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and in Japan and China, and in England and America, will that a kind heart, after all, was more than promptitude, a renot bow down to the power to crucify.

flection of which the Happy Eremite reminded her at intervals We have professing Christians among us to-day who say: " Let when her efficiency as a housewife threatened to overwhelm her him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him appreciation of Maria's qualities as a human being. and accept him. Let us have peace. Let us end this terrible For the Happy Eremite liked Maria. She was a slight, agile bloodshed and suffering and expenditure of money.'

person with a mouth that could have surrounded a popover Then there are others who say, "To go on is suicide. If this without denting it anywhere. Her indifference to time, which war goes on, none of us will have any property whatever. Think had a way of gently wrecking the nice calculations of the Lady of the taxes already !"

Eremito, had served her, on the other hand, to good effect in Then there is the man who says, frankly, “We're beaten; defying time's ravages. She never told how old she was, but it why not admit it? Germany has the brains, she has the train took no mathematical genius, adding the years she said she had ing, she now has resources, and Europe is at her mercy. I have been in this place and the years she had been in that, to calcuthought all along that our part in this conflict was foolishness. late that she must be moving toward sixty. She might have I am a materialist, I believe that materialistic efficiency is more been anything between forty and seventy. than a match for the moonshine of idealism. Don't throw money The Happy Eremite had always found it rather pleasant, on and life away for an idea. Accept facts.”

the way to the furnace, to stop a minute for a friendly exchange Are you willing to sit down at a council table with those who of courtesies. Maria did not read the papers. Maria did not have wrecked every precious and hard-won achievement of the read anything. Maria did not know how to read. So the Happy human soul through the toil of thousands of years?

Eremite always gave her the news, with a bit of banter thrown in. Are you willing to accept the dictates of diabolism to secure But on this particular evening he did not feel like quips and levity. creature comfort?

The news from France was like a cold hand clutching his heart. Are you willing to accept the power to crucify as supreme? “There's a terrible battle going on, Maria,” he said, rather

From such a one let us turn to the trenches and hear the solemnly. glorious and inspiring and uplifting testimony of the tired, " Who's doin' it?" begrimed, wounded, battered, and dying, but not defeated, sons

" The Germans.” of men.

“No man taketh our lives from us, but we lay them Humph!” grunted Maria. She was shaking the fire, and the down of ourselves. We have power to lay down our lives, and Happy Eremite was not certain whether the savage exclamation we have power to take them again.

was directed at the enemy or at a stubborn clinker. They have seen the spirit of evil and his works. They have They're pushing right ahead,” he went on. met him, and they are absolutely certain of victory. They have " What's the others doin'? The French an' the Spanish an' found that the supreme power is not the power to crucify, but them ?the power to be crucified, and to meet crucifixion with a cheer. “ The English, you mean?" * In hoc signo vinces."

It was one of Maria’s qualities which jangled the Lady EreThe other day there came a fateful telegram to a fond father mite's nerves most that she would never admit that she had been whose boy had been among our first to volunteer as an aviator, wrong. in France.

"Spanish or English, have it your own way,” she muttered As the scrap of yellow paper fell to the floor that father's up under her breath. “ Amounts to the same thing.' lifted eyes were filled with tears, but his whole conntenance was "Well, we'll call them the English," he went on. “The Germans illumined with joy as he triumphantly exclaimed : “ He's won!" are coming for them along a fifty-mile front. That means that

along a section of the English line as long as from here to New "O happy boy, you have not lost your years ! You lived them through and through in those brief days

York there's a cannon every ten or twelve feet and a million.
When you stood facing death! They are not lost!

