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naturally at sea as once we did on land? What of this society lives, having pooled their lives, and all will know something more w which at first we were interlopers, and of which we gradually and be more conscious of the realm of the sea, its life, which have come to form a part?
since the days of clipper ships America has neglected. It lacks the refinements, or what we are pleased to call the
The gob has a significance greater than his present-service. refinements, of the land. There are no artificialities, no affecta
He forms the nucleus of a new body of seamen recruited from tions, no reserves. It is a point-blank sort of life. It bowls you the land. America is turning again to the sea, is becoming over. It continues to bowl you over as long as you permit. again one of the maritime nations of the world. Not only has Eventually you stand more squarely on your feet, You've got the war, which has depleted the shipping of other peoples
, to. You must have your footing to meet the shock of green increased her own-that is but a beginning. It is her interests water that comes over the bow in storm; another sort of footing which have gone to sea, and she must follow. She has stepped to meet the impact of crude human relationships. The very act from the seclusion of her Western Hemisphere and entered, of shaking hands is a bone crushing process..
finally, into the competition for existence among nations. She The sea permits no luxuries, no indulgences. The life of the has assumed European financial dependency. Her blood is sea is the struggle for self-preservation twenty-four hours in the sprinkled on European soil. The sea and the pathways of the twenty-four. There is no room for aught but indispensable sea are to be the roads of her new, greater development. comforts, no time for distractions. Men of the sea are men It does not follow that those of us who are learning the stripped to their basic selves, their qualities, good and bad, on way of life on salt water will, when hostilities cease, continue the scale of their heavy-muscled bodies-not supermen, but men our present occupation. Some, probably, will continue of with no veneer to cloak them. The gob, as he first comes among inclination, some will be forced to remain through inability to them, is a fragile thing.
wedge their way into civil occupations when peace will flood all There will be an influx of a new virility come to America strata of these occupations with suddenly released and surplus through the war, from Army and Navy both, and with it a new men. The proportion matters little. Whether we stay or whether democracy. There will be no room for the snob, the man who, we go, we shall bear a new knowledge, a broader vision. This, from whatever mistaken notion of himself, feels himself superior in degree as it is intelligent, will be a directing force to our and holds himself aloof. One half will know how the other half country in her new international position.
BY ELOISE ROBINSON
The white oak and the ash and fir
They have no way they can forget
They hear the birch has given his white
WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF THE NEW BOOKS
This department will include descriptive notes, with
or without brief comments, about books received BY J. MADISON GATHANY, A.M.
by The Outlook. Many of the important books will
have more extended and critical treatment later HOPE STREET HIGH SCHOOL, PROVIDENCE, R. I.
Wolf-Cub (The): A Novel of Spain. By
Patrick and Terence Casey. Little, Brown & Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Outlook will
Co., Boston. $1.40. be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and A story of romance and adventure, with the like, and for use in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious the abduction of a hidalgo's daughter by study of current history.-The EDITORS,
a highwayman and bandolero as its chief (Those who are using the weekly outline should C. Topic: Should Austria-Hungary be
incident. not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any
Dissolved ? one lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected
HISTORY, POLITICAL ECONOMY, AND POLITICS questions, one or two propositions for discussion, and Reference : Pages 22-24, 28.
England's Debt to India. By Lajpat Rai. only such words as are found in the material assigned. Questions :
B. W. Huebsch, New York. $2. Ur distribute selected questions among different 1. What information do you gather about This author's manner is as eloquent as members of the class or group and have them
the population of Austria-Hungary from his matter is interesting. Readers may not report their findings to all when assembled. Then have all discuss the questions together.] Mr. de Lanux's article? 2. Mr. de Lanux
with all his conclusions, but they says that “ each faction of the Austrian will
, we are sure, appreciate the wealth of I-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
Empire wants autonomy and works for it.” information given concerning the economic A. Topic: The Peace of Vassalage ; Pa
Why don't these various factions get auton conditions in India. It has been said that tience with Russia.
omy? 3. According to this article, what is this largest part of the British Empire both Reference: Pages 5; 17, 18.
