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on the shoulders of the President. The temper of the editorial is fairly indicated by the following quotation :

Under our form of government, Mr. Wilson is entirely responsible and solely responsible for the choice of his Cabinet and for the selection of administrative officers outside of the Cabinet. In no other country in the world, certainly not in Germany or in England or in France, is there a chief executive with so much power, power almost amounting to real dictatorship. For the lamentable failures of the present Administration, therefore, Mr. Wilson and Mr. Wilson alone is responsible. Therefore we may expect sooner or later that in spite of all the idolatry of the past Mr. Wilson will come in for a large share of the blame. Of course the President is to blame. But that is only a superficial view of the matter. We, the people, are infinitely more culpable. After all, Mr. Wilson is doing what his nature and accomplishments permit him to do. He is trying his best to be a good war President. But we donable mistake of electing Mr. Wilson President. There lies the real blame. ... We voted for him because he was neutral about the ruin of Belgium and because he was worse than neutral about the sinking of the Lusitania. ... We are sorry that a fairly large section of the public acts just like the New York “World.” Having voted for Mr. Wilson in order to be allowed to go on profiting by the war, and having hedged Mr. Wilson round with a sanctity that few monarchs and fewer saints have ever enjoyed, they are now beginning to look for some one to blame, because they possibly have not enough coal to keep them warm and not enough sugar to sweeten their

coffee.

Our only hope of real and permanent improvement is, first, that the Nation shculd realize its own culpability and put the blame where it belongs, on its own shoulders. For the Nation elected Mr. Wilson with its eyes open. Second, that every one, even if he is a Democrat, should cease to be an idolater and stop talking as if to criticise the Administration were blasphemy. No one in England thinks he is aiding the enemy simply because he ventures to suggest that Lloyd George might possibly be mistaken. Look at Northcliffe's utterances. It is a positive fact that if

any

Ameri. can newspapers said about Mr. Wilson what tlie “ Times” and “Daily Mail” have said about Lloyd George and Asquith, Mr. Burleson would refuse to pass them through the mail. With rather grim irony, Mr. Burleson has answered this editorial in the Metropolitan” by refusing to pass it through the mail. When we say Mr. Burleson, we do not mean that he personally issued the order. But certainly he is responsible for such acts in hiş Department. The order came from Postmaster Patten, of New York City. No one supposes that the New York Postmaster issued such an order, nor can he legally do so, without authority from the Post-Office Department. Mr. Lamar, the Solicitor for the Post-Office Department, has issued a public statement in which he says that the Department did not issue such an order, but that he (the Solicitor) wrote to the Postmaster of New York about the article by Mr. Hard in the “ Metro politan," and that his " letter may have been so unfortunately worded as to fully warrant such notice to the publishers.” The Administration has had a number of vexatious experiences with unfortunate phrases. It is certainly unfortunate that the periodical with which Theodore Roosevelt is associated should be debarred from the mails, even if such debarment was due not to intent but to dubious and confusing phraseology on the part of the Government.

No public action has been taken against the anti-Ally, and therefore seditious, statements of the Hearst newspapers, or the unspeakable course of that once outspokenly pro-German periodical formerly known as the “Fatherland” and now camouflaged under the nom de guerre “ Viereck's Weekly.” “ Viereck’s Weekly” has been persistent and malignant in its attack on Mr. Roosevelt because of his "win-the-war” activities, but then Mr. Roosevelt is merely an ex-President. Meanwhile, at this writing, March 12, we learn by telephone that the March Metropolitan” is still debarred from the United States mails.

woman candidate on the Prohibition ticket, but her candidacy was evidently not taken seriously by the women voters, for she received only 382 votes out of the over 9,000 ballots cast by the women in that district. The Democrats won by a large plurality in all four districts, and the result is taken by political leaders as a vote of confidence in President Wilson's announced policy of carrying on the war vigorously.

