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24 April

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WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF

"JUSTICE TO THE MOUNTAIN" CURRENT HISTORY

In a recent issue [August 29, 1917] The Outlook disposed of the long contention

over the name of The Mountain in line with BY J. MADISON GATHANY, A.M.

the cavalier judgment of Dr. C. Hart Mer

riam, whose argument led to that of the HOPE STREET HIGH SCHOOL, PROVIDENCE, R. I.

United States Geographic Board. Had the

editors seen that mass of evidence, which Based on The Outlook of April 17, 1918

included a petition of a congress of repre

sentatives of all the Northwestern Indian Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Outlook will

tribes, they would hardly have offered be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and

Whistler's “ I am not arguing with you, the like, and for use in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious

I am telling you” as the attitude of those study of current history,—THE Editors.

advocating the change of the official name.

This, following, is their argument : [Those who are using the weekly outline should Reference : Page 609.

Rainier is the name of an English naval not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any Questions:

officer who fought the colonies throughout one lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected

1. According to The Outlook, what is the the Revolutionary War. He never saw The questions, one or two propositions for discussion, and only such words as are found in the material “ at least one redeeming feature" of the

Mountain nor was identified with it in

any assigned. Or distribute selected questions among

hanging of Praeger? What does this fea way. George Vancouver, who gave hís different members of the class or group and have ture suggest to you? 2. How is it possible

name to it, was not the discoverer of The them report their findings to all when assembled. for a person to be a real traitor and not a Mountain. Robert Gray, an American, and Then have all discuss the questions together.] legal traitor? What changes, if any, would

two Spanish explorers saw The Mountain you suggest in the legal definition of two years before Vancouver arrived. VanI-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

treason? 3. Discuss how

you

think couver's maps, carrying the name, were A. Topic: “ Force to the Utmost.” Government should deal with seditionists, promptly published by Great Britain to Reference : Pages 614, 615. disloyalists, traitors, and spies. 4. Do you

further the purpose of King George to apQuestions :

think any person should ever be hanged by propriate to the crown all this Northwestern 1. What is the purpose of the military a mob? Tell why. 5. Do you think Ameri country. Vancouver is distinguished in hismasters of Germany? Can you present can lawmakers should respond to the will

tory for a vicious and unreasonable hatred proofs of President Wilson's statement of of the community more quickly and more

of Americans and for his dishonorable their purpose ? 2. For what reasons can frequently than they do? Illustrato. 6. Does efforts to discredit and rob them of the fruits "the ideals of justice and humanity and this lynching affair represent the spirit of of their enterprise and toil. (See Greenhow's liberty” play no part in Germany's pro America? Discuss the meaning of the “ History of Oregon," page 256.) gramme? 3. If Germany should effect her spirit of America. 7. You will enjoy and

The name Rainier, which he bestowed, purposes, what would America be compelled

was fixed to The Mountain twenty-five years be greatly benefited by reading two books to do? What would you have to do? 4. What by Henry van Dyke: “The Spirit of

ago by the United States Board of Geoled President Wilson to say that America America " (Macmillan) and “ The Ameri

graphic Names, acting at the behest of a must use" foree, force to the utmost, force

United States Senator at a time when the canism of Washington " (Harpers). without stint or limit”? 5. Write an edi

Indian name was in almost universal use. B. Topic: Cartoons of the Week. torial of two or three hundred words on

The Senator lived in Seattle, and his only Reference : Page 611.

interest in the matter was to work harm to Germany, taking for your title " By Their

Questions : Fruits Ye Shall Know Them.” “6. The

1. Discuss the events in current history

a town which years before had taken as its

own name the name of the mountain in the following_books lend weight to President

that serve as the background for each one Wilson's Baltimore (Force) Speech: "Face

immediate presence of which it stood, but of these cartoons. 2. Do you think the

which town had suddenly become a lively to Face with Kaiserism,” by J. W. Gerard

cartoonist in each case has done well in (Doran); “The Soul of Germany,", by naming and drawing the cartoon? Give

competitor of the Senator's home town. T. F. A. Smith (Doran); “The United

Seattle openly gloried in the achievement 3. Rename each cartoon and tell

at the time, nor has it ever denied the truth States and Pan-Germania,” by André Ché

why you selected the names.