Germany's relation to Austria-Hungary? in area and population will be the first to Questions :
What is Germany's object of interest in feel the levy in recompensing that Empire 1. What has The Outlook said which
Austria-Hungary? 4. What recommenda for its losses in the present war, and a distends to show that if Russia makes peace tions would you make to Austria-Hungary cussion of this forms a feature of the book. with Germany it will be a peace of serf
and to the factions there? 5. This article We are also glad that it includes, as apdom? 2. For what reason is Trotsky seek
suggests the problem of nationality in his- propriate to an economic survey, a chapter ing peace with Germany? 3. How many
tory. What is that problem? How would on education and literacy. After perusing reasons can you give why, Germany does
you solve it? 6. Do you think Austria the volume readers will not be surprised not make definite proposals of peace with Hungary should be dissolved ? Discuss your that the author's panacea for Indian ills, Russia? 4. What has" Mr. Goldenweiser
reasons. 7. Books much worth while read economic and political, is found in homo said ( page 17) about American opinion of Russia? What does he think of this opin-ing on this, topic, are Hazen’s.“ Europe rule, self-government, and autonomy.
“ Seven Universal Training for Citizenship and ion? 5. For what reasons does Mr. Gold
Years in Vienna ”' (Houghton Mifflin) Public Service. By William H. Allen. The enweiser believe Russia has not lost her
author's name not given; Rose's “ Nation Macmillan Company, New York. $1.50. significance as a military force for the
ality in Modern History” (Macmillan); The somewhat arid title of this book present or the future? 6. What do
you Laski's “The Problem of Sovereignty scarcely suggests to the reader its really in this article (“ Patience with Russia ") as (Yale University Press).
inspiring appeal. Replete with the latest to who the Bolsheviki are and what their
ideas as to civic work, its discussion of the future influence on Russian politics will be?
problems of citizenship that confront us 7. Mr. Goldenweiser speaks of “the bless
now, and will confront us after the war, i is Topic: Boston Comes Across. ings of an orderly state organism." How is
terse, vigorous, and helpful to a high deReference : Pages 15–17. such an organism produced? What are the
gree. Every public-spirited man and woman “ blessings” of such an institution ? 8. Study Questions :
1. What reasons does Professor Munro
will find the book worth reading. the cartoons on the Russian situation on
assign for the defeat of Mayor Curley? page 18. Name and discuss the things that
Little Taylor of the Winding Way (The). 2. Should a mayor be defeated for such ihese cartoons suggest to you.
By Gertrude Crownfield. Illustrated. The reasons ? Discuss. 3. Do you think it is
Macmillan Company, New York, 60€. B. Topic : Restoration, Reparation; Alsace possible for a mayor to conduct his adminLorraine ; Sense-Common and Preistration in a wholly non-partisan spirit? dren.
A pretty, fanciful story for little chilferred. Tell why or why not. 4. Compare the
BIOGRAPHY Reference : Page 5; editorial, page 11;
merits of the mayor-council form, the com Life and Letters of the Rev. Stopford A. 20-22.
mission form, and the city-manager form Brooke. By Principal Lawrence Pearsall Questions:
of municipal government. Which form Jacks. 2 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New 1. What points did Lloyd George make
York, $4.75. would you advocate for your city? Give in his speech on December 20, 1917? Of several reasons. 5. Read liberally in three
An adequate and appreciative account of these which ones ought to receive special
the life of the famous English clergyman very useful books : “ The City the Hope of attention by Americans ? Reasons. 2. DisDemocracy,” by F. C. Howe (Scribners);
and author who is best known for his fine tinguish carefully between restoration and “American Municipal Progress," by C.
Life of Frederick W. Robertson. reparation. What , in your opinion, ought Zueblin (Macmillan); “The Government
Paul Jones : His Exploits in English Seas Germany to do about these two matters?
During 1778-1780._ Contemporary Aoof American Cities,” by W. B. Munro
counts Collected from English Newspapers, 3. For what reasons would or would you
(Macmillan). not allow Germany to join a league of
with a Complete Bibliography. By Don C.
Seitz. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. $3.50. nations at the present time? 4. Which do III-PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION Makers of Our History. By John T. Faris. you prefer, peace with Germany by negoti(These propositions are suggested directly or indi
Illustrated. Ginn & Co., Boston. 80c. ation or by military victory? Your reasons. rectly by the subject matter of The Outlook, but Portraits and Backgrounds. by Evangeline 5. For what reasons does The Outlook not discussed in it.)
