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Pennsylvania Terminal Station. It takes only one-half hour for thought that, with all its evils, it would increase production. the truck to reach the Pennsylvania Station after leaving the and we must have increased production to win the war. bindery. The congestion of mail matter was so great that the If the Gore Bill should become law, however, its opponents truck was obliged to remain in line with many other trucks say that there will be an increase in the price of flour of no similarly loaded with mail all of Monday night, and it was not less than $3 a barrel, which would mean a jump of twenty-five until five minutes before noon on Tuesday that it was possible per cent in bread prices. These critics ask: Should the bread to have our mail weighed and unloaded. We took the matter consumers—that is to say, all our people, as distinguished from up with the New York Postmaster, and in due course received the farmer class, representing fifteen per cent of the population a report from him which was substantially as follows: He stated -be forced to pay a fourth more for bread? that a careful investigation indicates that on account of the The papers report that, should the House of Representatives failure of the railway company to furnish sufficient cars to concur in the Senate vote, the President will veto the legislahandle the matter as rapidly as it was received a blockade tion. Doubtless the first and principal reason why Mr. Wilson occurred in the publishers' wagons arriving at the Pennsylvania may oppose the Gore Bill is because, as a matter of principle, Terminal Station and resulted in a condition which it was not he wants to consider the consumers first, among whom are to be possible for his office to overcome. All second-class mail matter counted the great industrial classes of the cities, and the prois weighed upon its arrival at the post-office in order to ascertain ducers second. In addition, Mr. Wilson may be moved by the the amount of postage that shall be charged to the publisher. rumors that some farmers are hoarding wheat in the hope of According to Postmaster Patten, the shortage of cars resulted obtaining a still higher price. in extreme congestion in the receiving department of the postoffice, so that the incoming trucks were held up in line for hours until mail already accumulated could reach the trains.


a The above incident was in connection with the mailing of our

In these days when many people are finding it a trying issue of March 20. On Thursday, March 21, a truck loaded

self-sacrifice to pay their income tax, to subscribe to Liberty with bags containing copies of the March 27 issue left our

bonds, to help the Red Cross, to aid in the Y. M. C. A. drive, bindery at 3 P.M., and succeeded in making delivery to the post

to contribute to the Knights of Columbus, and have anything office at 9:30 P.M., after a lapse of six hours and thirty min

left to give in support of the organized efforts to alleviate sufutes. Another truck leaving at 7 P.M. was less fortunate, and delivery was not accomplished until 2:20 A.M., March 22. On

story that has come within the horizon of our own experience. March 23 another lot was started from the bindery at 1:30 P.M.

During the last twenty-six months we have received from an and delivered at the post-office at 10:15 P.M., a lapse of nearly

employee of the Cleveland Post-Office twenty-six separate connine hours. It required fourteen trips between the bindery and

tributions, amounting in all to over seventy-five dollars. In each the post office to complete the mailing of the March 27 issue.

of his letters to us is inclosed three dollars, and in each one we Each one of these fourteen trucks was obliged to stand in line

are instructed to transmit one dollar to the American Ambuanywhere from three to nine hours, so that the amount of time

lance in France, one dollar to the Serbian Relief Fund, and one lost amounted in the aggregate to a little over sixty-six hours,

dollar to the Fatherless Children of France. Here is one of his only six hours short of three entire days. May we not, there

recent letters : fore, ask the indulgence of our readers under these trying con

Gentlemen : ditions, which we are powerless to overcome, if their copy of

Please transmit the little amount I inclose to the following:

$1.00 to the American Ambulance in France. The Outlook is sometimes late in its arrival ?

$1.00 to Fatherless Children of France.
$1.00 to the Serbian Relief Fund.

As I am only a poor workman I am doing the best I am able

to, and I regret every time I address you that I am unable to A Montana farmer writes to us :

give more-much more.

