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situation, as they were outlined in our pages last December. It COUNT CZERNIN'S CAMOUFLAGE is gufficient 99, say, thnt, the French-Canadians of Quebec were Perhaps the shortest and frankest diplomatic reply frie apathetie toward the war from the start, and that their apathy one Premier to another ever made was that from Clemena has been multivated, by'a propaganda into which the religious to Czernin, “ Czernin lied,” said Clemenceau. This is one issue has been injected. When the voters of Canada adopted “open diplomacy” between enemies. After this putting of the conscription by an, overwhelming vote, Quebec stood out as an matter succinctly and clearly, the French Prime Minister anti-conscription province, and everybody in Canada knew that assertion was promptly supported by proof. His predecessors there would be friction in the course of putting the conscription Premier declared that the advances toward a discussion of a law into operation.

terms were made, not by France, as Count Czernin had alle Two Dominion conştables in search of defaulters under the but by Austria, through the person of Count Revertata an Conscription Law detained a young French-Canadian of mili

by a Swiss intermediary. The British Under-Secretary of For tary age found in a pool-room without exemption papers. This eign Affairs, Lord Robert Cecil, put an appropriate "snapper was, the signal for a series of riots lasting several nights, in which to this very snappy interchange by remarking: “I must com buildings were burned, an attempt was made to destroy the fess that I prefer Prussian brutality to Austrian hypocrisy, military service records for the Quebec District, and a number

you are going to rob and strangle your neighbor, it is better pe of-soldiers, rioters, and spectators suffered wounds and death. to talk of your moderation." In the beginning, a firm stand by the Quebec police force could, Another false statement in Count Czernin's speech was the it is believed, have easily stamped out the trouble; but all the the Alsace-Lorraine question formed the only obstacle to the evidence goes to show that the local authorities, if not actually carrying on of peace negotiations with France. France is m. sympathetic with the rioters, were at least lukewarm. Only when fectly in harmony with her allies as to the objects of the war. the military intervened with rifles and machine guns was order and the last thing she would think of doing would be to pre restored.

that one question without reference to their united aims. As we have pointed out, Canada has done magnificently in It is perfectly evident that Count Czernin's much-talkede the war. In order to do as well the United States will have to

speech was intended to serve precisely the same purpose the raise an army of six million men, and we are congratulating military camouflage serves in this war. He wished, first, ourselves on having raised an army of less than two million.

make the Austrian people believe that their sufferings bal Splendid as Canada's record has been, she has not been satisfied

moved their Government to go to an extreme in welcoming with what she has done or with the distribution throughout her advances from the enemy, and that only the obduracy of thai population of the necessary burdens of the war. Under the

rdens of the war; . Under the enemy prevented the peace which they desire. At the same volunteer system, the patriots bore the burdens and the slackers time he wished to persuade the German Government that he got their jobs. So the Military Service Act, as the conscription had done nothing whatever to lessen Austrian support for Ger law is called, was adopted to raise a hundred thousand men and many's most insolent and intolerable demands from the Allier to place the burdens on those who had evaded them. The pro- In short, Count Czernin's whole speech was an example of portionate share of French-speaking Quebec would be at least doubledeling and subtle asuistrv The total result in the twenty-five thousand men. She has given barely two thousand men. Almost to a man the French-Canadians of Class 1 applied

separately are vain and foolish. for exemption. The local exemption boards sympathized with Meantime Germany has been enjoying a sensation in ththeir rehictance to serve their country, and nearly all the appli

publication of a statement by the former German Ambassador cations for exemption were granted. Appeals were entered, but to England that Germany was to blame for starting the war. unless some radical changes are made in the provisions of the Act during the present session it will be many months before any large proportion of these appeals is decided.

JAPAN AND SIBERIA A Canadian correspondent writes to us:

The landing on April 5 of a small number of Japanese sola :: Eyer since confederation Quebec has been the spoiled child of diers or marines in Vladivostok was carried out in conjunction the Dominion. . . . She has imposed her will upon parties and

with a similar landing from British ships. This accords perfectly leaders angling for the solid vote of the French-Canadian minor

with the recent announcement of the Japanese Minister of For 1 ,ity that when speaking to or about Quebec they should say

eign Affairs that any action taken to safeguard Japan's interest! acceptable things.

in Siberia would be in conjunction with Japan's allies. "* No doubt but ye are the People-

The landing of the Japanese forces was precipitated, Secre.! Your throne is above the King's.

tary Lansing has informed Americans, by an attack upon JapanLis! Whoso speaks in your presence

ese subjects in Vladivostok by armed Russians, who broke into - Must say acceptable things ;

a Japanese office, demanded money, and, on being refused, kile! Bowing the head in worship,

one Japanese and wounded others. This landing of forces is pr , Bending the knee in fear-

cisely similar to action which the United States has taken more Bringing the word well smoothen

than once in Haiti, Nicaragua, and other places in the Western . Such as a King should hear.”