Wilbour Blashfield. Charles Scribner's Sons,
New York, $2.50. (page 11) believe the disposition of Alsace 1. It is impossible to rid American cities Lorraine by a plebiscite of its inhabitants of corruption. 2. Democracy is government would be wrong? 6. Tell somewhat at length by argument. 3. The disposition of Alsace
Frenzied Fiction. By Stephen Leacock. The
John Lane Company, New York. $1.25. how Germany has ruled Alsace-Lorraine. Lorraine is a world question. 7. What view of the Kaiser and of Ger
This is Leacock at his best, and this best
is better than others of his recent books. many does Irving Bacheller (pages 20-22) set forth? Is there sufficient evidence that (All of the following words and expressims are
The fun is sly and penetrating; the burMr. Bacheller has kept to the facts of found in The Outlook for January 2, 1918. Both
lesque quality is sustained ; the writing is German history and German teaching? before and after looking them up in the dictionary
that of a humorist, not that of a mere jokeor elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words. smith. 8. By all means read Hazen's “ Alsace
The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which Lorraine Under German Rule” (Holt); the words may be found.)
History of American Journalism. By James
Melvin Lee. Illustrated. Houghton Mifflin Bang's “Hurrah and Hallelujah” (Doran); Knouting, samovars, a mob, the Bolshe
Company, Boston. $3.50. F. Å. Smith's “The Soul of Germany viki (17); plebiscite," Squatter Sovereign(Doran); Hill's “ The Rebuilling of ty” (11), pneumatic, humor, afflatus (20),
A book of prime importance to all newsEurope” (Century); Ruth Putnam's * Al sentiment, infinity, flatulency, pulchritude
paper men who take an intelligent interest srce and Lorraine" (Putnams). (21) ; neophyte, electorate, vernacular (16).
in their profession, of decided interest to
the general reader on account of its lively A booklet suggesting methods of using the Weekly Outline of Current History will be sent on application style, and of real value to the student of
BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS
ESSAYS AND CRITICISM
The New Books (Continued)
By Sir Charles Waldstein. Longmans, Green
TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION
ton. Illustrated. The Penn Publishing Company, Philadelphia. $2.50. Rather desultory, but always agreeable in its talk about associations, historical incidents, ancient houses, superstitions of the ignorant population, childishness in municipal whims, modern growth, foreign districts, and other queer or famous aspects of New York. Memories of Old Salem. Drawn from the Letters of a Great-Grandmother. By Mary Harrod Northend. Moffat, Yard & Co., New York. $4. Miss Northend has done more than any author of whom we think to make the reader of our day familiar with certain features of old New England life, both by agreeable description and by excellent photographs. She is, as one may say, a specialist on Salem. This volume is eminently attractive, both in its physical and pictorial form and in the curious information about old times and old things in Salem. Our Hawaii, By Charmian Kittredge London
(Mrs. Jack London). Illustrated. The Macmillan Company, New York. $2.25. " What does the average middle-aged American know of the amazing history of this amazing 'native' people now voting as American citizens?” Mrs. London asks, referring to the Hawaiians. Her book answers the question in vivid characterizations of the land and the people, interwoven with intimate revelations of the character of her husband, the well-known novelist. The charms of Hawaii staggered even “ Jack's” descriptive powers. “Of all lands of joy and beauty under the sun .
." he said as
RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
Edited by James Hastings. Vol. IX-Mun-
New York. $7. Religion and ethics being conterminous with human life from its lowest savagery to its highest civilization, one who opens for the first time this monumental work marvels at its wealth of information. All races, nations, tribes, and social groups, ancient and modern, tell the tale of their beliefs and practices. Even “ Oahspe," a book-religion invented by an American dentist and followed by a tiny sect of “ Faithists,” is given its page. Art, biography, and history, the sciences and philosophies, contribute each its quota. Great Love Stories of the Bible and Their
Lessons for To-Day. By Billy Sunday.