Very respectfully yours, (Signed) C. Z., Senator Gore's bill to make the price of wheat at the farmers'

Cleveland, Ohio. market is the fairest proposition I have yet seen. The farmers

P. S.-I love to read, but am unable to subscribe to magazines did their best to increase their fall wheat acreage with the mini and must deny myself other pleasures and necessities. But I am mum price of $2. But ... our President steps in and shatters

doing my little bit to defeat the German pirates and murderers, our hope of a price that would cover the cost of production. Our

and will remain in the ranks as long as I am able to work. crops were bad enough. Few in this section were better than

In another letter our correspondent says, in response to our mine. Most were poorer, and hundreds of acres were not cut at

information that we were transmitting his contributions to the all. ... Must the farmers be made to sacrifice all they have by limiting their prices while others grow rich?

proper societies : “I thank you from my heart for your rind

services and if I was religiously inclined would say "God bless In the present war there is special need of three products : you.'” If he were religiously inclined! What he has been doing coal, food, iron. To increase the production of the most needed

is evidence of religion. food—wheat-the Government made a price last year of $2.20, In reply to a letter of appreciation from us, he wrote another and has done the same this year; this year's price being a com- letter as follows: promise between $2, at which figure, according to last year's

Your very kind and generous letter of the twentieth instant forecast, the price was to be in 1918, and $2.50, as desired by

was received yesterday as I came home from work. I thought it many farmers. Senator Gore's bill, which has passed the Senate, was the usual acknowledgment of my little donation, but the would guarantee farmers a minimum price of $2.50.

contents proved a most pleasant and unexpected surprise. It cer

tainly was one ray of bright sunshine so rare in my life, and In its ultimate analysis, the whole question is, of course,

what wonder that before I got through reading my eyes were whether price-fixing is wise or unwise. If wise, then those who

moist. If I could only grasp your hand and press it to my heart. administer the law have to work out some kind of economic

I thank you from the fullness of my heart, for reading is about scheme by which production will be increased and yet the con

the only pleasure I have ; but the little I am able to do for the sumer kept quiet. The Food Administration and the Depart

deserving sufferers should not expect reward, for that is the only ment of Agriculture have supposed that they had worked out

religion I have. such a scheme. If price-fixing is unwise, we would then return

A friend of The Outlook, a Cleveland banker, writes to 18: to the natural ebb and flow of the laws of supply and demand..

I know the circumstances surrounding this Mr. Z. When the There is no question about the fact that there has been con

war first broke out, he came in and stated that he wanted to help siderable injustice to farmers in the working out of a price

and bought a hundred-dollar Anglo-French Bond, when I knew fixing policy for the whole country, because the raising of wheat

he could not afford to buy an overcoat. I even remonstrated with

him to the effect that it was not his duty to buy those bonds, but in one section costs more than it does in another section. If the

he insisted that he must do his bit. I understand he has since Senators really thought that this was reason enough for aban

then been sending a stipulated sun for relief. doning price-fixing and returning to the laws of natural supply

This contributor bears a foreign name. We have not askel and demand, they could have voted to suspend executive action. But they did not. They voted to increase the price because they him about it, but we think it may be Polish, Bohemian, or ?



southern Slav name. We do not give our readers the name

THE PEOPLE'S WAR because we feel sure that he is acting upon the principle of not letting his right hand know what his left hand doeth. But his At the front the men of the Allied armies have no illusion self-sacrificing generosity is an example to every loyal American. about the strength of Germany, but they have no thought for

any end but victory.

This is a people's war, not merely a war of armies; we are THE UNITED ALLIES

all of us in the fight as a part of the indispensable reserves, and

we have got to think, and talk, and act just as we would if we D ROM the beginning of the war the Central Powers have were at the front ourselves.

k fought as a unit under a single General Staff, and with a The soldier who talks about a drawn battle is not fit to fight. til unified and homogeneous plan of campaign. They could do Neither is a citizen.

this because Germany could impose her will on Austria, Turkey, This German drive, of which we are seeing the beginning, and Bulgaria, and those countries were glad enough to submit makes weaklings quiver. It makes strong men exultant. It is a

themselves to the superior knowledge and training of Germany. sign of strength in this country that this German drive is waking 2 The Allies, however, although working in sympathy and co- Americans up. i in operation, have not fought as a unit. England, France, and Italy To win victory this country must unite solidly its force, its ito have had each its General Staff, its Commander-in-Chief, and skill, and its wisdom. Neither political partisanship nor personal