4. Can you radame (Scribners).

of this charge, made ten thousand times. suggest a proposition for discussion which

A feud resulted which survives to embarrass B. Topic: A Conflict of Racial Ideas would include the subject-matter repre

a new generation. By agreement last year Reference : Pages 627, 628, 632. sented by all of these cartoons? Discuss

of all parties, expressed through a legislaQuestions :

the proposition. 5. What lessons for every tive memorial, indorsed by every news1. Dr. Vesnitch tells us that races which American and for the United States as

paper in the State and the great newsrepresent“ the spirit of conquest and au a Government do you see in these car

papers of Portland, Oregon-the newstocracy " and other races that “ represent toons?

papers of the now great city of Seattle the spirit of liberty and justice ... have

taking the lead in most generous fashion

III-PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION been in opposition for twenty centuries.”

the Geographic Board was asked to change Verify this statement, beginning with the

(These propositions are suggested directly or indi the official name. The Board refused. The appearance of the Cimbri and Teutones rectly by the subject matter of The Outlook, but

action was taken at a secret executive (Germanic tribes) in northern Italy, 113 not discussed in it.)

session attended by but twelve members of B.C. 2. Does history prove that the Ger 1. In a democracy there is no time when

the Board, several of whom had not been mans “ have never brought freedom to public criticism is out of place. 2. America

present at the open hearing and knew nothother nations "? 3. From this article what has done all that could justly and reason ing of our case. At this secret meeting and do you learn about the ideals and practices ably be expected of her after a year at war. under such circumstances Dr. Merriam of the Serbs? 4. How much interest have

3. President Wilson has not judged the made his plea for "sustaining the previous the German rulers had in the creation and

purposes of Germany severely enough. action of the Board.” Three of the twelve preservation of international law? Why

voted not to sustain that previous action. so? 5. Trace the influence of Great Britain,

IV-VOCABULARY BUILDING

Our appeal, indorsed by former British France, and the United States upon public

(All of the following words and expressions are Ambassador James Bryce, Theodore Rooselaw and the cause of right and freedom.

found in The Outlook for April 17, 1918. Both velt, Charles F. Lummis, Bailey Willis, 6. Excellent books : “ Modern European

before and after looking them up in the dictionary or Herbert Quick, John Oliver La Gorce, History,” by C. D. Hazen (Holt); “The elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words. of the “Geographic Magazine," and scores German Empire between Two Wars," by The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which

of men like that, is now to the peoR. H. Fife (Macmillan); “ American Di the words may be found.)

ple of the United States. The question is, plomacy,” by C. R. Fish (Holt); “Dra Empire, disillusionment, misprize, right- Which name the beautiful and descriptive matic Moments in American Diplomacy," eous force (615); Celts, civilization, im name the Indians gave it, or a name beby R. Page (Doubleday, Page).

portunate, ikons, hate (627); republican, stowed in hatred and sustained only in

profanation, incarnate, the Druids, cata jealousy and hatred, “a blot on the whole II-NATIONAL AFFAIRS

clysm (628); naturalization, custody, dis Northwest”? Will the people of Tacoma A. Topic: Is Lynching a Good Way to semination, reprisal, reaction, seditionists,

have to change the name of their town if Fight Germany? disloyalists, traitors, spies (609).

they are to see justice done this wonderful A booklet suggesting methods of using the Weekly Outline of Current History will be sent on application mountain ? While cities (one in Australia),

reasons.

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24 April

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Justice to The Mountain" (Continued) ships, buildings, parks, the world around, adopt this name because of its sonorous beauty alone, is that which gave the word to the world, the meaning of which word it is—The Mountain—to stand forever as the one thing on earth denied the lawful right to use it—its own name? Which name for this “ most majestic natural monument on earth,” located in the State called Washington—which name (Peter) Rainier or Tacoma (The Mountain)?

S. W. WALL,
Executive Secretary the Justice-to-the-

Mountain Committee.
Tacoma, Washington.

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JOHN MUIR MIS QUOTED

Human memory is a treacherous thing, particularly when it ventures to quote, second hand, words uttered many years ago by a person now dead. These remarks are called forth by a short article entitled " A Friendly Act," by Mr. W. H. Hamby, who quotes Mr. John Vance Cheney as his authority, published in The Outlook for January 30, 1918. In this article John Muir, telling of a night spent in the mountains by a crevasse where steam was escaping, is made to say:

In the night I dozed, and waked to feel something warm on my face that did not feel like steam. I did not stir, but opened my eyes very slowly. It was a grizzly bear licking my face !

Now Muir never had any such experience as this, and never said that he did, unless joking, and he rarely, if ever, joked in this way. He was a great talker, and loved to tell of his experiences in the wilderness, but he was a truthful man, not given to drawing on his imagination. Having known him for many years, and having been with him on various field trips in California and Alaska, I have heard him relate more than once his experiences with bears—of which, by the way, there were only two. These he published in his book entitled “ Our National Parks."