Germans rushing forward with bayonets."
They rushed together as the waters rush

Maria laid aside the shaker and stood erect. There was a
From many sources ; you had all in one.

troubled look in her black eyes. “Say, boss, I sure am glad 1

ain't no soldier tryin' to stop 'em.”
Why should we mourn

“It's a terrible business.'
Your happiness? You burned clear flame, while he
Who treads the endless march of dusty years

She drew her brows together.“ Ain't it the truth!" she
Grows blind and choked with dust before he dies,

exclaimed. And dying goes back to the primal dust,

• The Germans want to get to Paris," he went on. They And has not lived so long' in those long years

don't seem to care how many men it costs them. They are send As you in your few, vibrant, golden montiis

ing men by thousands and hundreds of thousands right into our When, like a spendthrift, you gave all you were!"

guns, but it's taking thousands and hundreds of thousands of men to hold them back even a little while. They say two hun

dred thousand on our side are wounded or dead. 66 GOD AIN'T DEAD YET!"

Maria lifted her head, and there was a look about her huge

mouth and behind the sharply contrasted black and white of The Happy Eremite invaded the domain of Maria, the cook, her eyes that seemed strange and out of place there, a look of 1

on his way to the cellar to attend to the furnace. Invading the grave exaltation that made a little old colored lady from West kitchen with Maria in it was not the ordeal that it was under Virginia suddenly a person of dignity and power.

the government of despots less benevolent-Lena, the Finn, for God ain't dead yet !” she snapped. & instance, or Carrie, the Anarchist. For Maria was a colored There was a curious mingling of rebuke and defiance in her

lady from West Virginia, a relic of an age dead and gone, when voicerebuke for the Happy Eremite, who had allowed his faith * the hired girl was a part of the family and loved every member to waver, defiance toward the far-away enemy threatening her

of it, and when no man had yet frantically drawn the attention country, of his fellow-citizens to the fact that time is money. Time was The Happy Eremite looked at her and felt a little ashamed neither money nor anything else to Maria. She had a way of of himself for his exhibition of dismay.

rising at four or five or six in the morning and working until ten Right you are, Maria,” he said, softly. for eleven or twelve at night, taking her meals when she was hun “ Jest you believe it,” she muttered, turning to the sink ane?

gry and sleeping when she was tired. She was generally tired at talking more to herself than to him. “The trouble is when folks is dish-washing time, and had a way of sitting down at the kitchen git scared they forget that God's alive." 1 table and dropping to sleep for an hour or two, while the The Happy Eremite proceeded to the furnace, threw on a dishes waited and the Lady Eremite wrung her hands in despair. shovelful of coal, opened the draught, and took to pacing up and

Time, it happened, was a word not in her lexicon. For the down the cellar floor while he waited for the coal gas to burn Lady Eremite, who had a prejudice in favor of prompt meals, off. He was trying to recall the words of a story he had loved $ this lack was a frequent source of sighing and helpless lifting as a boy. "They that be with us are more than they that be

of bands. She had to tell herself more often than she liked with them,'" he murmured. “That's it. And then Elijah or

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Elisha or somebody opened the eyes of the young man ;

and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.'

He closed the draughts and turned off the cellar light.
“God ain't dead yet," he cried, swearing grimly to himseli

. “ God ain't dead yet."

A

!

WHY ARE THE

THE SOUTHERN SLAVS ANTI-GERMAN?

BY PIERRE DE LANUX S regards the internments, they are nothing but whole able, and then Austria-Hungary did the incredible thing of sale massacre. Merely from the region occupied by declaring war on a nation after it had already yielded.

Austria-Hungary more than 150,000 Serbian subjects Austria-Hungary alone proved incapable of “punishing" (civilians only) have been interned, including several thousands Serbia. The invading army was repulsed after a crushing de of old men over sixty years of age, several thousand women, feat. It needed the help of Germany and Bulgaria, in 1915, to and even children from eight to fifteen years. ... About thirty break the indomitable little nation. But in the meantime op per cent have died up to the present of hunger and of cold pression went on against the Yugoslav subjects of the Empire The sufferers devour the grass they find along the hedges, with an untold cruelty. More than one hundred and twenty although this kind of food is strictly forbidden. ...

thousand people were deported to the interior of Hungary in "Several Austro-Hungarian doctors attached to the camps order to eradicate the national element. The documents we declined to see more than ten patients a day, at a time when have on that policy of suppression could

fill a heavy book : the death rate in the camps was from twenty to thirty a day. these are only a few cases. An engineer at Trebinje saw thirty

"The whole method of the Austrian administration is seven persons taken to the gallows at one time; six women directed by the inexorable purpose of exterminating the last were among them. A military driver told of once crossing a remnants of the Serbian people.” (From the Memorandum to road where from every tree there hung a corpse. A high priest the Russo-Hollando-Scandinavian Committee of the Socialist enjoying much consideration was hanged in the market-place

. Party at Stockholm.)

