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his ears grew mobile in those long minutes of reaching and There was only one way to get him now. Through the bwart. stretching after distant sounds.

To wing him would be to lose the trick. And where was poor Nicholson's body?

But Nicholson, you see, as member of the force's revolver i Six feet is short range for a gunman to miss in. Perhaps in team, is one of the four best recorded military revolver shots in the very instant of firing the hand of the Negro had wavered the world. He waited till the moment of greatest possible prox. under his sudden recognition of the uniform of the State. imity had come. Then, forty yards from the fugitive, he raised Aimed at the heart, his bullet flew high, striking the left collar his Colt and fired a single shot. bone, shattering it to bits.

The Negro flung up his arms and plunged out of sight. The impact had felled Nicholson like a log-crumpled him As Nicholson reached the spot Mauk was already stooping up on the floor. But before the shrewish clock on the shelf had over the body. snapped many seconds away he was up and on his feet again, “ Dead,” Mauk growled. “ Clean shot, I must say. Through plunging through the door.

the heart." Then he rose to his feet, straightening up stiftis

, For a bit McCormick's yearning ears had detected the and turned on Nicholson a face of withering scorn. sound of his footsteps. Then utter stiilness succeeded, punctured “McCormick," he began, “ you quitter! You rookie! If any at intervals by shots.

one had told me this morning that you would disobey orders, I "One," McCormick counted. “ Two-three-four."

what? Good-Lord! Nick, man, is this your ghost ?” Single shots," he pondered. “Now, what's the meaning of Later that night Private McCormick, still alone, but grimly that?"

contented, conveyed the worse-than-murderer, Ofenloch, through Nicholson, following the two dark figures so far ahead, very dangerous waters safe to jail. counted the shots also. Meantime his running was a miracle. In the black of the morning, Dr. McKee, of Burgettstown Someway that bitter pain in his shoulder seemed only to act as extracted a 44-40 'flat-nose Winchester bullet from among the a spur. The jar of each step wrenched like red-hot pincers- débris that had been Private Nicholson's left collar-bone. and yet, in spite of it, the lad was running his very best.

Later still, at the coroner's inquest, the identity of the dead When the Negro, firing his fourth shot, vaulted the fence, Negro was established beyond a doubt. He was Charles Smith, Nicholson was already near enough to see the maneuver. And of Braddock, Pennsylvania, professional bad man and pay. so, because he understood it, he instantly changed his course, envelope robber. darting away on the hypothenuse of the triangle, to head off “ 'Twas all he did for a livin'; just skinnin' us poor devils."

as one grim-visaged miner averred. Calculating speed and space as he flew, he knew that he And the tone that rang through the speech found open should make the finish in time. Already he was half-way across,

. expression in street and slope and shaft-bucket, where men lle fixed his eye on the fugitive, now visible for the upper third slapped each other's shoulders, rejoicing, over deliverance from of his body beyond the fence. And, so gazing and so running, a curse, he failed completely to see a ditch directly in his path.

But the coroner's jury, in the matter of the verdict, took That ditch was eight feet deep and twelve feet wide. It was the bit in its teeth. faced with soft white snow. And yet, as Nicholson smashed to Suicide. We find that Charles Smith met death by suicide," the bottom, it could not have hurt him worse had it been a pit that jury continued to insist. of jagged stones. The splinters and sharp edges of his broken “ But Private Nicholson shot him shot him through the shoulder ground together under the impact of his whole weight. heart !" protested Mauk.

heart !" protested Mauk. “ Verdict must be rendered according For second his eyes saw purple and black in spots. A wave to the evidence." of ghastly sickness swept through him. Then he was up and “Of course, of course. That's just what it is, just what we're climbing out and away again, his left arm swinging oddly as sayin', ain't it? The deceased attacked a Pennsylvania State

policeman with a gun. Any man that attacks a Pennsylvania But the interruption had cost too much. Clearly, he could State policeman commits suicide,” insisted the foreman in all no longer hope to head off the man.

painstaking seriousness. Mauk, tearing down the trail from above, perceived him Then the corporal had to argue, to reason, to expound, for now-the unmistakable trooper figure silhouetted against the he wanted the formal verdict that would clear his comrade. white. And Mauk's breast, at the sight, even at that tense mo At last the thing came straight. ment, filled quick with the fires of unspeakable wrath.