Clark, D.D., LL.D. Illustrated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. $2. This book is a boon to many unlikely to to have heard of such a masterpiece as Sir William Ramsay's “ Paul the Traveller and Roman Citizen." No scientific interest induced Dr. Clark to visit all the cities visited by Paul. His express purpose was to see how these look to-day, so as to reconstruct the physical background and scenery of Paul's labors. His narrative aims to awaken the vivid rcalism in which their storied past rose there in imagination, and with it the inspiring personality of the great Apostle, dauntless, heroic, benign, and very
All at the Cost of
Ten Big Dishes of Quaker Oats Here are facts to ponder in the days of high food cost.
Two eggs contain-in calories—about the same nutrition as a dish of Quaker Oats. Yet two eggs cost as much as ten big dishes.
So with many foods. Here is what some cost, compared with Quaker Oats, per unit of food value:
Bacon and eggs costs 7 times as much as
times as much. Bread about twice as much. The reasons are these: Oats are plentiful and cheap. They sell today around 60 cents per bushel.
They yield in food value 1810 calories per pound. That's considerably more than wheat.
Oats stand first among grain foods in flavor and nutrition. As energy food and food for growth, they have an age-old fame.
Serve bigger dishes Make the whole breakfast on oats.
Mix Quaker Oats in your flour foods—for extra flavor, for lower cost, and to conserve our wheat.
The Supreme Oat Dainty Never was oat food so important. And flavory oats. We get but ten pounds from never did it mean so much to get this a bushel. Yet they cost no extra price. extra grade. Quaker Oats is made of Ask for this brand and note what it adds queen oats only—just the rich, plump, in flavor-everywhere you use it. 12c and 30c per package in United States and Canada, except in
far West and South where high freights may prohibit
BY LOWELL MASON
The New Books (Continued)
PLAYING THE WAR GAME tor in the corridor. And I have heard human. He writes especially for Bible
rich New Yorkers boast offensively of their students, preachers, Sunday-school teach
riches. .. He is one of a hundred million ers, and humble Christians.
I have seen an archbishop of New York, Who are learning how to fight.
at his silver jubilee, the central figure of a He doesn't pretend to know the game, Inside the Russian Revolution. By Rheta
magnificent service in the Cathedral, with So he's studying day and night. Childe Dorr. Illustrated. The Macmillan
hundreds of the priesthood and of churchly Company, New York. $1.50. He isn't conceited of winning
dignitaries of this and other cities in his “I went to Russia (in May, 1917) a The
train, with pomp of silk and purple and Socialist by conviction, an ardent sympa But he's cool and he's keen and he's clever, cloth of gold, with the sounding of great thizer with revolution. ..I returned
And he's strong and he's full of vim. bells and the triumphant pealing of the from Russia with the very clear conviction that the world will have to wait a while He's brave, and he doesn't mind dying,
organ and the sound of singing voices and
the music of the horns and cymbals and before it can establish any co-operative
He's willing to sacrifice all ; millenniums or before it can safely hand But his sight is too clear for him simply to
strings of a great orchestra, and with a « cheer
mighty congregation packing every inch of over the work of government to the man in
the edifice; and I have seen the same archthe street.” So says the author of this up-,
And then rush out to battle and fall.
bishop conducting a service in the chapel to-the-minute book. It furnishes most Yet some people say he's a slacker, on Blackwell's Island, looking with tears in excellent reading for the host of half-baked And ask why he isn't in France.
his eyes at the niassed array of paupers and reformers who imagine that the world can But it's brains that will win, and he knows prisoners and crippled and blind, but be created anew overnight, and deserves a it,
dressed in his splendid robes, in cope and wide circulation both among these and And all that he asks is a chance !
surplice and stole of cloth of gold, and with among readers who take a saner point of So he's learning the game from the bottom ;
a mighty golden miter upon his head, and view,
He's learning each trick and each
in his hand a golden crozier, to show that EDUCATIONAL 6 stunt;"
High Mass on Blackwell's was the same as Pattou's French-English Manual for the
on Fifth Avenue. Instead of great reverUse of Physicians, Nurses, Ambulance And I surely do pity the Germans
berant bells, a little bell in little When this fellow gets to the front. Drivers, and Workers in Civilian Re
greenlief. By E. E. Pattou. Dodd, Mead & Co.,
slatted cupola rang forth its summons ; in- New York. $1.50, He is one of a hundred million
stead of splendid organ and orchestra and Principles of Mental Hygiene The). By
Who are learning how to fight.