On the road from his prison the old man sang popular Serbian “This memorandum is not a work of hate. It is a cry of songs; at the last minute he addressed the people who formel distress. ... What is needed is that at least the Socialists of a circle and said: “Look, and remember how the Serbians the Central Empires should know and should act." (C. Huys- die!" Then he put the rope around his own neck. mans, Secretary of the Socialist International Bureau.)

At the Vienna Parliament a Yugoslav Deputy, TresioThe Socialists of Germany have known these things for two Pavisic, who had been able to escape torture, made appalling years, and have done nothing. There was an easy opportu- revelations : nity for them of putting elementary human principles into “ All the educated and decent people were arrested, interned

. practice, of coming to the rescue of a stricken group, with ruined, condemned, executed. Anybody too young or too old out even being disloyal to their Kaiser. Relief work only was had to starve, and the rest were stricken with terror, demoral. wanted. But German liberals do not put their principles into ized, dishonored, practice.

“At Mostar, at Doboj, at Arad, where the patriots were inIn the case of Armenia, they could claim that distance pre terned, the jailer, Gaspar Scholier, chose the hostages that were vented them from interfering efficiently. But Serbia lies only a to be executed later. Only with money could he be appeaser

. few hours from Vienna and Berlin, and the southern Slay race The victims were chosen during the night. The hideous figure begins at Marburg and Klagenfurt, where the German ends. of Scholier, surrounded by bayonets, came silently in. In these I consider that German liberals have shut their eyes because nights of terror more than one prisoner's hair turned white. German interest demanded the annihilation of the Serbian race. Those who wanted to live on had to show by the movement of

Nobody is more opposed than I am to wholesale accusations their hands how many bank notes they were worth.”
based on local instances. Still, when performed on such a soale, Interminable, monotonous, is the list of horrors. I do no
atrocities become a historical factor, a lasting drawback to speak of the ghastly deeds of Austro-Hungarian fighting troopa
pacification. What understanding will be possible between the in Serbia, which Dr. Reiss, from Switzerland, recorded in his
people of Germany and the Yugoslavs after these deeds ? famous report. I speak of the regular administration in regions

The world war had its direct origin in the fact that Austria- peopled by Yugoslavs, within or without the Empire.
Hungary, decaying and old, wanted to inflict on Serbia a pun This is not local. It is happening over an area which is approxi-
ishment for being young and prosperous. The example given by mately the size of England. The Parliaments and the presa
Serbian freedom and vitality was dangerous for the millions of have known of it, although the censorship tried to hide the most
southern Slavs incorporated by force in the Austro-Hungarian shameful facts. For I have told only of what political oppres
Empire. These subject people were beginning to envy the fate sion did in a spirit of fear, seeing revolt everywhere

, among of their independent brothers from Serbia and to agitate for students, among children, and striking blindly on all sides

. Bu liberty. This is why Austria waged war (it is strange how many the worst was done in cccupied Serbia by systematic adminis people still fail to see in this a sufficient cause for the conflict). tration, through police and army forces

, when the men from The Yugoslav spirit was in opposition to German ambitions Austria-Hungary tried to get rich as quickly as they could. in the southeast, and the Germans soon discovered that this when private confiscation existed under all forms, each officer opposition was irreconcilable and growing as education and enjoying an uncontrolled power to seize and take away anything national consciousness developed among the Yugoslav race, in he pleased. The rate of exchange for Serbian money was force spite of all efforts to prevent it.

bly depreciated for the purpose of speculation. In France the Before 1914 there had been many episodes of persecution in Prussians were famous for carrying away the clocks. In Serbia Bosnia, Dalmatia, and Croatia, and the best known is the famous the Austrians carried away everything. Protests? The freedon