“ Charles Smith,” declared the jury, “ while in the commis In Nicholson's head, however, one single idea was burning: sion of a felony, met his death at the hands of a member of the “I must get that man! I must get that man! If I don't, I'll State Police. And the said member of the State Police is hereby run till Easter. I'll never go back to the troop,"

exonerated from all blame."

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PACIFICISM, SOCIALISM, AND THE FIRE OF LIFE

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BY JOHN JAY CHAPMAN

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NTER arma silent leyes. (In war time the laws are silent.) osophic power. He would have a weak mind. Now the pacifist The clever old Romans appointed a dictator in times when bas a weak mind, in that he thinks he possesses a formula which

action was more important than theory. These same old will solve every situation." Don't strike,” he says ; but if you Romans, who were the greatest lawyers and lawgivers that the put his child in peril from an assassin who is killing all children world has known, whose religious sense was almost exclusively

in the name of God, your pacifist will strike. Ten to one it is expressed in law, had been taught in the days of their early merely the philosophic machinery that is weak in him, and not experience that law itself was a makeshift.

his courage or his common sense. He has not imagination Law is a crude system, and it breaks down in emergencies when enough to solve the problem on a slate ; but he can do so when spiritual forces dominate politics, whether for good or for ill. it arises in flesh and blood. Nothing is more remarkable than To take the most obvious case. You may kill a man in self the way in which our pacifists have been seeing the light during defense ; but the circumstances cannot be detined. The circum- the last twelve months. Send a pacifist to Belgium, and the natustances make the law. Here in miniature we have the Anglo ral tint will flash in his face, and he will fight like the next man: Saxon equivalent for the Roman maxim: Inter arma silent leges. It is the same with those who clamor for free speech-as if In a shipwreck private property is taken, men conscripted, food free speech were a formula that solved all the problems of free divided-anything necessary is done to save the ship. Every government; as if free speech were a metaphysical and indeemergency is its own excuse for a breach of law, and a person structible entity that must be guarded at every moment as the who should have such a conception of law as not to allow for sacred, heaven-descended image of liberty. Free speech is such emergencies would be devoid of common sense and of phil- merely a tendency. The phrase embalms one attribute of liberal

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yovernment. This phrase has been discovered during ages of brilliant minds of all ages as the subject of government-with de tes civil struggle, and is preserved as a convenient summary. the result that nothing is known about the matter except that Theme But no one thinks that you have a right to call meetings at the individual citizen must be a man of courage if freedom is which

you advocate measures that society holds in horror. Even to flourish. Every scrap and ounce of the world's free governfurther in the freest democracy you cannot advocate bomb-throwing ment has been bought by somebody's blood. Freedom fron

and free love. Why not? Because they are crimes ? No; but arrest, the right to choose one's own religion, the right to prop

because society has defined them as crimes. No one will claim erty, etc., have been bought by civil wars. All that is quite as the right to speak freely to enlisted men in order to get them certainly known about government is that one man will tyran

to desert. No one will claim the right to speak freely to the nize over the next until the sword has taught him not to try it. German Government about the sailing of our ships. But the The history of Germany well illustrates this point. Germany claim is made that during a war the same freedom to criticise herself never developed civil liberty. The example of England the Government shall exist as in time of peace if not the same and France taught her people to clamor for a constitution, but

freedom, then something as nearly like it as possible. Well, there when she finally received one it was of no avail. Her revoluNA you have the crux of the matter. It is true that a great deal tionaries could clamor, but they could not fight. The Prussian

more freedom of criticism can and will be allowed in a democ- legislature refused to vote Bismarck's war estimates, and the racy during a war than in a tyranny. But there is no dogmatic taxes were raised and paid without the parliamentary consent or absolute right in the matter. Treason, in old English law, (1862–1866). Civil war should have followed. But the German was the “imagining of the King's death;" and this definition people were cowed, ignorant, inexperienced. They had not the led to such abuses that the United States Constitution got round spirit of liberty, and the badges and lettering of liberty were

