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naturally at sea as once we did on land ? What

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ce we did on land? What of this society
frat we were interlopers, and of which we gradually
have come to form a part?

efinements, or what we are pleased to call the
It lacks the refinements, or what we are plea
o f the land. There are no artificialities, no affecta.

pues. It is a point-blank sort of life. It bowls you
tions, no reserve

ntinues to bowl you over as long as you permit.

Je vou stand more squarely on your feet. You've got to You must have your footing to meet the shock of green

comes over the bow in storm ; another sort of footing

the impact of crude human relationships. The very act
of shaking hands is a bone-crushing process.

he sen permits no luxuries, no indulgences. The life of the
je the struggle for self-preservation twenty-four hours in the
cofour. There is no room for aught but indispensable

ts no time for distractions. Men of the sea are men
Pinned to their basic selves, their qualities, good and bad, on
the scale of their heavy-muscled bodies—not supermen, but men
with no veneer to cloak them. The gob, as he first comes among
them, is a fragile thing.

There will be an influx of a new virility come to America throngh the war, from Army and Navy both, and with it a new democracy. There will be no room for the snob, the man who, from whatever mistaken notion of himself, feels himself superior and holds himself aloof. One half will know how the other half

lives, having pooled their lives, and all will know something more and be more conscious of the realm of the sea, its life, which since the days of clipper ships America has neglected.

The gob has a significance greater than his present-service. He forms the nucleus of a new body of seamen recruited from the land. America is turning again to the sea, is becoming again one of the maritime nations of the world. Not only has the war, which has depleted the shipping of other peoples, increased her own—that is but a beginning. It is her interests which have gone to sea, and she must follow. She has stepped from the seclusion of her Western Hemisphere and entered, finally, into the competition for existence among nations. She has assumed European financial dependency. Her blood is sprinkled on European soil. The sea and the pathways of the sea are to be the roads of her new, greater development.

It does not follow that those of us who are learning the way of life on salt water will, when hostilities cease, continue way of life on salt water will, when hostilit our present occupation. Some, probably, will continue of inclination, some will be forced to remain through inability to wedge their way into civil occupations when peace will flood all strata of these occupations with suddenly released and surplus men. The proportion matters little. Whether we stay or whether we go, we shall bear a new knowledge, a broader vision. This, in degree as it is intelligent, will be a directing force to our country in her new international position.

REMEMBERING
BY ELOISE ROBINSON

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The white oak and the ash and fir
And every tree has stood
And drooped his leaves and made no stir
All day long in the wood,
Nor moved his branches on the air
When night came up the road.

They have no way they can forget
The tall young trees of France;
There is the drip of something wet,
They neither laugh nor dance.
They keep in mind the hickory,
The hawthorn and the pine,
The hazel and the poplar tree
That go down in a line,
How they go stepping quietly
In white moonshine
And make no murmur as they go,
The white pine and the red,
And take their footsteps small and slow
Among the rows of dead.

They hear the birch has given his white
Young body to be slain ;
The golden larch, all day and night,
Upon his face has lain ;
The olives cannot stand upright,
Their shoes let in the rain.
They think of how the willows have
Been beaten to their knees ;
And sycamores, that were so brave,
Are scarred, grim ghosts of trees.
They gravely name the tamarack
And whisper when they tell
Of aspens who brought nothing back
But bodies out of hell.

All day the sad trees did not wink
Their shining leaves, nor dance;
They were remembering, I think,
The tall young trees of France.

WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF

CURRENT HISTORY
BY J. MADISON GATHANY, A.M.

THE NEW BOOKS

J

HOPE STREET HIGH SCHOOL, PROVIDENCE, R. I.

