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upon the sentence which concludes lence, and silly arrogance of their this paragraph. Insulting language successors. The Emperor of Russia from one Sovereign to another is wishes for a maritime peace. Ausdegrading only to him who makes tria, France, and Spain participate use of it. The Emperor of Russia in these sentiments. You have de. will despise the insult of England, clared that the negociation with but the Russian nation will not for. France' was only broken oft upon get it. What the manifesto would points affecting the interests of Rushave lost by the suppression of this sia.' Wherefore then, we again ask, pbrase and many others, is not per- do you continue the war? Why, ceived. France and Russia have, it is because you do not wish for the highest esteem for each other. peace, Their union is the despair of Eng. It is because you do not wish for land, and it will be fatal to her. peace ibat you raise useless ques. The expedition against Copenhagen tions. France, Austria, Spain, Hola should not have been undertaken. land, Naples, say, as well as the Negociations should have been Emperor of Russia, that they proopened for peace, so much the claim anew the principles of the armed more easy to be concluded, as, ac- neutrality. Those powers have eording to the English ministers, doubtless the right to declare the “ it was only broken off upon points principles which are to be the rule immediately affecting the iplerest of of their policy; they have the right his Imperial Majesty."

to say on what conditions it becomes “ His Majesty proclaims anew those them to be your enemies, or neuprinciples of maritime law, against which tral. You, you proclaim anew the ebe arıncd neutrality, under the aus. principles of your maritime laws. pices of the Empress Catharine, was We

as Wellihen ! this opposition of prinoriginally directed ; and against which the present hostilities of Russia are de

inciples will not be an impediment nounced. Those principles have been to the re-establishment of peace. recognized and acted upon in the best They have on neither side any effect periods of the history of Europe ; and during peace-they have no appliacted upon by no power with more cation except when you are at war strictness and severity than by Russia with a maritime power; but in that herself in the reign of the Empress case each governinent has the right Catharine. Thosc principles it is the right and the duty of his Majesty to

to and power 10 consider the first maintain : and against every confede- violation of its flag as an act of hos. racy his Majesty is deternined, under tility. The circumstances in which the blessing of Divine Providence, to you will then find yourselves, will inaintain them. They have at all times determine your conduct then. If contributed essentially to the support of it is with France that you are at the maritime power of Great Britain."

to" war, you will not judge her a (17.) (17.) That which has maintained po

od power sufficiently feeble to render the maritime power of England has

it indifferent to you whether you not been tyrannical principles or

draw other enemies upon you, and maxıms, but the policy, the energy,

you will shew some consideration

for the rest of Europe. You did the good sense, and the prudent conduct of your ancestors : it is

not venture to insult the Aags of the divisions which they have often

every power, till you had the address

to arin all the continent against had the address to scatter on the con

France. It was then your maritime tinent. That which will essentially contribute to its destruction is the

principles were changed ; and they

became more unjust and more viothoughtlessness, precipitancy, vio."

lent in proportion as your continen

tal connections became more con- to require that the legislature and tracted, or your allies maintained sovereignty of Russia, France, and with more difficulty the struggle in Spain should be transported to Lonwhich you, had engaged them. It don -- a fine prerogative for your was thus that when Russia was obli- parliament. It would be the same ged 10 collect all her furce against as if you were to proclaim everthe French in Poland, you violated lasting war, or as if you were to fix her flay, and refused her, in respect as the termination of war, the mor to her commercial treaty, conces- ment when you should bave seized sions which you shewed yourselves on St. Petersburgh, Paris, Vienna, disposed to grant when she had no and Madrid. But if this be not at longer any enemies to combat. The ibe buitom of your sentiment, there powers of the continent, in pro- is no further obstacle to peace : for, claiming anew the principles of the according to your own expressions, armed neutrality, do but announce negociations were broken off on points the maxims upon which they pur- which touched immediately not the pose to act in the next maritime interests of his Britannic Majesty, war.. You cannot prevent their but those of his Imperial Ally ; for directing their policy as they under the Imperial Ally of his Britannic stand it-they exercise in this the Majesty has informed you, that right which appertains to all go- peace is henceforth the principal end vernments, and to the usurpation of his wish, the principal object of of which they would have nothing his interest. to oppose but the ultima ratio regum, On your part, you proclaim the

