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Government money upon proper security to employers of labor
country under private management. In accepting the request and to other agencies for the housing of workers in industries
of its members to bring the work of this voluntary committee producing goods, in the opinion of the President, necessary for to a close, Mr. McAdoo expressed his “ admiration of the the successful conduct of the war. It advocates that the President fidelity and effectiveness" of their earnest and unselfish applibe empowered to build houses for sale or rent, buy and con cation to their problem. demu land, and take all necessary steps for the development of The Director-General has ordered the carrying out of meascommunities in which workers in such industries are to live. ures for ending congestion on the railways-measures which The National Housing Association further recommends that
could be enforced only by the Government of the whole Nation. immediate steps be taken, without waiting for action by Con
He has ordered repairs on rolling stock, such as cars and en gress, to do the preliminary work of research and organization gines which are now partly crippled and idle. What a private necessary for the development of the large programme which it railway company might not be able to afford to do the whole advocates.
Nation in this case can do without question. The Director-GenIt points out what seems to us an essential feature of this
eral has also designated this week as “freight clearance week.” programme, namely, the need of guarding against the erection There are thousands of freight cars standing loaded on sidings of housing accommodations of such a relatively unsatisfactory because the goods in them have not been taken out by the percharacter that they cannot assure living conditions good enough sons to whom they have been consigned. In some cases th to attract and hold a steady, contented, and efficient force of goods have been
sold, and resold, and resold again several times workers.
while they have been stored in the freight cars. This, of course, The development of such a governmental housing programme reduces the capacity of the railways enormously. The Directorwould largely influence industrial living conditions for many General of Railroads has designated this freight clearance week years to come, a fact which can be given proper attention withi in order to release the needed cars. out sacrificing the interests of the country in the present war. On January 4 the President addressed Congress, asking for Says the National Housing Association in its recommendation legislation to guarantee the stockholders and creditors of the to the President:
railways" that their properties will be maintained throughout It is important, if the Government investment in enterprises the period of Federal control in as good repair and as complete of this kind is to be protected for the future, that the develop equipment as at present;" and he suggested that, as a basis, ment should be of such a satisfactory nature as to hold occupants compensation be provided by the Government equivalent to the after the war is over. Communities developed along scientific, “average net railway operating income of the three years endeconomic, and attractive lines would have this great advantage
ing June 30, 1917.' not only over temporary housing, but over the type of quick..
Simultaneously with the President's address, there was selling commercial developments erected by the ordinary speculative builder.
introduced into Congress a bill putting the President's recomMoreover, the enormous influence which these housing devel
mendations into legal form and providing for a “revolving opments under Government control will exert, by way of
fund” of a half a billion dollars, out of which payments for the example, either for good or for bad, upon the general trend of expenses of Government operation should be made and into industrial housing in the United States - is a matter of great
which income from operation should be put. moment. To permit the stamp of apparent Government approval We print elsewhere a statement from Mr. Gompers, Presito be placed upon mediocre or inferior industrial housing enter dent of the American Federation of Labor, concerning organprises would give the most discouraging setback to the National
ized labor's attitude toward this new Governmental undermovement for better housing.
taking. The situation is one which demands immediate action along the general lines laid down by the National Housing Associa
REVISING THE TAX LAWS tion.
The tax bills passed at the last session of Congress have
come in for more criticism than perhaps any other measures FIRST STEPS IN GOVERNMENT OPERATION
passed since the war emergency began. There has been a notaWeather seems to be combining with the war in creating ble lack of criticism of the size of the burden which they place on and intensifying difficulties of transportation. No sooner had the country, but very serious criticism of the manner in which the East dug itself out of a heavy snowfall and begun to find this burden has been distributed. These tax measures have also relief from an almost unprecedented period of intense cold than been justly criticised as bad pieces of legislation on the ground the Middle West found itself in the grip of a blizzard that partly that their provisions are coucħed in terms difficult of interpretablockaded its cities and interfered with the movement of trains. tion and application.
