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say and do the same things as the and brilliant speech. There was one hero of the piece. When young point, however, in which the right Astley came into the pit,' and put- hon. gentleman had supposed goting his hand on the saddle, with vernment had been guilty of a breach the greatest grace and agility vaulted of faith, in permitting men to volun into his seat like a feathered Mercury, teer from the militia into the line for Mr. Merryman afterwards climbed unlimited service. · The fact was, lup by the main or lail, and grinning that government did at first perinil to the audience, cried out, There, I them so to enter for unlimited ser, have done the same thing, always vice, but upon consideration thought leaving out, like the noble loril, the that it was illegal, and therefore disa means by which he did it. lle said charged thein from the unlimited he had raised so inany men in so 'engagement, and did not allow any many quarters. True;' sand the no- mień to enlist except for ihe limited ble lord, and I have done the same service specified in the existing law. thing. Yes, but how was it? The division then took place, for noble lori alway's took care to keep the clause 169, against it 100.out of sight the means ; he always The bill thon went througb the coms contrived to leave" out those little mittee, and the report was ordered words: "by ordinary recruiting,” to be received on Friday, . .." which was his (Mr. Windham's) way : Wednesday, March.9. si of raising, whilst the noble lord's The house in a committee of supa means were bounties, the additional ply, voted 144,000l. for the relie. force act, the ballot, and other ope of American loyalists; 5+8,0001. for pressive modes to which he and his the relief of aliens ; 46961. fur prin: coatljutors had from timc to time ting thie' bills and the votes bif parliaresorted. The mode of ordinary re- ment; and 12,000l. for the publie eruiting, which had been so much office, Bow-street. ii increased by the adoption of limited in the committee. of ways and service, was not meant or expected means, resolutions were adopted reto raise an extraordinary number of specting the funding of four millions men in a short time, but was intend- of exchequer bills. ed as a regular and settled plan to Lord: Folkestone moved the order increase the army gradually, but of the day for resuming the adjourn, certainly, and always to have one ed debate upon the Oude charge aobject in view, whereas the measures gainst Marquis Wellesley, and in a of the nuble lord were all calculated speech of considerable length, iconto answer some sudden and iminedin tended that the marquis had viola, ate purpose, and, to effect that, ted the stipulations of a treaty with cut up the ordinary recruiting; for the nabob, to whom he also acted how could that go on whilst high cruelly and unjustly. bounties, recruiting for fank, and Nr. IV. Keene thought an absoother similar devices, were on all lure and despotic government necessides operating so powerfully and di- sary in Bengal, from the policy and rectly against it?

teinper of the native poyers. . ., General Tarleton spoke-ai consi. . ' Sir J. Anstruther, in: a general derable length in support of ihe review of of the affairs of Ludia, jusclause. !! .'

: tified the conduct of the noble mar. · Lord Castlereagh said, that. he am quis, and moved an amendment to greed with many of the principles of the motion expressive ot approbation ihe right hon. gentleman (Mr. Wind- of the zeal with which he had proham) but should not attempt to fol- secuted measures for the prosperity low him in the details of his long of that country.

Major Allen spoke to the same ef- port of those petitions ; & debate, fect.

however, arose as to the time of Mr. C. Grant considered the mar- hearing : Messrs. Whitbread, Sheria quis's conduct unjust, violent, and dan, Morris, and others, contending ancalled for by circumstances that it should precede the passing of

Mr. Wallace declared that the si- the bill, against ihe operation of tuation of Oude was such as render- which the petitioners complained; ed the measures adopted on the oc- while ministers inaintained that a tax casion necessary, not only to the bill could not be postponed for the interest and safety of the company, purpose of hearing petitions against but the very existence of the inhabi- it, and that the petitions were not tants of that province.

against the bill, which might be · Mr. Lushington, in a very impres- repealed in the present session, but sive speech, contended that Lord Wel- against the orders on which it was kisley, in the gratification of his own grounded. ambitious views, abrogated the so- Mr. Windhan observed, that the lemn provisions of ratified treaties, manner in which the merchants had and committed, by his disregard of been treated, reminded him of a certhe recorded injunctions of parlia- tain police bill, which gave discrement, the good faith of the British tion to the magistrates to whip some character, and the security of our description of offenders; but the possessions in India.

whipped offenders had the liberty, if Mr. Bankes thought the charges they thought it adviseable, to appeal ought to be referred to the proper to the quarter sessions. It was at tribunal, the ludia judicature. length decided, on a division of 99 · Mr, W. Smith moved that the de- against 66, that counsel should be bate should be adjourned, which, heard on Thursday. after a short conversation between Mr. W. Smith then moved, that Mr. Perceral, Lord Folkestone, and the third reading of the order in. Mr. Smith, was agreed to, and the council bill should be postponed till subject appointed for Tuesday. Monday se’nnight, in order that the