Hemisphere where American lives and property were attackel The era of plain speaking has come now. It is no longer the

It is to be hoped that, under the conditions of disorder ami “ word well smoothen," but the plain, blunt, unpleasant truth

threatened danger which exist in Vladivostok, the Japanese and that Quebec is likely to hear from Canadian public men in 'future. It is fair to say that the rioters were comparatively few

British forces will feel it not only right but a duty to prolet in number, and that the disturbances were contined to the an property and persons without regard to the nationality of the cient capital. Nevertheless a whole province and a whole race who are in danger. The situation at Vladivostok, with its emo are inchided in the condemnation of the other portions of the mous stores of munitions and other property, and with diso · Dominiont; and only a manifest change of attitude and a whole and anarchy raging among the adherents of the Bolsheviki (for hearted aeceptance of the demands and spirit of the Military

ernment, is one to demand prompt and firm action. There ,,Service Act on the part of the whole province can appease the

little question that Japan's allies will cordially approve of seguiment of the other parts of Canada.

action that she has taken. According to what we hear from this correspondent and others, English-speaking ('anada, which is displaying remarkable patience with Quebec, is no longer in the mood to tolerate pas- THE BATTLE - LINE IN FRANCE sive resistance to the Military Service Act, and not at all in the The third week of the tremendous battle begun on Ma mood to tolerate active resistance. The riots in Quebec have was one of comparative quiet. The opposing forces were , excited a blazing indignation which demands immediate and two fencers, feinting for position, lunging here and there,' virastic action by Sir Robert Borden's Union Government. No the main taking breath after

the main taking breath after their earlier tremendous exert, party government could cope with the Quebec situation to-lay.

day. and gaining strength for new attack and new defense. NOE. Canada may well congratulate herself on the practical disap- sive or serious gains were made by either army. The b pearance of party divisions.

lines withstood attacks northeast and southeast of the o

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advance nearest to Amiens, and even pushed the German lines in a State that can muster almost a hundred thousand voter back in some places. On the other hand, the greatest German to declare that they do not believe in the cause of liberty. And gain was on April 8, against that part of the French lines in the yet it must be remembered that this is the same State whoras Extreme southeast of the territory gained by the German forces quota of soldiers was nearly, if not quite, filled by volunteers in their first onrush. Here a French salient bit sharply into the whose allotment of Liberty bonds was quickly absorbed, and German lines. At this point on the date named the German whose gifts to the Red Cross, the Y. M. C. A., and other generals concentrated a terrific assault and compelled a French agencies for war relief have been generous not only in monar withdrawal in the neighborhood of the Coucy Woods and but also in service. toward the Ailette River.

No extensive counter-offensive on the part of the Allies was lleveloped up to April 10, and the general opinion of observers

GOOD NEWS FOR OIL AND STEEL WORKMEN is that a renewed or second German offensive is more likely to For the first time in the history of the Standard Oil Cou develop than a large counter-offensive under General Foch's pany of New Jersey officers of the company and delegates fin. command. It is pointed out that the ground now occupied by cluding two women) elected by the workers have dined together. the Allies, and particularly that which lies between the German The company held the dinner to celebrate and discuss three advanced positions and Amiens, is far better suited for defense important announcements. than the plains of Picardy through which the Allies retreated. The first was a wage increase. The second was the inaugura. Amiens is protected by a long row of hills which are understood tion of a new system of labor relationships. The third was the to be extremely well fortified. If this line can be held and the inaugurative of certain pension benefits. Germans prevented from cutting the railway which leads from There is to be a ten per cent wage increase. As the Standani Amiens south to Paris through Clermont, the Germans' supreme Oil Company of New Jersey, with its subsidiaries, emplors effort will be balked, and their unquestionably enormous losses some thirty thousand men, this means a wage rise of about in killed, wounded, and missing (no said by some military $3,000,000 a year. With this advance we note that in about critics to be in excess of three hundred thousand) will, to that two and one-half years the company has granted a total wage extent, have been in vain.

increase averaging seventy-nine per cent in all classes of labor. There is no doubt, however, that the situation is still grave. and ninety-eight per cent increase in common labor.