The real difficulties encountered by the railways, however, Senator Smoot, of Utah, has introduced a bill to recast the have been produced by conditions much more profound than income and war profits taxes passed at the last session of Conthose of the weather; and it is with these profounder difficulties gress in the direction of simplicity and the removal of part of that the United States Government, under the direction of the unfair discrimination which the present Acts undoubtedly Mr. McAdoo, the Secretary of the Treasury, is contending. The contain. Senator Smoot's bill would levy the normal income real task is to make the railway systems of the country one sys
tax at two per cent, and an additional tax graded from one per tem. What that means Mr. Theodore H. Price picturesquely cent on net incomes in excess of $5,000 up to sixty-three
per states elsewhere in this issue.
cent on the amount by which the income exceeds $2,000,000. To this end of unification Mr. McAdoo has created an It would levy a flat rate of eight per cent on corporation net official Board which will act as the Director-General of Rail incomes above two thousand dollars. In addition to this, Senaroads' cabinet. This Board consists of John Skelton Williams, tor Smoot's bill would levy a surtax of from ten to eighty per Controller of the Currency, whose special task will be to deal cent upon corporation war profits. The lowest surtax is ten with the financial problems of Government operation ; Hale per cent on war profits not in excess of ten per cent of the Holden, President of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy pre-war profits of any trade or business. The highest is eighty Railroad (the only member of the retiring Railroads' War per cent of the amount by which such war profits exceed by Board to be a member in this new official Board), who will have one hundred per cent pre-war profits. certain special office tasks ; 'Henry Walters, Chairman of the The pre-war period designated in Senator Smoot's bill comBoard of Directors of the Atlantic Coast Line ; Edwards prises the years between 1909 and 1913 inclusive. Out of Chambers, Vice-President of the Santa Fé Railroad and head these five years, the two years in which the profits of a trade or of the transportation division of the United States Food Ad business were the greatest and the least, respectively, are first ministration and Walker D. Hines, Chairman of the Execu- excluded. It is on the average annual profits of the three years tive Committee of the Santa Fé and Assistant to the Director that then remain that the pre-war profits are calculated. It is (reneral of Railroads. This new Board supersedes that which the excess of present profits over these pre-war profits on which was organized voluntarily by the railways and which did all that was possible to be done for unifying the systems of the
the excess profits tax is based.
In addition to the general changes which we have described
the proposed amendment repeals the provisions of the War historic Imperial house, wherein are preserved her national Revenue Act creating a zone postal system and increasing the ideals and her most sacred traditions. postal rates on second-class matter. Senator Smoot apparently “ But this they maintained because Japan maintained her believes that his methods have a chance of passing both houses freedom of national life--that freedom which America had deof Congress and going into effect before the time comes for col- manded for herself and had held out to secluded Japan. And lecting income taxes for the present year. We believe that the that is the great issue which Japan and America, allies in this passage of Senator Smoot's bill in substance, as here outlined, world war, are fighting for today. We are demanding for all would be an act of justice to the country and an aid to the the world what we both demanded and obtained for ourselves country in its endeavor to prosecute the war to a successful in the past—the right of national existence. This right of interconclusion.
national democracy is threatened as it has never been threatened before. The Central Powers are striving to impose on the
world a policy of aggression and absorption which in the end, THE FRENCH SCANDALS
if successful, would destroy utterly all national ideals save those Rightly or wrongly, Joseph Caillaux has come to be re of the Germanic peoples. garded as the head and front of Boloism in France. “Bolo " is * International democracy does not mean the imposition of now as expressive of German propaganda there as “ Boche" is democratic institutions on all nations. For America to endeavor of the German in arms.
to impose her institutions, which are the expression of her own M. Caillaux is an ex-Premier. His Ministry was followed by National spirit, on other nations would be as culpable as for that of Raymond Poincaré, now President of France. Caillaux is the Central Powers to endeavor to Germanize the world. We a man of indomitable ambition. He longed to return to power, are not fighting for democracy in nations, but for democracy and did become Minister of Finance in the Doumergue Cabinet. among nations. We are demanding for every nation, great and
A policy of “ standing in ” with Germany characterized the small, the right of national self-development. latest Caillaux tenure of office. Financially the Minister was connected with banking interests which were diverting French savings to German industrial enterprises. Politically he facili
THE NEW BRITISH AMBASSADOR tated the German entrance in the French Congo as an offset to It has been announced that Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the the German withdrawal from Morocco. It was even said that British Ambassador to America, is to go home on leave, and he wanted to see a Franco-German union which should dominate that in his place a Special Ambassador and High Commissioner Europe.