The article referred to in The Outlook gives another second-hand alleged quotation from Muir, concerning a bear encountered by him when picking berries. As published in The Outlook the story runs :

You know what acres of blackberries grow up in the mountains. They were ripe, and I waded into a patch to help myself. There was a scuffing noise fifteen feet away, and I saw an old grizzly also helping himself. His method was to reach out and rake in an armful, eating berries, tops and all. That old grizzly looked at me in a way that snggested I was an intruder, a trespasser, committing a willful misdemeanor.

I returned his look in the friendliest sort of way, trying to convey to him the impression that I had no thought of intrusion ; that I admitted the berry patch was his, but in passing had merely stopped to taste a mouthful of berries—and that I was going on in a minute.

"I did," smiled John Muir, "in less than a minute, for he did not seem to get my impression, but started to gather me in with his next armful of blackberry vines.”

By comparing this very inaccurate statement with Muir's own description the incident (“ Our National Parks," pp. 174-177), it will be seen that the distance between Muir and the bear was not fifteen feet, but “a dozen yards or so;" that the animal was not a grizzly, but a cinnamon (a color pase of the common black bear); and that, instead of attempting to gather him in “ with his next armful of blackberry vines,” it gazed at him for a short time and then withdrew in a dignified manner.

Washington, D. C. C. Hart MERRLAM.

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24 April

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THE NEW BOOKS This Department will include descriptive notes, with or without brief comments, about books received by The Outlook. Many of the important books will have more extended and critical treatment later

FICTION Flower of the Chapdelaines (The). By

George W. Cable. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, $1.35, In this ingeniously constructed story several tales of old-time life in Louisiana

woven together that they really constitute one novel of life and character. Mr. Cable returns, to the delight of the reader, to his charming delineations of Creole character, social manners and customs, and delightful dialect. One almost feels as if he were reading a new volume of “ Old Creole Days." House of Whispers (The). By William John

ston. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

$1.40. This story of theft and mystery is by the author of the very popular story entitled

Limpy.” Its plot is laid in New York City and its incidents pertain to life in the modern luxurious apartment-house.

MUSIC, PAINTING, AND OTHER ARTS Ristory of Architecture (A). By Fiske Kim

ball, M.Arch., Ph.D., and George Harold Edgell, Ph.D. Illustrated. (Harper's Fine Art

Series.) Harrer & Brothers, New York. $3.51). Museum Ideals of Purpose and Method.

By Benjamin Ives Gilman. (Museum of Fine
Arts, Boston.) Honghton Mifflin Company,

Boston. $3.
Science and Practice of Photography

(The). By John R. Roebuck, Ph.D. līlustrated. D. Appleton & Co., New York. 82. An excellent and comprehensive manual of the standard processes of photography. The book is not intended for the enlightenment of so-called “ advanced workers,” but will prove useful in both interesting and informing readers who have begun to take up the practical side of an art that presents ever-widening possibilities of utility and entertainment.

BIOGRAPHY Autobiography of a Pennsylvanian (The). By Samuel

Whitaker Pennypacker. Illustrated. The John C. Winston Company, Philadelphia.

$3. Governor Pennypacker's autobiography has a double interest. His career covered a most eventful period of American history, of which he was himself a part. His personality was that of a typical American man of affairs-forceful, many-sided, unconventional. His book will be read with great interest—the “ Miniatures” in especial, in which he gives pen portraits of his contemporaries. He writes with a critical

, sometimes mordant, pen. One gets the impression of a keen but cold observer, absolutely and sometimes ungraciously candid, but lacking the sympathy and charm that the men who have written the world's great autobiographies have had in full measure. History of the Life and Death, Virtues

and Exploits of General George Washington (A). With Curious Anecdotes Equally Honourable to Himself and Exemplary to His Young Countrymen. By Mason L. Weems. Illustrated. The J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. $1.50. All Americans have heard the story about George Washington and the cherry tree ; many will like to read it as it origi nally appeared in the book that made it famous. This edition-the eighty-first Parson Weems's quaintly written biography --also contains some old woodcuts of the first edition, and is printed in very readable form.

Pershing at the tomb of America's old time friend months ago reported, with true soldier eloquence, “Lafayette, here we are.' And it is for us of the great American democracy to rally all our might to the support of our army and our allies.

In this national effort the Bell System has served with every other essential industry in order that communication, manufacture and transportation may be kept at the peak of efficiency to provide the munitions, ordnance and supplies so urgently needed.

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THE MENACE Address before Congress, April 2, 1917

Flag Day Address, June 14, 1017 THE CALL TO INDUSTRY

CIVILIZATION'S DEMANDS Proclamation of April 16, 1917

Reply to the Peace Note of the Pope, August 27, 1917 THE SELECTIVE PRINCIPLE

JUSTICE AND REPARATION Proclamation of May 18, 1917

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THE BASES OF PERMANENT PEACE Note to the Russian Government, May 26, 1917

Address before Congress, January 8, 1918
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