But what may be a step toward industrial democracy is of

more importance. In announcing this the company declares THE WISCONSIN ELECTION

that it is in no sense to be regarded as a substitute for fair Wisconsin, the home State of Senator La Follette, who is wages. For two years and a half the company has guaranteed still under charges in the Senate of disloyal utterances, has an eight-hour day to most of its employees. It now institutes a elected to the Senate as Mr. La Follette's colleague, to fill the joint council of employers and employees, with membership by late Senator Husting's unexpired term, Representative Irvine secret ballot, following the plan already established in Colorado, L. Lenroot. In former days Mr. Lenroot was associated with and regular meetings. The diners approved the proposed regu. Mr. La Follette in reforms which made Wisconsin a progress. lations as laid before them. In the first place, all applicants for ive State; but he has never been a follower, for he has the service are to be medically examined, so as to determine that a quality of leadership which has always made him an independ man is in fit condition and is not assigned to a job to which he ent and distinctive force both in his State and in Congress. may be unequal. Furthermore, no discrimination among appli

By the election of Mr. Lenroot the State has answered those cants is to be made on account of membership in any church, who have questioned the loyalty of the people. Mr. Lenroot society, fraternity, or union. As to the discharge of employees. has explicitly announced himself as an advocate of the prosecu- a list of offenses were agreed to for which a man shall be sultion of the war. Wisconsin lent emphasis to its answer by giv- ject to dismissal; these include fighting, carrying concealed ing a vote smaller than Mr. Lenroot's by hardly more than ten weapons, stealing, and violations of safety rules. thousand to his Democratic opponent, Joseph E. Davies, who The third announcement related to accidents, sickness, oll had the indorsement of President Wilson. The third candidate age, and death. Accident disability is covered by the New in the Senatorial election, Victor L. Berger, was an open advo- Jersey Workmen's Compensation Law. Sick benefits go to cate of immediate peace with Germany. The election was there- employees of one year's service and over. They are to receive fore a test of Wisconsin's loyalty to the principle for which for disability of more than seven days half pay for periods America is fighting. The result is unmistakable :

ranging from six weeks to a year. As to old age, annuities are

planned on the basis of a regular allowance of two per cent of For the prosecution of the war (combined Lenroot and Davies vote). ...

. . . . . . 275,000

the salary for each year of service for all employees at the age For a Bolshevik peace with Germany (the Berger vote) 97,000

of sixty-five years or after twenty years of service. Other pro

visions apply to employees less than sixty-five years old, retired These figures, though not exact, roughly indicate what Wis- after twenty and twenty-five years of service. As to the proconsin thinks about the war.

vision in case of death, the company proposes an arrangement by In order to judge the significance of this election certain facts which all employees, after one year's service, without cost to themmust be kept in mind. The dominant part of the citizenship of selves, shall be given an individual life insurance policy. One Wisconsin is of foreign extraction. There has been a constant year's service carries a death benefit equal to three months' full pro-Kaiser propaganda among them. Senator La Follette's pay; two years' service, five months' full pay ; and so on proanti-war speeches have been widely distributed. The Socialists, gressively untilfive years and over carries the equivalent of twelve who are strong in Wisconsin, and who are pacifistic and to a months' full pay. Moreover, these policies do not necessarily large degree pro-German, have kept up their campaign day in lapse when the employee leaves the service; he may continuie and day out. It has not been easy for even loyal Americans with the policy himself by paying the required premiums. out German antecedents to escape the influence of the atmos In this broad, well-considered system of relationship between phere created by the professional German. Even Mr. Len root capital and labor the Standard Oil Company will take high rank voted for the McLemore resolution to warn Americans not to among the truly progressive corporations. One of those is the travel in the submarine zone, and thus voted to acquiesce in the United States Steel Corporation. It has just announced a wage demands of the German submarine pirates. During the cam- increase, to take effect April 15, of fifteen per cent, to affect paign President Wilson wrote a letter indirectly calling atten- some two hundred thousand men, most of whom are day labortion to this fact; but Mr. Lenroot effectively countered byers at manufacturing plants. This wage rise will amount to reminding the voters that Mr. Wilson himself once urged a about *45,000,000. Since January 1, 1916, the Steel Corporation * peace without victory.” Some public men have been slower to has raised wages six times ; the aggregate advance is eighty per learn the significance of this war than others; the real question cent in respect to unskilled labor, and more than seventy per is whether they understand it now.