All observers agree that the women voters showed intelligence, facility, and determination in their first appearance at the polls and in their handling of the technique of marking and casting their ballots. Their interest in their new civic function is indicated by the fact that ninety per cent of the registered women voted, while less than forty per cent of the men who were registered appeared at the polling-places. This is partly explained by the fact that the men registered last October for the Mayoralty election, while the women registered only recently for this special Congressional election. Nevertheless, making due allowance for this fact, it is clear that the women' showed a more serious and determined purpose in the election than the men. The election did not appear to interfere with the house keeping or maternal duties of the women voters, and many of them expressed themselves as finding the operation less difficult and confusing than they had anticipated.

That the men are beginning to feel that their jokes at the expense of the women voters are recoiling on their own heads is indicated by the following clever verses, signed “John O'Keefe” and entitled “ The Missus's Vote,” which we find in the New York "World :"

" And what frock will you wear when you vote?”

To the missus said I.
« Will

you put on that marvelous coat
That it broke me to buy?
Will you dazzle the girls at the polls
With

your burden of boas and stoles
From the sables and foxes and moles ?”

To the missus said I.
You've another guess coming, old beau,"

Said the missus to me.
This is not any Dressmakers' Show,

Imitating Paree!
For the costume I'm putting on view
(That is, figuratively), for you
Is composed of the Red-White-and-Blue,"

Said the missus to me.
“Will you vote just about as you shop?”

To the missus said I,
“ With a whirl at your cerebral top

And with fingers that fly?
Is a candidate yours for his airs ?
Or the color of necktie he wears ?
Or the way that he brushes his hairs ?”

To the missus said I.
When your cheap little jesting is done,

Said the missus to me,
" I will vote for the Flag-and-the-Gun,

And a world to be free ;
For the triumph of Right in the fray,
And the Yankees' victorious way,
And a peace that shull evermore stay !"

Said the missus to me.
From results of the ballot-box fight,
It appears that she voted all right!

WOMEN SUCCESSFUL AS VOTERS

On March 5 the women of New York City had their first opportunity to show their mettle as voters on questions of National politics. In four Congressional districts within the city there was a special election for Representatives in Congress. In each of the four districts a Democrat, a Republican, and a Socialist candidate stood for election. One district put forward a

THE WISCONSIN SITUATION

A fortnight ago the upper house of the Wisconsin Legislature censured Senator La Follette for his attitude in the war. The lower house has, we are glad to say, confirmed this action. As one of the Assemblymen said, “ The State of Wisconsin is on trial before the bar of public opinion.” He continued :

The people of the Nation ... expect us to condemn and rebuke those in high and representative places who have sought to quibble and question and hamper and obstruct our Government in the successful prosecution of the war. Senator La Follette has by his actions ... brought the fair name of the State

of Wisconsin into ili repute. The people of this Nation demand between the two arises from Trotsky's conviction that the of us to rise to the occasions This much we must do; we Russians ought to fight against a peace extorted by forca con can do no less.

viction which comes too late in the day to be of value. The Legislature's action , significant of the opinion in Wis The discussion of the proposed Japanese intervention in consin concerning one wnose expulsion from the United States Siberia has continued. It has been denied that the United Senate is now being considered by a committee of that body. States has made (as had been reported from Japan) a demand He has had great popularity with a certain element in his State. for a guarantee of the withdrawal of Japanese troops from How much he has lost with those recent supporters who are now

Siberia after the Russian crisis is over. standing with the Federal Government is not yet known, but The German advance towards Petrograd was unfairly we are sure that there has been a greai, and that there will be pushed forward for days after the peace treaty was signed a greater, shrinkage.