will be appointed. The departure of Sir Cecil from Washington Thus, when the war came, Caillaux seemed out of tune with will be regarded with regret, but his place will be filled by a it. He seemed a man without a country. Yet he still longed for man of high qualifications for the special duties which a British power. To gain it and be consistent he would have to be a pro Ambassador is called upon to perform at this time. It has been tagonist of peace, and it was believed that he was working in officially announced that this man will be the Lord Chief Jus this direction, towards a shameful peace, and was the secret tice of England, Earl Reading. Lord Reading will have full ally of Turmel and Almereyda, above all of Bolo in the Ger- authority over the members of all British missions sent to the man scheme secretly to get financial control of certain well United States in connection with the active prosecution of the known patriotic papers--the “ Figaro,” the “ Journal,” the war. It is felt at Washington that the combination of functions “ Rappel,” and others—and then little by little to inject a assigned to Lord Reading will result in a valuable co-ordination German propaganda alongside a proved patriotism.
of the activities of the diplomatic, the financial, and the military The scheme was finally exposed. The Paris Court of Appeals agencies of Great Britain which are now in this country. The will settle Bolo's fate. Then, in his turn, Caillaux will be tried; appointment of Earl Reading has been due, it is surmised, to but, it is reported, not by a civil but by a military court. the influence of Lord Northcliffe, who is reported by the New
Thus Paris and France will be treated to a second Caillaux York Times” as commenting as follows on the appointment: cause célebre. The first occurred during the early part of 1914, The nation is indebted to Earl Reading for taking up the trawhen Caillaux's wife was tried for having killed Gaston Cal mendous task of representing the War Cabinet, the British War mette, editor of " Le Figaro.'
Mission to the United States, the Treasury, the Ministry of Mu-
United States, at a time when the interdependence of the United
States and the United Kingdom on each other's war efforts has
assumed a scale little imagined by the public. The speed of the Lukewarm supporters of the Allies or neutrals sometimes,
Anglo-American war effort has been impaired in the past by in questioning the statement that the Allies are fighting for the need of one controlling head of all "British affairs in the democracy, point to the fact, as basis for their faint-heartedness United States. or neutrality, that Japan is an Ally. "Is it indeed a war for democracy when imperial and autocratic Japan is one of the Allies ?” some of them ask, just as the same argument was used in
THE MOTOR CAR AN ESSENTIAL OF connection with the case of Russia before the fall of the Czar.
MODERN TRANSPORTATION It is no secret either that the call to “make the world safe In the past there has been a very marked tendency to for democracy” falls flat with a good many Japanese. Is it regard the annual automobile exhibitions as presentations of not possible that the unresponsiveness of some Japanese and the latest means of gratifying personal desires for luxury. So some neutrals to the appeal to support democracy is due to a swiftly has the automobile changed from a thing of luxury to a misunderstanding of the meaning of that over-used word when part of the daily business life of the country that the general applied to issues in the present war ?
view of this means of transportation has lagged very much The new American Ambassador to Japan, Mr. Roland S. behind the accomplished fact. Morris, has already proved himself to be a diplomat and states When the war broke out, it was very soon suggested that the man of no slight stature in showing the Japanese how their na manufacture of pleasure vehicles” should be largely curtailed. tional ideals and national welfare are bound up with the cause
This suggestion soon brought out proof of the fact that the of democracy in the world. Mr. Morris has made clear, so that purely pleasure automobile represents a very small proportion all Japan may understand, the difference between“ international of the output of our automobile factories. The average automodemocracy," which the Allies are fighting for, and the enforced
bile is hardly more of a pleasure vehicle than the average adoption of local democratic or republican institutions through- trolley car or the average railway coach. All three are used for out the world, for which the Allies are not fighting at all. pleasure, but all three find their greatest usefulness in satisfying
Speaking at a dinner of welcome given to him in Tokyo on the vital needs of our highly organized society.
