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individual subscriptions did not reach that amount. They ran vast amount of unselfish service that has been rendered to the little or no risk in doing this, and no town has been heard of Government by men who have given their time and strength to which is not sure to live up to the trust thus reposed in it. the development of our air programme. Some of this criticism

New York City alone is undertaking to raise for the Loan is due to disappointment of expectations for which the Goverthe sum of $900,000,000, and, while that amount seems almost ment itself was not responsible. Nevertheless, as a sign of imincredible, much confidence is expressed on every hand that the patience at delay and of urgency for speed and for the utilizaattempt will succeed.

tion of every resource, such criticism is a wholesome sign. The
Government would do well to take the public into its confidence

as far as possible. Americans can stand bad news, but they PERFORMANCE VERSUS PROMISE

cannot profitably remain in a state of false security. IN OUR AIR PROGRAMME Charges that the United States Government is months

OUR NAVY behind in its airplane programme were made at a public meeting of the Aeronautical Society of America, held in New York

The Hon. William B. Oliver, Representative from Alabama, on April 4.

may well have been proud to have the recent distinction At this meeting a report of nearly twenty thousand words

of signing his name as chairman of a sub-committee on a was submitted by a special committee headed by Mr. Leon report to the full Naval Affairs Committee of the House of Cammen, Vice-President of the Society and associate editor

Representatives. The sub-committee had been appointed to for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. While this investigate “ the conduct and administration of the Navy." A report was based in part on newspaper statements and inter

copy of the report lies before us. views with Congressmen and Senators, the Committee is under

Though far more nearly ready for war than was the Army, stood to have had direct sources of information, and to have

our Navy was not ready as was the British, for instance. But it reached its conclusions in consequence of its own investiga

was placed on a war footing in a remarkably short time and tions. Since members of the Society have repeatedly offered

was soon put to the “ acid test." their services to the Government without avail and have found

The expansion of the Navy has been, accompanied by a gain it difficult to secure official information, the Committee decided in efficiency. The report says: that the only corrective of mistakes was “ pitiless publicity.”

Our committee undertook this investigation expecting to find At the public meeting the following allegations, among others,

that, no matter how well in the main the Navy had made its were made:

expansion into a war force, we would find some matters subject First, that the Government has steadfastly refused to utilize

to adverse criticism. We brought with us the desire to co-operate the services of engineering experts most capable of working out

with the Navy to one end-success. An examination of the rec

ord will show how little occasion we have had to find fault. Some the best practicable airplane motors.

mistakes have, of course, been made, yet the Navy has shown Second, that Government officials have continually made

its strength by the manner of their correction. extravagant claims of what they intended to do, instead of availing themselves of models already proved practical.

The urgent demand for a larger increase in the destroyer Third, that Government officials, in order to conceal deficien

force of course made necessary a temporary abandonment of cies in aircraft production, have misrepresented facts.

part of the Navy ship-building programme. The report says

nevertheless : In emphasizing the dangers and delays consequent upon the Government's failure to use available experts, Mr. Cammen

The Navy greatly needs both scout and battle cruisers, withstated that it had not been proved that the Liberty motor was

out which our dreadnought fleet loses a large part of its tighting an unqualified success. lle also alleged that many of the acci

potentiality. We approve the principle and earnestly favor å

resumption of the building programme as soon as conditions dents in training air pilots were avoidable by the proper arrange permit, and cannot too strongly emphasize the importance of ment of schedules and by allotting sufficient space for men in providing both scout and battle cruisers. training to fly in. Inasmuch as the State of Texas is greater in

The principal achievements in the expansion of the Navy we area than all of Belgium and northern France combined, there

recount elsewhere. seems to be space to be had ; but Mr. Cammen failed to recog

The report pays a tribute to certain special features for nize the necessity of schooling pilots in groups, and the real instance, to the medical facilities quickly provided for the war; solution in better equipment (such as parachutes) and in better

it says that“ the first battle of the war, that against disease, was teaching. Another deficiency alleged is failure to train men in fought and won by the Medical Department of the Navy, under advance in auxiliary duties, such as photography, map-sketch Rear-Admiral William Braisted.” ing, signaling, and machine-gun operations.

The Bureau of Construction and Repair put the German Another member of the Committee, Mr. Thomas A. Hill

, interned ships in service in an incredibly short time. attacked certain statements which had been officially made.