but seems to have been stopped during the week ending The Legislature's action also clears the situation for immedi March 12, presumably to await the action of the Moscom ate activity in the Senatorial primary campaign to fill the Congress. Reports from eastern Russia say that Prince Lvoft vacancy caused by Senator Husting's death. For the Republi- has put himself at the head of a movement in Siberia to fight an primary nomination there have been three candidates the Bolsheviki, to repudiate the peace treaty, and to aid JapaJames Thompson, a follower of La Follette ; former Governor nese troops which may be landed at Vladivostok. Prince Lyoff Francis E. McGovern, a man of high administrative ability it will be remembered, was the head of the Council of Minister and in the forefront among Wisconsin statesmen; and Irvine which assumed power in Russia just after the deposition of the L. Lenroot, the able Wisconsin Representative in Congress. Czar. There are other indications of armed resistance to Ger On March 11 Mr. McGovern announced his withdrawal from many in Russia, especially among the Cossacks under General the race. Mr. McGovern's action, as stated, was based on the Semenoff. indictment, on the charge of violating the Espionage Act, of Victor Berger, the Socialist candidate. This indictment, as Mr. McGovern says, practically removing Berger from the list of

RUMANIA SUBMITS andidates, may cause Berger's followers to go in a body to the Sympathy rather than condemnation is the universal feel

. support of James Thompson, the La Follette candidate, at the ing toward Rumania. From the time she entered the war she Republican primaries, and insure his nomination on the Repub- has been unfortunate, and she has also been betrayed. If there lican ticket should both Lenroot and McGovern remain in the had been complete unity in the plans of the Allies, Rumania field to divide the patriotic vote of the party. The statement

would not have been allowed to enter upon a widely extended issued by Mr. McGovern concludes:

offensive campaign without support. She did not receive at In the public interest, therefore, and so that my party may not the time of her first defeat the support she should have had be disgraced and discredited for years to come, as now seems from Russia. Finally, the military dissolution of Russia left inevitable unless the choice of the Republicans is narrowed down Rumania, or what was left of Rumania, open to hopeless defeat to one candidate on each side of the great, vital, and tran The treaties between Rumania and the Teuton Powers and scendent issue of loyal and patriotic Americanism, I now retire between Rumania and Russia deprive Rumania not only of in Mr. Lenroot's favor and place my services at his disposal.

that part of the Dobrudja which Rumania received in 1913 after Mr. McGovern's action will redound to his credit.

the second Balkan War, but of the older Dobrudja territory Writing to The Outlook, Mr. Lenroot also takes this view of which Rumania took from Turkey under the Treaty of Berlin the coming onslaught on the Republican primaries. He says: in 1878. This cuts Rumania off from the Black Sea, or at least " The loyalty fight is in the Republican party ; the pro-Ger- from her best Black Sea port, Constanza. Presumably, in any mans and pacifists seem to think that because of La Follette's distribution of Balkan territory which should follow a German attitude they can make their best fight there. It is going to mean victory in the war, the Dobrudja would go to Bulgaria

, Bess hard campaign, but I think we are going to win.”

arabia would go to Russia, under German control, and the The principal Democratic candidate at the coming primaries main part of Rumania would be one of those nominally self1- Joseph E. Davies, a member of the Federal Trade Commis- governing states which would in all but name be Teuton depen-ion, who is said to enjoy the Federal Administration's support

. dencies. Rumania undertakes to evacuate Bessarabia at one,

and a common belief is that Germany has agreed that Russia

that is, a German-managed Russia--may re-enter Bessarabia. RUSSIA'S FATE IN SUSPENSE

To the All-Russian Congress of Soviets, which met in Moscow on March 12, President Wilson sent the following

THE AMERICAN ARMY IN ACTION message:

There is a stir of spring activity in the armies on the westMay I not take advantage of the meeting of the Congress of ern front. In this activity the American troops are taking the Soviets to express the sincere sympathy which the people of constantly greater part. For instance, on March 11 came the the United States feel for the Russian people at this moment reports of a raid on that day which is described as the first when the German power has been thrust in to interrupt and wholly American raid and reconnaissance. It was in the sector turn back the whole struggle for freedom and substitute the

north of Toul, had been carefully rehearsed, and was a notable wishes of Germany for the purpose of the people of Russia ?

