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Mr. Hoover, Federal Food Administrator, telegraphed as But it is precisely because wheat thus lends itself to the confollows:

sumer's convenience that we ought to send it to Europe. In order that the food value of the present large available

We are asked now by the Food Administration to treat rre supply of potatoes may not be lost, and that it may be utilized just like wheat. Even with that cereal eliminated as well as to relieve the strain in our fast diminishing stock of wheat,

which

wheat we have left cereals in abundance. is so much needed by our Army and Navy and Allies, I hope you will do everything possible to promote the potatoes campaign.

FARMING IN FRANCE

“The French soldiers are largely agriculturists, and nothSurely the present large supplies both of corn and potato substitutes for wheat should be utilized, especially that of

ing could comfort thern more than to see their fields cultivated. potatoes, since the time is very short in which last year's supply only great material aid but contribute in a large measure to tlo

planted, and harvested. Associations such as yours render not will be available for food.

maintenance of the good morale of the troops.

These words from General Pétain were fitly used in writing

to an organization which, almost from the beginning of the war. WHEAT NOT INDISPENSABLE

has not only ministered to injured French soldiers, supplying We are in the habit of regarding wheat as an indispensable more than three thousand hospitals in France, but has also min. article of diet. “It isn't," asserted Dr. Alonzo Taylor, of the

istered to those coming out of the hospitals and to their families. Federal Food Administration, in his recent address at Wash

Indeed, the necessity for this latter endeavor has been so insisington before the hotel men. “It is an article of luxury and tent as to lead to the natural transformation of the Civilian absolutely nothing else.” Dr. Taylor continued :

Committee of the American Fund for French Wounded (the Wheat possesses over oats, corn, and rice absolutely no nutri organization in question) into a separate organization, the tional quality for man or beast. It has no more protein and no American Committee for Devastated France. better protein. It has no more fat and no different fat. It has no General Pétain assigned the region of the river Aisne as a mineral salt better or in larger amounts. It has no more fuel or field for the Committee's activity. The Aisne is an affluent of better fuel.

the Oise, as the Oise is of the Seine. The chief city of the Aisne The Outlook has asked a number of eminent dietitians

is Soissons. The Aisne Valley is an east-to-west valley. It whether they agree with Dr. Taylor's conclusions. Their letters

lies south of the present German drive. From this valley the to us show that they do so agree. We condense their opinions

Germans withdrew many months ago, leaving it desolate. They as follows:

had destroyed crops and fruit trees. They had tumbled the Certain food elements are essential to life. One of these is

houses down, stone upon stone. They had made farming tools protein (from two Greek words meaning “ first” and “in”).

and machines useless. The women and children and the aged the first essential part of food, as found in the gluten of flour,

had mostly fled the country. Those who remained were hidden and fibrin of the blood, and coming from nitrogen, that gas

in caves and shattered cellars of the ruined houses. which forms three-quarters of the weight of the atmosphere.

The work of the American Committee for Devastated France. As distinguished from Dr. Taylor's assertion, there is an opin- however, has been emphatically that of the countryside. The ion that wheat flour contains rather more protein than do most

only rebuilding it has done is to patch up half-ruined houses to flours. But protein can be furnished in many forms. It is not

make them habitable (sometimes the stones of a house bombel essential that the body get it from wheat.

by the Germans can be set up again to shelter the very family The second essential food element is that of carbohydrates.

that owned it) and to co-operate with the Government in thAs the name indicates, carbohydrates are organic bodies con

effort towards housing homeless people in temporary wooden taining carbon atoms and water. Barley flour, oat flour, rice

structures. The French peasants have never lived in wooden flour, or rye flour can furnish carbohydrates quite as well as

houses, and some diplomacy has been necessary to get them to can wheat flour.

sign the contract required by the Government providing that The next essential food elements are fats and salts, which

the cost of the wooden house shall be taken out of their share are referred to above by Dr. Taylor,

of the war indemnity. The fifth and essential food element is composed of certain As we cannot ship enough food from America to France to substances known as " vitamines." Their precise chemical nature

feed all the hungry people there, we must help them to raise has not been determined as yet. They exist in milk, in most

their own food. In the Aisne Valley, through the Minister of vegetables, and in most forms of animal food. But they are

Agriculture, the Committee obtained tractors and plowed many very scant in some cereals (being almost entirely absent in pol

acres of land that had been covered with barbed wire. It planteil ished rice; hence the people who have this as their chief food with grain some 3,000 hectares (about 7,000 acres) and st develop a disease known as beriberi).

out over 7,000 fruit trees to replace those destroyed by the According to an eminent authority, the composition of differ

Germans. The Committee has also replaced farm implements, ent grains is as follows:

and has provided live stock of domestic animals, including cows,

It has established dairies, dispensaries for sick children, and
Carbohydrates.

schools for manual training.
Wheat.
Rye.