Based on The Outlook of January 2, 1918 Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Ontlook will be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and the like, and for use in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious study of current history.-THE EDITORS,

[Those who are using the weekly outline should C. Topic: Should Austria-Hungary be not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any

Dissolved ? one lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected questions, one or two propositions for discussion, and

Reference : Pages 22-24, 28. only such words as are found in the material assigned. Questions : Or distribute selected questions among different 1. What information do you gather about members of the class or group and have them

the population of Austria-Hungary from
report their findings to all when assembled. Then
have all discuss the questions together.]

Mr. de Lanux's article? 2. Mr. de Lanux
I-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

says that “ each faction of the Austrian

Empire wants autonomy and works for it.” A. Topic: The Peace of Vassalage ; Pa

Why don't these various factions get auton tience with Russia.

omy? 3. According to this article, what is Reference: Pages 5; 17, 18.

Germany's relation to Austria-Hungary? Questions ;

What is Germany's object of interest in 1. What has The Outlook said which

- Austria-Hungary? 4. What recommenda

Å tends to show that if Russia makes peace

tions would you make to Austria-Hungary with Germany it will be a peace of serf

and to the factions there? 5. This article dom? 2. For what reason is Trotsky seek

suggests the problem of nationality in his ing peace with Germany ? 3. How many

tory. What is that problem? How would reasons can you give why Germany does

you solve it? 6. Do you think Austrianot make definite proposals of peace with

Hungary should be dissolved ? Discuss your Russia? 4. What has Mr. Goldenweiser

reasons. 7. Books much worth while readsaid ( page 17) about American opinion of

ing on this topic are Hazen's “Europe Russia? What does he think of this opin

Since 1915” (Holt)-see index; “Seven jon? 5. For what reasons does Mr. Gold

Years in Vienna ” (Houghton Mifflin) enweiser believe Russia has not lost her

author's name not given ; Rose's “ Nationsignificance as a military force for the

ality in Modern History” (Macmillan); present or the future? 6. What do you find

Laski's “The Problem of Sovereignty” in this article (“ Patience with Russia”) as

(Yale University Press). to who the Bolsheviki are and what their future influence on Russian politics will be ?

II-LOCAL AFFAIRS 7. Mr. Goldenweiser speaks of “the bless

Topic: Boston Comes Across. ings of an orderly state organism." How is

Reference : Pages 15–17. such an organism produced? What are the

Questions : “ blessings” of such an institution? 8. Study

1. What reasons does Professor Munro the cartoons on the Russian situation on

assign for the defeat of Mayor Curley ? page 18. Name and discuss the things that

2. Should a mayor be defeated for such these cartoons suggest to you.

reasons ? Discuss. 3. Do you think it is B. Topic : Restoration, Reparation ; Alsace

possible for a mayor to conduct his adminLorraine ; Sense--Common and Pre

istration in a wholly non-partisan spirit? ferred.

Tell why or why not. 4. Compare the Reference : Page 5; editorial, page 11;

merits of the mayor-council form, the com20-22.

mission form, and the city-manager form Questions:

of municipal government. Which form 1. What points did Lloyd George make

would you advocate for your city? Give in his speech on December 20, 1917? Of

several reasons. 5. Read liberally in three these which ones ought to receive special

very useful books : “The City the Hope of attention by Americans? Reasons. 2. Dis

Democracy,” by F. C. Howe (Scribners); tinguish carefully between restoration and

“American Municipal Progress," by C. reparation. What, in your opinion, ought Zueblin (Macmillan): "The Government Germany to do about these two matters of American Cities." by W. B. Munro 3. For what reasons would or would you

(Macmillan). not allow Germany to join a league of nations at the present time? 4. Which do III--PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION you prefer, peace with Germany by negoti

(These propositions are suggested directly or indiation or by military victory? Your reasons. rectly by the subject-matter of The Outlook, but 5. For what reasons does The Outlook not discussed in it.) (page 11) believe the disposition of Alsace 1. It is impossible to rid American cities Lorraine by a plebiscite of its inhabitants of corruption. 2. Democracy is government would be wrong? 6. Tell somewhat at length by argument. 3. The disposition of Alsacehow Germany has ruled Alsace-Lorraine. Lorraine is a world question. 7. What view of the Kaiser and of Germany does Irving Bacheller (pages 20-22)

IV-VOCABULARY BUILDING set forth ? Is there sufficient evidence that (All of the following words and expressions are Mr. Bacheller has kept to the facts of found in The Outlook for January 2, 1918. Both

before and after looking them up in the dictionary 8. By all means read Hazen's “ Alsace

or elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words.

