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tion never to suffer it to go into ope- sed, that he would hold on upon the ration, he had much rather see it non-importation act so long as the repealed. If it were to be kept in impressment of our seamen remainsuspension, hung up like a rod in ed. Whenever you take off this, said terrorem, it would merit ridicule. he, you have nothing to enforce your
. Mr. Newton believed he was as rights as to impressment, nor as to - much disposed as his friend from that system of commercial pillage Maryland or Virginia, to concede which has been adopted by Great Briany point to Great Britain or France. tuin. He would wear sack-cloth und ashes The question of indefinite postfor the remainder of his life, rather ponement was carried, 58 to 29. than to surrender une atom to either O n the motion of Mr. W.G.Campa of these powers. But what had pro- bell, duced this law? The violation of Resolved, That a joint committee our commerce, and impressment of be appointed to wait on the Presiour seamen. If any change shouid dent of the United States, and inte cause Great Britain to desist, was form him of the proposed adjourna there any impropriety in trusting the ment of congress. President with a discretion to say, Messrs. G. W: Campbell and Ni. that the operation of the law should cholas were appointed the committee, cease till the next session of Con- Mr. Bibb said, that notwithstandgress ? Certainly not? He wished ing the difference of opinion which to see the day, with his friend from had taken place occasionally bea Maryland, when cvery man within tween the meinbers of this house, these walls, and in the United States, during the present session, on quesshould be clad in the fabrics of his own 'tions of policy, he was pleased to country; and he made no doubt when perceive that no difference of sentia once established, that the manufac- ment existed in regard to the inju. turers of this country would afford ries done us by foreign nations. He every thing necessary for supplies of believed that but one spirit actuated every kind. But that was not the- the people of the United States case yet-and for that reason, they that they were attached to their had already invested the president country, and to their country alone. with a discretionary power to sus- He wished not only by professions, pend the embargo law; and he con- but by practice, to shew foreign na. sidered it a proper reason for the tions that we can live without them, passing of this law. ...
He therefore offered the following Mr. Eppes said, it appeared that resolution :the question of suspension of the Resolved, That the members of non-importation act, was very dif- the house of representatives will apferent from that of the suspension of pear, at their next meeting, clothed the embargo. The former was a in' the manufactures of their own measure of coercion on Great Bric country. tain, and whether it had that effect. This was supported by Messrs. or not, he believed at the time that Bibb and Eppes, and opposed by the law was passed, that the only Messrs. Macon and Rhea. When Mr. way in which we could operate on Bibb said, he had not expected an that power, was by commercial re: objection would be made to the restrictions. And he felt now free to solution; but as it had produced dedeclare; thai if ample reparation bate he withdrew it. were made for the outrages on the Mr. Coles, the secretary of the Chesapeake, if the decrees were president of the United States, inwithdrawn, and every injury redres- formed the house, that the President
had no further or other communica- ment. Governor Wentworth, how. tion to make to them.
ever, returned the vote to the legis. Mr Smilie moved that the house lature, with a message, stating, that do adjourn.-Agreed, nem. con. it appeared to be objectionable in so
The Speaker (Gen. Vernum)- many respects, that he felt it his Permit me, gentlemen, to wish you duty to decline giving his assent a pleasant journey home, and a bap- to it. py meeting with your families and All the letters received by the last friends. This house is adjourned till fleet from the West Indies, concur the first Monday in November next. in drawing a most melancholy pics
Letters from Bosion of the Toth ture of the state of our islands, in of May state, that the Americans consequence of the scarcity of prowere quite reconciled to, or rather visions, and particularly four. As highly approved of the embargo.- a specimen, we present the followThey were, it appears, fitting out ing price current at Jamaica on the gun-boats in different parts, for the 241h, of April: purpose of convoying their ships in Flour, formerly 3l, currency, now the cvasting trade, in order, as some 121, per barrel; at that time there letters state, to prevent the embargo were about 10,000 barrels in Kingfrom being violated, as it frequent ston; the 7 loaf, formerly 2ļ ounces ly has been, by vessels which pru- is reduced to 10 ounces ; hams, 2s. fessed merely to have a coasting voy- per lb, candles, 2s. per Ib. soap 81, age in view; or, according to other per cwt. butter 4s. per lb. beef 8l, letters, to protect their coasters per barrel ; pork 81. 15s. well as, from our cruizers, who are said to sorted linens bear an advance of from have lately captured several of them, 70. to 100 per cent. over invoice; and sent them to the West India Irish porter, 401. per ton. Islands. Of these captures the A- . The quantity of flour at Kingston merican merchants are understood was not sufficient for six weeks conLoudly to complain.