the matter rather crudely by saying that treason should consist immediately transformed into chains. llare only in levying armed forces against the Government. Such is It is Men that count in government—not Form. Of all the

the basis of the matter in times of peace. For war time new philosophic writers, of all the practical statesmen, of all the statutes and new rules are required. But no State is going to poets who have given thought to the matter, no one has ever allow the war to be lost for lack of such rules. The Govern- expressed the substance of liberty so well as Sir William Jones. ment will and must rely on the common sense of the people and It is noteworthy that neither Rousseau nor Byron, neither on their willingness to submit to a thousand unpleasant and Montesquieu nor Mazzini nor John Stuart Mill, should have illegal things because the people understand the emergency. stated the case so well as the old British jurist Sir Williamı

The other day I read that in Poughkeepsie a German Jones, who was among the first Englishmen to champion the had been rough-handled by a crowd because he said, “ Damn native races of India, and who lost his preferment because he Wilson and his war?” I rejoiced at the news. An instinct of sympathized with the Americans of 1776: self-preservation told me that this incident was a wholesome

“ What constitutes a state? sign of the times. Does your theorist say I should grieve? Take him to Belgium.

Not high-raised battlement or labored mound,

Thick wall or moated gate ; It is the same with the Socialists. These people, who are, on the thu

Nor cities proud with spires and turrets crowned; whole, mild-mannered and estimable philanthropists, have unfor

Nor bays and broad-armed ports, tunately adopted certain phrases and formulas which they lay

Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride; down as fundamental, permanent truths; whereas the phrases are

Not starred and spangled courts, ina really only makeshifts and shies at the truth-convenient guesses.

Where low-browed baseness wafts perfume to pride. Let us see what some of the Socialist formulas are: The living

No :-men, high-minded men, wage, old-age pensions, care by the state of the individual, the

Men who their duties know, monopoly of life's necessities by the state, state railways, state food, state theaters, etc.—a benevolent and intelligent pater

But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain." nalism. Now all of thes" things exist to-day in Germany in the The present war is the summary of all the previous civil wars highest degree that they have ever attained on earth ; and yet and of all the previous international wars in which some form Germany has suppressed the spirit of man and erected a tyranny of personal freedom was at stake. There is nothing new in the hich shocks even the Socialists themselves. What is it that cause of the war. To erect an absolute monarchy is one of the Germany has taken from man in the very act of perfecting a things dearest to the heart of man. To conquer the world is a Socialistic state? Ah, that is the question which Socialism can time-honored ambition. This desire is the strongest passion not answer, for all its phrases, Germany has destroyed the in viş known to man. It is a historic form of madness, which is apt ible, inestimable spirit of liberty in the individual, which camot to break out when any nation is in such a position as to have be defined, and which does not depend on any one thing, but on the least chance of success. When this happens, the rest of the a host of conditions, on history, on tradition, on character. The world defends. itself with such arms as it can lay hand to. The

Socialist reasons from a phrase to a phrase. Even in Germany man who waves the lady's fan of pacificism or of Socialism in TE

to-day there are discontented Socialists who have plans of elec the face of this monster passion, the man who talks about free toral reform-as if electoral reform would make men of the speech and habeas corpus in the presence of a danger which Germans

threatens to annihilate him, is a simple-minded person. He The things which we really need, whether in Germany or in would save the handle no matter what becomes of the jug. He America, cannot be given to us by legislation, Socialism seeks has forgotten what the very basis of liberty consists in. That an economic solution of the question of human happiness. As a basis consists in valuing some right more than life itself. It tendency Socialism is valuable, as a dogma it is misleading. never consists in keeping out of a fight in order to preserve a What, then, is the “liberty” for which the Allies are fighting? right. The right itself is valuable only because it is a symbol of Why, so far as the thing can be formulated, liberty is expressed courage and a symbol of will. The whole language of freedom in the constitutions, bills of rights, laws, and customs of Eng. turns into a mockery unlesa it is daily renewed by the fire of land, France, America, and the other free countries--all of which life which created that language. We observe in this war that formulations tend to prevent men from being enslaved, but none its value lies largely in the fact that all the isms in the worla of which will accomplish this end except for citizens who are have been put into the fire by it; all the classes in the world independent, robust, and experienced. Behind the machinery are fused, all the interests in the world are amalgamated. The there must be moral courage. Universal moral courage is the two camps, Tyranny and Democracy, glare at each other with only desideratum which comes near to expressing what liberty murder between them and no shelter anywhere. Labor must implies. Law alone can neither express nor sustain free govern drop its squabbles, Socialism its certitudes, Reform its teacups, ment. There must be force and common sense in the people and all must fight for their lives. You will find at the present themselves to hold