REMARKS ON THE CONDUCT OP principles of your maritime laws, that is, the maxims which you will em- THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT. ploy in your next war. The contie ! nent has no interest in demanding

[From the Argus, Jan. 7.1 from you either declarations or re- circulated here of the official note by

Amsterdam, Dec. 28.-Extracts are liunciations. Declarations would which England has given an answer have no effect, from the moment you to the offer of mediacion, which was might think you could forget them made by Russia. That note, signed withi. impunity. Renunciations are Canning, contains in substance, that without an object, since we cannot bis Britanuic Majesty would have acrenounce what we do not possess.

cepted, with pleasure, the mediation

of Russia, if he had received informaIf we judge of what you will do, tion

tion respecting the bases upon which by what you have hitherto done, we the mediator lioped to have re-establishmay. conclude, that you will not ed the goneral peace. But his Mar require from the powers of the con- jesiy the Emperor of Russia, after hauinept either declaration or reuun. ving r.pčaiedly promised to his Britana ciation; and as they will demand nic Majesty not to conclude any peace pone from you, there is hence no

with France, without having assuincd

the independerice of the German proquestion to discuss, no difficulty to

vinces, had, notwithstanding, by 'the resolve ; there is noihing which can treaty of Tilsit, which, far from contetard for a day the blessings of taining any stipulations on that head peace. If, however, you should seenied to submit the whole of Germany raise the strange and novel preten- to the wishes of Frauce. Now his Brin sion of imposing upon France, and tannic Majesty cannot enter into any the other powers of the continent ncgociation with France, unless the by an act of your will alone, the of Hanover be admitted as a prelimia

complete restitution of the Electorate obligation of subscribing to your nary basis. By an unconditional ac. maritime lasts; this is as if you were ceptance of the Russian mediation, his

Britannic Majesty would have reason Baltic-it shut the Sound against her. to fear lest his German states sould In fine, the last decrees of the English become a French province. There- cabinet, by which ncutral nations, fore his Britannic Niajesty places his allies, and even friends, are submitted confidence in the efforts of his people, to unjust and vexatious measures, will in order to force his implacable enemy no doubt draw down new enemies upon into more conciliatory measures, &c. her, and by the total interruption of [From the Moniteur.]

her trade, do much more than France The house of Braganza has lost Por- could have hoped for. When the tugal-it experiences dhe fate of all Emperor, wbile in Berlin, declared the powers who have put their confi. England in a state of blockade, he was idence in England. It is a very impor- far from expecting that the members of tant success for France to have depriv- the English cabinet would, from their ed the English of the excellent ports of own impulse, have taken steps which Lisbon and Oporto. A new portion of are of so real an advantage to us; the ancient continent will be purged of would shut themselves out from all the English influence. If the indepen- communication with the continent; dence of the United States has been would put an end to all the neutral useful to France, the new establish- fnys, which are so necessary for their ment of the house of Braganza in ano- cominerce. The English trade thought ther part of the new continent also pre- to have resource in the flags of Knipares to her great advantages; the phausen, &c. &c. and these flags were new relations of the court of the Bra- interdicted by France. She has at the zils with Portugal; the commercial same time, by the new decree of his colinections which it will be obliged Majesty, used the justest right of reto form with Europe, will turn to the prisal. profit of France and her allies.

