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24 April “ Justice to The Mountain" (Continued) ships, buildings, parks, the world around. adopt this name because of its sonorous beauty alone, is that which gave the word to the world, the meaning of which word it is— The Mountain-to stand forever as the one thing on earth denied the lawful right to use it-its own name? Which name for this “ most majestic natural monument on earth,” located in the State called Washington—which name (Peter) Rainier or Tacoma (The Mountain)?
S. W. WALL,
JOHN MUIR MISQUOTED Human memory is a treacherous thing, particularly when it ventures to quote, second hand, words uttered many years ago by a person now dead. These remarks are called forth by a short article entitled “A Friendly Act,” by Mr. W. H. Hamby, who quotes Mr. John Vance Cheney as his authority, published in The Outlook for January 30, 1918. In this article John Muir, telling of a night spent in the mountains by a crevasse where steam was escaping, is made to say:
In the night I dozed, and waked to feel something warm on my face that did not feel like steam. I did not stir, but opened my eyes very slowly. It was a grizzly bear licking my face !
Now Muir never had any such experience as this, and never said that he did, unless joking, and he rarely, if ever, joked in this way. He was a great talker, and loved to tell of his experiences in the wilderness, but he was a truthful man, not given to drawing on his imagination. Having known him for many years, and having been with him on various field trips in California and Alaska, I have heard him relate more than once his experiences with bears-of which, by the way, there were only two. These he published in his book entitled “ Our National Parks.”
The article referred to in The Outlook gives another second-hand alleged quotation from Muir, concerning a bear encountered by him when picking berries. As published in The Outlook the story runs :
You know what acres of blackberries grow up in the mountains. They were ripe, and I waded into a patch to help myself. There was a scuffing noise fifteen feet away, and I saw an old grizzly also helping himself. His method was to reach out and rake in an armful, eating berries, tops and all. That old grizzly looked at me in a way that suggested I was an intruder, a trespasser, committing a willful misdemeanor.
I returned his look in the friendliest sort of way, trying to convey to him the impression that I had no thought of intrusion; that I admitted the berry patch was his, but in passing had merely stopped to taste a mouthful of berries—and that I was going on in a minute.
“I did,” smiled John Muir, “in less than a minute, for he did not seem to get my impression, but started to gather me in with his next armful of blackberry vines."
By comparing this very inaccurate statement with Muir's own description of the incident (“ Our National Parks,” pp. 174-177), it will be seen that the distance between Muir and the bear was not fifteen feet, but “ a dozen yards or so ;" that the animal was not a grizzly, but a cinnamon (a color plase of the common black bear); and that, instead of attempting to gather him in “ with his next armful of blackberry vines,” it gazed at him for a short time and then withdrew in a dignified manner..
Washington, D. C. C. Hart MERRIAM.
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THE NEW BOOKS
This Department will include descriptive notes, with or withont brief comments, about books received by The Outlook. Many of the important books will have more extended and critical treatment later
George W. Cable. Charles Scribner's Sons.
In this ingeniously constructed story several tales of old-time life in Louisiana are so woven together that they really constitute one novel of life and character. Mr. Cable returns, to the delight of the reader, to his charming delineations of Creole character, social manners and customs, and delightful dialect. One almost feels as if he were reading a new volume of “ Old Creole Days." House of Whispers (The). By William John
ston. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston,
This story of theft and mystery is by the author of the very popular story entitled “ Limpy.” Its plot is laid in New York City and its incidents pertain to life in the modern luxurious apartment-house.
MUSIC, PAINTING, AND OTHER ARTS History of Architecture (A), By Fiske Kim
ball, M.Arch., Ph.D., and George Harold Edgell, Ph.D. 'Ilustrated. (Harper's Fine Art
Series.) Harper & Brothers, New York. $3.50. Museum Ideals of Purpose and Method.
By Benjamin Ives Gilman. (Museum of Fine
on.) Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. $3. Science and Practice of Photography
(The). By John R. Roebuck, Ph.D. MInstrated. D. Appleton & Co., New York. 82.
An excellent and comprehensive manual of the standard processes of photography.
The book is not intended for the enlightenment of so-called “advanced workers,” but will prove useful in both interesting and informing readers who have begun to take up the practical side of an art that presents ever-widening possibilities of utility and entertainment.
BIOGRAPHY Autobiography of a Pennsylvanian (The).
By Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker. Illustrated.