, Agram trial in 1908, when the Hungarian administration was of opinion is such that any printing is forbidden, shamefully exposed to the world for having practiced forgery in menu cards. Every man, woman, or child must salute any the prosecution. I traveled through Bosnia some time before the Austrian officer or policeman. Two students of the Universit" war, and, although the Austrians had occupied the country for of Belgrade were condemned to receive seventy-five blows with thirty years, it all looked as if they had just conquered it. There a stick for failing to salute a petty officer in a car. In that city was nothing but military occupation, strategic railways, officers a certain Lieutenant Wiedmann enjoys unlimited power ore haughtily aloof from the population, and I remember an old mer the lives and liberties of all the inhabitants. Several thousand chant of Sarajevo who refused to sell anything to me because I people have been interned by his orders. had talked to him in German.

The courts do not prevent robbing. They legalize it. The The real war of extermination against the Yugoslavs began deal with human life with great indifference, and on the dep in 1914 with the tragic and ludicrous ultimatum of July 23. sition of secret agents of the lowest class. As an instance

, the Serbia submitted to terms which Vienna had thought unaccept- shooting or hanging of thirty-five peasants with the schoolmaster

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Glishitch and the imprisonment of two hundred and fifty men there since the occupation, and visitors from Bohemia who helped and women in the village of Ramatya (district of Gruja). to expose those ignoble and stupid methods of administration.

The memorandum of Stockholm, from which we quote this, A conclusion has to be drawn. It is that the thieves and contains thirty pages of similar facts.

hangmen from Vienna, Budapest, and Sofia have signed their As for the part of Serbia occupied by the Bulgarians, the own condemnation. Now the Yugoslav party has joined the memorandum, although it draws an academic distinction between Czechoslovaks in an uncompromising claim for independence. the rulers and the people of Bulgaria, says that conditions are Enough children, enough women, have escaped to rebuild a new much worse and more cruel there, and that the inhabitants are Yugoslav generation which will be more irreconcilable to Gerenvying the fate of their kinsmen under Austrian administra manism than that which is dying in our cause. tion.

Martyrs do not die in vain. To-day the world is aware that it The Germans have pretended and declared that the Serbians will know no rest as long as dissatisfied races have to suffer were in a backward condition, and that they were going to benefit under German rule and exploitation. After that rule is thrown from a higher Kultur. The truth is that Serbia, although not off

peace will come. Also restorations, indemnities. And interrich, had an evenly distributed wealth and a perfectly demo national understanding as well, when Germany ceases to be the cratic Constitution, and was in advance of Bosnia and Tran drawback. sylvania, for instance, as far as prosperity, education, etc., are But if you hear, in the time to come, that a retired lieutenant concerned. Now she is reduced to such distress that only rapid of police, or a retired hangman, or a retired archduke, has been and efficient help can save her valiant population from further killed like a dog by a war orphan who has grown up, you will destruction. Only one Swiss and one American mission have gone not have to wonder why.

This article will be followed next week by one on the spirit and characteristics of the Serbian people. The author is Dr.
Vesnitch, Serbian Minister to France, who recently visited this country as chief of the Serbian War Mission to

the United States. Dr. Vesnitch is a well-known and widely honored Serbian statesman.THE EDITORS.

AT THE FRONT IN INDIANA

BY LYMAN P. POWELL

ways, has

66

"T"

A nation of a hundred million people cannot be easily or quickly moved. The vigor with which Americans have sustained their Government in this war by acquiescence in the draft, by a cheerful payment of taxes, by a lavish lending of their money,

and in
many

other been extraordinary; but a nation's morale depends upon the depth and power of the people's convictions ; and everywhere there are to be found apathists and aliens, and not everybody is informed as to the real, fundamental issues for which this country is fighting. There has therefore been instituted a non-partisan, non-sectarian movement to bring people together in mass-meetings, and to disseminate among them information about the war. The campaign for this patriotic education throughout the country has already begun in real earnest. One of the speakers, the President of Hobart College, is Dr. Lyman P. Powell

. After returning from campaigns in Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, and Maryland, and just as he was about to take part in a campaign in Kentucky, he has given us some first-hand impressions of his experiences in Indiana. In that State speakers on behalf of this cause reached a million people, and left a pivotal State solid for the winning of the war.