At a time when France has been lending guns to us for our Ile

declared that such statements as that machine production Army it is pleasant to read that our Nayy had already done had been solved and the aircraft industry fully developed were

the same for the navies of our allies. untrue at the time they were made and were known by Ger

The Navy has achieved success in holding down the number many to be untrue. Declaring that the original programme

of submarine sinkings. Depth charges, which the committee called for the production of twelve thousand planes by July 1

thinks of this year, he said that it was now announced in the Senate submarine," have been produced in quantity and are in use by

may properly be termed “the best weapon against the that by that time there could be only thirty-seven planes deliv

our destroyers and submarine chasers. ered, and that this is the situation after an expenditure of hun

Not all the work of our Navy, however, is confined to sex dreds of millions of dollars for aircraft production and after

operations. The report includes this well-deserved compliment : this country has been in the war for a year. Mr. John Q. Tilson, a Representative in Congress from Con

There are to-day on the firing lines in France no better

trained, no braver, no more effective fighting forces than our own necticut, attributed the delay to the inclination of the Govern

Marines, . and we hope their number may soon be largely ment to experiment rather than to use machines already proved increased. Both officers and men are anxious to successful.

equipped and splendidly trained as they are in the arduous The President of the Aeronautical Society, Mr. Frederick methods of modern warfare, we feel that theirs will be a service Barker, announced the belief of the Society that the time had of results which the Nation will always remember with evercome for the publication of the real facts, in order that the tre increasing pride. mendous force of public opinion might be exerted in pressing The report ought to be on sale in every post office. In these the Government to reform its methods of aircraft production. days of criticism it is specially inspiring reading, for both on

Some of this criticism would have been more effective if the administrative side of the Navy Department, including the delivered in better temper and without being tainted by an great bureaus whose work is noticed in detail

, and on what may effort to question motives. It would have been also no less be called the more strictly military administration of the Navy

, effective if it had been accompanied by a recognition of the the report speaks in simple but eloquent terms of the patience,

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endurance, pluck, and skill of all concerned. “ So well have they and was hanged to a tree. It was alleged that the man had been succeeded," the members of the sub-committee conclude, “ that making disloyal remarks, and the mob, it is said, intended at We feel justified to report: ‘Sirs, all is well with the fleet.''

first to run him out of town after giving him a coat of tar and feathers; but, finding no tar, they yielded to a suggestion from

somebody and hanged him instead. FOUR ARMY BILLS

If this is a sign of the rising tide of American indignation Congress has been considering, among others, four impor against Germany and all the atrocious things that Germany tant army measures. Two of them have become law—the Secre stands for, and, in particular, against that subtle and poisonous taries of War Bill and the Furlough Bill.

mode of warfare known as German propaganda, it has at least By the first the Secretary of War is to have two additional one redeeming feature, though it remains deplorable. AccordlAssistant Secretaries. The Assistant Secretary, Benedicting to newspaper despatches, the Mayor of Collinsville, who Crowell, will thus have two colleagues. The President has nomi- pleaded with the crowd to leave the man in the custody of the nated for these positions men who have been active in serving authorities, declared after the lynching that another man who the W'ar Department, Edward R. Stettinius and Frederick P. had been charged with disloyalty had been freed because of the Keppel, the former being the well-known member of the firm lack of evidence under present law, and that the mob, believing of J. P. Morgan & Co., and the latter lately Dean of Columbia that another seditionist was about to escape justice, took the l'niversity. The Senate has already confirmed the nomination matter into their own hands. It is true that human nature, like of Mr. Stettinius, and the Secretary of War will therefore enjoy physical nature, abhors a vacuum, and where law for the enforcethe advantage of having in power the former efficient purchasing ment of the will of the community is lacking the mob is likely agent of the Allies in this country. While he was purchasing to rush in. It is the same tendency that is seen when, in the agent for the Allies he entered the Morgan firm, a. natural absence of correct public information, there is an inrush of step, as the Allies had named that firm their fiscal agent in the rumor. This tendency of human nature is no excuse for those L'nited States. As Surveyor-General of Army Purchases Mr. who circulate gossip; and it is equally no excuse for the mob. Stettinius has shown rare skill in reconciling the technical But it is a reason for the establishment of proper mediums for requirements of military men with the industrial limitations put the dissemination of the truth; and it is in the same way a upon these requirements by the country's productive capacity. reason for the enactment of needed laws.