Women and children, who for three years have been without
Barley.

milk, are now getting a daily supply. Small boys have been

taught to make the furniture for their new homes, Old men and Rice..

women have had their courage restored. Above all, the soldiers Corn..

courage and faith have been restored because they see that their Thus there are substitutes for wheat containing all the essen women and children, their fathers and mothers, eager to return tial elements which serve equally well for nourishment.

home, have found conditions made possible for that return. A child grows perfectly well without any wheat at all up to As the recent report of the French Academy of Agriculture the age of one year, and there is no reason why children says, the American Committee has accomplished wonders in should not be able to get along after this time if they live on reconstructing the soil and in cultivating the fields. other cereals. For people in general there is no danger if We are permitted to quote from a telegram dated April 2 they eat every day from each of the following five groups, from Mrs. Anne Dike, who with Miss Anne Morgan is directing proteins, fats, cereals, sugars, and green vegetables.

the work. It describes conditions as they have existed since the As Dr. Taylor says: "Our predilection for wheat is solely a beginning of the present German drive question of taste, comfort, and convenience ; it is absolutely Desperately busy caring for refugees in great distress. ... nothing else.” It is true that wheat is easier to prepare than More than ever we must be prepared to help a magnificent oats and rice and barley; it is true that wheat makes the nation “ carry on.” . . . Morale of our evacuated families marmost palatable bread, the lightest bread, the bread that is best velons. All depending upon us to protect and help their interests. transported, and the bread that keeps moist and sweet longest. This work appeals greatly to American sympathy. It needs

Protein.

Fats.

Salts.

66,38 66.85 68.16 61.84 81.15 67.94

15.5+ 10.75 12.26 9.04 5.07 7.91

1.85 2.11 2.63 3.99 0.7.3 4.81

2.00
1.46
2.65
3.99
0.75
1.84

Oats.

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funds. Its American office is situated at 16 East Thirty

WHAT THE FARMER CAN DO IN WAR TIME ninth Street, New York City. We earnestly hope that Mr. B. F. Harris, a banker and farmer of Champaign, many of our readers will help in this fine and humane relief Illinois, and Vice-Chairman of the Illinois State Council of work

Defense, sends us some interesting figures concerning food production on the farm during the Civil War. They show, he says

,

what farmer folk can do when they get roused to the fact that “THE OLD WAR HORSE OF REFORM"

they are in a fight for their lives and their more precious libA little over seventy-five years ago Rudolph Blankenburg, erty." During the Civil War the State of Illinois sent into the who died on April 12 in Philadelphia, was born at Hillen

army 259,000 men, which was over fifteen per cent of her

poputrup, in the province of Lippe-Detmold, Germany. He was

lation. Indiana sent somewhat more than fourteen per cent of the son of the village pastor. In 1865 he came to America.

her population, amounting to over 197,000 men. Both States were He obtained a clerkship with a Philadelphia firm of dress goods agricultural, and these large quotas must have drained the manufacturers. Nine years later Rudolph went into business farms enormously of labor, and yet “ Indiana produced over for himself as an importer and wholesaler of cotton textile

241,000,000 bushels of the five grains (corn, wheat, rye, barley, fabrics.

oats) in two years, 1864-65, as compared with 198,000,000 He had been naturalized the year before. Aroused by the bushels in 1862–63,” and the production in the latter two ballot-box stuffing, the bribery and graft, of that day, he began years was greater than in a similar period before the war. his political career. “We hear the slogan the city beautiful.'