.. While they (Japan's leaders) led Japan to her place in the plicated problems of transportation. How essential this com-
by the researches of the Engineering Experiment Station of He wanted, as he said, to make some suitable disposition of the Iowa State College, which recently, according to the them, or of such portions of them as he might determine, which “Scientific American," made a survey of the traffic which
would render them permanently available for the instruction passed a certain point on the road between Ames and Des and pleasure of the American people. Moines. During ten consecutive days 1,995 vehicles carrying Mr. Morgan died in 1913, before he could carry out his 5,561 passengers went by the observation post. Of these pose. In his will he expressed the hope that his son, John Pier vehicles 647 were classified as farm traffic, 1,227 as interurban, pont Morgan, Jr., to whom the collection would pass
, should and only 121 as tourist. Out of every 17 vehicles which in such manner as he might think best make either a permapassed 16 were primarily devoted to the transportation of nent disposition or from time to time permanent dispositions passengers. Of the total number of vehicles recorded, 1,752 of such portion of it as he might determine. The son has now fell in the class of motor vehicles and bicycles, while but 243 substantially carried out his father's intentions. were drawn by horses. The “Scientific American ” estimates Disposing of certain pieces of bronze, tapestry, porcelain, that at least ninety-four per cent of all the traffic passing and furniture, Mr. Morgan, Jr., has wisely reserved for the over the road at this point can be closely identified either public things which the museums could not obtain. His first with local farms or with local traffic of a utilitarian character. gift to the Metropolitan was valued by some judges at fully
Such a showing as this concerning the present usefulness $3,000,000. A principal feature of this gift was Raphael's of automobile transportation is proof enough that the annual Colonna Madonna. About the same time Mr. Morgan made a series of exhibitions of automobiles, the first and largest of which great gift to the Morgan Memorial at Hartford (the elder opened in New York City on January 5, is of true war-time Morgan was born at Hartford) of Greek, Roman, and Phonivalue. The New York exhibition represents, this year, an event cian enameled glass, of Greek and Roman bronzes, of objects of unusual interest, for it indicates the manner in which one of in ivory and silver, of Italian majolica, Sèvres porcelain, and our greatest industries is adapting itself to war conditions. Dresden ware.
This year's cars show few departures from standardized prac Now comes another and greater gift. Its value, according to tice. There was increasing refinement of detail in some instances, some, reaches $7,500,000. Any estimate, however, is hard to a notable effort towards the elimination of surplus weight, and make--certainly the Museum has made none--for the collection a distinct and creditable effort to accentuate economy in opera is practically unique. Its chief significance to the Metropolitan tion. One of the leading automobile companies, whose cars have lies in the enamels and ivories, for in these branches of art that occupied for many years a commanding place in the automobile Museum is now ahead of any in the world. world, openly stated in its catalogue that it did not urge any one to buy an automobile who did not need a machine as a matter of business economy. An officer of another concern, which has been
MR. BARNARD'S LINCOLN building cars for twenty-two years, remarked that he was dis The hue and cry concerning Mr. Barnard's statue of Lintinctly glad that his company had planned for only a conserva coln, replicas of which have been proposed for London and tive output during the coming year, for he regarded the present Paris, calls forth some interesting reflections from M. André situation as one which called for conservatism and intelligent Michel. Writing in the Paris "Temps," he says: restriction of output.
Without having the right to express a personal opinion conJust as the railways have found it necessary to cut out from cerning a work which I know only through an illustration pubtheir schedules certain passenger trains and to consolidate others, lished in The Outlook of October 17, 1917, I am much inclined the automobile industry will find it necessary to specialize out to defend Mr. Barnard and his work against their detractors. put and to devote its major attention to the manufacture of He has represented Lincoln standing, his hands crossed on his war supplies and vehicles designed not primarily for luxury
stomach in a familiar attitude and without any “ pose.” The or pleasure but for utility.
strongly marked face seems to have been treated with singular There is no such fuel shortage threatened in this country as
power; the accent of individuality has been placed there in the exists in Continental countries, for the United States is not
simplest and most striking manner. No one of the statues which
distin largely dependent on ocean traffic for its fuel supply. For this
guished one which is in Chicago on the shores of Lake Michreason American automobile manufacturers can rightfully look
igan, where Augustus Saint-Gaudens has shown Lincoln standing to a demand for their products which does not exist abroad. in front of the Presidential chair, . . . his head bent over his
breast, one hand on the lapel of his coat, and the other behind
his back-has seemed to leave with me a more vivid or stronger THE MORGAN COLLECTION
impression of his personality. Besides the individual objects and groups of objects ---some
Lincoln would gain nothing by a conventional embellishment,
by academic attitudes, by symbolic accessories, or by elegances times quite large given to the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
which amount to falsehoods. Austere truth is more in in New York City, by the late John Pierpont Morgan, and the
place than any "arrangements." Lincoln was of humble origin works of art given to it from his estate by his son, other parts of
and was not ashamed of it. He did not dress himself according the Morgan collection have been left in the Museum as a loan.