$3. Governor Pennypacker's autobiography has a double interest. His career covered a most eventful period of American history, of which he was himself a part. His personality was that of a typical American man of affairs-forceful, many-sided, unconventional. His book will be read with great interest—the “ Miniatures "in especial, in which he gives pen portraits of his contemporaries. He writes with a critical, sometimes mordant, pen. One gets the impression of a keen but cold observer, absolutely and sometimes ungraciously candid, but lacking the sympathy and charm that the men who have written the world's great autobiographies have had in full measure. History of the Life and Death, Virtues
and Exploits of General George Wash ington (A). With Curious Anecdotes Equally Honourable to Himself and Exemplars to His Young Countrymen. By Mason L Weems. Illustrated. The J. B. Lippincott
Company, Philadelphia. $1.50. All Americans have heard the story about George Washington and the cherry tree; many will like to read it as it origi nally appeared in the book that made it famous. This edition—the eighty-first of Parson Weems's quaintly written biography -also contains some old woodcuts of the first edition, and is printed in very readable form.
« THE PRESIDENT TO THE PEOPLE”
A beautifully printed collection of the President's most striking utterances. An example of typographical elegance, size 9 x 1214, printed on heavy Alexandra Japan paper with deckle edges. It contains a strikingly life-like portrait of the Chief Executive, suitable for framing. It comprises the finest portions of Mr. Wilson's addresses. Among these extracts areTHE CHALLENGE
THE MENACE Address before Congress, April 2, 1917
Flag Day Address, June 14, 1017 THE CALL TO INDUSTRY
CIVILIZATION'S DEMANDS Proclamation of April 16, 1917
Reply to the Peace Note of the Pope, August 27, 1917 THE SELECTIVE PRINCIPLE
JUSTICE AND REPARATION Proclamation of May 18, 1917
Address before Congress, December 4, 1917 THE GOAL OF FREE PEOPLES
THE BASES OF PERMANENT PEACE Note to the Russian Government, May 26, 1917 . Address before Congress, January 8, 1918
This beautiful brochure will be sent to any address in the l'nited States,
propeily protected from damage in mailing, upon receipt of One Dollar THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 Fourth Ave., New York
THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL
Believing that the advance of business is a subject of vital interest and importance, The Outlook will present under the above heading frequent dis cussions of subjects of industrial and commercial interest. The department will include paragraphs of timely interest and articles of educational value dealing with the industrial upbuilding of the Nation.
Comment and suggestions are invited.
WOMEN IN MUNITIONS
(From the “ Iron Age") While conditions in this country by no means have reached the point that made wholesale employment of female labor in munitions factories a necessity, as in England, an increasing number of American manufacturers are substituting women for men in the lighter forms of work. England has employed women on work as laborious as the machining of 6-inch shells, but their employment in this country has been largely contined to fuse work and similar operations which can be performed on drill presses, screw machines, and other smaller tools.
A Dayton, Ohio, factory is employing close to 5,000 women in this manner; a Baltimore, Maryland, munition maker now has about 1,800 at work ; and in various other industrial centers women are being employed in gradually increasing numbers. A Bloomfield, New Jersey, fuse maker is now seeking a considerable force of women, and the factories of Jersey City, New Jersey, have decided to try them as a means of solving the labor shortage there. At a meeting of Jersey City manufacturers to discuss the labor question the statement was made by the employment director of the city of Rochester, New York, that machine shops in his city had found women more efficient than men in certain classes of work. He sail that there is a “wonderful field for women in the machine shop."
Varying conditions have led to the employment of women. In some cities emplovers have been driven to it by the shortage of male labor. A Baltimore manufacturer believes it to be patriotic policy to employ women on work which they can do as well as men, so that more men may be l'eleased for the shipyards and other heavier forms of labor where women cannot so satisfactorily be used. In most cases the women receive the same pay as men for the same work. Fuse makers in particular report that women have more patience with such small operations as drill press work, which becomes deadly monotonous to men workers.
Visit One of the National Parks
Have you ever been to YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK ? Here in one small corner of our country are assembled some of the world's greatest natural curiosities in the form of hot springs of varied colors, active geysers, and a canyon in pastel shades. Or have you followed some of the delightful trails in GLACIER NATIONAL PARK or ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK that are so full of interest to the mountaineer and nature-lover?
At each of the Parks the most comfortable of accommodations in the form of camps and hotels can be found for the entertainment of the tourist.
A most delightful tour can be made including all three of the above-mentioned Parks ; or a visit to any one of them is most enjoyable. Let us plan your trip. There is no charge to Outlook readers for this service. TRAVEL AND RECREATION BUREAU
THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
(From “ Construction") When the European war started in 1914, munition factories everywhere sprang into existence, and many of these were temporary and cheap structures, intended only for the period of the war. The folly of erect, ing buildings of this type has been proveil by the great number of fires which have started in plants making war supplies, and many of the explosions which have completely destroyed entire plants have been caused by fires starting within the plants.
As opposed to this policy of constructing cheap, temporary buildings, the Colt's
THE CHEST WITH
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IN OVER A