choir, there were a crippled player at an William A. White, M.D. With an Introduction He doesn't pretend to know the game, old melodeon, and a choir of four blind and by Smith Ely Jelliffe, M.D., Ph.D. The Mac But he's studying day and night.
crippled derelicts ; and I noticed that the millan Company, New York. $2. Ke-Education. An Analysis of the Institutional
tin vessels, just inside of the entrance, for NEW YORK-THE CITY OF System of the United States. By George Ed
the holy water were soon dipped empty, and ward Barton, A.I.A. Houghton Mifflin Com
it was pitiful to see the late comers groping pany, Boston, $1, We quote from Robert Shackleton's
eagerly in the dry vessels for the water “ The Book of New York,” just published :
which they could not find. Applied Motion Study. A Collection of Papers
on the Efficient Method to Industrial Prepared No part of the world is more busy, and COUNSEL TO A YOUNG ness, By Frank B, Gilbreth and L. M. Gil
at the same time more thronged, than the breth, Ph.D. The Sturgis & Walton Company,
district of lower Broadway and Wall
The letter which follows wage written by Mr. Short History of Science (A). By W. T.
Thomas E. Clarke, until recently General SaperinSedgwick and H, W. Tyler. Illustrated. The the day; and nowhere in the world is there
tendent of the Delaware, Lackawanna, and WestMacmillan Company, New York. $2.50. a business district so deserted, so silent, so ern Railroad and now Assistant to President TruesA vast subject is treated with breadth of without life except for the solitary and in
dale. Mr. Clarke served for twoʻyears in the Civil view and keenness of insight in this book.
War, and saw hard fighting in Tennessee, Georgia, frequent policeman, as the mile after mile
and the Carolinas. Toward the close of the war he It strikes a happy balance between the of this district at night. Nowhere in the was attached to General Sherman's staff. His one technical works that are meant for the world are there such lofty business struc regret to day is that he cannot go out to fight at special student and the works that deal so tures and apartment-houses, yet these are
the side of his young relative for the freedom and
the principles of democracy. largely with abstract theories that they fail bordered and interspersed with buildings
The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad to grip the general reader. A good example of ordinary height; there are two-story
Company, Office of Assistant to President. of the work of specialists who know how buildings that have held their own while T. E. Clarke, to make their subject interesting to non
Assistant to President. business has mounted to thie sky beside
Scranton, Pa., August 15, 1917, them, and there are even vacant lots.
My dear There are the most expensive specialists in I believe that you will do your bit by a Effective Public Speaking. The Essentials medicine and surgery, and there are hospi- complete and conscientious performance of of Extempore Speaking and of Gesture. By
tals with the most expensive and modern Joseph A. Mosher, Ph.D. The Macmillan
duty; my thoughts and my prayers shall Company, New York. $1.50. equipment where surgical and medical aid
be with you constantly, but I do not mean Furniture of the Olden Time. By Frances is given free.
by this that the occupation of soldier places Clary Morse. Illustrated. New Edition. The There is the greatest and most reckless you in greater need of divine protection Macmillan Company, New York. $6.
spending in the world, and there is the than obtains with all mankind. “ PreparedA new edition of a standard work that
most pinching economy. You may stand ness” is the saving word. Warfare is surhas made itself almost indispensable to beside some wealthy woman who negli- rounded by many other dangers than those people of taste in matters of household gently orders furs or gowns costing thou of the firing line, and indomitable courage equipment. Many new illustrations are in
sands, and in a few minutes may be in a is no less a requisite for safe emergence. cluded, and there is a new chapter about shop where you will hear a poor child, who
will hear a poor child, who To be brief and plain, I will merely cite mantels, doorways, and stairs. This is a is buying a loaf of stale bread and a penny's my own experience. As you know, I enbook to make the reader feel proud of the worth of cheese, say to the clerk, “ Mother tered the service when four or five years workers and workmanship of the old days. wants you to cut it with the ham knife to younger than your age to-day, and correSurgical Operations on President Cleve give it a hammy taste.” ...