to the latest fashion and cared little about his toilet. But upon From the collection certain objects have been sold. The remain his roughly hewn face, gaunt but illuminated with inner fire
, der, much the larger part, is, we are glad to learn, to stay in atop a great, somewhat disjointed body, there was reflected an the Museum.
unconquerable energy, an incorruptible conscience. ... We It consists of more than three thousand objects-pictures (on shall accept at Paris, as at London, with the greatest friendship
the “ Abraham Lincoln ” which will be offered to us. another there is an illustration of one of the most famous
page canvases), sculptures, enamels, ivories, glass, pottery, antiquities, M. Michel points out, as no one else, we believe, has done, the armor, jewelry, watches, clocks, snuff-boxes, and other objects of parallel between the storm which has descended upon
Mr. art. These are in addition to the collection of ancient glass and Barnard and the storm which descended upon Houdon, the pottery, which is mentioned separately, as Dr. Robinson, Direc French sculptor who essayed to create a statue of Washington. tor of the Museum, explains,“ because the forty-five hundred
The parallel is certainly an interesting one. But there is items it contains are mainly fragments, and might be thought to also a contrast ; for Houdon was criticised for proposing to swell the number unduly.
make a conventional statue on the classical model, while Mr. The elder John Pierpont Morgan was probably the greatest Barnard is criticised because his work is not conventional. collector of our time of manuscripts, books, and works of art. Interest aroused by the controversy over Mr. Barnard's He made numerous gifts of them to public institutions in this statue has extended to other sculptured representations of Lincountry and Europe, but retained the bulk of his collection, coln. On another page we print a reproduction of Mr. Andrew from time to time sending things as loans to the Metropolitan O'Connor's figure of Lincoln from a photograph. Mr. O'Connor Museum, and these were occasionally in large numbers, as, for is a native of Worcester, Massachusetts, and began his study of example, his Chinese porcelains. He considered his loans as parts of his collection," the various subdivisions being regarded there is dignity in this Lincoln statue, and, in particular, there
sculpture as his father's pupil when a child. As in his other work
, by him as parts of that collection, not as separate collections. is idealism in Mr. O'Connor's interpretation of Lincoln's face.
THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS prompt and adequate expression by the action of our soldiers
on the battlefield.
IS ALL WELL WITH OUR AIRPLANE January 8. The “arrangements and covenants ” (printed in full on page 90), which he has stated concisely and vividly
PROGRAMME ? in this address, have received the enthusiastic support of the members of Congress without regard to party, of public opin- air fleets. Ships undoubtedly come first
. Airplanes and air
Only second in importance for winning the war is the need of abroad. The only serious critical note is that of Senator
, pilots cannot be used unless they can be sent abroad ; but if we
are to do our duty and to save our cause we must send who thinks that Section III implies free trade. We do not
in great numbers both airplanes and air pilots. America and agree with him. It means not free trade, but equal trade.
America's allies have built their hopes upon Secretary Baker's The President is too able a politician to say that one of the
announcement of last fall that the United States would have aims of the war on which the whole American people are
twenty thousand airplanes in France by the time they were agreed is a policy on which history shows that they are nearly needed, and that twenty thousand pilots would be trained by
spring to fly them. lo The President's address, sound in its principles and humane
German authorities have openly sneered at this ambitious and democratic in its spirit, is made at an opportune moment.
American programme; while British and French airmen, The unanimity of our heterogeneous population is remarkable.
remembering that the United States is the land of the Ford Nevertheless there are divisions of sentiment which his clear defi
automobile, hope against hope that the announcement may nitions will do something to heal. There is division of interests
prove miraculously true. among our allies, and nothing is better fitted to put those interests
To those Americans who have felt that they must accept this in their proper subordinate place than a definition by a disinter: promise on faith because it is not wise for the Government to ested Power of the fundamental principles on which we are all united. The Russian people are animated by aspirations for lib- publish evidence concerning its military preparations, it must
be a shock to learn that the possibility of carrying out this proerty which they cannot define for themselves and which their
gramme is denied by authority that is unquestionably expert. self-appointed leaders
are unable to define for them. Mr. Trotsky În the “ Atlantic Monthly” for January, in the modestly placed tells a New York Times” reporter that the Germans have “ Contributors' Column," there is printed a letter, or part of a given up the attempt to move large bodies of men from the east- letter, by Professor Joseph S. Ames, head of the Department ern to the western front ; that at this minute behind the German
of Physics and Director of the Physical Laboratory at Johns front in Russia are twenty-five thousand German deserters Hopkins University, who, as the editors of the “ Atlantic” say, concentrated and arme with machine guns whom the Germans
“ was sent abroad last spring by the National Research Council, are trying to reduce by starvation.