UP

that part of liberty which law can never moment that whenever an understanding of the war penetrates preserve. There must be a vigilance which ever shifts from the the brain of any man, whether he be laborer, Socialist, banker, unessential to the essential in the conduct of affairs, now insist reformer, priest, or poet, from that moment he steps, willy-nilly, ing on a right, and now subordinating it to an emergency. out of his own rank and class and into the fighting ranks of the

No subject has received such prolonged study by the most Republic. He has become a cog in the war machine.

COW

FOSTER PATENT

CAT'S PAW

FOSTER RUBBER CO. 544

WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF

CURRENT HISTORY
BY J. MADISON GATHANY, A.M.

HOPE STREET HIGH SCHOOL, PROVIDENCE, R. I.

Based on The Outlook of March 27, 1918 Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Outlook will be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and the like, and for nse in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious study of current history.-The EDITORS.

[Those who are using the weekly outline should States and Great Britain taken over the not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any one lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected

Dutch ships? 5. Is their action justified by questions, one or two propositions for discussion, and

international law and practice? 6. Is Holonly such words as are found in the material assigned. land's displeasure over the action of the Or distribute selected questions among different Allies sincere or is it merely for German members of the class or group and have them report their findings to all when assembled. Then

consumption ? have all discuss the questions together.}

II-NATIONAL AFFAIRS
1-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

A. Topic : Compalsory Education ; Have
A. Topic: A German-Made Peace; Indus Teachers Special Privileges?
trial Freedom and the War.

Reference: Editorial, page 477; 478 479.
Reference : Page 469; editorial, page 476. Questions :
Questions:

1. Does one have to be educated in order
1. Criticise the following statements by to be able to support himself and take his
von Hertling, the German Chancellor: share in the Government? 2. In what par-
“ The treaty with Russia conta ns no con-

ticulars would America be worse off withditions disgraceful to Russia.” “On March out compulsory education? 3. When is a 16 it (the treaty] was ratified by a compe person educated ? Is an uneducated person tent assembly at Moscow." 2. How has The a menace to society? If not, does the arguOutlook shown that “the assembly at Mos ment given for compulsory education hold?

” does not, in point of fact, in any true 4. In what respects does Dr. Abbott's posisense represent "All Russia"? 3. Who are tion on academic freedom differ from that the Soviets? State and discuss their political

taken by President Meiklejohn and Presibeliefs. 4. Are there sound reasons for be dent Lowell? 5. What is your opinion of the lieving that the peace agreement between ideas reported by the Committee of the the Soviets' Congress and Germany should

American Association of University Probe repudiated ? Discuss. 5. Do you think fessors ? 6. What was the object of eduthe Russian people qualified for self-govern cation? What is its object? 7. Read three ment? Give reasons. 6. Would it be right

live books: “ Education and Living,” by to conclude from the Bolshevik surrender to

R. Bourne (Century); “ The Meaning of Germany that the Russians are necessarily Education," by N. M. Butler (Scribners); The Foster Friction Plug incapable of establishing a sound and rep

“The School as a Social Institution," by would have prevented this resentative government? Why? 7. What C. L. Robbins (Allyn & Bacon).

Wet pavements have no terrors is to be thought of the reasoning that B. Topic: Josephus Daniels. would lead one to believe, from Russia's Reference : Pages 484 486.

for the man who insures himself

against slipping. The best insurance Questions : experience with Germany, that democracy

is the Foster Friction Plug, found in 1. What has Mr. Price said in proof of itself is an unstable and inefficient insti. tution? Discuss at length. 8. Does the his statement that Secretary Daniels “is German-made peace, with Russia prove now rediscovered as one of the ablest heads the need of Japanese intervention in the Navy ever had”? 2. What changes the Far East ? 9. On page 476 The has Secretary Daniels effected in his DeOutlook speaks of “industrial freedom.” partment? Do you consider these for the Has America such freedom? Has Eng better? Why or why not? 3. Make a list

CUSHION land ? Has any country? If not, tell why of the characteristics of Secretary Daniels RUBBER HEELS not. 10. Discuss ways of securing indus found in this article. 4. Write a short trial and economic freedom. Is this kind biograplıical sketch of Secretary Daniels.