The record of Illinois during that war is even more marked. Give me the city clean, the city honest, the city healthful, In the two years 1864–65 that State produced 430,000,000 the city moral, the city orderly, and we shall have the city bushels of the five grains from fifteen and a half million acres, beautiful for the mere asking:" This was his announced plat while in the previous two years the State farmed only 14,000,000 form. He soon became active in Philadelphia politics. He

acres and produced 326,000,000 bushels of grain. Thus, as the chainpioned every movement for the city's release from boss

war went on, both the acreage and the amount produced per acre rule.“ Under so-called boss rule," he declared, “ every one con increased. In fact, statistics show that during the five years folnected with the Government of the city is a slave, no matter lowing the Civil War the State of Illinois produced less corn and whether he bears the title of Mayor or holds the smallest and

less wheat both in volume and per acre than she did during the lowest-paid post in the public service.” Moreover, he added,

five years of warfare. Upon these striking figures Mr. Harris " the Government of a city is a business enterprise. It is

makes this pertinent comment: neither a shelter nor a recruiting station for politicians. Always a stanch Republican, he fought Republican and Demo

There are those who tell us that we cannot again, during this

war, produce so large a crop as we did this year. How about it, cratic bosses alike. “I have not always voted the so-called Re

farmers of Ilinois ? Are you as good as your fathers and grandpublican ticket in Philadelphia,” he would say, sarcastically,

fathers when, proportionately, only one-tenth as many of us are * because it was Republican on the surface only and hid under fighting now as in 1861-65? Of course our soil is not so rich, and this surface a selfish aggregation of spoilmongers.'

we have relatively more industries using men, but we have lots He was a big, broad-shouldered man, very German in appear. of machinery-the tractor, particularly. Let's go to it, and beat ance, and a popular idol among the German population of our record while we are beating the Kaiser! Philadelphia. He was a ready speaker. But he steadily refused to make public addresses in the German language; he would

“THE ANGELIC PORCUPINE” say, “ I like to remember the land where I was born, but I do not intend to conserve, still less to foster, German customs and Some persons found the late Henry Adams only rasping German institutions in my adopted country.”

and caustic. Others, who penetrated the crust, found him an For forty years Rudolph Blankenburg fought all the bosses of affectionate and charming companion. John Hay and John all parties. Finally came victory. In 1911 he was elected Mayor. La Farge found him so. Mr. Hay, indeed, linked Mr. Adams's Then he made good his promises of what ought to be done and hidden intimate side with his somewhat formidable exterior in of what he would do. He immediately stopped assessments of dubbing him “ the Angelic Porcupine.” The many letters which the police and other office-holders by ward leaders, developed a passed between the two over a long series of years are proof thoroughly independent police force, imposed a stricter super that the cynic and hermit was neither to Mr. Hay, and that vision on saloons, overthrew the gang of contractors who had Adams's brilliant mind knew how to value Hay's. been running the city to suit themselves, drove graft out of the With Mr. La Farge Adams traveled much, particularly in municipal departments, rearranged the tax system, gave impe- Japan (1886), and in Samoa, Tahiti, and Fiji (1891-2). Adams tus to port improvements, and started a comprehensive transit had already spent two years on the European Continent, and plan. But the highest achievement of his administration he from 1861-8 had been in England, acting as secretary to his affirmed to be “the fact, admitted even by my most bitter enemies, father, Charles Francis Adams, the American Minister. that during my administration elections have been absolutely The son was born in Boston a little over eighty years ago. fair, absolutely free from violence or intimidation, absolutely He was graduated from Harvard, being class-day orator. In offering the humblest citizen opportunity for him to express with 1870 he returned to Harvard as Assistant Professor of Hisout fear and without favor his honest wish in regard to the tory, a position he held for seven years. Later he published his selection of candidates for office."

“ History of the United States under the Administrations of Since the beginning of the war Mr. Blankenburg gave his Jefferson and Madison," a work in nine volumes, full of care. efforts to a patient, determined pursuit of the hope that by fully selected detail, written in impartial vein and deserving of arousing the people of Germany against their autocratic rulers greater fame than it has won. His half-dozen other volumes he could help win the war. He was one of the forces among the comprise his well-known “ Mont St. Michel and Chartres • Friends of German Democracy.” He could never be convinced biographies of Albert Gallatin and John Randolph, and his that the German people, as a whole, would continue in their torical essays. submission to the war lords. On his seventy-fifth birthday, last But his most characteristic work has not yet been given to the February, he said: “The thing I am most interested in now is world. Only a few large-print copies were struck off for private the democratization of Germany. The war must be won, even if distribution. Those who have been fortunate enough to read this we old men have to get out and shoulder muskets, and I feel work, “ The Education of Henry Adams," have found in it a that I should contribute my bit to end autocracy.” May this be marvelously sarcastic, humorous, and amusing account of Boston an example to the German-born in this country who have not and Harvard. We hope that the volume may soon be made yet seen clearly their plain duty!

