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persons so offending shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall forfeit and pay to the said corporation treble the amount of damages sustained by means of such offense.

$ 43. All penalties imposed by this act may be sued for in the name of the people of the state of New York; and if such penalty be for a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, then such suit may be brought before a justice of the peace, and may be commenced by serving a summons on any director of such company.

§ 44. Every corporation formed under this act, shall erect and maintain fences on the sides of their road, of the height and strength of a division fence required by law, with openings or gates or bars therein, and farm crossings of the road for the use of the proprietors of lands adjoining such railroad; and also construct and maintain cattle guards at all road crossings, suitable and sufficient to prevent cattle and animals from getting on to the railroad. Until such fences and cattle guards shall be duly made, the corporation and its agents shall be liable for all damages which shall be done by their agents or engines, to cattle, horses, or other animals thereon; and after such fences and guards shall be duly made and maintained, the corporation shall not be liable for any such damages, unless negligently or willfully done; and if any person shall ride, lead or drive any horse or other animal upon such road, and within such fences and guards, other than at farm crossings, without the consent of the corporation, he shall, for every such offense, forfeit a sum not exceeding ten dollars, and shall also pay all damages which shall be sustained thereby to the party aggrieved. It shall not be lawful for any person, other than those connected with or employed upon the railroad, to walk along the track or tracks of any railroad, except where the same shall be laid along public roads or streets.

§ 45. Every corporation shall, within a reasonable time after their road shall be constructed, cause to be made :

A map and profile thereof, and of the land taken or obtained for the use thereof, and file the same in the office of the state engineer and surveyor; and also like maps of the parts thereof located in different counties, and file the same in the offices for recording deeds, in the county in which such parts of said road shall be. Every such map shall be drawn on a scale, and on paper, to be designated by the state engineer and surveyor, and certified and signed by the president or engineer of such corporation.

§ 46. In case any passenger on any railroad shall be injured while on the platform of a car, or on any baggage, wood, or freight car, in violation of the printed regulations of the company posted up at the

time in a conspicuous place inside of its passenger cars then in the train, such company shall not be liable for the injury; provided said company at the time furnished room inside its passenger cars sufficient for the proper accommodation of the passengers.

§ 47. If any corporation formed under this act shall not, within two years after its articles of association are filed and recorded in the office of the secretary of state, begin the construction of its road, and expend thereon ten per cent on the amount of its capital, or shall not finish the road and put it in operation in five years from the time of filing its articles of association as aforesaid, its corporate existence and powers shall cease.

8 48. The legislature may at any time annul or dissolve any incorporation formed under this act; but such dissolution shall not take away or impair any remedy given against any such corporation, its stockholders or officers, for any liability which shall have been previously incurred.

§ 49. All existing railroad corporations within this state shall respectively have and possess all the powers and privileges contained in this act; and they shall be subject to all the duties, liabilities and provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of their charter, contained in sections nine, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, twenty-one, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, twenty-eight (except subdivision nine), thirty, thirty-one, thirty-two, thirty-three, thirty-four, thirty-five, thirty-six, thirty-seven, thirty-eight, thirty-nine, forty, fortyone, forty-two, forty-three, forty-four, forty-five, forty-six, of this act.

§ 50. The act entitled “An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations,” passed March 26, 1848, and the acts amending the same, are hereby repealed; but all railroad companies formed under said act are hereby continued in existence, in the same manner as if said acts were not repealed; and such companies shall be subject to all the provisions, and shall have the same powers, rights and privileges, and be subject to the same duties, as if they had been incorporated under this act; and the time limited by said act, for the expenditure of ten per cent of their capital stock, is hereby extended two years from the passage of this act; and the time limited in said section of said law for their completion, is hereby extended to five years from the passage of this act; and also the time for completing any railroad organized previous to March 27, 1848, whose road was under contract prior to February 1, 1850, to be completed within the time prescribed by its charter, is hereby extended for one year. $ 51. Nothing in this act contained shall authorize or permit the

New York and Erie Railroad Company to abandon the use of their road in the county of Rockland, east of Suffern's depot.

$ 52. This act shall take effect immediately.
Section 29 relating to tolls, was repealed by act chapter 497, Laws of 1851.

Chap. 19.
AN AOT in relation to railroad corporations.