sometimes each its plan of campaign. For months the military partisanship must block the effort. In this the President must leaders of England and France, perhaps, too, of Italy, have felt lead the way. that this division was a weakness. But a thorough military union To lead, the President must place ability, fitness, and patriothas been hard to bring about. It required submission to author- ism above adherence to his party and his person. When he put ity and a yielding of personal prestige-two of the most disagree General Wood, an admittedly great military leader, into an

able sacrifices that a nation can be called upon to make. Indeed, inferior position because of General Wood's early advocacy of 1. nations make such a sacrifice only in order to save their lives that preparedness which the President now knows was eminently its or their liberties. That is what has happened on the western desirable, and when recently he refrained from calling upon L. front. England and France have found that in order to save General Wood upon his return from France to report to him to their very existence they must unite under one General Staff personally at the first possible moment, the President failed in it and one Commander-in-Chief. The War Council at Versailles is leadership. When, on the other hand, he sent Senator Root, a

" the General Staff, and General Foch, the greatest strategist in political opponent, to Russia, the President moved in the right 4* France, is the Commander-in-Chief or Generalissimo.

direction. The question is often asked why this has not been done In England, no sooner had the war broken out than the politiit before. The answer is found in a phase of human psychology cal leaders--Liberal, Conservative, Unionist, Home Rule, and a. lisplayed in the commonest relations of life and recorded in Ulster-threw party politics to the winds. Parties still existed, bola history running as far back as the very origins of civilization, different war policies were advocated, but partisanship in war E Vigorous characters are reluctant to give up their authority. matters was abandoned. Perhaps we cannot have a coalition

How many quarrels and breakdowns in family life, business Cabinet here; but we can at least have from the President due life, church life, club life, and political life are due to this very recognition of the fact that earnest and able men of the other human disinclination to yield on a question of personal prestige party like Senator Lodge, to take only one instance, men who or authority! It requires bigness of character to make such are heart and soul for the vigorous prosecution of the war, are submission for the common good, and Great Britain has again not his personal enemies, and that to point out what steps taken shown her bigness in loyally accepting the authority of a French are wrong is helpful to the country's cause and an act of Commander-in-Chief. General Pershing's offer of all our Amer- patriotism. To suggest remedies for existing failures is not ican troops to the French command is a similar testimony to hostility. It was not disloyalty to President McKinley to America's determination to fight in big, generous, efficient man bring to light the “embalmed beef” scandal; it is not hostility fashion.

to President Wilson to point out that the Committee on Public This lesson of war unity was plainly taught in 1861-65 in Information has made false statements about airplanes. our own Civil War. The South at the very outset chose her Mr. Roosevelt never spoke a truer word than when in his Commander-in-Chief and obeyed him, and during the first two speech in Maine the other day he declared:

years she was victorious. The North, however, was torn by dis This is the people's war. It is not the President's war. It is * sensions and quarrels of personal prestige. General after gen not Congress's war. It is the war of the people of the United eral was tried and found wanting. The epistolary literature of

States for the honor and welfare of America and of mankind. the war is full of complaints of officers who chafed under the

It is the bounden duty of the Republican party to support every authority of their superiors.

public servant, from the President down, in so far as he does good But finally, in the spring of 1864, after the war had dragged

and efficient work in waging the war or helping wage the war,

and to oppose him exactly to the extent of his failure to do such on its weary length for three years, Grant was made Lieutenant

work; for our loyalty is to the people of the United States and General, Commander-in-Chief, Generalissimo, and victories were

to every public servant in exact accordance with the way in which won. General Sherman said that “it was not until after both

he serves the public. Gettysburg and Vicksburg (both fought in the summer of 1863]

The right view of this matter is admirably expressed in an that the war professionally began.” And the following interest

article by Professor George T. Ladd in the New York Times” ing passage from Rhodes's recently published one-volume his

when he says: tory of the Civil War throws an interesting light on the crisis

Let the red tape be cut; let partisanship be banished. ... at the western front:

We must demand of our President and of our Government in all “Shortly before he General Grant] began his May cam

departments and operations bearing on this war the highest pospaign Richard H. Dana saw him in Willard's Hotel, Washing

sible efficiency, utterly regardless of personal preferences, parti.. ton, and described him as a short, round-shouldered man in a san considerations, the necessity of humiliating confessions of very tarnished major-general's uniform; nothing marked in mistakes in the past, and the sacrifice of even a reasonable pride his appearance'- an ordinary, scrubby-looking man, with a in past achievements, if these are to be employed in any manner slightly seedy look.' Dana expressed his astonishment to see or degree to cover up or atone for past deficiencies and mistakes. him talking and smoking in the lower entry of Willard's, in What Mr. Roosevelt and Professor Ladd say applies to that crowd, in such times, the Generalissimo of our armies, on Democrats and Republicans alike. Blind partisanship is unpatriwhom the destiny of the empire seemed to hang. But,' he went otic. It is as unpatriotic to try to stifle criticisin that will help on, his face looks firm and hard, and his eye is clear and reso. to correct errors in the prosecution of the war as it is to indulge lute, and he is certainly natural and clear of all appearance of in criticism that merely impedes. self-consciousness.' Impressed with Grant's supremacy and his At a football game the spectators are in no doubt as to the hold on the country, he broke out, “How war, how all great heartiness of the support of the team on the part of those who crises, bring us to the one-man power !”

are shouting: “Get into the game! Why don't you put that

ball across? What's the matter with you! Buck up!" And weakness. Weakness irritated him, and evoked resentment sometimes the moment comes when the supporters of the team He couldn't forgive weakness. The power to crucify was the in the earnestness of their support even shout, “ Take him out!” supreme power in Pilate's eyes. That, as Dr. Powell, speaking on his tours under State Coun- We can see that Pilate's Kultur was not perfected. His eln. cils of National Defense (which he describes elsewhere in this cation was unfinished. It had never dawned on him that the issue), has pointed out, is what Americans must keep saying to greatest power in the universe is not the power to crucify but their Government. And the Government can surely be in no the power to be crucified. doubt that those who are shouting to it to speed up are the Pilate was a Prussian. most earnest supporters of the country's cause.

The war lord with his millions of trained fighters, his inam. The enemies at home are not those who are showing the defects moth mortars, his biggest of all big guns, his unlimited stores or urging haste, but are those who are talking about peace by of munitions, his Hame-throwers, his murderous gases, his negotiations, or about a stalemate, or about the British and Zeppelins and his submarines, his perfected panoply of destrue. French doing it all, or are harping on vain regrets, or are say- tion, says to Albert of Belgium : “ Art thou a king ?" ing“ Perhaps.” There is no room in this free country for men Oh, the scorn of it! How can a man be “king ” without the or women who by their talk are robbing the people of their will power to crucify ? to win and keep their freedom.

We are just beginning to appreciate the Prussian. The This is a people's war. It may take years, it may exact from world's Calvary is exposing the Prussian. The Prussian has a us a terrible price for our past negligence; but it is going to God and a religion and a philosophy. But until the world came end in the defeat of Germany.

to the “ place of a skull ”it vainly assumed that “God” and Whatever is in store for us during this German offensive, “goodness” and “truth” meant the same in all languages and we must keep our heads as steady as the British keep theirs to all peoples --even to the Prussian and our hearts as high as French hearts.

But now we remember that the Passion Play was not a We are freemen, fighting for liberty. We are not blind men Prussian product. Now we learn, in the revealing light of the to be guided, but freemen to be led. We want leadership, and world war, that “ truth” and “goodness” are to the Prussian whatever leadership will bring us to victory we will follow. simply terms which are synonymous with physical comfort and

convenience. To the Prussian truth and goodness rest for their

authority upon the power to “ crucify." Their content rests on IN HOC SIGNO VINCES

physical force. They mean what military power makes them mean.

They are not spiritual verities, as with the rest of the world. On Palm Sunday, March 24, the Rev. S. De Lancey There are no “spiritual” beings in Prussian thought. Townsend, D.D., rector of the Protestant Episcopal Church

“God” is but a term to typify national purpose, national char. of All Angels, New York City, preached a sermon which, acter, national genius. The Prussian God has never ceased to we think, must answer the perplexity of many men and women

be from barbaric days the God with the hammer-Thor-the of faith who are wondering what the horrors of the great com terrible destroyer. The war lord never once refers to God as bat on the western front really mean.

revealed in Jesus Christ. To the war lord, as to Pilate, Jesus is We reprint a large part of this sermon here in place of an but a poor fanatic, an idealist, doomed to inevitable defeat and editorial article because it is what we also would say to those destruction in a world of materialism. of our non-combatant readers who are often oppressed by the Prussia has been worshiping a God who could delight in cruited terrible vicarious sacrifice which is being made for us on the cified Canadians, ravished women, and murdered infants. We ! Bunun battle-lines :

didn't know it until the world came to the place of a skull."