accessible to all. Honesty, patriotism, purity of purpose, courage--these qualities distinguished this sturdy crusader. No wonder that, with his record, men called him the “ Old War Horse of Reform.” The

SEWAGE PURIFICATION German ideal of efficiency and the American ideal of democracy New York City has long borne an enviable reputation found fit union in him.

garding the purity and wholesomeness of its water supply

. All

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measure.

the more reason, then, for public alarm at anything which would days and three pay days or five free days and two pay days a contaminate it.

week. They could not make all days free days because the sums In 1910 the New York State Legislature passed a law for received fromentrance fees have, asa writer in the Boston Museum the purchase of the Mohansic watershed in Westchester County “ Bulletin” remarks, been “ a source of revenue too considas a site for a State hospital and a State training school for erable to neglect.” These sums, together with those from private boys. Governor Sulzer was petitioned to ask for the repeal of gifts, have constituted the sole support of the Boston Museum this law on the ground that the sewage from these institutions and of many

others. would imperil the health of the near-by metropolis by endanger The Boston Museum nevertheless has now taken a notable ing its water supply. On the other hand, it was stated that step. Its trustees have voted that, until further notice, it shall sewage could be purified. The question at issue thus became, .be open free. It may well take pride in this evidence that its whether any method of sewage purification could make sewage intents and purposes are those of a public institution. a wholesome beverage when mixed with drinking water.

There is still something, however, to be said for paid days at The matter was referred to the State Commissioner of Health museums. They insure quiet to students, and especially to those for report. Though he had previously given his approval, he who are copying works of art-- the students and copyists are now reversed his view and disapproved the sewage scheme. A admitted free. They also serve to protect visitors from too great repeal bill was introduced. It passed both branches of the crowds, and many visitors are glad to pay for this privilege. Legislature and was sent to Governor Glynn, who had suc Some of them think, we fancy, that in our democratic tendenceeded Mr. Sulzer, for approval. Governor Glynn vetoed the cies there may be danger of making art too cheap. Not a few

persons assume that because the opportunity of viewing a picture Then came Governor Whitman. When the peril of the situa is given to a hundred people it will be equally appreciated. tion was pointed out to him, he ordered all construction work If one person were carefully selected to enjoy the opportunity, stopped on the State institutions on the watershed. This blocked the picture might find infinitely greater appreciation than the the proposed contamination. For two legislative sessions, how hundred could bestow upon it. ever, a battle was waged to carry out the project, and it would have succeeded except for Mr. Whitman's declaration that his signature could not be had. Bills were introduced, it is true, pro

BOOZE OR COAL viding for the removal of the institutions from the watershed, One munitions plant that we know of employs eighteen and also prohibiting the construction of State institutions on hundred men and runs twenty-four hours a day. That plant any watershed which furnishes a water supply to any munici consumes hundreds of tons of coal a month. Three years ago pality in the State. But these bills were repeatedly killed. A bill it was not in existence. All over the land similar industries of prepared by the Merchants' Association of New York was then mushroom growth have created such a sudden and insistent introduced.

demand for fuel that the mines are overwhelmed. By its terms the establishment

of the proposed public insti At the same time the mining forces are being depleted. In tutions is completely prevented. The Mohansic watershed be- mid-January the United Mine Workers of America held at comes a public reservation for the purpose of a State park. Its Indianapolis their twenty-sixth Convention. They displayed a control will be vested in a Commission authorized to manage Service banner containing 19,135 stars, and it was stated that and develop the reservation, establish golf courses, baseball in their ranks the men still subject to draft numbered 64,604. grounds, children's playgrounds, and other places of recrea Furthermore, operators are continually complaining that miners tion, the reservation to be preserved in its natural state, and to are leaving the mines to go to work in munitions plants. It is be forever kept open free to all mankind. The property in the evident, then, that as the demand for coal increases the force control of the State hospital and the New York State training of miners decreases. school for boys is turned over to this Commission and the But the worst feature of the situation is that the mines are appropriations for the construction of the hospital and the not run at anything near their capacity. Despite this cry for training school turned back into the State's general fund. coal and this decrease in mining forces, the production in the