Wear longer than ordinary rubber heels of freedom as important as political free 5. Read some valuable biographies in con

and cost no more. Do not mar the dom? 11. What are the things, according nection with this topic-for instance: “The

floors. No holes to track mud or dirt. to The Outlook, Americans are not fighting Life of Gouverneur Morris,” by Theodore

Black, white or tarh For men, for? For what are they fighting? 12. In Roosevelt (Houghton Mifflin); - Alexander

women and childrest-all dealers your opinion, will there be a new social and Hamilton,” by F. S. Oliver (Putnams); Foster Rubber Company economic order after this war? If so, dis “Li Hung-Chang,” by J. O. P. Bland 105 Federal Street ... Boston, Mass. cuss what you think its salient features (Holt).

Originalors and patentees of the Foster will be. 13. You will do well to read for III-PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION

Friction Plug which prevents slipping this topic “ In Our First Year of War,"

(These propositions are suggested directly or indi-
by Woodrow Wilson (Harper & Brothers); rectly by the subject-matter of The Outlook, but
“The Citizen in His Relation to the Indus not discussed in it.)
trial Situation,” by H. C. Potter (Yale Uni 1. The Germans are the most docile peo-
versity Press);“ Behind the German Veil,” ple in Europe. 2. Holland's neutrality is
by J. M. de Beaufort (Dodd, Mead). fictitious. 3. It is difficult to draw the line

between liberty and license.
B. Topic: The Dutch Ships.
Reference: Pages 469, 470.

IV--VOCABULARY BUILDING
Questions:

(All of the following words and expressions are
1. The Outlook says that German actions

found in The Outlook for March 27, 1918. Both
before and after looking them up in the dictionary

NON SLIP
have been such “ that Holland has had just or elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words.
cause over and over again for war against The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which

CUSHION HEEL
the words may be found.)
Germany." Why, then, has Holland not

7.
declared war on Germany? 2. Ought Hol-

Casus belli, Junkers (469), extreme land to join either the Allies or the Cen radical (476); angary, non-combatants tral Powers? Is her present status honor

(470); inhumanity, ignorance (477); acaable? 3. Is Holland a neutral nation? demic freedom, legitimate (478); ulterior 4. Under what conditions have the United motive, portfolio, equitably, barrage (484).

A booklet suggesting methods of nsing the Weekly Outline of Current Listory will be sent on application

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The Roads Must
Help the Railroads-
PRECIOUS shipping is waiting in the harbor because cargoes

are clogged on the railroads. Factories are laying off their labor
and closing because they cannot get raw materials through the rail-
road embargoes. The whole internal commerce of the East is in a
snarl, and it will be so intermittently till the end of the war and after.
Parallel with every railroad run the public highways. They are
not clogged with traffic.
But they are clogged with mud or with neglect in various sections
of the through-routes and the great swarm of motor-trucks traverse
them slowly and with difficulty.
Clear those roads, the nation needs them!
Make your town, your county, keep up its part of the great arteries.
Don't let your locality be the weak link in the chain where an
impassable mile puts the whole interurban route out of commission.
It is no time to be building roads for mere beauty or comfort.
It's no time to tolerate poor roads that might be easing the over-
load of the railways.
Such roads call for labor and materials that are needed elsewhere.
Build and treat your roads with Tarvia.
In England and France that is just what they are doing : making
their roads last longer by tarviating them on a greater scale than
ever. They figure that it saves labor which is scarce and public
money which is scarcer.
The Nation's plea to our local governments to refrain from public
works that can wait till the end of the war does not apply to roads.
Roads were never so vital as right now. They will help us win the war.