Prussia worshiped a God who could approve the poisoning of Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? wells, the dissemination of disease germs in neutral countries, knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and power the infection and the return of infected prisoners. to release thee?" John xix. 10.

Prussia worshiped a God who could bless the utter disregard "No man taketh it [my life) from me, but I lay it down of of treaties and the plighted word. Prussja asks, with Pilate, myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take “What is truth?” Prussia says, with Pilate, “Truth is deterit again." - John X. 18.

mined by the power to crucify." "This is your hour, and the power of darkness.Luke That is the basis of Prussian power. It looks upon men and Xrii. 53.

women as mere animals, whose highest satisfactions are niet by The power of evil casts its shadow upon our path. Now is warm clothing, comfortable housing, clean streets, plenty on his hour and the power of darkness. In other years we may food, plenty of parks and music, plenty of pensions for unemhave asked questions concerning the experience of Jesus. ployed and sick and aged. As long as the people have these

To-day we are interrogating our own experience. The ascen- they will be docile ; animals will rebel from bodily hunger, but dency of evil baffles us because we have put our trust in the not for freedom, not for truth. good, and the fate of goodness perplexes us. Some are asking. But the All Highest Hun reveals himself when his Lucifer * What is truth ?” “What is goodness ?

Ludendorff declares: “ We have three hundred thousand men Pilate is puzzled and perplexed.

whom we are willing to throw away in an offensive for such and the Pilate was a product of a military Kultur,

such a position." I call him “Lucifer” because he lets in his Pilate was widely experienced in human beings of various light for even the dulled optics of the German masses, wbøbler countries and tongues and religions.

will presently be moved to inquire of him (after they first. Ogor But this man puzzled him.

inquire of themselves), “ Who gave these men to you to use as 2 · Art thou a king ?” he asked.

mere cannon fodder for your personal purposes ? How is it that yer Pilate knew " kinos" and thought he understood “ power." it is always we who must be slaughtered, while the shadow we hur He was vaguely conscious that this maltreated prisoner before death never comes nigh you or your sons? After all, are we do him was possessed of power-a strange, mysterious sort of in- paving rather a high price for clean streets, comfortable house. This Anenep-and a personal poise characteristic of men of power. warm clothes, and six meals a day, with pensions for sich

He seemed to hope that in some fashion this person would and old age? If we are slaughtered for your holiday, what sal-
yerise his mysterious power to extricate himself from his isfaction do these privileges provide ?"
present peril. Time and time again he besought his prisoner Some one says: “ War is not hell so much as it is an oasis
to do something that would relieve Pilate from an unwelcome for the display of pre-existing hell in human souls whicu.
responsibility; ani at last he seems to come to the conclusion matured before the conflict began." Calvary shows up

a that he was mistaken and that the man was, after all, but a and it shows up Christ. barmless fanatic-a victim of a delusion.

So to-day men and women and nations are being revealed by Therefore the ruthless Roman finally feels that he can safely the light from the cross. Prussia and the pacifists are la yield the foolish man to the fury of the mob.

plexed, as Pilate was perplexed, because the son of ma Pilate respected physical force. He had only contempt for France, the son of man in Serbia, the son of man in bil!

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and in Japan and China, and in England and America, will that a kind heart, after all, was more than promptitude, a renot bow down to the power to crucify.

flection of which the Happy Eremite reminded her at intervals We have professing Christians among us to-day who say:" Let when her efficiency as a housewife threatened to overwhelm her him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him appreciation of Maria's qualities as a human being. and accept him. Let us have peace. Let us end this terrible For the Happy Eremite liked Maria. She was a slight, agile bloodshed and suffering and expenditure of money."

person with a mouth that could have surrounded a popover Then there are others who say, “To go on is suicide. If this without denting it anywhere. Her indifference to time, which war goes on, none of us will have any property whatever. Think had a way of gently wrecking the nice calculations of the Lady of the taxes already!”