The Furlough Bill, now law, empowers the Secretary of There is no doubt whatever that the law for the protection of War, whenever he deems it necessary or desirable, to grant the community against seditionists, disloyalists, traitors, and furloughs to enlisted men, with or without pay, for such periods spies is inadequate. Under the law at present treason is a very as he may designatė, to engage in civil occupations and pursuits. limited and definite offense. A man may be a real traitor and This is to enable the country to benefit by the industry of not a legal traitor, simply because he has not committed those skilled men in the army.

offenses which were recognized as treason when traitors could The Senate has passed two important Army measures-the think of nothing else to do except round up a number of folDraft Age Bill and the Draft Classification Bill.

lowers and levy war against a king. So a spy is pretty safe, proLast May Congress provided for the registration on vided he knows how to commit his espionage without encountercertain day, for military service, of all the male citizens of the ing military authorities. A man can do an immense amount of United States between the ages of twenty-one and thirty, damage to the cause of this country in the interest of the enemy inclusive. The Act ought to have contained a provision for the and yet escape all peril except that of being indicted under some registration of every citizen, whenever he attains the age of twenty State statute. Not long ago a man who committed what was in one years. Unfortunately, it did not. Since registration day reality an atrocious crime was convicted ; but the only law under over half a million young men have become twenty-one years which he could be punished by the United States Government old. Not until the middle of January of this year was a bill was the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, on the ground that his act providing for their registration introduced. Not until the middle was a conspiracy to interfere with commerce. When the law is of February was it reported. Not until March 29 was it passed so inadequate, public opinion is likely to become impatient, and by the Senate, and it still remains to be passed by the House. to tolerate, as it ought not to tolerate, such mob violence as All these young men before registration, and many others still happened near Collinsville. younger, should have had the opportunity and obligation of If such mob violence really did any good, it might be parsome military training. Yet in the Draft Age Bill discussion doned; but it is not only wrong, but futile. It is now reported the other day in the Senate even the mild form of universal that Praeger, who was hanged for disloyalty, had registered as training (placing the determination of the periods of instruction an alien, had really been loyal to the country of his adoption, with the President) introduced as an amendment did not pass. had been misunderstood by ignorant men who did not know Perhaps there will be a better chance for some such amendment English very well, had not been guilty at all of the things that in the House.

rumor had ascribed to him, and had even tried to enlist in the The Draft Classification Bill provides for a draft based on Ņavy, and was rejected only because of his defective eyesight. the total number of persons in the various subdivisions desig- If this all proves true, all the mob did was to kill a man capable nated by the President, and not on the basis of the popu of being a good citizen and to afford the Germans another lation of the State involved, as was the practice under the first excuse for more atrocities on the plea of reprisal. draft call. An attempt is being made to amend the measure And the very mistake that the mob made is one that the lawso as to provide for a general exemption of farmers. Such an makers themselves may make. In the justifiable reaction against amendment would go further than the Furlough Law, because the lack of law for the control of the disloyal and the extinction it would give deferred classification to farmers as a class. of the traitor and the spy, legislators are not unlikely to draft

On April 6, the anniversary of our declaration of war, the measures which may suppress not only sedition but even that
War Department announced that the next increment of the wholesome and necessary criticism without which a free people
National Army would consist of 150,000 men. They will be cannot govern themselves and cannot even wage war.
ordered to report at the camps in the five days beginning April

Just because the Germans have lost their heads is no reason 26. This is three times the number at first planned to be called why we should lose ours. Americans ought to know how to at this time. The tripling of the number of men called may be keep level-headed and just and yet remain angry and determined. regarded, we think, not only as a natural expansion of the original plan, but, in view of the present German drive, of the Government's determination to speed up its war preparations.


When conscription was adopted, it was expected that there

would be trouble in the Province of Quebec. Now the expected IS LYNCHING A GOOD WAY TO FIGHT GERMANY?

has happened. At the close of the first anxious week of the GerA man by the name of Praeger, a native of Germany, who man drive in Picardy, the city of Quebec, the capital of the prorhad taken out his first naturalization papers, was seized by a ince, furnished to Canada and the world news of street fighting. moh near Collinsville, Ilinois, while he was in the local jail, There is no need to rehearse here in detail the causes for this