The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which Lorraine Under German Rule” (Holt); the words may be found.) Bang's" Hurrah and Hallelujah" (Doran); Knouting, samovars, a mob, the BolsheF. Å. Smith's “ The Soul of Germany ” viki (17); plebiscite,“ Squatter Sovereign(Doran); Hill's “ The Rebuilding of ty” (11), pneumatic, humor, afflatus (20), Europe" (Century); Ruth Putnam's “ Al sentiment, infinity, flatulency, pulchritude sace and Lorraine" (Putnams).

(21) ; neophyte, electorate, vernacular (16). A booklet suggesting methods of using the Weekly Outline of Current History will be sent on application

This department will include descriptive notes, with
or without brief comments, about books received
by The Outlook. Many of the important books will
have more extended and critical treatment later

FICTION
Wolf-Cub (The): A Novel of Spain. By

Patrick and Terence Casey. Little, Brown &
Co., Boston. $1.40.

A story of romance and adventure, with
the abduction of a hidalgo's daughter by
a highwayman and bandolero as its chief
incident.
HISTORY, POLITICAL ECONOMY, AND POLITICS
England's Debt to India. By Lajpat Rai.

B. W. Huebsch, New York. $2.

This author's manner is as eloquent as his matter is interesting. Readers may not agree with all his conclusions, but they will, we are sure, appreciate the wealth of information given concerning the economic conditions in India. It has been said that this largest part of the British Empire both in area and population will be the first to feel the levy in recompensing that Empire for its losses in the present war, and a discussion of this forms a feature of the book. We are also glad that it includes, as appropriate to an economic survey, a chapter on education and literacy. After perusing the volume readers will not be surprised that the author's panacea for Indian ills, economic and political, is found in homo rule, self-government, and autonomy. Universal Training for Citizenship and

Public Service. By William H. Allen. The
Macmillan Company, New York. $1.50.

The somewhat arid title of this book scarcely suggests to the reader its really inspiring appeal. Replete with the latest ideas as to cívic work, its discussion of the problems of citizenship that confront us now, and will confront us after the war, is terse, vigorous, and helpful to a high dogree. Every public-spirited man and woman will find the book worth reading.

BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS
Little Taylor of the Winding Way (The).

By Gertrude Crownfield. Illustrated. The
Macmillan Company, New York, 60c.
A pretty, fanciful story for little chil-

dren.

BIOGRAPHY
Life and Letters of the Rev. Stopford A.

Brooke. By Principal Lawrence Pearsall
Jacks. 2 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New

York. $4.75.
An adequate and appreciative account of
the life of the famous English clergyman
and author who is best known for his fino
Life of Frederick W. Robertson.
Paul Jones : His Exploits in English Seas

During 1778-1780. Contemporary Aocounts Collected from English Newspapers, with a Complete Bibliography. By Don C.

Seitz. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. $3.50. Makers of Our History. By John T. Faris.

Illustrated. Ginn & Co., Boston. 800.
Portraits and Backgrounds. by Evangeline

Wilbour Blashfield. Charles Scribner's Sons,
New York. $2.50.

ESSAYS AND CRITICISM
Frenzied Fiction. By Stephen Leacock. The

John Lane Company, New York. $1.25.
This is Leacock at his best, and this best
is better than others of his recent books.
The fun is sly and penetrating; the bur-
lesque quality is sustained ; the writing is
that of a humorist, not that of a mere joke-
smith.
History of American Journalism. By James

Melvin Lee. Illustrated. Houghton Mifflin
Company, Boston, $3.50.