Eremite, had served her, on the other hand, to good effect in Then there is the man who says, frankly, “ We're beaten ; defying time's ravages. She never told how old she was, but it why not admit it? Germany has the brains, she has the train took no mathematical genius, adding the years she said she had ing, she now has resources, and Europe is at her mercy. I have been in this place and the years she had been in that, to calcuthought all along that our part in this conflict was foolishness. late that she must be moving toward sixty. She might have I am a materialist, I believe that materialistic efficiency is more been anything between forty and seventy. than a match for the moonshine of idealism. Don't throw money T he Happy Eremite had always found it rather pleasant, on and life away for an idea. Accept facts.”

the way to the furnace, to stop a minute for a friendly exchange Are you willing to sit down at a council table with those who of courtesies. Maria did not read the papers. Maria did not have wrecked every precious and hard-won achievement of the read anything. Maria did not know how to read. So the Happy human soul through the toil of thousands of years ?

Eremite always gave her the news, with a bit of banter thrown in. Are you willing to accept the dictates of diabolism to secure But on this particular evening he did not feel like quips and levity. creature comfort ?

The news from France was like a cold hand clutching his heart. Are you willing to accept the power to crucify as supreme? “There's a terrible battle going on, Maria,” he said, rather

From such a one let us turn to the trenches and hear the solemnly. glorious and inspiring and uplifting testimony of the tired, “Who's doin' it?” begrimed, wounded, battered, and dying, but not defeated, sons “ The Germans.”

of men. “No man taketh our lives from us, but we lay them “Humph !” grunted Maria. She was shaking the fire, and the E down of ourselves. We have power to lay down our lives, and Happy Eremite was not certain whether the savage exclamation · we have power to take them again.”

was directed at the enemy or at a stubborn clinker. They have seen the spirit of evil and his works. They have “ They're pushing right ahead," he went on. met him, and they are absolutely certain of victory. They have “What's the others doin'? The French an' the Spanish an'

found that the supreme power is not the power to crucify, but them ?” E the power to be crucified, and to meet crucifixion with a cheer. “The English, you mean?” - " In hoc signo vinces.

It was one of Maria's qualities which jangled the Lady EreThe other day there came a fateful telegram to a fond father mite's nerves most that she would never admit that she had been whose boy had been among our first to volunteer as an aviator, wrong. in France.

“Spanish or English, have it your own way,” she muttered As the scrap of yellow paper fell to the floor that father's up under her breath. “ Amounts to the same thing." lifted eyes were filled with tears, but his whole conntenance was “Well, we'll call them the English," he went on. “The Germany 1. illumined with joy as he triumphantly exclaimed : " He's won ?" are coming for them along'a fifty-mile front. That means that “O happy boy, you have not lost your years!

along a section of the English line as long as from here to New You lived them through and through in those brief days

York there's a cannon every ten or twelve feet and a million
When you stood facing death! They are not lost!

Germans rushing forward with bayonets.”
They rushed together as the waters rush

Maria laid aside the shaker and stood erect. There was a
From many sources ; you had all in one.

troubled look in her black eyes. “Say, boss, I sure am glad I

ain't no soldier tryin' tu stop 'em."
Why should we mourn

“ It's a terrible business."
Your happiness? You burned clear flame, while he
Who treads the endless march of dusty years

She drew her brows together, “ Ain't it the truth!" she
Grows blind and choked with dust before he dies,

exclaimed. And dying goes back to the primal dust,

“ The Germans want to get to Paris," he went on. “ They And has not lived so long' in those long years

don't seem to care how many men it costs them. They are send. As you in your few, vibrant, golden months

ing men by thousands and hundreds of thousands right into our When, like a spendthrift, you gave all you were!"

guns, but it's taking thousands and hundreds of thousands of men to hold them back even a little while. They say two hun

dred thousand on our side are wounded or dead." 66 GOD AIN'T DEAD YET!”