Although the Government of the United States is, unhappily, aot now in a position to render the direct and effective aid it

The accounts state that our American barrage fire was

ad would wish to render, I beg to assure the people of Russia

mirably managed. Under its cover the American force (th through the Congress that it will avail itself of every opportu censor will not allow the number to be stated and provoking! nity to secure for Russia once more complete sovereignty and cuts out other interesting details) advanced boldly, penetrate independence in her own affairs and full restoration to her great for three hundred yards the German first and second lines côle in the life of Europe and the modern world. The whole inflicted many casualties on the enemy, captured munitions and heart of the people of the United States is with the people of

supplies, and returned without the loss of a man. Russia in the attempt to free themselves forever from autocratic

Casualty lists just published give the names of thirtygovernment and become the masters of their own life.

American soldiers killed in action, but before the raid just The Moscow Congress has been called for the express pur described. The new system of giving out casualty lists from pose of ratifying the peace treaty signed by Germany and dele Washington under which name, rank, and cause of death or gates representing Lenine. How far it is truly national and character of wound alone are given, and the residence in thi representative is doubtful; some reports state that it is made up country, date, and place of action are withheld, has caused much solely, or nearly so, of delegates from the workmen’s, soldiers", criticism and anxiety here. It is said, however, that General and peasants' committees.

Pershing thinks that any fuller report might be of value to the Meanwhile Petrograd despatches speak of a split in purpose enemy. and feeling between Lenine and Trotsky, and the resignation of The safe arrival in France of the American Secretary of the latter as head of the Russian Foreign Office. The division War and of transports carrying ten thousand American troops

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TWO WAYS TO ADVANCE THE GOOD WORK OF WINNING THE WAR FOR CIVILIZATION

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is another cause for congratulation on this side of the to prevent or answer any challenge to this country. He urged water,

this, not with the idea of outstripping other countries, but Our British comrades on the western fighting front were in merely to enable the United States to hold its own. He de fierce action on March 8 and 9, in the Ypres-Dixmude sector. clared that “ treaties are of no use without a fleet," and that They sustained savage and repeated attacks by the Germans “ battle-ships are cheaper than battles.” on those days, and where the British were first driven back Events since those words were uttered have confirmed their locally they later by counter-attacks re-established their lines. truth.

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A GREAT IRISH LEADER

MUSIC FOR CHILDREN In the early eighties Charles Stewart Parnell fell from If any one would like to see fifteen different nationalities grace as an Irish leader. John Edward Redmond rose to take in the process of being welded into citizenship, let him call at his place. Not as spectacular as Parnell had been, Redmond the red brick building, evidently adapted from three former proved to be a far safer leader for Ireland.

dwellings, at 51, 53, and 55 East Third Street, New York City, His thirty-seven years of service in the House of Commons on the first Sunday afternoon of any month. have now ended. He was sixty-eight years old. His death has East Third Street runs from the Bowery to the East River. come as a shock to all who have watched the Irish leader's It is a typical East Side street. Its passers-by are Jews, of seemingly youthful strength. Mr. Redmond's portrait appears course Russian, Rumanian, Hungarian, Austrian, German

, TE on page 450.

Syrian Jews. But there are also Christians-Armenian, Ital

dere The truth is that Redmond was what every great leader must ian, French, Belgian, Swedish, and white and black American

Voza be, no matter what his later attainments—he was a real person and Chinese besides. ality. He gloried in the title of Irishman, and no man ever Inside the building on a recent Sunday afternoon the visitor theo presented to the world the virtues of the Irish more attractively. might have found children from five years of age up, standing de

In the second place, Redmond's long Parliamentary experi- and sitting about, enjoying their so-called “ rally," or rehearsal ence and his incessant devotion to Parliamentary activity made for the public concert of the school given in Carnegie Hall on him notable. When one heard him speak in the House of Com March 6.