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situation, as they were outlined in our pages last December. It COUNT CZERNIN'S CAMOUFLAGE is quffiqinat 19,

say that the French-Canadians of Quebec were Perhaps the shortest and frankest diplomatic reply from apathetie toward the war from the start, and that their apathy one Premier to another ever made was that from Clemenceau has been cultivated by a propaganda into which the religious to Czernin. “ Czernin lied,” said Clemenceau. This is surels issue has been injected. When the voters of Canada adopted open diplomacy” between enemies. After this putting of the conscription by an overwhelming vote, Quebec stood out as an matter succinctly and clearly, the French Prime Minister anti-conscription province, and everybody in Canada knew that assertion was promptly supported by proof. His predecessor as there would be friction in the course of putting the conscription Premier declared that the advances toward a discussion of peur law into operation.

terms were made, not by France, as Count Czernin had alleged Two Dominion constables in search of defaulters under the but by Austria, through the person of Count Revertata a Conscription Law detained a young French-Canadian of mili- by a Swiss intermediary. The British Under-Secretary of For tary age found in a pogl-room without exemption papers. This eign Affairs, Lord Robert Cecil, put an appropriate “snapper" was the signal for a series of riots lasting several nights, in which to this very snappy interchange by remarking: “I must webuildings were burned, an attempt was made to destroy the fess that I prefer Prussian brutality to Austrian hypocrisy, li military service records for the Quebec District, and a number you are going to rob and strangle your neighbor, it is better på of-soldiers, rioters, and spectators suffered wounds and death.

to talk of your moderation." In the beginning, a firm stand by the Quebec police force could, Another false statement in Count Czernin's speech was that it is believed, have easily stamped out the trouble; but all the the Alsace-Lorraine question formed the only obstacle to the evidence goes to show that the local authorities, if not actually carrying on of peace negotiations with France France is per. sympathetic with the rioters, were at least lukewarm. Only when fectly in harmony with her allies as to the objects of the war. the military intervened with rifles and machine guns was order and the last thing she would think of doing would be to press restored.

that one question without reference to their united aims. As we have pointed out, Canada has done magnificently in It is perfectly evident that Count Czernin's much-talked of the war. In order to do as well the United States will have to speech was intended to serve precisely the same purpose that raise an army of six million men, and we are congratulating military camouflage serves in this war. He wished, first

, to ourselves on having raised an army of less than two million. make the Austrian people believe that their sufferings hal Splendid as Canada's record has been, she has not been satisfied moved their Government to go to an extreme in welcoming with what she has done or with the distribution throughout her advances from the enemy, and that only the obduracy of that population of the necessary burdens of the war. Under the

enemy prevented the peace which they desire. At the same volunteer system, the patriots bore the burdens and the slackers time he wished to persuade the German Government that he got their jobs. So the Military Service Act, as the conscription had done nothing whatever to lessen Austrian support for Ger law is called, was adopted to raise a hundred thousand men and many's most insolent and intolerable demands from the Allies. to place the burdens on those who had evaded them. The pro In short, Count Czernin's whole speech was an example of portionate share of French-speaking Quebec would be at least double-dealing and subtle casuistry. The total result

, in the twenty-five thousand men. She has given barely two thousand world's opinion, is to show that all attempts to deal with Austria men. Almost to a man the French-Canadians of Class 1 applied separately are vain and foolish. for exemption. The local exemption boards sympathized with

Meantime Germany has been enjoying a sensation in the their relictance to serve their country, and nearly all the appli- publication of a statement by the former German Ambassador cations for exemption were granted. Appeals were entered, but to England that Germany was to blame for starting the war. unless some radical changes are made in the provisions of the Act during the present session it will be many months before any large proportion of these appeals is decided.

JAPAN AND SIBERIA A Canadian correspondent writes to us:

The landing on April 5 of a small number of Japanese sol Ever since confederation Quebec has been the spoiled child of diers or marines in Vladivostok was carried out in conjunction the Dominion. ... She has imposed her will upon parties and

with a similar landing from British ships. This accords perfectly governments. It has been the unwritten law for political

with the recent announcement of the Japanese Minister of For leaders angling for the solid vote of the French-Canadian minority that when speaking to or about Quebec they should say

eign Affairs that any action taken to safeguard Japan's interest: acceptable things.

in Siberia would be in conjunction with Japan's allies. " No doubt but ye are the People

The landing of the Japanese forces was precipitated, SeerYour throne is above the King's.

tary Lansing has informed Americans, by an attack upon JaparWhoso speaks in your presence

ese subjects in Vladivostok by armed Russians, who broke into Must say acceptable things ;

a Japanese office, demanded money, and, on being refused, killed Bowing the head in worship,

one Japanese and wounded others. This landing of forces is pre Bending the knee in fear

cisely similar to action which the United States has taken mor Bringing the word well smoothen

than once in Haiti, Nicaragua, and other places in the Westem Such as a King should hear." Hemisphere where American lives and property were attacked