A book of prime importance to all newspaper men who take an intelligent interest in their profession, of decided interest ! the general reader on account of its livery, style, and of real value to the student of

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The New Books (Continued) American life because of its comprehensiveness and its presentation of the ethics as well as the annals of its subject. Patriotism-National and International.

By Sir Charles Waldstein. Longmans, Green
& Co., New York. $1.

TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION
Book of New York (The). By Robert Shackle-

ton. Illustrated. The Penn Publishing Company, Philadelphia. $2.50. Rather desultory, but always agreeable in its talk about associations, historical incidents, ancient houses, superstitions of the ignorant population, childishness in municipal whims, modern growth, foreign districts, and other queer or famous aspects of New York. Memories of Old Salem. Drawn from the

Letters of a Great-Grandmother. By Mary Harrod Northend. Moffat, Yard & Co., New York. $1. Miss Northend has done more than any author of whom we think to make the reader of our day familiar with certain features of old New England life, both by agreeable description and by excellent photographs. She is, as one may say, a specialist on Salem. This volume is eminently attractive, both in its physical and pictorial form and in the curious information about old times and old things in Salem. Our Hawaii, By Charmian Kittredge London

(Mrs. Jack London). Ilustrated. The Macmillan Company, New York. $2.25. “What does the average middle-aged American know of the amazing history of this amazing native' people now voting as American citizens?” Mrs. London asks, referring to the Hawaiians. Her book answers the question in vivid characterizations of the land and the people, interwoven with intimate revelations of the character of her husband, the well-known novelist. The charms of Hawaii staggered even “ Jack's” descriptive powers. “Of all lands of joy and beauty under the sun . .," he said as he left it--and could not finish his eulogy.

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics.

Edited by James Hastings. Vol. IX-Mundas-Phrygians. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. $7. Religion and ethics being conterminous with human life from its lowest savagery to its highest civilization, one who opens for the first time this monumental work marvels at its wealth of information. All races, nations, tribes, and social groups, ancient and modern, tell the tale of their beliefs and practices. Even “ Oahspe," a book-religion invented by an American dentist and followed by a tiny sect of “Faithists,” is given its page. Art, biography, and history, the sciences and philosophies, contribute each its quota. Great Love Stories of the Bible and Their

Lessons for To-Day. By Billy Sunday.
Illustrated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.

$1.50.
In the Footsteps of St. Paul. By Francis E.

Clark, D.D., LL.D. Illustrated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. $2. This book is a boon to many unlikely to to have heard of such a masterpiece as Sir William Ramsay's “ Paul the Traveller and Roman Citizen.“ No scientific interest induced Dr. Clark to visit all the cities visited by Paul. His express purpose was to see how these look to-day, so as to reconstruct the physical background and scenery of Paul's labors. His narrative aims to awaken the vivid rcalism in which their storied past rose there in imagination, and with it the inspiring personality of the great Apostle, dauntless, heroic, benign, and very,

All at the Cost of

Two Eggs

FOON

plords

CORE

Ten Big Dishes of Quaker Oats Here are facts to ponder in the days of high food cost.

Two eggs contain-in calories—about the same nutrition as a dish of Quaker Oats. Yet two eggs cost as much as ten big dishes.

So with many foods. Here is what some cost, compared with Quaker Oats, per unit of food value:

Bacon and eggs costs 7 times as much as
Quaker Oats. Ham and eggs 7 times as much.
Round Steak 9 times as much. Chicken 20

times as much. Bread about twice as much. The reasons are these: Oats are plentiful and cheap. They sell today around 60 cents per bushel.

They yield in food value 1810 calories per pound. That's considerably more than wheat.

Oats stand first among grain foods in flavor and nutrition. As energy food and food for growth, they have an age-old fame.