What will be the consequence of this What do the Brazils produce ? Cot- situation, so new for the commercial ton and other articles similar to those interests? Vessels from America can which are received from the colonies. only arrive direct to France ; if they Other markets must be found for them, allow themselves to be visited by the for England already overflows with co- English vessels; if they submit to the lonial produce. These markets will be English taxation, they will be subjected looked for upon the continent, they to confiscation. But the United States will be found in France for the supply have too much energy, not to do all of our manufactories and tor our con- that is necessary for the protection of sumption. And these operatious, in their flag. If, as it must be hoped, place of being effected by the inter- they succeed by negociation to obtain mediation of Lisbon, will be done with the renunciation on the part of Eng Fiancé, and by this means will insure land, of her pretensions in this respect; to us, besides so many advantages, the if they cease to be subjected to the profits of a direct trade.

absurd and tyrannical laws, which only The English calculators see, will the tend to the alienation of their trade, utmost grief, these new circunstances England will have the humiliation of which deprive them of an auxiliary who being obliged to revoke her inconsideis so usefully situated for theni, and rate measures. Then the American this recent catastrophe of the last ally trade, carried to the highest degree of which England could boast, is unani- prosperity, will abundantly furnish us mously attributer to the awkward and with all kinds of raw materials, and blind policy of the present administra- the necessary articles wanted for our tion. This policy had already been consumption, whilst they will take in displaved in resolutions which were exchange the produce of our manufacnot less fatal. The blockade of the tures which they are in want of: that Elbe and the Weser deprived England justice granted by the English governof the trade which she carried on in ment to the American flag will, at the the countries which were not yet occu- same time, open a new market for the pied by French custom-house officers. sale of English goods, and this crisis, so The horrible expedition to. Copenha- frightful for the trade of Great Britain, gen next fullowed to alienatc from ber will be much enfeebled.. her most powerful continental ally. Il, on the otber banci, America cauThis expedition drove her out of the pot obtain satisfaction, we have no

doubt of the refusal producing a declac establish her navigation act, and comration of war; the crisis in which Eng- bine her custon-house regulations in land is will increase, and the tiine so such a manner as to assure all the admuch wished for, of a pacification upon vantages of her happy situation? In equitable terms, will be so much the France we have sugar and coffee suffiless distant.

cient for three years consumption, and If a Mezzie Termine be the present for nearly one years consumption of deteriniuation, and that the American manufactured cotton goods. Were we councils should think proper to subinit even deprived of colonial produce, we to cheir vessels being visiteil, to the ob- should find an ample consumption in ligation of their touching in England, the present circumstances. If industo the contribucion of the payment of try were to take another direction if 25 per cent. laid on tite vessels which we were to attach ourselves to the ma. sail under a neutral fay, we can only pufactures of articles for which the pity the enlightened uien who conduct continent produces raw ipaterials, we the Ainerican affairs, that they have miglit thank Eugland for having opened not been able to succeed in surinount- our eyes to our interests, which would ing these difficult circumstances. But bare made the consumers prefer the then the American vessels having to produce of the continent, which would fear, on the one hand, their being turn- bave taught us to make the most of our ed aside on their passage, and of having silks, wool, and flax, these raw mateatribute of 25 per cent, to pay for en- rials whicli beloug to our own soil, and tering into an already glutiod port, which are sufficient for all our wants ; where they could find no sale for their such a revolution in our usages would cargoes, and ou the other, of baving be a crisis which would be long felt by the numerous ports of the continent England, and which would have a most shut against them, will like better to fortunate influence upon the prosperity run some risk in adopting the only part of the continent. which is at once useful and honourable. There is a Providence which guides It would only be necessary to make use France, whilst in the British councils of vessels which should be able to de- there is nothing to be met with but a fend themselves against brigs. By spirit of precipitaucy and disorder, a means of this precaution they would als spirit which is always the forerunner of most insure their safe arrival, because, the fall of nations. the English cannot have men of war Europe will always he Europe, even every where. Thus, even on the sup- when its husbandmen and women wear position of America not being able to less cotton, and when they are dressed succeed in lier negociations with Ens- in linen and woollen stuffs, when the land, France would still find herself interior trade continues open for all naoutficiently supplied with all the arricles tions ; when, in fine, that by sea will which she should stand in need of. be totally annibilated. But England

That country which has most consu will no longer be England, when her mery can always command the trade; colonial produce, whien the produce of and France, enjoying her independence her manufactures and herimmense trade in its utuiost extent, the first condition are reduced to nothing. It may with of any peace to take place, would be to justice be said. then, that the last.meaestablish such custom-louse regulations sures which have bcen taken by Engas that those who should bring cargoes land, without being of any essential preshould be obliged to take their rolurgs judice to the continent, are of the most in the produce of our soil and our in- injurious tendency to England, dustry.