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PHOTOS ABOVE ARE
Top Troop movement over Tarvia-treated Gov-

ernment Post-Road, leading from Fort Sam

Houston, Texas.
Middle-Military truck-trains nerd Tarvia roads

for efficiency.
Bottom-Tarvia-built road, N. Main Street, Provi-

dence, R. 1.

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New York Chicago Philadelphia Boston St. Louis Cleveland Cincinnati Pittsburgh Detroit
Birmingham Kansas City Minneapolis Nashville Salt Lake City

Seattle Peoria
THE BARRETT CO., LIMITED: Montreal Toronto Winnipeg Vancouver St. John, N. B. Halifax, N. S. Sydney, N.S.

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THE NATION'S minals in loading and unloading—will have been operated daily on a 110-milsave time.

round-trip route from Oxford, PennsylINDUSTRIAL The life of a truck depends largely upon

vania, to Philadelphia, without missing a the condition of the roads over which it is trip. Growers at Oxford were PROGRESS to be operated. The Council of National from one to one and a half tons of mush

Defense appreciates the importance of good rooms into Philadelphia daily when the HOW THE MOTOR TRUCK

roads, and has formed a highways trans express service they had been using broke IS SOLVING TRANSPOR

port committee, of which Roy Chapin is down. It was essential to have a heated TATION PROBLEMS

the head, for the purpose of impressing motor truck for the business. In three days upon the various communities the necessity the Post-Office provided one. The first day

for improving roads. A great deal has it carried 1,100 pounds of mushrooms, and THE NATION NEEDS MORE MOTOR

already been accomplished, and in many the second day, Sunday, it carried 800 TRANSPORTATION OF FREIGHT

States work is actively in progress for the pounds. In the first three days the truck

widening and paving of highways, strength earned $30 a day. This one truck will earn HERE is no longer a question as to

ening of bridges, and other necessary steps $12,000 a year, and the service will cost whether transportation of freight by of preparedness.

$4,200. Heretofore the growers had to ship motor truck is possible, practical, or

With the increased use of motor trucks their mushrooms 120 miles to get them to profitable, nor is there any question there has come a scarcity of experienced Philadelphia, 55 miles distant. about the advisability of extending this

truck-drivers, making it necessary for A motor-truck route from Washington form of transportation. Actual operation

owners to give considerable study to the to Leonardtown has been in operation three over many routes has completely demon

subject of increasing the efficiency of pres years, with a 2-ton truck and a 1%-ton strated its success. The only practical ent drivers. “If drivers have to face the trailer. It carries the mail for 104

postmethod of meeting the National obligation snow and wind, they become chilled, wet, offices and 102,000 persons. Revenue is to produce is by extending delivery: and the and thoroughly uncomfortable,” says one

derived from first-class mail as well as only practical method of extending delivery operator, “and it is human nature for them parcel-post matter. is to use more motor trucks in the service. to think of getting to cover as soon as pos

There is also a motor mail route between Manufacturers, jobbers, and transpor

sible. This doesn't make for efficiency, and Baltimore and Gettysburg, and the postal tation companies are now maintaining operators should try to make their men revenue is far beyond the cost of operation. regular service by motor truck-both out more comfortable by adopting the closed going and incoming-between points distant type of cab on their trucks." from twenty to one thousand miles, in some

MOTOR TRUCKS COULD SAVE FOOD cases farther. For example, there is

BIG FIELD FOR TRUCKS IN

FOR MILLIONS OF PEOPLE daily service out of Boston for Lawrence

PARCEL-POST SERVICE

(From a recent adrertisement of The White Company. and a number of other New England points. Within a few years the Post-Office De

('lereland) Regular lines of trucks ply between Boston partment will be the largest single user of The 300,000 motor trucks now in

operaand New York, taking in the towns en route, motor trucks in America and will operate tion in this country displace 1,200,000 even running to Philadelphia, Baltimore, them on rural delivery routes throughout horses, requiring, as per Government estiWashington, and Akron, Ohio. From New the United States. Many interesting details mate, 6,000,000 acres to feed them. That York deliveries of goods are being made to regarding this service were given at a acreage would feed 2,000,000 people. If Philadelphia, Baltimore, and many points meeting in Chicago recently for the organ