Serve bigger dishes Make the whole breakfast on oats. Mix Quaker Oats in your flour foods—for extra flavor, for lower cost, and to conserve our wheat.

Entre

Brands

d therefore

Quaker Oats

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The Supreme Oat Dainty

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Never was oat food so important. And flavory oats. We get but ten pounds from never did it mean so much to get this a bushel. Yet they cost no extra price. extra grade. Quaker Oats is made of Ask for this brand and note what it adds queen oats only-just the rich, plump, in flavor-everywhere you use it. 12c and 30c per package in United States and Canada, except in

far West and South where high freights may prohibit

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The New Books (Continued)

PLAYING THE WAR GAME tor in the corridor. And I have heard human. He writes especially for Bible

BY LOWELL MASON

rich New Yorkers boast offensively of their students, preachers, Sunday-school teach

riches. ...
He is one of a hundred million
ers, and humble Christians.

I have seen an archbishop of New York.
Who are learning how to fight.
WAR BOOKS

at his silver jubilee, the central figure of a He doesn't pretend to know the game, Inside the Russian Revolution. By Rheta

magnificent service in the Cathedral, with So he's studying day and night. Childe Dorr. Illustrated. The Macmillan

hundreds of the priesthood and of churchly Company, New York. $1.50. He isn't conceited of winning

dignitaries of this and other cities in his “I went to Russia (in May, 1917) a The game is all new to him;

train, with pomp of silk and purple and Socialist by conviction, an ardent sympa. But he's cool and he's keen and he's clever, cloth of gold, with the sounding of great thizer with revolution. ...I returned

And he's strong and he's full of vim. bells and the triumphant pealing of the from Russia with the very clear conviction

organ and the sound of singing voices and He's brave, and he doesn't mind dying, that the world will have to wait a while

the music of the horns and cymbals and

He's willing to sacrifice all; before it can establish any co-operative

strings of a great orchestra, and with a millenniums or before it can safely hand and But his sight is too clear for him simply to

mighty congregation packing every inch of over the work of government to the man in

“cheer”

the edifice ; and I have seen the same archthe street.” So says the author of this up-,'

And then rush out to battle and fall.

bishop conducting a service in the chapel to-the-minute book. It furnishes most Yet some people say he's a slacker,

on Blackwell's Island, looking with tears in excellent reading for the host of half-baked And ask why he isn't in France.

his eyes at the niassed array of paupers and reformers who imagine that the world can But it's brains that will win, and he knows prisoners and crippled and blind, but be created anew overnight, and deserves a it,

dressed in his splendid robes, in cope and wide circulation both among these and And all that he asks is a chance ! surplice and stole of cloth of gold, and with among readers who take a saner point of So he's learning the game from the bottom ;

a mighty golden miter upon his head, and view,

He's learning each trick and each

in his hand a golden crozier, to show that EDUCATIONAL “stunt;"

High Mass on Blackwell's was the same as Pattou's French-English Manual for the And I surely do pity the Germans

on Fifth Avenue. Instead of great reverUse of Physicians, Nurses, Ambulance

berant bells, a little bell in a little greenDrivers, and Workers in Civilian Re When this fellow gets to the front. lief. By E. E. Pattou. Dodd, Mead & Co.,

slatted cupola rang forth its summons ; in• New York. $1.50. He is one of a hundred million

stead of splendid organ and orchestra and Principles of Mental Hygiene (The). By Who are learning how to fight.

choir, there were a crippled player at an William A. White, M.D. With an Introduction He doesn't pretend to know the game, old melodeon, and a choir of four blind and by Smith Ely Jelliffe, M.D., Ph.D. The MacBut he's studying day and night.

crippled derelicts; and I noticed that the millan Company, New York. $2. Re-Education. An Analysis of the Institutional

tin vessels, just inside of the entrance, for NEW YORK-THE CITY OF System of the United States. By George Ed

the holy water were soon dipped empty, and ward Barton, A.I.A. Houghton Mifflin Com

CONTRASTS

it was pitiful to see the late comers groping pany, Boston, $1.