cent as averaged among all employees. What causes uneasiness is the size of the Berger vote, even This is the more noteworthy as the Corporation itself has had though it is proportionately small. Something is the matter a reduction in its net profits.


launched. One hundred and fifty-one plants are engaged in build

ing ships. The necessity for speed is obvious. German submarines Sa traveler stops to look back over the road he has followed, are sinking ships faster than the world is yet building them. as a merchant makes an inventory of his stock, so the Na- We have practically put into use the available supply of existing

tion, on the anniversary of its entrance into the world war, German ships. So far any enlargement of the world's ship supply has been making an estimate of what it has so far accomplished. is a matter, not of present fact, but of hope to be fulfilled.

In order to understand its achievements, or its failures to In ships, too-fighting ships and ships for the transportation achieve, it must keep in mind the goal towards which it has set of soldiers --we have made a great contribution to the Allier out, its purpose in taking up the task.

cause through our Navy. We have put vessels of war to Its object has been stated by the President:

the number of more than a thousand in commission-battle“ The world must be made safe for democracy."

ships, cruisers, submarines, destroyers, transports, colliers, and "We shall fight for the thing which we have always carried the smaller craft. Our destroyers in particular have been of nearest our hearts-for democracy, for the right of those who great service; and we are now building new destroyers in onesubmit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, half or one-third of the time required under pre-war conditions. for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal In men we have made the contribution that is most precions. dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall From an Army of two hundred thousand we have expanded our bring peace and safety to all the nations and make the world forces into armies numbering over a million and a half. The itself at last free."

greatest act of America in the war was the decision to secure “ This is a people's war, a war for freedom and justice and our Army, not by depending on volunteers, but by selection. self-government among all the nations of the world, a war to That decision stands to the everlasting credit of the Nation. It make the world safe for the peoples who live upon it and have has made possible all that has followed or may follow. Out of made it their own.”

ten million men subject to the process of selection we have sent What the President has said of our object in this war is true over half a million into camp. Of about a million men in the of the object of our allies. We entered this war to co-operate Regular Army and National Guard we have sent several hunwith the nations already engaged. We had therefore an imme dred thousand to France, and practically all the rest are mobildiate obligation, namely, to fulfill the reasonable expectations ized in camp or at posts. While enlarging our Army, we have of our allies. What did we lead them to expect from us? also enlarged our Navy by something like four hundred per Money, provisions, ships, and men.

cent. And we have not merely put these men in camp, but have Let us recount here what we have done in the fulfillment of built cities for them and have provided them not merely with those expectations.

military training but also with that recreation and those reIn money we have loaned to the Allies more than four and sources, bodily, mental, and moral, which the normal man a half billion dollars and have promised much more.