It may be asked, what genius inspires · If measures so useful were not in for the cabinet of London? Is it not that mer times adopted, it must be attributed of Chathain? Is it not that of hatred, to the influence which the cabinet of and of those blind passions which in London had obtained over that of Ver- their delirium distinguish neither good sailles, whose wcakness made theni nor evil? But let us hope, that a spi. Field to the first menace of war.

rit of order and calculation, which has Was it wlien France was obliged to carried so high the trade and the arms destroy Dunkirk, or submit to a law of of England, will at last get the better a treaty of coinmerce shamefully un. of this vertigo; but let us hope at least, equal in its conditions, that she should should she exhibit no symptoms of re

turn to sound ideas, an end will be put of the British and Foreign Bible Soto this horrible rapine by force..

ciety acceptable to our readers :But, in case the dispute should be this society was insti, uted in the undecided for many years to coine, the vear 1804. Its exclus ve object is least niistortune that would be the conscquence of it to England, would be to promote and assist the circulatiher finding Europe no longer accustoins on of the Scriptures, both at home ed to the goods of her manufacture, and and abroad. The only copies to be all nations united in a common interest, circulated in the languages of the in order to encourage the consumption united kingdom, are those of the of the articles of which the raw mate authorised version, without note or rials are not subjected to the caprice of comment... . .an unreasonable government, and to the decisions of the cabinet of London.

Within the short space of three Posterity, upon reading the accounts of years the society has succeeded in the last six months transactions in Enga accomplishing many important parts land, will ask, whether the country was of its comprehensive disign. This then governed by the engmies, or most will appear from the following facts. enthusiastic partizans of France. Tae Emperor Napoleon, in devising encouragement, societies similar to

It has produced, by its aid and what could happen most advantageous to France, could not have hit upon any

no its own in Germany and Prussia. By thing, inoré so, than the expedition to the former of these, 5000 copies ol Copenhayen, and the destructive nea: a German Protestant New Testa. sures to all neutral trade,

ment have been printed ; and types Upon examining their last decrees, have been lately set up for the purwe cannot help thinking, that their pose of printing successively a supa authors are so many workmen from Lyons whiw have imbibéd a spirit of lä

ply of German bibles for many genaticism in their clubs, and who burn nerations : by the latter, an edition in one day all the looms wirich gave of the Bohemian bible is in a course thein brend, and enriched their country! of printing for the use of the protes

The govermnent of England does not tamis in Bohemia, Berlin, and else. literally break in pieces the looms of where. the country; but it renders them inace, Two thousand copies of St. John, tive; it destroys the sluices of the imniense canal by which the goods with in the Mohawk language, have been which the markets are glutted night be printed

the printed in London at the society's sent; it drics up their sources. These expence; 500 of which have already contrivances are now more fatal for been distributed, with great accepEngland than a sand bank would be tance, among the Mohawks settled which should all of a sudden shut up on the Grand River ; and 500 more the entrance of the Thames.

have recently been sent, for the use The sans culottes of Lyons were led on by the most silly and ungoverned

of the roman catholic and other Mo. passions; the oligarchs of London ap

hawks lower down the St. Lawrence, pear to obey a like impulse ; extremes in consequence of an application to meet; and the same causes, in different that effect. places and in different individuals, pro: Three thousand copies of the Iceduce the same effects.

landic New Testament have been

printed in Copenhagen at the socie. BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE

ty's expence, 2000 of which have

been bound' and forwarded to IceSOCIETY.

land, and the remaining copies were

mercifully preserved during the late The attention which has been bombardinent: and in the last spring excited by some recent publications the sum of 300l. was granted by the willy doubtless, render the followsociety in aid of a fuud then raising ing brief account of the proceedings

VOL. III.

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