Among those who took part were Dr. Powell, Mr. Everett Colby, of New Jersey, Dr. Ray Ly man Wilbur, President of Leland Stanford University, Mr. Julius Lincoln, Mr. Edwin F. Trefz, Dr. W.J. McGlothlin, and Dr. Alexander Cairns. They spoke under the auspices of the State Council of Defense, which, like all other State Councils of Defense, is working in conjunction with the Council of National Defense at Washington. Dr. Powell in the following article gives some pictures of America in war time which we believe will be not only of immediate but also of permanent interest.-THE EDITORS.

\HE trenches for me!” said one of our soldiers as for a one million, and with the after-meetings still in progress in

month we circled round ard round, speaking in the school-houses and at crossroads, practically all of Indiana's two

public interest. Eighty-seven war conferences were and a half millions will have had the war brought overseas to held, covering almost every county in Indiana. Scarcely a cross them and their duty laid upon their conscience. roads in the State but felt their impact. There were several of The State Council of Defense left nothing to chance. Under us civilians and soldiers who were starred because we had been the leadership of the man with the magic touch, Mr. Will H. * over there," while there were perhaps a score of local speakers Hays, new Chairman of the Republican National Committee, of great ability who dealt with the technical problems of the and Dr. John J. Pettijohn, efficient head of the Speakers campaign,

Bureau, everything was planned out with prevision. To be sure, Days of speaking were followed by nights of traveling in day now and then some speaker disappointed a committee, an occacoaches, which sometimes gave no chance for sleep. Atomizers, sional throat gave out for the time, and even pneumonia threatmufflers, and fur-lined overcoats bore witness to the care some ened one trench-hardened soldier. There may have been some of the speakers took of themselves, with the thermometer for errors in detail, but there were also largeness of vision and sintwenty-six days in succession at zero or below.

gular capacity to meet emergencies. Institutions like the State “Sure," the clerk said when I asked for a room with a University, Purdue, Notre Dame, and the State Normal helped bath and left orders that I should not be called until noon. with understanding and efficiency. The Hoosiers know how to But the tub was in the middle of the room. It was the coldest

get things done. day in winter. The tub matched the day. The clerk called me There aliens to convert. I was told that I should find at eleven instead of twelve to meet the County Committee, and some down at Evansville. That luncheon of the Rotary Club, then it was for me a succession of speeches on various aspects in the beautiful hotel overlooking the Ohio River, was a revelaof the war, leading up to the long address in the evening, at tion to me. German names there were in great abundance, but the great mass-meeting in the Coliseum, when I made the special there also were at the close of the meeting American handplea to think of nothing but the war, to stand behind the Gov- clasps and assurances that Evansville is loyal. Among all cities ernment, to prepare to rebuild and re-educate a world once it is in the country it must have distinction, for James Bethel redeemed from pre-primitive autocracy.

Gresham, the first American to go “ over the top” and to fall Always, whoever spoke, it was the comprehensive view that on the soil of France, lived here, and his mother says: won the audience. Always it was the conception of responsi sorrow is made easier to bear by the knowledge that my boy bility to our allies as well as to ourselves that gripped the did his full duty for our country in her time of need.” heart. Always it was the plea to recognize that the time had There is a way to talk to German-born who still have dreams come for us to take a share in dying, if need be, that those may of a “fatherland” which Prussianism has killed. It is not diffilive-who have been dying these years past that we may live. cult to visualize for them a new fatherland beneath the Stars Always the supreme word was " noblesse oblige."

and Stripes, in this country where long ago God said: “ I am To how many we spoke in those four weeks no one will ever tired of kings, I suffer them no more." definitely know. A conservative estimate placed the number at As for the speakers of English birth, their habit was to praise