. The era of plain speaking has come now. It is no longer the

It is to be hoped that, under the conditions of disorder and "word well smoothen," but the plain, blunt, unpleasant truth 'that Quebec is likely to hear from Canadian public men in

threatened danger which exist in Vladivostok, the Japanese and 'future. It is fair to say that the rioters were comparatively few

British forces will feel it not only right but a duty to protect · in number, and that the disturbances were confined to the an property and persons without regard to the nationality of those

cient capital. Nevertheless a whole province and a whole race who are in danger. The situation at Vladivostok, with its enorare included in the condemnation of the other portions of the mous stores of munitions and other property, and with disorder . Dominion; and only a manifest change of attitude and a whole and anarchy raging among the adherents of the Bolsheviki Co.

hearted acceptance of the demands and spirit of the Military ernment, is one to demand prompt and firm action. There is ,, Service Act on the part of the whole province can appease the little question that Japan's allies will cordially approve of the sefiirpent of the other parts of Canada.

action that she has taken. According to what we hear from this correspondent and others, English-speaking Canada, which is displaying remarkable patience with Quebec, is no longer in the mood to tolerate pas

THE BATTLE - LINE IN FRANCE sive resistance to the Military Service Act, and not at all in the The third week of the tremendous battle begun on March 21 mood to tolerate active resistance. The riots in Quebec have was one of comparative quiet. The opposing forces were like excited a blazing indignation which demands immediate and drastic action by Sir Robert Borden's Union Government. No the main taking breath after their earlier tremendous exertions

two fencers, feinting for position, lunging here and there, but in party government

could cope with the Quebec situation to-day. and gaining strength for new attack and new defense. Noextern Canada may well congratulate herself on the practical disap- sive or serious gains were made by either army. The British pearance of party divisions.

lines withstood attacks northeast and southeast of the German

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advance nearest to Amiens, and even pushed the German lines in a State that can muster almost a hundred thousand voters back in some places. On the other hand, the greatest German to declare that they do not believe in the cause of liberty. And gain was on April 8, against that part of the French lines in the yet it must be remembered that this is the same State whose extreme southeast of the territory gained by the German forces quota of soldiers was nearly, if not quite, filled by volunteers, in their first onrush. Here a French salient bit sharply into the whose allotment of Liberty bonds was quickly absorbed, and German lines. At this point on the date named the German whose gifts to the Red Cross, the Y. M. C. A., and other generals concentrated a terrific assault and compelled a French agencies for war relief have been generous not only in money withdrawal in the neighborhood of the Coucy Woods and but also in service. toward the Ailette River.

No extensive counter-offensive on the part of the Allies was developed up to April 10, and the general opinion of observers

GOOD NEWS FOR OIL AND STEEL WORKMEN is that a renewed or second German offensive is more likely to For the first time in the history of the Standard Oil Comdevelop than a large counter-offensive under General Foch's pany of New Jersey officers of the company and delegates (in. command. It is pointed out that the ground now occupied by cluding two women) elected by the workers have dined together

. the Allies, and particularly that which lies between the German The company held the dinner to celebrate and discuss three advanced positions and Amiens, is far better suited for defense important announcements. than the plains of Picardy through which the Allies retreated. The first was a wage increase. The second was the inauguraAmiens is protected by a long row of hills which are understood tion of a new system of labor relationships. The third was the to be extremely well fortified. If this line can be held and the inaugurative of certain pension benefits. Germans prevented from cutting the railway which leads from There is to be a ten per cent wage increase. As the Standard Amiens south to Paris through Clermont, the Germans' supreme Oil Company of New Jersey, with its subsidiaries, employs effort will be balked, and their unquest hably enormous losses some thirty thousand men, this means a wage rise of about in killed, wounded, and missing (noe said by some military $3,000,000 a year. With this advance we note that in about critics to be in excess of three hundred thousand) will, to that two and one-half years the company has granted a total wage extent, have been in vain.

increase averaging seventy-nine per cent in all classes of labor, There is no doubt, however, that the situation is still grave. and ninety-eight per cent increase in common labor.

