and Great Britain are reaching the point
an awful toll in flesh and blood; perhaps all these things and where they cannot depend upon the loyalty of labor at home,
more. But France was not ready when hell broke over her, and therefore an early peace on the best possible terms should be
England paid for her prejudice against modern high explosives negotiated— America opening the way.
to the extent of a quarter of a million precious lives. We can
not flinch and falter as a Nation because some of our bureauThis rumor is contrary to the facts. On December 19, 1917, crats blundered. We dare not betray the world future of the Socialist group in the French Chamber of Deputies sent a democracy because some of our officials tumbled over their office letter to their fellow-Socialists in Russia pleading with the revo furniture. lutionists not to betray their allies by making a separate peace Washington had blunders and blunderers enough to contend with Germany. They wrote: “And we French Socialists, who with, God knows; but he did not negotiate peace until Corn: find in the seriousness of events and in the consciousness of our wallis proffered the hilt of his sword at Yorktown. Lincoln had responsibilities the inspiration for these friendly declarations, deficiencies and inefficiencies enough, God knows; but he set we do not hesitate to say to you: we also realize the extent of our his face like a flint against a negotiated peace until Lee stood duties. French Socialists will do nothing to weaken the resist in unconditional surrender at Appomattox. That was the breed ance of the army and people of France, but rather strengthen of the men who gave America its proud place among the nations the morale of both, and forcefully implore the Allied Govern- and predestinated it to be the savior of democracy, and it will ments that they clearly indicate by actions their oft-repeated be hard to persuade Americans that the strain has faded oui declarations that they are fighting because they are attacked, and of the race. It was only after the maximum of deliberation thai that they would obtain no peace other than that of right. America entered the war, and with the maximum of determina Never for a moment has the French Government found reason tion America will stay in the war. We will correct our mis for doubting the continued loyalty of the French Socialists. takes, repair our blunders, speed up our machinery, redouble
So far as British labor is concerned, the decision of the British our energy, multiply our sacrifices, and we will stay with our Labor party on December 28 seemed to be so final that it was gallant allies, encouraging them and reinforcing them, until we accepted by the Inter-Allied Labor Conference in London on crush what President Wilson has called “ the German power, a February 22, on which occasion Leader Arthur Henderson said: Thing without conscience or honor or capacity for covenanten “ We are willing to negotiate with the enemy, but not with an peace.” olive branch in our hands while he clutches a sword in both of Lead on, Mr. President, lead on to the battlefield; a united his. No, we look into the future and regard the problem with dedicated Nation will follow you. Lead on to victory; the eye: the seriousness and importance it demands. Both sides must be of the entire world are focused on you and the hopes of all the prepared to accept a solution which will have for its main object peoples for ages to come are dependent on your resolution the destruction of militarism." After the experience of the Lead on, and fulfill the pledges which America gave to God as Bolsheviki with German treachery it is quite safe to say that they fell from your lips in your great speeches of 1917. neither French nor British labor will play the Kaiser's game by faltering in allegiance to its own Government.
[Press despatches from correspondents in Washington who 3. That American military authorities, after a survey of the
are close to the Administration have appeared in the daily paperbattle-ground, believe that the German front is too strong to be
saying that President Wilson is about to declare to Congress. broken and the German army is too strong to be defeated.
the country, and the world that Germany's evident
territorial conquest in Russia shows the necessity of overthrow If that is true, some one whose word cannot be doubted ing her band of autocratic and militaristic rulers by the power should announce the decision to the American people at once, of the Allied armies. Such a declaration by the President may and in terms blunt and clear. If it is true that all the skill and be made before this issue of The Outlook reaches our readers resources of France, Great Britain, and Italy, plus all the skill We earnestly hope so. It seems to us the only conclusion to and resources of the United States, cannot break the German which enlightened statesmanship can come. Reason has been power, then the sooner we know it'the better. It means that appealed to without success. The final appeal is to the sword. democracy has failed in the presence of autocracy, that might A final and conclusive declaration to this effect by the President is stronger than right, that liberty and justice can continue in would be welcomed and loyally supported throughout the the world only on sufferance granted by tyranny. If it is true, country.—THE EDITORS.)