The query may arise: Why should there be less danger from mines is kept below capacity ten, fifteen, twenty, and in some the sewage of many excursion parties and from the use of the cases probably forty per cent. And one of the things that holds watershed for farm purposes than from the proposed hospital production down is booze. and training school? The answer is that these institutions would Late last October one thousand coal operators met at Pittseventually have had some five thousand inmates, together with burgh and by a unanimous vote passed a resolution asking the a considerable adjacent population. The sewage of the institu- Government to close saloons and drinking clubs within a radius tions was to have discharged directly into New York City's of five miles of each mine. They foresaw what was coming and water supply. Under the bill favored by the Merchants' Asso knew that the only possible road of escape was to take booze ciation the hospital is entirely abandoned and the training away from the miners. school site restricted to a maximum of fifty persons. This is less Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, is the center of a great than the number that would be present if the sites were used for bituminous coal industry. Last fall, according to a despatch to ordinary farming purposes.

the Philadelphia “ North American,” the Clearfield County The bill for the protection of the watershed has passed the Committee of Public Safety addressed resolutions to the county Legislature, we are glad to add, and is before the Governor. It court praying that steps be taken by the court, in conjuncshould end the struggle to remove a menace to the metropolis. tion with the courts of adjoining counties in the bituminous

coal region, to end the traffic in intoxicating liquors during the

period of the war. “ Clearfield County," said this resolution, FREE ADMISSION TO MUSEUMS

* has a great output. Coal operators claim that at least two days Museums of art and other museums should be open to the each week are lost at the mines because of drink." public the greatest possible time. In Europe, where the larger The United States Cast-Iron Pipe and Foundry Company, museums are controlled by the various governments, it is pos of Burlington, kept secret records for a year of one hundred sible to adopt a more or less uniform arrangement. In our employees. Half of these men were drinkers, half total abstainers. country some museums are the results of bequests, others are The drinkers lost on the average eight days a month apiece, conducted by municipalities, and still others are private corpo while the abstainers were absent from their posts less than one rations whose members pay annual dues so that the museum may day a month each. It is fair to assume, then, that coal-miners dlo a public service. Hence it is not easy to lay down a uniform will show as striking a discrepancy. rule, which shall be just to all American museums, governing Unfortunately, the situation grows worse instead of better. the admission of the public to them. .

Never have the miners received such wages as they are drawing In their early days most of our museums had little money. It now. And those who drink, drink more than ever. Schuylkill was absolutely necessary to charge for admission. Little by County, Pennsylvania, had 1,150 saloons last year, of which little the charge has been removed-one, two, three, four, five 1,000 were in the mining regions. In one mining town in that days a week. At present many museums have, say, four free county, it is said, there is one saloon for every thirteen regis

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in action. But to see disaster approaching and be unabl

tered voters. At the last session of the License Court fifteen The “Y” budget for the work in the Italian army up new applications were made for licenses in the county.

next September is $700,000. This is not a large sum when. Early in January one hundred prominent coke and coal considers that in Italy, as in France, the “ Y has to fur operators assembled at Uniontown, Pennsylvania, to consider much of its own transportation, of which the largest items the situation. It was reported that the 40,000 men employed in motor transportation. the neighboring mines and coke plants were working only about Our work in the Italian army is under the direction of I half-time, and passing the remainder of their days in the saloons John S. Nollen, formerly President of Lake Forest Colle spending their war-time checks in drinking bouts.

Lake Forest, Ilinois. On March 8 he cabled as follows: If we are going to have coal-fuel to run our factories and Can use Italian-American laymen, mature age, good senst, keep us warm next winter—it can be secured only by running health, and manners. Physical directors needed especially. So the mines at one hundred per cent efficiency. And the mines can be run at one hundred per cent efficiency only by taking

preme opportunity here for best men booze away from the miners.

With the Italian, as well as with the French army, the ma The situation is so critical that we cannot await the final rati is primarily for experienced physical directors to supervise au fication of the Federal Prohibition Amendment or the passage

direct the soldiers play and sports. It is necessary, hower of prohibition legislation in coal-mining States. The situation

that Italo-American volunteers for “Y” service in Italy 1. must be remedied, and remedied now. Fortunately, that can be

above Italian military age or be medically unfit for milita done. The Government, and the Government only, has the

service. power to suppress the liquor traffic near mining centers. It is Forty American secretaries are working in the Italian just as important to safeguard our coal production—which is

More are being sent over as speedily as they come forward a basic and vital to all accomplishment-as it is to protect muni

pass muster. Many should come forward. tion plants and camps of soldiers. The railway tangle is fast being straightened out; and if Uncle Sam will establish dry zones about mining centers the coal will pour forth as fast as the