We quote from Robert Shackleton's eagerly, in the dry vessels for the water SCIENCE “ The Book of New York,” just published :

which they could not find. Applied Motion Study. A Collection of Papers

on the Efficient Method to Industrial Prepared No part of the world is more busy, and COUNSEL TO A YOUNG ness, By Frank B, Gilbreth and L. M. Gil

at the same time more thronged, than the breth, Ph.D. The Sturgis & Walton Company,

SOLDIER New York. $1.50.

district of lower Broadway and Wall

Street and the wholesale district during Short History of Science (A). By W. T.

The letter which follows waga written by Mr.

Thomas E. Clarke, until recently General Superin Sedgwick and H, W, Tyler. Illustrated. The the day; and nowhere in the world is there

tendent of the Delaware, Lackawanna, and WestMacmillan Company, New York. $2.50. a business district so deserted, so silent, so ern Railroad and now Assistant to President Trues A vast subject is treated with breadth of without life except for the solitary and in

dale. Mr. Clarke served for two years in the Civil

War, and saw hard fighting in Tennessee, Georgia, view and keenness of insight in this book. frequent policeman, as the mile after mile

and the Carolinas. Toward the close of the war he It strikes a happy balance between the of this district at night. Nowhere in the was attached to General Sherman's staff. His one technical works that are meant for the world are there such lofty business struc regret to-day is that he cannot go out to fight at special student and the works that deal so tures and apartment-houses, yet these are

the side of his young relative for the freedom and

the principles of democracy. largely with abstract theories that they fai] bordered and interspersed with buildings

The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad to grip the general reader. A good example of ordinary height; there are two-story of the work of specialists who know how buildings that have held their own while T. E. Clarke, to make their subject interesting to non business has mounted to the sky beside

Assistant to President.

Scranton, Pa., August 15, 1917. specialists.

them, and there are even vacant lots. My dear : . MISCELLANEOUS

There are the most expensive specialists in I believe that you will do your bit by a Effective Public Speaking. The Essentials medicine and surgery, and there are hospi- complete and conscientious performance of of Extempore Speaking and of Gesture. By

tals with the most expensive and modern duty; my thoughts and my prayers shall Joseph A. Mosher, Ph.D. The Macmillan

equipment where surgical and medical aid be with you constantly, but I do not mean Company, New York. $1.50. Furniture of the Olden Time. By Frances is given free.

by this that the occupation of soldier places Clary Morse. Illustrated. New Edition. The There is the greatest and most reckless you in greater need of divine protection Macmillan Company, New York. $6.

spending in the world, and there is the than obtains with all mankind. “PreparedA new edition of a standard work that most pinching economy. You may stand ness" is the saving word. Warfare is surhas made itself almost indispensable to beside some wealthy woman who negli- rounded by many other dangers than those people of taste in matters of household gently orders furs or gowns costing thou gently orders furs or cowns costing thon

of the firing line, and indomitable courage

of equipment. Many new illustrations are in- sands, and in a few minutes may be in a is no less a requisite for safe emergence. cluded, and there is a new chapter about shop where you will hear a poor child, who To be brief and plain, I will merely cite mantels, doorways, and stairs. This is a is buying a loaf of stale bread and a penny's my own experience. As you know, I enbook to make the reader feel proud of the worth of cheese, say to the clerk, “Mother tered the service when four or five years workers and workmanship of the old days. wants you to cut it with the ham knife to younger than your age to-day, and correSurgical Operations on President Cleve give it a hammy taste." ...

spondingly immature. My youth may have land in 1893 (The). By William W. Keen, While the number increases of those who been my safeguard, but my inclinations, M.D., LL.D. George W. Jacobs & Co., Phila

with difficulty find ways to spend their which I believe I see personified in you, delphia. Your War Taxes. By J. Frederick Essary. In

money, the number also increases of those were to avoid all the habits which cause troduction by Honorable F. M. Simmons. with no money to spend : I have seen the social, mental, and physical depravity, Moffat, Yard & Co., New York. $1.