sumption. At the other islands the The letters from Halifax, which scarcity is described as still more se: are of the 26th of May, dwell parti- vere; indeed, in some islands it is cularly on the scarcity of timber to said that no four can be had ; supply our shipping, which sought a and this dreadful scarcity prevails loading of that article. Therefore, while fiour is selling in the United the accuracy of the West India mer- States at the rate of five dollars a chants, who talked so much about barrel. This price is adequate to the capability of Halitax to furnish secure a reasonable profit to the Athis article, does not appear entitled merican farmer, who cannot there. to nuch confidence. But these fore suffer much by the operation of merchants, perhaps, merely wished that embargo which threatens our to persuade the public, while the colonies with famine, and which the taste for an American war prevailed, American government has chosen to that we could easily dispense with adopt as a measure of defence, athe supplies of America.
gainst the impolicy and injustice of The legislature of Nova Scotia, at our orders in council. It may be their late session, passed a vote, ap- said, that the French government propriating 1001. to purchase a sword has contributed to provoke the emor a piece of plate, to be presented bargo, but the French are not so on behalf of the province to Vice- much exposed to revenge; they are Admiral Berkeley, whose conduct por likely to suffer materially by its at the Chesapeake har bacio justifici, dorthe French colonies have ly reprobated by the Britisierer for some years back reduced the cul
tivation of cotton, coffee, and sugar, squares or blocks have been entire and devoted a good deal of their ly consumed, and nine partially, ground to the production of yams making altogether 435 principal and cassaver, of which they have an houses or stores with the fronts to ample supply, at least for the food the streets, besides back stores and of their negroes. The embargo, out-offices, which may be estimated therefore, cannot affect them so se• at four times that number at least, verely as it appears to do the colo- and the whole, at a moderate caluies which belong to this country. culation, worth 3,500,000 dollars ;
The Henrietta, just arrived from the loilging or, property of about St. Michael's, brings the unplea- 4500 persons who are now in the sant intelligence that several shocks streets, and numbers of them totally of an earthquake liad been expe- destitute. Of the value of merchanrienced at the above Island, and dise, produce, and effects destroyed, which had produced some volca- we can at pres-ot form 110 idea; gonoes. The Island of St. George had vernment has called for the account: been nearly destroyed by its rava- of every person's loss upon oath; it ges, and its trembling inhabitants will however, we think, exceed a had filed to Fayal, Pico, and Ter- million sterling. – Of the public ceira; repeated shocks were felt, buildings, not one has been saved. and the volcannes were left burning Bonaparte has liberated all the at the very moment the last letters English smugglers from Flushing, were closing for England with the where more than 400 of them bail melancholy tidings. The buildings been detained for 18 months, and, had all tumbled into ruins, but the in consequence, smuggling has renumber of lives lost on the occasion commenced on our Eastern coast. was not ascertained.
The following return has been The Trinidad Courant, brings an made to the French Emperor of the account of a dreadful confiagration number of the Jews in all the habi. which took place in the town of Port table globe; viz, in the Turkishi' en. d'Espagne, on the 24th March last, pire, 1,000,000; in Persia, China, The editor of the Courant states, India, on the east and west of the " That on taking an adcount of the Ganges, 400,000; and in the west extent of the damage, with the plan of Europe, Africa, and America, of the town in hand, we find that 12 1,600,000-Total three millions !
A Notification from the Secretary magistrates were met for transacting of state, appears in the Gazelle of public business, several of which Tuesday the 141h, of which the fol stones wounded the special constalowing is the substance :-." Where- bles then in attendance; and in the as on Monday the 30th of May last, evening of that day, broke open and an outrageous mob, of several thous eniirely burnt down the prison: And sands in number, collected in the on Tuesday the 31st, such rioters town and parish of Rochdale, in the extorted money from divers peacecounty of Lancaster, and broke open able inhabitants of Rochdale, by me. the private houses of cotton and nacing to burn their houses, factowoollen weavers, carried off their ries, mills, &c. and proceeded to shuttles &c. and demolished the such extremities that the lives or inglass windows of the office where the dividuals were not only threatened, but in most imminent danger." The ther articles is, of course, in the same notice then proceeds to offer his Ma- proportion. jesty's most gracious pardon to any No feeling mind can reflect on the person concerned in the above out. distressed situation of the weavers and Fages, (except the person or persons their half-famished families, for the who actually set fire to the said pri- last six months, without deep comson,) who shall discuver his accom: miseration. The loss of the accusplice or accoinplices : And, as a fur- tomed markets, arising out of the ther encouragemeni, a reward of present diastrous war, has produced Gifty Pounds is offered, for such in- innumerable bankruptcies; the stocks formation as may lead to the con- of the insolvents have, of course, viction of the offender or offenders. , been brought to market at reduced
The numerous assemblages of the prices, and capitalists have reduced starving manufacturers have given wages to rival their new competitors, much alarm, although there has been the assignees. The general demand, but few riots or disturbances.--A in the mean time, has been very flat. very large meeting of the merchants Wages, in consequence of these, and and master manufacturers, to which a number of less obvious causes, the delegates of the weavers were in- have declined to such an excess, that vited, took place lately at Manchese it appeared in evidence before the ter, when it was agreed, that an ad- house of commons, that an ordinary vance froin 20 to 30 per cent, should workman, employed at his loom 14 talle place in the wages ; and this ar- hours in the day, could not earn more rangement, though not universally than 7s. per week. satisfactory, is generally approved, The effects of the restrictions on and the work people seem inclined commerce, both French and English, to return to their business. This ad- begin to be felt by the agriculturisis vance takes place immediately, and as well as the merchants and manua further advance of about eight and facturers; no better evidence of this a half per cent, is to be made on the fact can be adduced than the fol. Ist, of August. .