as chairman of a commission of six, to investigate the applicaWe need not take this story too seriously, but neither are we
tion of science to war, as illustrated on the western front. In compelled to reject it as too preposterous for belief. That there is
his letter Professor Ames writes as follows: among the German people a deepening and widening discon
I have just returned from a visit to the aircraft works in tent and distrust of their military rulers is apparent. The Ger
Buffalo, Detroit, and Dayton. This was an official visit, and so mans ventured on a hazardous experiment in promoting the
I have seen everything there is to be seen in regard to our airfraternizing of the German and the Russian soldiers. They craft programme. I can hardly express my feeling of depression. succeeded in disorganizing the Russian army and in weakening The Liberty motor is coming along splendidly, and it is going to the loyalty of the Russian soldier to the cause of a world-wide be a great success. But we are not going to have any
mechanics democracy. But it is not unreasonable to surmise that they also competent to repair it. It takes longer to train a mechanic than weakened the loyalty of their own soldiers to their military
a pilot. Major Vincent, the man who designed the motor, told autocracy. There is too much akin in the simple-minded peas
me that it would be over a year before we could hope to have antry of these contiguous people, long oppressed by military
mechanics even in small numbers. So far we have made one burdens, to make such a fraternization safe for the autocrats.
airplane suitable for use in Europe. The manufacturer assured
me that his company could not be on a production programme Not impossibly information of such effect in the German sol
until after the first of July. diery, not yet made public here, may have reached the Presi We are having a large number of school planes made, but dent, and been a contributing cause in inspiring this address at there are no engines for these. The man who was intrusted this time.
with the work has fallen down completely. Even if we were to It is reported that there is some discussion in Washington as to
have the school planes ready, we do not have one-tenth the whether this is a peace or a war address. It is true that a state
requisite number of teachers, and cannot hope to get them for ment of our aims in the war implies our willingness, and even our
six months. desire, for peace when those aims are accomplished. Save for that
It is very hard to place one's finger on the man or committee implication wecan see no room for the Washington interrogatory.
responsible for this condition. As far as I could see, the evil is
a fundamental one. This country and its officials are possessed The closing sentence of the President's Message is the conclusion
with the idea that everything must be labeled “Made in Amerof the American people and interprets their purpose. To the vin ica,” and the difficulties into which we are now running are those dication of human liberty " they are ready to devote their lives, which any man might have foreseen. As a matter of fact, within their honor, and everything that they possess. The moral climax three days after my return from Europe in June I made this of this, the culminating and final war for human liberty, has
whole matter the subject of my report to the Aircraft Production come, and they are ready to put their own strength, their own
Committee. No one believed me, and although I had a good highest purpose, their own integrity and devotion, to the test.'
solution it was refused. This address should inspire in our hearts new courage,
What is most disturbing about this letter is not the explicit wills a new strength of purpose, and our hands with new haste. statement regarding the lack of mechanics and of teachers for America has done a splendid work with exemplary speed in pilots, but what is implicit in the statement about the Liberty building careful, well-ordered, and sanitary camps on its own
motor. Professor Ames says that “the Liberty motor is coming territory and in gathering in these camps men eager for service. along splendidly, and it is going to be a great success.” That But nine months are past and we have not yet struck a blow. phrase“ going to be” is the curse of this country's military This address should intensify the growing impatience of the policy. We need a motor that is a success to-lay. The reason Nation at needless delays and the entanglements furnished
that we have not machine guns to-day is that our Ordnance by red tape and the irritating processes of the circumlocution Bureau declined to accept a gun in practical and successful use, office," and compel those who are responsible for these delays and adopted instead a gun that has never been used but that is to provide with vigor and speed the weapons of modern warfare going to be” the best machine gun ever. What our War for our men, so that the principles to which our President has Department ought to have insisted upon doing, what it ought given expression by his words in the council chamber may find to insist upon doing now, may be briefly stated : Continue to