Passed February 13, 1851 The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. Whenever two railroad companies shall, for a portion of their respective lines, embrace the same location of line, they may by agreement provide for the construction of so much of said line, as is common to both of them, by one of the companies, and for the manner and terms upon which the business thereon shall be performed. Upon the making of such agreement, the company that is not to construct the part of the line which is common to both, may alter and amend its articles of association so as to terminate its line at the point of intersection, and may reduce its capital to a sum not less than ten thousand dollars for each mile of the road proposed to be constructed in such amended articles of association.

§ 2. Whenever, after due examination, it shall be ascertained by the directors of any railroad company, organized under the act entitled "An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same," passed March 26th, 1848, or under the act entitled "An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same,” passed April 20, 1850, that a part of the line of their railroad proposed to be made between any two points in this state, ought to be located and constructed in an adjoining state, it may be so located and constructed by a vote of two-thirds of all the directors, and the sections of said railroad within this state shall be deemed a connected line, according to the articles of association, and the directors may reduce the capital specified in their articles of association to such amount as may be deemed proper, but not less than the amount required by law for the number of miles of railroad to be actually constructed in this state.

§ 3. Any railroad company formed under the act entitled “An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations,” passed March 26th, 1848, and which is duly continued in existence, when at least ten thousand dollars for every mile of its railroad proposed to be

constructed in this state, shall be in good faith subscribed to its capital stock, and ten per cent thereof paid in, may apply to the court for the appointment of commissioners, and the court shall there. upon appoint commissioners, and all subsequent proceedings may be had to obtain the title to lands necessary for its construction, to the same extent and in the same manner as if the whole amount of the capital stock specified in its articles of association was in like manner subscribed.

§ 4. In case any railroad shall occupy or cross any turnpike or plank road, the railroad company shall pay such turnpike or plank road company all damages the turnpike or plank road company may sustain by reason of the occupancy or crossing such turnpike or plank road, the damages to be ascertained and paid in the same manner as is provided by law for the assessment and payment of damages in case of taking private property for the use of railroad companies.

§ 5. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 53. AN ACT to amend an act entitled “ An act in relation to railroad corporations,” passed February 13, 1851.

Passed March 25, 1853. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. The third section is hereby amended by inserting after the word “ 1848" the words or “ An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same," passed April 2, 1850, so that said section as amended shall read as follows: Any railroad company which, prior to the passage of this act, has been duly formed under the act entitled “An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations,” passed March 27, 1848, or “An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same," passed April 2, 1850, and which is duly continued in existence, when at least ten thousand dollars for every mile of its railroad, proposed to be constructed in this state, shall be in good faith subscribed to its capital stock, and ten per cent thereof paid in, may apply to the court for th” appointment of commissioners, and all subsequent proceedings may

be had to obtain the title to lands necessary for its construction, to the same extent and in the same manner as if the whole amount of the capital stock specified in its articles of association was in like manner subscribed.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 282. AN AOT to amend an act entitled “ An act to authorize the

formation of railroad corporations, and to regulate the same," passed April 2, 1850.

Passed April 15, 1854. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. The fifth section of the said act is hereby amended, so as to read as follows:

§ 5. There shall be a board of thirteen directors of every corporation formed under this act to manage its affairs; and said directors shall be chosen annually, by a majority of the votes of the stockholders voting at such election, in such manner as may be prescribed in the by-laws of the corporation, and they may and shall continue to be directors until others are elected in their places. In the election of directors, each stockholder shall be entitled to one vote, personally or by proxy, on every share held by him thirty days previous to any such election; and vacancies in the board of directors shall be filled in such manner as shall be prescribed by the by-laws of the corporation. The inspectors of the first election of directors shall be appointed by the board of directors named in the articles of association. No person shall be a director unless he shall be a stockholder, owning stock absolutely in his own right, and qualified to vote for directors at the election at which he shall be chosen ; and at every election of directors, the books and papers of such company shall be exhibited to the meeting, if a majority of the stockholders present shall require it. And whenever the purchaser or purchasers of the real estate, track and fixtures of any railroad corporation which has heretofore been sold, or may be hereafter sold, by virtue of any mortgage executed by such corporation, or execution issued upon any judgment or decree of any court, shall acquire title to the same in the manner prescribed by law, such purchaser or purchasers may associate with him and them any number of persons, and make and acknowledge and file articles of association, as prescribed by this act; such purchaser or purchasers and their associates shall thereupon be a corporation, with all the powers, privileges and franchises, and be subject to all the provisions of said act.

§ 2. The fifteenth section of the act aforesaid is hereby amended, and shall read as follows:

$ 15. On presenting such petition to the supreme court as aforesaid, with proof of service of a copy thereof and notice as aforesaid, all or any of the persons whose estates or interests are to be affected by the

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