policeman, after midnight, moving stolidly namely: gambling, use of intoxicants, proThis is a discussion and interpretation from park bench to park bench, effectually fanity, obscenity, vulgarity. And yet! of the new War and Income Tax Law. The rousing the homeless sleepers by blows would not have you imagine that my ass- 10 author had the advantage of advice and upon their feet; I have seen the derelicts ciates were of low degree nor that the sery. assistance in its preparation from the Sec- disappear doubtfully into the darkness; one ice is, on the whole, degrading. On the retary of the Treasury, Mr. McAdoo. cold morning at City Hall Park I saw two contrary, I believe it compares favorably The law is published in full (it fills seventy- poor fellows, pathetically anxious to keep with our educational institutions in forming an five pages of the book), and in not much up their appearance, wash themselves at character, and, owing to peculiarity in dismore space the author tells the layman in the fountain, wipe themselves with grimy cipline, regularity, seriousness, and the plain language just how it affects him and handkerchiefs, and then step into the post- cosmopolitanism of their formations, 1 de what it means.

office to dry the handkerchiefs on a radia- lieve there is more real uplifting of men i

Company, Office of Assistant to President.

1918

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Counsel to a Young Soldier (Continued) the army and navy than obtains in any other one service or occupation, all things considered.

I realize that there is but very little, if any, real need of admonishing you, but I am very fond of you and more than proud of your splendid character and mentality, o much of which is due to your own determined perseverance. I feel quite sure of your self-reliance and good purposes while in the service, and I trust that the service will feel itself honored in whatever honors it may confer upon you.

At the conclusion of this most unwarranted of all wars in the world's history, but to be the last for all time to come, sounding as it does the knell of autocracy and militarism, you will be welcomed back to civil life possessing the same fortitude for the future that you now have in giving serviceable loyalty to your country's cause.

Just one thought more. Don't abuse your mind with imaginary dangers. Upon first hearing the roar of battle (remember this) there may be one here and there who fears for his soul, but men like you who have no cause for such fear will feel a thrill of patriotism and courage never dreamed of. Of course we do not know whether you will experience this on foreign soil or if at all, but there is an indescribable fascination about it. I am glad that you were already a volunteer, prepared for service when your country's call was made, and that you have no dependents to worry about, so that you may go with your mind freely on your “ business," unfettered and inwearied. ...

Of course I do not mean that you will not think of home and friends, but try not to think of your loved ones as depressed in spirit; for there is too much at stake in this war, and as the fact becomes more apparent it will ameliorate their distress and increase their pride.

I have written at greater length than I intended, but I hope that what I have here written may be very satisfying to you and give you new and enduring inspiration, with increased confidence in the need and justice of the United States entering into this war for democracy and perpetual peace, as our President has so wisely deemed it our duty to do—to say nothing of our defense.

I am, most affectionately,

(Signed) T. E. CLARKE.

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HOW THEY MAKE WAR IN

MESOPOTAMIA
EXTRACT FROM A LETTER WRITTEN BY A

BRITISII AVIATOR Last week I had an interesting experience. I motored right up on to No Man's Land, then got out and examined our frontline trenches, walking along the parapet. It was about the middle of the forenoon. Imagine doing a thing like that in France ! Why, here we even put up rifle butts out there for target practice. And we always hold our field days out there, often miles out. Really we carry on war out here on most:sane principles. In the first place, we keep 'far enough away so that we cannot hurt one another. And we don't even do any bombing. Old Johnnie Turk comes and sits over our airdrome every Sunday morning at eleven (that's how we can always tell Sunday here), but he never drops a pill. And we aren't in the least inclined to start the bloody work. The same with poison gas and flamenwefer. They use far more cominon sense here than they do in France !

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