Thursday, March 10. house, previous to its decision on the Mr. Canning brought down a mes- subjeci, should receive all the evia sage from the King, stating, that his dence on the question that counsel Majesty had thought it proper to could furnish ; but this proposition inform the house of Commons, that was negatived by 122 to 59. the King of Sweden having resisted Sir IV. Scott and Mr. Stevens, in all the threats of France, his domi- speeches of great length, supported nions were now exposed to imminent the bill. danger and peril. That bis Alajes- Dr. Lawrence and Mr. Ponsonby ty had entered into a treaty with the opposed; and after five divisions on King of Sweden, of a subsidiary na- notions to adjourn the debate, it ture; and his Majesty relied upon was at half-past five in the morning his faithful commons taking the mea- adjourned till Friday. sures necessary to enable his Majes

Friday, March 11. ty to fulfil his engagement. Ordered Mr. R. Dundas stated to the to be referred to the committee of house, that it was now time to call supply.

their attention to the affairs of our Petitions were presented from nu. Fast India possessions. They wero me rous merchants and others in Lon- not in that progressive state of comdon and Liverpool, against the or- mercial increase of profils as enabled ders in council; and it was agreed the East India company to come that counsel should be heard in sup- down to that house and say, that their income exceeded their expen- clude, what we should consider a diture; on the contrary, the reverse peace honourable for us. We might was the case last year, and there recollect, that in the beginning of was no circumstance that warranted the American war, we vainly hoped, him in saying it could be otherwise that by depriving the Americans of in the present year. He therefore tea and of British manufactures, we moved, that a select comiittee be should force them into compliance appointed to inquire into the present with our wishes. But how did that „state of the East India company's experiment turn out? If, by deaffairs, and to report their observa priving the continent of commerce, tions thereon from time to time to we could make them poor, we should the house.--Agreed to. . . also recollect that we might make .. Colonel Stanley presented a peti- them soldiers; and if the continent tion from a number of manufacturers was to be considered as a soldier, he in Manchester, praying to be heard was much afraid that the poor solo by counsel and evidence at the bar, dier would beat the rich merchant. against the orders in council issued He thought then, that those meain November last. Ordered to be sures would have no effect in coertaken into consideration on Thursdaycing Bonaparte, or the continent ; next.

but that, in a commercial point of Mr. Perceval moved the order of view, they might injure us 'mate. the day for the house resuming the rially by diminishing our exports... adjourned debate on the third read. i Mr. Wilberforce voted for the bill, ing of the orders in council bill. , and Lord H. Petty, with much abīf, Lord Folkstone objected to the lity, opposed it. motion; and as the petitions against Mr. Canning justified the bull; the orders in council were to be læ- contending, in fact, that because ken up on Thursday, he should move Bonaparte had: hostilely laid" rean amendment, omitting ihe word straints on our comunerce, we had a row, for the purpose of inserting the right not only to retaliate on 'him, words next Monday se'nnight,

but to prohibit his intercourse with Mr. Perceval resisted the amend- powers before in amity with usment. Lord Stanley and Mr. Baring unless they united against him. .. supported it.

i l

At half-past six the house divided , The amendment was then with- --Ayes 163, noes 68.-It was then drawn.

: 1 passed and ordered to the Lords. Mr, Rose defended the principle Adjourned to Monday. .. of the bill as a measure of the ute : Monday, March 14. most importance to the mercantile The Malmesbury committee deci. interests of this country. He con- ded in favour of the sitting members. cluded with observing, that the pre- On the third reading of the Muu: scnt, administration had no hostile ny bill, Sir F. Burdelt proposed å ideas against America. ; Clause for preventing Officers being

Mr. Grattun considered that in dismissed. from the army by any our spresent extremity and want of other means than by the sentence of allies, any measure must be most a court martial. He forcibly urgeil pernicious that would take froin us the justice and expediency of giving the last of our friends, and, in addi. to military men ihe same protection tion to other calamities, involve us for their property and character that also in a war with America. He was enjoyed by other subjects. thought it was a pitiful idea to hope The Scoretary of Wur, Gen, Firza to coerce the continent, by any prie patrick, and Col. Duckett opposed it yptions of colonial produce, to con- as unnecessary, no abuses under the 1 .. vgl. fil. i. .;:..


existing system having been esta- lesley, considering it necessary to blished; they thought the discipline our own safety, and ultimately beof the army required summary and neficial to the Nabob. ..'' awful power lo be vésted in the head - Mr. Johnson, and Mr. R. Thornof it.

s ton maintained a contrary opinion, Mr. 'Perceval thought that even and entered into minute details in it's the existence of abuse' could not war. - sopport. They stated, that although rant any curtailment of the royal the revenue of the company had inprerogatite, but that the house should 'creased under the Marquis's adminicull on those whose dury it was to stration from 7 to 15 millions sterling advise his Majesty,' to answer for annually, the debts of the company their conduct. — The clause was had, within the same period, risen withdrawn : when Mr. Calcraft mu- from 10 to 30 millions. At seven ved to omit the cause in the Bilt by o'clock in the morning the house din which the option of entering for ti- vidcd-For Lord Folkstone's motion mited or unlimited service was al- of censure on Marquis Wellesly 31, lowed to the recruit.-- A debate of Against it 182.- Majority 151, some length ensued, in which Mr. Sir J Anstruther then moved, Bathurst, Sir, G. Warrender, Cols. “ 'That it appears to this house that F. IVood and Shipley, Mr. Lyttleton, Alarquis Wellesley, in the arrangeLord Cavendish, Sir R. Milbanke, ments which he made in the province and Mr. Windham, supported the of Oude was actuated by an art motion; Col IVood and Lord Castle- dent zeal for the service of the reagh opposed it; and on a division, country, and by an anxious desire to it, was negatived, the numbers for promote the safety, interests, and the Bill, as it stood, being 189-a- prosperity of the British empire in gainst it 116. . . . . India."On this the house divi