requires. It has been a great achievement, an answer to the In provisions we have supplied for the armies of the nations question as to whether democracy values only material things or fighting Germany, including our own Nation, an amount of mate whether it values also the things that are unseen and eternal. rial quite inconceivable. We are producing rifles, for instance, More than that, our Nation has summoned to its service men at the rate of forty-five thousand per week. We have furnished of brains, of wealth, of resource, and has put them to work in from our Navy guns from the largest to the smallest caliber the public service on multitudinous tasks. More than that, our to the British, French, and Italian Governments, with ammu Nation has conscripted not merely its soldiers but also its public nition for them ; but, instead of supplying guns to our allies’ servants, for in taking the railways it has taken into the public armies, we are depending upon our allies for guns for our own employ the army of railway workers, who constitute with their Army. We have led our allies to expect a large contribution families practically one-seventh of the wage-earning population to their aircraft resources; but so far we have not made our of the country. resources begin to be felt in the air fighting. One of the prin- There is no doubt that this country is in earnest and has cipal needs of our allies is wheat. In the exportation of this we been from the beginning ; but Americans during this year ag behind our promises. We have, of course, been sending fuel have only begun to learn the size of their task. The United abroad, but we have failed to send the fuel our allies have States is far from having made the world safe for democracy ; needed. Our failure in this respect helped to bring disaster to it is far from having made it safe for the peoples who live upon Italy. But the fuel and the food that we have sent have been it. Since we set our hands to this task the menace to democamong the essentials which have kept our allies fed and their racy has grown. The world has become more unsafe, not only factories and ships moving. We might have done this as a neu for democracy but for all people who want to lead decent lives tral, but we have done it far more effectively as a belligerent. without having their manner of life imposed upon them. We In addition, we have provided supplies for our own Army. have set our hands to establish the rights and liberties of What this has involved may be indicated by a few odd items: small nations,” but since we entered the war the small nation 20,000,000 woolen blankets, 75,004,000 yards of olive drab for of Rumania has been added to the small nation of Belgium and uniforms, 31,000,000 pairs of light stockings and 50,000,000 the small nation of Serbia as a victim of German greed and love pairs of heavy stockings, 40,000,000 yards of bobbinet for of power. Since we entered the war, not only have small mosquito-bars. For supply, subsistence, and transportation alone nations found their liberties and their rights curtailed or dethe appropriation of the Quartermaster's Department during stroyed, but even the great nation of Russia has gone down the year was nearly two billion dollars. Out of nothing we have before the massive power of the Germans. All our cantonhad to create great supplies of an almost innumerable variety ments, our hundreds of thousands of men, our ships, our guns, of articles, from rubber boots and tent pins to motor trucks. In our millions and billions of money, will be of no avail if they the process mistakes have been inevitable and tradition and do not accomplish that which we set out to do. More than one red tape have obstructed progress; but the general testimony Government official (the latest is George Creel, the head of has been that for a Nation unprepared we have done quite as the Committee on Public Information) has said that it was well well as could have been expected. In other words, it has been that the country was unprepared. It has indeed proved wella great achievement for a million men to spring to arms, not in for Germany. a night, but in a year.

While we are preparing now, Germany has been rolling back In ships we have been making huge blunders and huge suc- the armies of France and Great Britain. There are thousands cesses. The delay in the ship programme, due to quarrels that upon thousands of the finest men of Great Britain and France, ought to be humiliating to every American, was little short of there will be thousands of the finest men of America, killed becriminal. On the other hand, the creation out of marsh-land of cause we were unprepared and because, therefore, we had to spend huge shipyards (one of them five times as big as the largest else this first year of war in still incompleted preparation. In his Balwhere in the world), an undertaking that would require in ordi- timore speech the otherday the President said : " There is ... but nary times two years, but which in one case was accomplished in one response possible from us: Force, force to the utmost, force less than six months, was little short of magical. Alreally ships for without stint or limit.” That is right. It is as true to-ılay as it which contracts were made after we entered the war have been was in 1911 that Germany can understand only one response. So far she has not had any such response from us. We have song that a bird ever sang. It had nothing at all to do with talked about force, we have gathered our force, but we have Liberal Ministries or reform either in Cuba or elsewhere, but it not yet delivered it. The force in the oil still in the strata of the had a great deal to do with the armies of little green men that earth cannot drive an automobile. The force in the men of had arisen overnight out of the blackened soil. America and in America's wealth cannot of itself beat Germany. The Happy Eremite felt friendly toward that singer. They That force will beat Germany only when it is delivered against had much in common, evidently. He was sure that when a Germany.

dawn the bird had first seen the new grass that feathery Galli During this year what we have achieved has been wholly in Curci had grinned also. preparation. We have assembled our wealth, we have begun to He went to the window, thinking that the bird must be on organize our industries, we have created our armies, we are the young maple close by, so near and clear the song was. He building our ships, and, best of all, we have saved ourselves pushed out the casement. The air was warmer outside than from being a mere agglomeration and have become as never within, and faintly touched with delicious odors. Across the before a Nation. It is not a time for proud reflection, but for narrow meadow on the top of a hickory was the bird, like a determination. The men who are going to die for this country twenty-year-old poet telling the world all he knew about him. must be made to understand that this is a country worth dying self and a great deal of what he half suspected. He did not for, a country, in spite of all its faults, that is going to see this sing like a bird who was in love. He sang like a bird who has thing through, and that means what it says when it demands seen green grass for the first time after a tough winter. that this world be fit and safe for free people.

The Happy Eremite felt like climbing the tree and shaking hands with him.

But he did nothing so bizarre. He took himself by the scruff CONCERNING THE DIFFICULTY OF of the neck instead, and with a long sigh returned to the Spanish DOING ONE'S DUTY IN SPRING War..