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the French. The French speakers in turn never lost a chance to and me that we might expect a large “turnout" of farmers emphasize the valor and the chivalry of their allies. Of course He was conservative. The halls were filled to overflowing I heard criticisms of the Administration, but none offered in Antiquated buggies lined the curbstone. Beards and top-bonita dishonor or disdain. All criticism resolved itself at last into a walked the streets. The make-weight of democracy was there democratic desire to know as much as could be told without in all solemnity. They listened. When they had the chance giving aid and comfort to the enemy. The Hoosiers simply want they questioned. They wanted to know. They were making up the confidence of Washington.

their minds that in the land which Lincoln saved democrar One night when an officer loaned by one of the Allies had must get ready to strike Lloyd George's “knock-out blow finished his simple, moving story of “ trench life” the audience to autocracy and the world become all democratic. that packed the Coliseum to its utmost rose as one to emphasize It was not at Madison-but it might have been that word the solidarity of our war against the enemy and sang with all came of the torpedoing of the Tuscania. The presiding officer their might

grimly announced that a boy from this county was on that “ Blest be the tie that binds."

boat," and I realized then that America is now like Milton's Kendallville and Ligonier will always have a warm spot in strong man, waking out of sleep and shaking his puissant locks my memory. At Kendallville I was to change cars for Ligonier,

to carry

Gaza's gates away and make an end to war. but the train was six hours late. The thermometer spurned zero North Vernon lay beyond the hills. Twenty-three miles interas the gray day darkened into night, and then went below. There vened. The Bureau had decreed that I was to speak there in was no auto and no sleigh was to be procured. I tried to get an the evening, and to North Vernon I was bound to go. But no engine from the nearest junction, and in that I failed. Ligonier train was running. The thaw was setting in. “ You will never was eighteen miles away, across snow-drifts deep in places, and make it,” said one who thought he knew. But there are always the cold was too biting for a walk so long.

autos, even in the land of Lincoln, and relays of autos were The long-distance telephone was a godsend. The county arranged by telephone. Two chauffeurs drove each car

. Bu chairman called back to me across the drifts at half-past seven : cause of slush and mud the valleys were as difficult to cross as “The house is packed. Come on when you can. We will hold

the snow-clad hilltops. Twice our auto stuck, and not even the them till you come.” Then till nine we had an extemporized meet younger of our chauffeurs was quite confident, but we drore ing in Kendallville, and when I reached Ligonier at 10:15 my through. Once we clipped a big slice from a five-foot bank of audience was there-all there.

snow which impudently barred our way. My fellow-speakers from beyond the State will not think me The stream George Rogers Clarke in 1778 waded, on his way unappreciative of them if I say that when it comes to public to snatch Vincennes from British hands, was overflowing both speaking Indiana needs no immigrants. Both men and women its banks, and we had a pretty drive, a memorable drive, for a Hoosier speakers are of a high type; but, as a county chairman few minutes through water two feet deep, with even chances said to me, “ The people want to hear you men who have been whether we should go out with the maddened torrent down to over there." In

consequence, we were usually expected to speak the Ohio or go on to North Vernon. We went on, and when longest, and the courtesy of our local associates never failed. we reached North Vernon the time to speak had come. The They cared too much for the cause to have any personal feeling. moving-picture house was packed. The street outside was dense It

may not matter much to them, but it matters much to some with those who wanted to get in. We could not force our way of us, to whom they-showed consideration, that we shall always, through such a crowd. The chairman,-in-collusion with the after that experience, have a special place in our regard for owner of the house adjoining, took me through by the back Hoosiers.

way.” The mud and water, almost up to our shoe tops, were Seldom did the speakers from outside the State have oppor unwelcome, but we reached the stage at last. Anybody can tunity to hear one another. In the brief intervals, however, speak when such enthusiasm awaits him for the sake of what he between our speaking, when we were traveling slowly from one represents. point to the other or were having hasty dinners under the same At Lafayette I had the honor of speaking with the President roof, we had our good times in exchanging stories and experi- of the Monon Railroad, the Belgian Commissioner, and Judge ences. Sometimes we were under the same roof with National Kenesaw Mountain Landis, of Chicago, whose attitude was so celebrities, and Mr. Everett Colby, at one place, informed me properly judicial that he left nobody outside of the insane with assumed awe that the man with his feet on the rail was asylum anything to say to justify our foe; and the Purdue UniWallace the showman, and that Pete Jackson, sometime hero versity band punctuated the good speech by playing “ Pack up of the prize ring, would black my boots.