lowing :-York wools, which last The following scale of the wages year sold at 17s, or 18s. the stone for weaving 6-4ihs, cambric muslins, of 1616. fetch this year only from (60 reed, 130 pricks to an inch,) bls. 6d. to 12s. 6d a stone, being will shew both the extreme reduc- a reduction of above 30 per cent. 'tion in the value of labour, and how It is stated that a very extraordi. subject the cotton business is to ex- nary change has taken place in the cessive fluctuation.
mind of the Cabinet respecting the SCALE of the variation in the rate of Catholic question. The Pope's Nuno
wages during the last 13 yeurs, cio to the prince of Brazils has been In the year 1796,97,98,99.1800,01,02 treated with marked deference and Wages per picce40s34528827825324s39s
attention by the Duke of Portland, In the year 1803, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, Mr. Canning, and other public men Wages per piece 198 23s 265 248 22s 12 conne
connected with the government. According to the arrangement The last meeting for the season of made, the advance will now be from the Whig Club, was held on the 7th 12s. or 13s. to 18s. 3d. and on the at the London Tavern, Mr. Aldera 1st. of August to 20s. In the year man Combe in the chair; it was nu-1796, the length of the piece was 20 merously attended. In the course yards; since that time it has been of the evening, “ Sir Francis Bure extended to 24 yards. Sis-fourths dett, and the independent electors muslin is the barometer of the trade. of Westminster," was drank as a The advance on workmanship for o- toast from the chair.
In the Court of King's Bench, on fault could be found with the con the 11th inst. the case of the King v. duct of the judges on that occasion, General Picton on the prosecution neither with the jury, as it did not apof Louisa Calderon (in which a new pear that they were actuated by any trial had been granted in the term mistaken notions of philanthropy; before last) came on before a spe- and the Solicitor General, who concial jury. The evidence adduced ducted the prosecution, was perfecton the former trial was again brought ly satisfied with the verdict which forward in support of the prosecu- had been returned. These libels tion, and an immense volume of had no other tendency than to bring proof collected under the manda- the trial by jury into contempt, and inus issued from the court was pro- subvert the constitution. The papers duced, for the purpose of proving which contained the libels were prothat torture was part of the law of duced and read by Mr. Lowten. Spain at the period when that pu. Mr. H. B. Harvey produced the nishment was inflicied on Louisa patent constituting Sir S. Le Blanc Calderon,- The trial lasted eight a judge of the court, as did an offihours and a half; and the jury, af- cer, a copy of the record of Chapter deliberating for about an hour, man and Bennet's acquittal. returned a special verdict, in effect Mi. Adolphus, for the defendant, as follows:-“ If torture was inflic. addressed the jury with great force ted with malice, Guilty ; if not with and animation, and contended that malice, and according to the Spa- no criminality could be attached to nish laws, Not Guilty.”
them for animadverting on the proCOURT OF KING's Benci, June 18. ceedings of a court of justice, as The King v. J. H. Hart and the right of so doing had been emW. White.
ployed from the earliest period of This was an information filed, ex printing, and particularly in the officio, by the Attorney General, a. case of Donnellan, who had been gainst the Defendants, as Proprie- found guilty of poisoning Sir T. tors, Printers, and Publishers of a Boughton; and very lately in the Sunday Newspaper, for a Libel on case of Haggerty and Holloway; Sir S. Le Blanc, one of the Justices but in both these cases very severe of the Court.
pamphlets had been published, reThe Attorney General, for the flecting on the conduct of the judges prosecution, stated that he thought who presided, and the jury who it his duty to file this information found them guilty; yet. these publiagainst the defendants, for certain cations had not the sinallest tendenscandalous strictures which appear- cy to bring the trial by jury into ed in that paper, on the conduct of contempt, or subvert the constituthe judge and jury who had tried tion, though they were written with Chapman and Bennet at the last ad- greater severity than those imputed miralty sessions; the former, for the to the defendants, who did not publish murder of a sailor of the name of with any crininal intent. He then Dunn; and the latter, for the al- detailed the evidence before the iu. leged murder of a boy named Rick- ry on both trials, and hoped the man. In these libels it was falsely jury would see that much ground stated, that Sir Simov had presided of animadversion arose on their ac. on both, whereas he only presided quittal. on the trial of Chapman. The At. The Attorney General made a torney General then went over the short reply. After a suitable different cases, as they appeared in charge from Mr. Justice Grose, who evidence; and was certain that no presided in the room of the Lord VOL. III.