Maria lifted her head, and there was a look about her huge

mouth and behind the sharply contrasted black and white of The Happy Eremite invaded the domain of Maria, the cook, her eyes that seemed strange and out of place there, a look of on his way to the cellar to attend to the furnace. Invading the grave exaltation that made a little old colored lady from West tur kitchen with Maria in it was not the ordeal that it was under Virginia suddenly a person of dignity and power. I the government of despots less benevolent-Lena, the Finn, for “God ain't dead yet !” she snapped. i instance, or Carrie, the Anarchist. For Maria was a colored There was a curious mingling of rebuke and detiance in her 18 lady from West Virginia, a relic of an age dead and gone, when voice-rebuke for the Happy Eremite, who had allowed his faith el the hired girl was a part of the family and loved every member to waver, defiance toward the far-away enemy threatening her bit of it, and when no man had yet frantically drawn the attention country. - of his fellow-citizens to the fact that time is money. Time was The Happy Eremite looked at her and felt a little ashamed neither money nor anything else to Maria. She had a way of of himself for his exhibition of dismay

rising at four or five or six in the morning and working until ten b. or eleven or twelve at night, taking her meals when she was hun- “ Jest you believe it,” she muttered, turning to the sink and

gry and sleeping when she was tired. She was generally tired at talking more to herself than to him. “The trouble is when folks idish-washing time, and had a way of sitting down at the kitchen git scared they forget that God's alive.”

table and dropping to sleep for an hour or two, while the The Happy Eremite proceeded to the furnace, threw on a på dishes waited and the Lady Eremite wrung her hands in despair. shovelful of coal, opened the draught, and took to pacing up and * Time, it happened, was a word not in her lexicon. For the down the cellar floor while he waited for the coal gas to burn Ata Lady Eremite, who had a prejudice in favor of prompt meals, off. He was trying to recall the words of a story he had loved À this lack was a frequent source of sighing and helpless lifting as a boy. "They that be with us dire more than they that be

i of hands. She had to tell herself more often than she liked with them,'” he murmured. “That's it. And then Elijah or Elisha or somebody 'opened the eyes of the young man; and He closed the draughts and turned off the cellar light. he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and

the mountain was fuil of horses and “God ain't dead yet,” he cried, swearing grimly to himself chariots of fire round about Elisha.'

“ God ain't dead yet.”

as they at Stockhando-Scan people.ose of exte


BY PIERRE DE LANUX " A S regards the internments, they are nothing but whole able, and then Austria-Hungary did the incredible thing of

sale massacre. Merely from the region occupied by declaring war on a nation after it had already yielded. Id

| Austria-Hungary more than 150,000 Serbian subjects Austria-Hungary alone proved incapable of “punishing" (civilians only) have been interned, including several thousands Serbia. The invading army was repulsed after a crushing de of old men over sixty years of age, several thousand women, feat. It needed the help of Germany and Bulgaria, in 1915, to and even children from eight to fifteen years. . . . About thirty break the indomitable little nation. But in the meantime on per cent have died up to the present of hunger and of cold. pression went on against the Yugoslav subjects of the Empire The sufferers devour the grass they find along the hedges, with an untold cruelty. More than one hundred and twenty although this kind of food is strictly forbidden....

thousand people were deported to the interior of Hungary in “Several Austro-Hungarian doctors attached to the camps order to eradicate the national element. The documents we declined to see more than ten patients a day, at a time when have on that policy of suppression could fill a heavy book : the death rate in the camps was from twenty to thirty a day. these are only a few cases. An engineer at Trebinje saw thirty

“The whole method of the Austrian administration is seven persons taken to the gallows at one time; six women directed by the inexorable purpose of exterminating the last were among them. A military driver told of once crossing a remnants of the Serbian people.” (From the Memorandum to road where from every tree there hung a corpse. A high priest the Russo-Hollando-Scandinavian Committee of the Socialist enjoying much consideration was hanged in the market-place.

On the road from his prison the old man sang popular Serbian “ This memorandum is not a work of hate. It is a cry of songs ; at the last minute he addressed the people who formed distress. ... What is needed is that at least the Socialists of a circle and said: “Look, and remember how the Serbians the Central Empires should know and should act." (C. Huys- die!" Then he put the rope around his own neck. mans, Secretary of the Socialist International Bureau.)