COURAGE railways can possibly handle it. Action of this sort should be taken if we are to avoid a repetition of last winter's distressing ISASTER is the supreme test of courage. It is easy to a shortage of coal.

courageous in victory. It is not difficult to be couraga)

do anything to avert it, and still to confront it with an unwhiu HAMILTON WRIGHT MABIE

pering voice, an undarkened face, a brave heart-there is Friends of the late Hamilton Wright Mabie, for so many

greater revelation of character than this. It was thus that 11a. years Associate Editor of The Outlook, who have letters from

ington met the darkest period in the American Revolutionhim or personal recollections of incidents connected with his life

winter when he was assailed by cabals in Congress undermini. and work which would be of interest in the preparation of a

his authority, and was compelled to witness the sufferings of l: proposedl volume of memoirs, would confer a favor by allowing and nothing to prevent.' It was thus that the company of Am

soldiers at Valley Forge, which he could do little to ameliorer his literary representatives to see such letters or accounts of such incidents or anecdotes,

ican sailors a few weeks ago met disaster when, after their at If they are sent to the editors of this journal, they will be

had been sunk by a torpedo, another American ship found th: acknowledged, will be carefully preserved, and in due time will upon a raft on the Atlantic Ocean, singing, “ Where do we be returned.

from here ?" Most of us in life's pilgrimage are called upon to. through some valley of the shadow of death. He who tur back in terror is lost; he who goes forward, though it be toli

death, is saved. THE CASE DEL SOLDATO

For such a crisis is not only a test of courage, it is a test In the Italian army, as in the French army, all religious faith. He who does not take the path of truth when it leals propaganda work is, by mutnal agreement, taboo. This, of disaster, while error offers him a safe-conduct, does not beli course, has not prevented our Young Men's Christian Associa in truth at all. Ile who has not such a faith in his ideal that!: tion from doing an inspiring work in both armies.

dares not only fight for it but to suffer defeat for it has Contrary to the direct request from the French authorities to

real faith. Courage may be tested any day or every day. B. the “ Y," as the Y.M.C. A. is now familiarly known, to take up the patient courage which persists in disaster only disaster work in France, the Italian authorities did not request the “Y bring forth. True courage is neither exhilarated by success in to enter their army. The "Y" itself sought the opportunity of disheartened by failure. Rudyard Kipling has portrayed it serving our Italian ally.

the lines : Last September an American mission, headed by Mr. Francis B. Sayre, visited Italy. Acting on its recommendation, General

“ If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster

And treat these two impostors just the same.” ('adorna, Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Army, accepted our "Y" co-operation, .

Paul has portrayed it in the sentence, “I know both how to In its Case del Soldato (Soldiers' Homes) the Italian army abased, and I know how to abound.” has a similar system of recreation facilities to the Foyers du

Such a crisis the American Nation now confronts. T1 Soldat in the French army. At the time of the visit of the solliers in the field are meeting it with deathless courage. American mission one hundred and forty of these case had shall we meet it who must remain at home? alreally been established by Father Giovanni Minnozzi, head It is evident that the Nation blundered in not beginni. chaplain of the Italian army, one of the most broad-minded and

preparations for war the day the Lusitania was sunk. Bu torward-looking of the Roman Catholic clergy. Father Mimozzi regrets are idle ; reproaches of ourselves or of others are worn ynickly recognized the immense value of the American co-oper than idle ; false hope that what seems disaster is only strategy ation, and our Y M. C. A. appropriated a very large sum to preparation for victory may bring us only a greater disappoi help him to erect new ruse.

ment. We need all our energies

to speed up the preparaties În acklition, the “Y" of course put up its own centers. These to repair our blunder; we have none to waste in idle regrets ? and the new Case del Solato are of particular note, because ille hopes. Each one of us can do something by his laments when the German attack put the Italians to flight the invaders tions to foment the spirit of panic. Each one of us by his own overran the country in which practically all of the old rase

age can do something to inspire the spirit of heroism. Wea were located ; thus, almost overnight, much of the work which do something by what we do or say; we can do more by wha Father Minnozzi had labored through many months to establish we are. For feeling is contagious and spreads from man to una was swept away.

and from group to group by a wordless and wireless commun In the Case (lel Soldato, as well as in the exchuively “Y” cation which no one understands. centers, American and Italian secretaries work siile by side. “ Hard pounding, gentlemen,” said Wellington at the Baris

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