It i mons, therefore, he gave the impression not only of a party This is one of the features of an enterprise which has existed leader but also of a Parliamentary authority.

for a quarter of a century. Inspired by it, twenty other similar with a Though for years vigorously opposed to Mr. Redmond on all enterprises in various parts of the country have been estah The Irish political questions, Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster leader, lished. It is the Music School Settlement. recalling that he had known Mr. Redmond for thirty-five years, A thousand children in New York City go to this school

esperie said: “I cannot recollect that one bitter or personal word ever They sing free of charge. They take lessons for which they pas such a passed between John Redmond and myself. . . Indeed, we from ten to fifty cents—and last year some thirty thousand were not very far apart in our attempts at a settlement of the hours were devoted to those lessons. The settlement has a Irish question. . . . He was a great Irishman and an honor- library of seventy-five hundred compositions. These statistics i to able opponent, and as such I mourn his loss."

are eloquent. But they become more eloquent when we realize But the thing which Englishmen, Scotchmen, and Welshmen, that the children are not only learning to enjoy one of the fine as well as the great majority of Irishmen, are thinking of today arts, but have the benefit of the best instruction, brought finanis Redmond's loyalty. At a time when he had attained the great cially within the reach of virtually every one in the community

, project of his life and had succeeded in getting Home Rule for where otherwise only three or four per cent would have the Ireland, knowing that his enemies might take advantage of the opportunity ; that the privilege of social service is impressed on war to cast a cloud over that law—as they did he was not de the pupils, as they are sent on many an occasion to play without terred from unrestrainedly and unconditionally pledging the aid charge for schools, churches, and charitable institutions ;

that

. of the Irish to England. His speech in the House of Commons on the other hand, the financial status of the pupils is improved at the outset of the war will rank with the great historic speeches by the hundreds of paid engagements secured to them through of our time. He set an example which all of Ireland should out the year; that, besides maintaining regular summer courses have followed. His open espousal of Great Britain's cause at that roof playground, and baths in the Third Street house, the critical time was worth thousands of men to the armies of liberty. Settlement sends more than a thousand children every summer

to two camps, one at Newfoundland, New Jersey, the other at

Sheepshead Bay, Long Island, and that out of all this the chil “ BATTLE-SHIPS ARE CHEAPER THAN BATTLES”

dren are becoming constructive forces in our civilization. Out An efficient public servant has just died-George von of the friendly tumult of the Sunday afternoons at the red Lengerke Meyer. He was not quite sixty years old. Born to brick building in Third Street, out of the violins scraping and great wealth, he used it well. It did not check his activity. tuning, out of the patience of the director, Mr. Arthur Farwell

. After his graduation he went into the rubber business and also have come attention and discipline. became an officer of many large industrial and financial con At the Music School Settlement there are applicants for cerns. He entered the Boston Common Council, and then the lessons who cannot be supplied. There is a long waiting list

. Massachusetts Legislature, where he became Speaker of the There are hosts of children who for lack of accommodations at House. In 1890 President McKinley appointed him Ambas the school are denied the chance to learn what music will mean sador to Italy, where his success justified his transfer to Russia to them as they grow older, and to find in it a solace in perplex

, by President Roosevelt, who two years later recalled him to accept ity and sorrow. The children who want to come to the school the portfolio of Postmaster-General. From this post he was should have the chance to come, and the men and women who transferred to that of Secretary of the Navy. As Secretary he are maintaining the school should be supported. showed the resources of a practical statesman who knew how to utilize direct business methods in cutting administrative red tape. But in this position he also displayed two qualities which