the entire 24,000,000 horses in the country in New Jersey and New York. Phil ization of the Highway Industries Associa could be displaced by motor trucks and adelphia is the starting-point of delivery tion by J. I. Blakeslee, Fourth Assistant power machinery, the saving in acreage service by motor truck to Bethlehem, Allen Postmaster-General, as follows:

would feed 40,000,000 people. town, Lancaster, Reading, and many other Recently the Post-Office Department This extreme, of course, cannot be realPennsylvania cities. Chicago has routes to has taken a deep interest in the progress

ized. Horses are still needed for many Elkhart, Gary, and Rockford, while from of highway improvement, the development kinds of work. But millions of them can Cleveland trucks carry freight to Canton, of the motor truck, and methods of utilizing be eliminated by a more extensive and Akron, Elyria, Painesville, Lorain, Kent, both. There has been a reduction of farm efficient use of motor trucks. The saving in Ravenna, Norwalk, and Sandusky. At the production owing to the draft of man power food supply would be enormous. present time there is being projected a into war service at a time when it is im So much for food conservation. The through service from Chicago to Buffalo, perative that production should be in part played by motor trucks is no less imRochester, New York, Boston, and other creased. More convenient transportation portant in food distribution. Eastern points.

would stimulate production. Although Apparently there is no limit to the variety somewhat late in starting, the Post-Office Food Famine Narrowly Averted of articles being transported, among them is endeavoring to overcome this loss through Last winter the railways were unable being iron, steel, coal, ore, lumber, cheini the “ farm-to-table” movement.

to deliver food fast enough to feed the cals, rubber goods, building materials, mine The only way to demonstrate to the

pro

population of large cities. Cars were short. supplies, machinery, cheap metal goods, ducer that it is worth while to increase Terminals were congested. The cold weather fabrics, corsets, straw hats, earthenware, production is to put some visible means of tied up train service. If motor trucks had dyes, wrapping paper, silks, wholesale communication before him, and that is by not been available to transport emergency groceries, farm products, and a large ton establishing motor-truck parcel-post routes. loads from country to city, famine inight nage of raw materials, parts, and finished There are in the United States 43,295 have resulted. goods for war industries. rural mail routes and 16,000 star routes, Motor-truck service is quick and flexible

. The question, “ Does it pay to deliver but the average number of pieces of parcel- Railway facilities are limited by tracks

, by motor truck?” naturally is an important post inatter carried per day to producers yards, and stations. The trucks can start one, as are also the items of time-saving on these routes is only eight per route, and

any time, can go anywhere, and deliver at and length of service of the truck. On the only one piece per route from producer to the consumer's back door, question of economy all of these have consumer. There is not a single parcelan important bearing. A large concern post route from New York out into pro

Motor Trucks to Feed Our Cities in Philadelphia has found it a profitable ductive territory, only one from Philadel

If transportation was bad in the winter proposition to maintain a twelve-hour service phia, and two from Chicago.

of 1917, it is worse this winter. The Nation to New York, handling 400 tons of freight Motor-truck parcel-post routes will aid is at war. Rail traffic is very much heavier. in either direction daily. Another concern is producers and eventually reduce the cost of Food supplies are less available. They making money by operating a fleet of twelve living. Fourteen handlings are now required must be moved freely and quickly as 5-ton trucks over a wide area, transporting to deliver eggs from the producer in Vine needed, in all kinds of weather, if our war materials to a large extent. Aside from land, New Jersey, to the consumer in Phila large cities are to be fed. the actual monetary advantage derived, the delphia, and this number is doubled when

The strain upon trucks will be terrific. item of time-saving must be considered, as · the eggs are shipped from Philadelphia to It is necessary to make the utmost use of there never was a time in the history of the consumers in New York. Yet we wonder

equipment. Full loads must be carried over country when time was more valuable than that eggs are selling at ninety cents a dozen. rough roads at high speed. Through snow, now. It would seem logical to say that As against this, only six handlings will be inud, and nuts heavily laden units will have motor-truck transportation-moving goods required by the motor-truck service between to battle their way daily and hourly. both day and night, avoiding delays, loss, New York and Philadelphia.

A steady stream of motor transport is damage, and extra labor expense at ter During the present winter postal trucks

required to replace the short haul by rail.

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