Tuesday, March 15... ded, --Ayes 180—Noes 29. '! * Mr. Parnell moved for an accounts Wednesday, March 16.. of the expence of the government The house in a committee of supexpresses to Dublin, 'with a view to ply, voted 1,100,000l. (100,0001.. prevent the partial disposition of the having been paid out of the surplus public papers from hence to a par- of last year) to make good the proticular Journal there, to the great mised subsidy to Sweden. injury of the other periodical pub- Mr. Perceval moved that the lications in that city. st . Bark bill be committed, which

Sir A. Wellesley stated the expence caused an animated debate. at 201. a day.-The accounts were - Mr. IVhitbrcad could not allow ordered.

the Speaker to leave the chair with The adjourned debate on the Oude out staing his objections to this bill. charges was resumed : -Sir T. Tur- Ne first adverted to the detestable con took a comprehensive view of the nature of the measure, which would conduct of Lord Wellesley, and of contribute to bring odium and exe. the various argumenis urged in his cration on the nation. During wart defence, and contended that how he said, there appeared a great de

ever highly 'he estimated the private térioration of the moral character · character of the Noble Margnis,' he of Englishmen. As an instance of

thought, that in regard to the Nabob this he mentioned the open recomor Onde he had acted" with the most mendation at the commencement of it, flagrant and unwarranted'injustice.'' to massacre every Frenchman that

Mr. H. Mellesley, Mr. S. Lushing- might fall into our hands and this non Lord Castlereagh, Sir I Anstries only modified by some who prothe, Lord Temple, and Mr. Norris, posed to shut thein üp in nines and approved the conduct of Lord Wel. coalpits, and if they could not be

conveniently fed, they were to be rot inspire him with respect for our allowed to starve. He then affirmed character, and a desire of concilia-> that it was utterly impossible to pre- tion, at least tend to elevate the. vent hark finding its way to France, name of England, amongst other for a smuggling vessel could carry at nations; whilst an opposite line of once as much as would be sufficient conduct must inevitably tend to deto render the bill a perfect nullity, press us, not only in the estimation as a measure of vivation. The of the enemy, but of the world at. measure was onc of detestable cruel- large.--Ile then read a letter from ty, and at the saine time of con- an officer in our squadron off Cadiz, summate folly,

stating, that the kindness and humaSir C. Price considered it a bill nity of the Spanish fishermen, in supwhich was likely to distress the plying our fleet with fish, fruit, vem enemy, and of course likely to serve getables, &c. was carried on to such this country.

un extent, and in such an open man.' Mr. M. A. Taylor opposed the ner, that it must have been done with measure, which there was every the concurrence of the Spanish goo ground to conclude, would serve no vernment. This le contrasted with purpose whatever, except that of the conduct of our present ministers, bringing disgrace on the nation. in having framed such a detestable

Mr. Perceval said, that the argu- measure as that which was then bements advanced on the score of hu- fore the house. " manity might be applied to any bill Sir W. Elford supported the bill. which tended to retaliate on the A bullet was as dangerous as a dyo enemy his schemes of attack on sentery; and in his opinion we Great Britain ; for instance, it might ought to do every thing in our powe be said by ihose who opposed this er to prevent the supply or accombill on the ground of humanity, that modation of our enemy. we ought not to pass the cotton bill Mr. Lushington condemned the because it will affect thousands of principle of the bill, as likely to manufacturers in France. But were affect our national character for hu. we to abstain from punishing our manity, because if it passed into a enemy, because we could not dis- law, it would in reality amount to tress, in person, the individual at a prohibition of this liseful and althe head of the French government? most intispensable ingredient for Were we never to attempt to redress the restoration of healih amongst

ourselves against his subjects, who the lower and poorer orders of peu· furnished to him the means of in- ple on the continent. juring and attacking us ? Surely it Mr. Gordon strongly argued in was hardly necessary to state the support of the cominitment of the cases, in order to carry conviction bill. to the mind of every one who heard Lord Millon was impelled, from of the imperious call on this coun- every consideration of the probable iry for resorting to every kind of evil consequences of this bill, if carjustifiable warfare, for our security ried into a law, to enter his hearty and independence.

protest against it. Mr. IV, Smith opposed the bill A division took place on the from a sentiment of humanity. Our, question, that the Speaker do leave permission of the exportation of bark the chair, "when there appeared :in the present instance, or our do- For it 92. | Against it 29.," * ing any other act that would shew Mr. Tierney having complained an inclination to be generous to- of irregular conversation in that wards our enemy, would, if it did house, and stated his intention to

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