spondingly immature. My youth may have land in 1893 (The). By William W. Keen, While the number increases of those who been my safeguard, but my inclinations, M.D., LL.D. George W. Jacobs & Co., Philadelphia.
with difficulty find ways to spend their which I believe I see personified in you, Your War Ta xes. By J. Frederick Essary. In
money, the number also increases of those were to avoid all the habits which cause troduction by Honorable F. M. Simmons. with no money to spend : I have seen the social, mental, and physical depravity, Moffat, Yard & Co., New York. $1.
policeman, after midnight, moving stolidly namely: gambling, use of intoxicants, proThis is a discussion and interpretation from park bench to park bench, effectually fanity, obscenity, vulgarity. And yet I
4 of the new War and Income Tax Law. The rousing the homeless sleepers by blows would not have you imagine that my assoauthor had the advantage of advice and upon their feet; I have seen the derelicts ciates were of low degree nor that the servassistance in its preparation from the Sec disappear doubtfully into the darkness; one ice is, on the whole, degrading. On the retary of the Treasury, Mr. McAdoo. cold morning at City Hall Park I saw two contrary, I believe it compares favorably The law is published in full (it fills seventy poor fellows, pathetically anxious to keep with our educational institutions in forming five pages of the book), and in not much up
their appearance, wash themselves at character, and, owing to peculiarity in die more space the author tells the layman in the fountain, wipe themselves with grimy cipline, regularity, seriousness, and the plain language just how it affects him and handkerchiefs, and then step into the post- cosmopolitanism of their formations, I be what it means.
office to dry the handkerchiefs on a radia lieve there is more real uplifting of men in
Counsel to a l'oung Soldier (Continued) the army and navy than obtains in any other one service or occupation, all things
I realize that there is but very little, if any, real need of admonishing you, but I am very fond of you and more than proud of your splendid character and mentality, 80 much of which is due to your own deterperseverance.
I feel quite sure of your self-reliance and good purposes while in the service, and I trust that the service will feel itself honored in whatever honors it may confer upon you.
At the conclusion of this most unwarranted of all wars in the world's history, but to be the last for all time to come, sounding as it does the knell of autocracy and militarism, you will be welcomed back to civil life possessing the same fortitude for the future that you now have in giving serviceable loyalty to your country's cause.
Just one thought more. Don't abuse your mind with imaginary dangers. Upon first hearing the roar of battle (remember this) there be one here and there who fears for his soul, but men like you who have no cause for such fear will feel a thrill of patriotism and courage never dreamed of. Of course we do not know whether you will experience this on foreign soil or if at all
, but there is an indescribable fascination about it. I am glad that you were already a volunteer, prepared for service when your country's call was made, and that you have no dependents to worry about, so that you may go with your mind freely on your “ business,” unfettered and anwearied. . . . Of course I do not mean that
will not think of home and friends, but try not to think of your loved ones as depressed in spirit; for there is too much at stake in this war, and as the fact becomes more apparent it will ameliorate their distress and increase their pride.
I have written at greater length than I intended, but I hope that what I have here written may be very satisfying to you and give you new and enduring inspiration, with increased confidence in the need and justice of the United States entering into this war for democracy and perpetual peace, as our President has so wisely deemed it our duty to do—to say nothing of our defense.
I am, most affectionately,
(Signed) T. E. CLARKE.
HOW THEY MAKE WAR IN
BRITISII AVIATOR Last week I had an interesting experience. I motored right up on to No Man's Land, then got out and examined our frontline trenches, walking along the parapet. It was about the middle of the forenoon. Imagine doing a thing like that in France ! Why, here we even put up rifle butts out there for target practice. And we always hold our field days out there, often miles out. Really we carry on war out here on most sane principles. In the first place, we keep far enough away so that we cannot hurt one another. And we don't even do any bombing. Old Johnnie Turk comes and sits over our airdrome every Sunday morning at eleven (that's how we can always tell Sunday here), but he never drops a pill. And we aren't in the least inclined to start the bloody work. The same with poison gas and flamenwefer. They use far more cominon sense here than they do in France !