your troubles in your old kit bag, and smile, smile, smile.” Lieutenant MacQuarrie, pipe in mouth and note-book in hand, The Hoosiers talk. They read. They make you feel at home

. portable typewriter near for his secretary's use, was mapping They never bristle. They are folks. What they know, the out with me our afternoon schedule. In his jolly and persuasive know; and when they do not know, they candidly admit their manner he implored me to let him speak in the opera-house ignorance. Said one aged man to me at midnight, with a chuckle while I spoke in the church. He seemed to think that his in his voice, “ Last summer I thought I knew how to run this “ trench talk” would go better on the stage than in the pulpit. war. I said so pretty freely until I ran up against a man who After we had finished, and the audience in each house wanted knew more than I, and ever since I have known enough to keep more, the chairman shifted us, and my last glimpse was of the my mouth shut.” lieutenant, with a rueful face, carrying his “trench talk” to Mr. Samuel Hopkins Adams may be right in pointing to the the church, while I was speeding to the opera-house.

menace afforded by the truly large foreign population, the workThere were two days beyond description. I arrived at Bloom- ings of whose minds we do not always understand. Perhaps the ington one Sunday night, barely in time to reach the auditorium Secret Service has its problems with a few of them, but my where the meeting was beginning, with a crowd outside so large experience in Indiana, confirmed since in other Middle Western that the chairmar, on my arrival, thought it best to change the States, leads me to assume such patriotism in the average man meeting to the biggest auditorium in town, where twenty-five as needs no questioning. At any rate, this proper assumption hundred people used up every inch of space and needed more. brought out declarations of loyalty where else there might have

As I went to bed at eleven I told the hotel clerk to call me been no word. the next morning in ample time to catch the train at 3:55, so Professor Mütterer, of the State Normal School of Indiana

, that I might speak some hours away that afternoon in Indiana's certainly spoke for the great mass of German-born when be * Switzerland.” As our train drew down to Madison among

the said in public, of his own accord : “ knobs,” crowned by gigantic trees, with the water toppling over “ Clifty Falls," and valleys even in the winter sheering off

I am not ashamed of my German name or German blood, but into surpassing beauty, the shade of Lincoln seemed to hover

I feel deeply aggrieved against the German military party, over us. The Lincoln spell was on the farmers who came out

German Imperial Government, Prussianism, and the unholy to hear the war discussed. There were real Lincoln types--tall,

German arrogance which made good blood and a good name :

challenge to the world and has discredited the spiritual contrilean, thoughtful, serene, patient, tolerant, forgetful of self in butions of old Germany. I believe the great majority of the the preservation of peace. The chairman told my soldier friend Americans of German descent feel the same intense grievance

toward this dire Power. What is in me I shall do when my coun house. The visit was like turning back to France. There were try calls. I shall not regard it a sacrifice, only a duty and a the same French buoyancy, the same French hospitality, the righteous debt I want to pay.

same delicious French cooking which perhaps Americans will It was at the last great mass-meeting that I had an extraor learn from our dear friends across the sea. dinary illustration of the new religious unity the war has My soldier boy. The car was crowded. In the seat ahead of brought. When, in the early dark, the train deposited me at the me, chubby of face, light of hair, merry of spirit, sat a young station, the local committee met me, led by its chairman, Father soldier, one of the first to represent us on the field of honor, and Dhé, the parish priest, a Frenchman, who less than twenty with both legs badly damaged last August. The bone of the years ago lived in the Vimy and Lens region, where his relatives right ankle, splintered as it is, has baffled all the skill of doctors have suffered in this war. I stayed under his hospitable roof on each side of the ocean, and he was on his way to a great

hospital for a last try to save his life.