But what may be a step toward industrial democracy is of

more importance. In announcing this the company declares THE WISCONSIN ELECTION

that it is in no sense to be regarded as a substitute for fair Wisconsin, the home State of Senator La Follette, who is wages. For two years and a half the company has guaranteed still under charges in the Senate of disloyal utterances, has an eight-hour day to most of its employees. It now institutes a elected to the Senate as Mr. La Follette's colleague, to fill the joint council of employers and employees, with membership by late Senator Husting's unexpired term, Representative Irvine secret ballot, following the plan already established in Colorado, L. Lenroot. In former days Mr. Lenroot was associated with and regular meetings. The diners approved the proposed reguMr. La Follette in reforms which made Wisconsin a progress

lations as laid before them. In the first place, all applicants for ive State; but he has never been a follower, for he has the service are to be medically examined, so as to determine that quality of leadership which has always made him an independ man is in fit condition and is not assigned to a job to which he ent and distinctive force both in his State and in Congress. may be unequal. Furthermore, no discrimination among appli

By the election of Mr. Lenroot the State has answered those cants is to be made on account of membership in any church, who have questioned the loyalty of the people. Mr. Lenroot society, fraternity, or union. As to the discharge of employees has explicitly announced himself as an advocate of the prosecu a list of offenses were agreed to for which a man shall be subtion of the war. Wisconsin lent emphasis to its answer by giv- ject to dismissal; these include fighting, carrying concealed ing a vote smaller than Mr. Lenroot's by hardly more than ten weapons, stealing, and violations of safety rules. thousand to his Democratic opponent, Joseph E. Davies, who The third announcement related to accidents, sickness, old had the indorsement of President Wilson. The third candidate age, and death. Accident disability is covered by the New in the Senatorial election, Victor L. Berger, was an open advo- Jersey Workmen's Compensation Law. Sick benefits go to (ate of immediate peace with Germany. The election was there- employees of one year's service and over. They are to receive fore a test of Wisconsin's loyalty to the principle for which for disability of more than seven days half pay for periods America is fighting. The result is unmistakable :

ranging from six weeks to a year. As to old age, annuities are

planned on the basis of a regular allowance of two per cent of For the prosecution of the war (combined Lenroot and Davies vote).


the salary for each year of service for all employees at the age For a Bolshevik peace with Germany (the Berger vote) 97,000 of sixty-five years or after twenty years of service. Other pro

visions apply to employees less than sixty-five years old, retired These figures, though not exact, roughly indicate what Wis- after twenty and twenty-five years of service. As to the proconsin thinks about the war.

vision in case of death, the company proposes an arrangement by In order to judge the significance of this election certain facts which all employees, after one year's service, without cost to them. must be kept in mind. The dominant part of the citizenship of selves, shall be given an individual life insurance policy. One Wisconsin is of foreign extraction. There has been a constant year's service carries a death benefit equal to three months' full pro-Kaiser propaganda among them. Senator La Follette's pay ; two years' service, five months' full pay; and so on proanti-war speeches have been widely distributed. The Socialists, gressively until five years and over carries the equivalent of twelve who are strong in Wisconsin, and who are pacifistic and to a months' full pay. Moreover, these policies do not necessarily large degree pro-German, have kept up their campaign day in lapse when the employee leaves the service; he may continue and day out. It has not been easy for even loyal Americans with the policy himself by paying the required premiums. out German antecedents to escape the influence of the atmos In this broad, well-considered system of relationship between phere created by the professional German. Even Mr. Lenroot capital and labor the Standard Oil Company will take high rank voted for the McLemore resolution to warn Americans not to among the truly progressive corporations. One of those is the travel in the submarine zone, and thus voted to acquiesce in the United States Steel Corporation. It has just announced a wage demands of the German submarine pirates. During the cam increase, to take effect April 15, of fifteen per cent, to affect paign President Wilson wrote a letter indirectly calling atten some two hundred thousand men, most of whom are day labortion to this fact; but Mr. Lenroot effectively countered by ers at manufacturing plants. This wage rise will amount to reminding the voters that Mr. Wilson himself once urged å about $45,000,000. Since January 1, 1918, the Steel Corporation " peace without victory.” Some public men have been slower to

has raised wages six times ; the aggregate advance is eighty per learn the significance of this war than others ; the real question cent in respect to unskilled labor, and more than seventy per is whether they understand it now.

cent as averaged among all employees. What causes uneasiness is the size of the Berger vote, even This is the more noteworthy as the Corporation itself has had though it is proportionately small. Something is the matter a reduction in its net profits.

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