BLOCH'S YOUTHFUL SYMPHONY should cause his name to be remembered. The first of these qual America has become a refuge for musicians. Never befor TE ities was economy. Over and over he pointed out that we had too

were there so many people of distinction in the world of musie many dockyards for the size of our Navy. He recommended the resident in this country as there are today. One of the latest abolishment of such yards as that of New Orleans, a hundred arrivals is the famous violinist and violin teacher Auer, who is miles up the Mississippi River, and the extra yards in such for the time being at least, living in New York. Another such States as Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Florida, which refugee, if he may be so called, is the Swiss composer Ernest already

had one yard. The other quality was his sense of the Bloch. He is now te...hing and lecturing at the David Manne necessity of preparedness. He urged as the minimum of effi School in New York City, and is settled in that city with his ciency the construction of two battle-ships a year. Our naval family. policy, he said then, should be to possess a fleet powerful enough Last year a number of Mr. Bloch's works were

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and aroused considerable interest, partly because of their FOOD IN FRANCE intrinsic qualities and partly because they were set forth as

We are in receipt of some interesting little bread tickets examples of modern Jewish music. Mr. Bloch has called one of

from France. They show what the consumer has to meet there. his symphonies“ Israel;" he has named a group of his composi- They are issued by the French Government and are stamped; tions Three Jewish Poems;" and he has composed psalms and for instance, “3 Février," " 4 Février," or "5 Février, 1918," a Hebrew rhapsody. Last winter he conducted a cycle of his

as the case may be, and each reading “100 grammes de pain." Jewish works in Philadelphia.

The consumer gets three tickets each day, each ticket entitling On Friday afternoon, March 8, he conducted the Philhar

him to 100 grammes (about 32 ounces); he may thus count on monic Orchestra in a performance of his first symphony. It is not

a total of 1072 ounces a day. The difference between this ration one of his recent works. In fact, he composed it sixteen years

and the average daily consumption per heal before the war is ago, when he was twenty-one years of age, and he has frankly seen in the fact that then it was about 26 ounces per

head. acknowledged that it has probably the qualities and defects of

No cream may be offered at any public eating-place, only youth.” It is an astonishing production for a man just through milk, and even milk may not be offered after nine o'clock in the his preparatory musical studies. It is very hard for the layman morning. Nor may butter be served. Nor may solid food be to understand how anybody twenty-one years of age could

served between 9 and 11 A.M. and between 2:30 and 6:30 P.M. have mastered all the technical intricacies of music necessary for No restaurant keeper may serve at any meal more than four the production of such an orchestral work as this.

courses to the same customer : the first course to be soup, oysters, -), The amateur listener at that concert might well have won

or other hors d'ouvre; the second and third to be of meat or other dered how such a symphony would have struck Haydn or

dishes, with or without vegetables; and the fourth to be a dessert, Mozart. We can imagine either of these old worthies clapping such as fruits, compote, preserves, marmalade, or an ice made his hands to his ears and rushing to the street to find relief in

without milk, cream, sugar, eggs, or flour. Of course the making the clatter and the rumble of the Seventh Avenue subway of biscuits, pastry, and confectionery is prohibited. 1, under construction. Nevertheless, the work is obviously sincere,

Food coming under the public eating-place restrictions and TE

vigorous, and earnest, and in instrumental color original; but bought elsewhere may not be eaten at such establishments. More E IL it is terrifically noisy.

over, all restrictions of patrons of public eating places apply also It is not so much that there is but an occasional piece of

to persons living in an apartment or in a hotel, and to clubs and noise as it is that the noise is sustained. Dissonance is involved

other places where the consumption of food is not entirely free. HD with dissonance at high tension.

France is obviously restricted in her supply of food, and it is That, it seems to us, is one of the signs of the youthfulness of clearly possible that she may become even more restricted. The which Mr. Bloch himself has made mention. The greatest resultant obligation on America is evident. experiences in mature life do not express themselves in noise.