He heard light footsteps on the cement path outside his study, The journey from the house to the little shack that was his then a hand fumbling on the handle of the porch door, then study was brief, but it gave the eyes of the Happy Eremite the steps on the porch, then that same uncertain fumbling at the balm of a rolling field where the young rye shone palely green inner door, then a voice. and his ears the music of the careless chorus that had of late “ Daddy!" been inhabiting the great hickory. He stopped midway. A week That voice was always irresistible. ago he had burned over the little triangle of lawn west of his “ Hello !” he called. study, and the new grass stood sharply outlined against the “ I'm outside,” she shouted, “and I haven't got anything on blackened soil, a vigorous armory of green spears.

-no leggins, no rubbers, no swedder, no cap, no anything." He grinned to see it. It was good for the soul to see grass “Oh, grand !” he shouted back. “Now run along. again ; it was good for the soul to see anything so clean and “I want to show you.” fresh and straight and ready for business. It was a full inch He opened the door, not at all reluctantly. high. And last night not a sign of it. The mystery of the growth “ I'm going out to the swing,” she announced. “Will you of things captured him, as it did every summer. No book on the please come out and swing me, daddy?” science of farming ever had made him understand what under He chuckled. “Is there anything else you'd like me to do?" the sun made things grow; and he was quite sure that no book he asked. ever would.

* Oh, yes, daddy," she cried. “You can build me a house, You planted a seed the shape and size of your thumb-nail, and and we'll crawl into it and hide from mother and Mary, and I before you knew it there was something green butting the earth haven't got anything on, not a single swedder.” away, and when you looked again it was a plant, and then it was “Oh, you tempter!” he cried, and went with her. a vine traveling about the garden and keeping the weeds away Duty and the Spanish War had the odds against them after with its enormous leaves ; and by and by one fruit of many that. For while he was swinging his little lady the Happy which the vine produced kept a table of ten occupied.

Eremite happened to glance toward the barn. He wondered You planted a seed smaller than the other, and with only a what the new gardener was doing and whether the rhubarb was little persuading suddenly it jumped and was fifteen feet high, up. He decided to find out for himself. On the way it occurred a day's food for half a dozen chickens and an evening meal for to him that the young grass on the circle behind the house a cow. It was all miraculous and amazing.

would be badly burned if he did not rake off the manure soon. The Happy Eremite, philosophizing amid the jubilant blades. Perhaps, he said to himself, it might be wise to give up his recalled with an effort that he had work to do, took himself by work at his desk for the day and attend to this. “Wise" was the scruff of the neck and proceeded to his study.

the word he used. His desk was in disarray, with seed catalogues and garden He raked all day. It was seven-thirty before he made his way books peering from among sober histories and pessimistic war once more up the winding path to the study. He stopped for an pamphlets, like beautiful demon faces about the edges of a instant at the hedge that shut off his diminutive domain and monk's prayer-book.

looked westward. A great cloud was sailing with slow majesty He flirted with them, resisted, took one look backward, and was toward the south, a purple cloud with stars like chip diamonds lost. He salved his conscience by telling himself that the study in a pale sky behind it. He began to study its shape, and it of books on gardening was nowadays, in a sense, a patriotic duty.

A half-hour later he took himself by the scruff of the neck, of clouds since he was a boy. He watched the spectral galleni gritted his teeth, and began the day's work. He was writing a drift silently on. biography of a certain Eminent Somebody, and was engaged in The Happy Eremite took himself by the scruff of the neck, an examination of the causes of the Spanish-American War. deposited himself at his desk, sharpened a pencil, and began to ** On October 14, 1897,” he wrote, “ Sagasta took office as head write. But he did not write about the Spanish War. He wrote of a Liberal Ministry pledged to reforms in Cuba-”.

instead “ Concerning the Difficulty of Doing One's Duty in A bird began to sing outside the window-the pleasantest Spring."


TTITH a vigor without precedent in his other speeches,

President Wilson, on the anniversary of our declara

tion of war, uttered in a speech at Baltimore a promise of the use of America's “ force without stint” in the war against Germany.

"We know what the war must cost," said the President, “our utmost sacrifice, the lives of our fittest mer), and, if need be, all

that we possess. The loan we are met to discuss is one of the least parts of what we are called upon to give and to do, though in itself imperative.”

Declaring that he had come to give, if he could, a more vivia conception of what the loan was for, he pronounced that he reasons for this war, the need to fight it through, and the that hang upon its outcome, - are more clearly disclosed to

hat he had come to give, he

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