At the Vienna Parliament a Yugoslav Deputy, TresieThe Socialists of Germany have known these things for two Pavisic, who had been able to escape torture, made appalling years, and have done nothing. There was an easy opportu- revelations : nity for them of putting elementary human principles into “ All the educated and decent people were arrested, interned. practice, of coming to the rescue of a stricken group, with ruined, condemned, executed. Anybody too young or too old out even being disloyal to their Kaiser. Relief work only was had to starve, and the rest were stricken with terror, demoralwanted. But German liberals do not put their principles into ized, dishonored, practice.

“At Mostar, at Doboj, at Arad, where the patriots were inIn the case of Armenia, they could claim that distance pre- terned, the jailer, Gaspar Scholier, chose the hostages that were vented them from interfering efficiently. But Serbia lies only a to be executed later. Only with money could he be appeased few hours from Vienna and Berlin, and the southern Slav race The victims were chosen during the night. The hideous figure begins at Marburg and Klagenfurt, where the German ends. of Scholier, surrounded by bayonets, came silently in. In these I consider that German liberals have shut their eyes because nights of terror more than one prisoner's hair turned white. German interest demanded the annihilation of the Serbian race. Those who wanted to live on had to show by the movement of

Nobody is more opposed than I am to wholesale accusations their hands how many bank notes they were worth." based on local instances. Still, when performed on such a srale, Interminable, monotonous, is the list of horrors. I do not atrocities become a historical factor, a lasting drawback to speak of the ghastly deeds of Austro-Hungarian fighting troops pacification. What understanding will be possible between the in Serbia, which Dr. Reiss, from Switzerland, recorded in his people of Germany and the Yugoslavs after these deeds ? famous report. I speak of the regular administration in regions

The world war had its direct origin in the fact that Austria- peopled by Yugoslavs, within or without the Empire. Hungary, decaying and old, wanted to inflict on Serbia a pun- This is not local. It is happening over an area which is approxiishment for being young and prosperous. The example given by mately the size of England. The Parliaments and the presa Serbian freedom and vitality was dangerous for the millions of have known of it, although the censorship tried to hide the most southern Slavs incorporated by force in the Austro-Hungarian shameful facts. For I have told only of what political oppres Empire. These subject people were beginning to envy the fate sion did in a spirit of fear, seeing revolt everywhere, among of their independent brothers from Serbia and to agitate for students, among children, and striking blindly on all sides. Bu liberty. This is why Austria waged war (it is strange how many the worst was done in cccupied Serbia by systematic adminis people still fail to see in this a sufficient cause for the conflict), tration, through police and army forces, when the men froi

The Yugoslav spirit was in opposition to German ambitions Austria-Hungary tried to get rich as quickly as they couh in the southeast, and the Germans soon discovered that this when private confiscation existed under all forms, each other opposition was irreconcilable and growing as education and enjoying an uncontrolled power to seize and take away anything national consciousness developed among the Yugoslav race, in he pleased. The rate of exchange for Serbian money was forci spite of all efforts to prevent it.

bly depreciated for the purpose of speculation. In France the Before 1914 there had been many episodes of persecution in Prussians were famous for carrying away the clocks. In Serbia Bosnia, Dalmatia, and Croatia, and the best known is the famous the Austrians carried away everything. Protests? The freedom Agram trial in 1908, when the Hungarian administration was of opinion is such that any printing is forbidden, even that o shamefully exposed to the world for having practiced forgery in menu cards. Every man, woman, or child must salute a??

Austrian officer or policeman. Two students of the Universi wari and, although the Austrians had occupied the country for of Belgrade were condemned to receive seventy-five blows 7 thirty years, it all looked as if they had just conquered it. There a stick for failing to salute a petty officer in a car. In that cl was nothing but military occupation, strategic railways, officers a certain Lieutenant Wiedmann enjoys unlimited power ove haughtily aloof from the population, and I remember an old mer- the lives and liberties of all the inhabitants. Several thousada chant of Sarajevo who refused to sell anything to me because I people have been interned by his orders. had talked to him in German.

The courts do not prevent robbing. They legalize it. It The real war of extermination against the Yugoslavs began deal with human life with great indifference, and on the very in 1914 with the tragic and ludicrous ultimatum of July 23. sition of secret agents of the lowest class. As an instance, Serbia submitted to terms which Vienna had thought unaccept- shooting or hanging of thirty-five peasants with the school


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