Such an impression of vastness bordering on infinity as may be to derived from the sight of the quiet sea or the prairie or the GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN THIS 1. sky at night is deepened by silence. Simplicity may almost be said to be an essential trait of greatness. The creative genius

At the very beginning of the war it was evident that there is the one who selects, out of the tangle of dissonances and com

were going to be in it not only bad deells, brutal deeds, but also plications and baffling inconsistencies and antagonisms of life, good deeds, magnaniinous deeds. One such is found in Coningsby pahit those elements that reveal unity and harmony

and wholesome Dawson's "Carry On :" It is only that youth who has not bad experience who is

During one fierce engagement a British officer saw a German stimulated by all the things that clash. So perhaps it is

officer impaled on the barbed wire, writhing in anguish. The presente natural that Mr. Bloch's symphony should be a sort of external

fire was alreadful, yet he still hung there unscathed. At length

the British officer could stand it no longer. He saiil, quietly : “I Te description of a young mau's view of this discordant world.

can't bear to look at that poor chap any longer.” So lie went out It would be easier to accept this as a piece of genuine ex under the hail of shell, released him, took him on his shoullers, pressionism on the part of a young man if there were intrinsic and carried him to the German trench. The firing ceased. Both musical beauty in the material which the composer used, but it sides watched the act with wonder. Then the commander in the is hard to discern any such intrinsic musical beauty at a single German trench came forwarıl, took from his own bosom the Iron hearing. The greatest pictures retain evidence of their greatness Cross, and pinned it on the brea of the British officer. Such an as pictures even in reproduction. So it is with the greatest

episode is true to the holiest ideals of chivalry ; anıl it is all the musical compositions. A Beethoven or a Brahms symphony is,

more welcome because the German record is stained by so many of course, but a pale reflection when it is played by two ama

acts of barbarism which the world cannot forgive. teurs in a four-hand arrangement on a pianoforte ; but those Another magnanimous deed has just taken place on this side amateurs who play that symphony again and again cannot of the Atlantic. The other day, on the coast at the Cape May remain in ignorance of the elements in the symphony that make aviation station, Ensign Walker Weed, one of the first it really great. We cannot imagine two amateurs playing a aviators to be graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of four-hand arrangement of Bloch and getting anything out of it. Technology, and one of the best fliers in the corps, was driving We cannot imagine them playing it, anyway.

a service liydro-airplane. When the plane was about fifty feet The great fault of even so honest and capable and astonish- above level, the wire which controlled the steering apparatus ing a piece of work as this is that it is hopelessly “modern.” broke. The plane plunged down. When it struck land, there That means that it is hopelessly artificial. The soldiers in camp was a back-fire, and the three gasoline tanks exploded, envelopwho sing“ Pack up Your Troubles in Your Old Kit Bag” will ing the machine and its occupants in a whirlwind of flame. appreciate the beauties of Schubert's “Unfinished Symphony;" Weed unstrapped himself and, with his clothes afire, ran but it is hard to imagine any group of people who have a natu towards the ocean, but before reaching it looked back to see ral liking for music, but are not sophisticated by any theories if his companion, William Bennett, was following. Bennett of modern musical impressionism, getting any enjoyment was still bound to the plane. Weed ran back, and finally extriexcept perhaps a thrill of astonishment out of the “ C Sharp cated Bennett. By this time both aviators were burning to Minor Symphony” by Ernest Bloch.

death, the flames being so fierce that the crystal of Weed's The armies that are fighting on the other side are making a wrist watch was melted off. They struggled towards the sea. great deal more noise than Napoleon's soldiers ever heard, but Bennett fell, breaking his nose, and, though Weed stumbled we have yet to hear that the great war has developed a Napo too, he succeeded in dragging the still helpless Bennett into the leon. A great many modern composers can make orchestras water, where they were freed from fire, rescued by brother perform more wonderful feats than Bach, with all his elaborate officers, and hurried to the base hospital. At first it was thought and marvelous counterpoint, ever imagined ; but, after all, Bennett would recover, though his legs had been burned pracBach, after nearly two hundred years, is still a “live one. tically to the bone. He died, however, a week later. Weed died

If a young composer should ask our advice as to how he might immediately, his death being due not so much to his fearful in the modern world attain distinction, we should counsel him burns as to the result of inhaling flames. to study simplicity.

His act of devotion deserves to be ranked alongside those

ness.

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