Every jolt of the car hurt. He was never free from pain. He knew that he might lose his leg within two days, but he smiled as he said to me, “ They can take it off if they like.” The little children came across the aisle to play with him. He sang along the

way. The high notes of “Swanee River "gave him trouble. With “ Tipperary” he dashed gallantly along. He could“ Keep the Home Fires Burning.” He certainly knew how to pack up his troubles in his old kit bag and smile, smile, emile.

We talked and talked. He said nothing about pacifism, though he had fought for peace. He had no word of hate for those who had inflicted all that hurt upon him. The holy magnitude of our country's task was clear to him, and he was too good a soldier to waste energy in idle comment or in bitterness.

As I left the car I hoped that he would have a comfortable night, and his voice rang out cheerily: “ I'm all right. My leg. always hurts. But what's the use of worrying about it?”

One last look, and a “Good-by, sollier boy,” to him. But even after I had set foot on the step his voice came ringing merrily, “Good-by, sir, and good luck to you.

I do not know whether he is living as I write these words, but I do know that whether he still lives or not he has done his "bit.” He has made it inipossible for any right-minded man, woman, or child not to do his utmost, if only to keep pace with

our soldier boys like him, who from our colleges the whole land through the night. He poured out a torrent of interesting talk. over may soon be counted among those of whom even the He was an inspiration. He understood the effect of the war on Cherubim must soon be singing : the deeper life of the world. I discovered that when coal grew

“Let there be laughter anul a merry noise scarce in his community, and all the churches in Fowler

Now that the fields of heaven shine had to close, he opened to them all “Casey” Hall in his parish

With all these golden boys."

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FATHER DHE

25,000,000 SUBSCRIBERS TO THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN

HOW TO GET THEM

BY THEODORE H. PRICE

EDITOR OF « COMMERCE AND FINANCE"

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account.

S I write, some three hundred thousand men and women interest paid on the bond should be credited to the borrower's composing the various Liberty Loan Committees are wait

ing for the 6th of April to inaugurate the campaign for the This is specially mentioned, as there are some lenders who sale of the third bond issue made necessary by the war. The are attempting to practice usury under the guise of patriotism amount offered is $3,000,000,000, but the Secretary of the Treas and appropriate the entire interest on the bond for a year as ury has announced that any over-subscription will be accepted, their compensation for a loan that runs an average of only and, unless good judges are mistaken, the over-subscription will twenty-five weeks. In doing this they get something over 8% be large. The bonds will bear interest at the rate of 474 per cent, per cent per annum for lending money on the best security in and the provision that they may not be converted into a later the world. issue is generally construed to indicate that the Government For the benefit of the small subscribers on the partial paydoes not expect that it will be necessary to pay a higher rate ment plan who are unfamiliar with interest calculations, perof interest on any subsequent loans it may make. The term for haps this should be made a little clearer : The man or woman which the bonds will run is not yet announced, but it is gen who buys à $50 bond through a bank or trust company, and erally expected that they will mature in twenty-five or thirty agrees to pay $1 a week on it, is in effect borrowing $50 for an years and be redeemable ten years before maturity. They are average of twenty-five weeks. Interest on this loan at 6 per cent to be issued in denominations of $50, $100, $500, and $1,000. per annum, even if it were compounded quarterly, would not

The subscriptions are to be payable in installments at dates exceed $1.50. Against the interest charged, the coupons on the not yet announced, but running probably well into the summer. bonds (which at 474 per cent would be worth $2.12) should be Almost any bank or trust company will agree to buy small credited so that at the end of the fiftieth week the borrower quantities of the bonds and carry them for subscribers who will should receive this bond and not less than 62 cents in cash. If undertake to pay for them at the rate of two per cent a month. the rate of interest charged were 5 per cent, the cash payment

Thus a person can buy a $50 bond and pay $1 a week against accompanying the delivery of the bond should not be less than it for fifty weeks, at the end of which time his bond will be 87 cents. delivered to him. In such cases the rate of interest charged on There is hardly any one who does not realize that a United the unpaid balance should not exceed 5 or 6 per cent, and the

States bond is the safest investment that can be made and the

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