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CONTENTS

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THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

BIBLICAL CRITICS AND EXPOSITORS, 114

APOLOGISTS,

1 Bishop Lowth,

115

NATURAL TAFOLOGY,

Personification,

116

Dr Richard Bentley,

The Sublime of Passion, 120

The Atomic Theory,

5
Spontaneous Generation, 7 Church HISTORIANS,

126
The Placing of our Planet, 12 Bishop Burnet,

126

William Derham, D.D.,

14 Character and Death of Arch-

On Birds, 1.

14

bishop Leighton,

127

Archdeacon Paley,

20 The Milners,

131

Prospective Contrivances, 23 Anselm,

132

The Diffusion of Happiness, 26 Dr Jobn Jortin,

138

The Uses of Pain,

29 Cyprian,

140

The CHRISTIAN EVIDENCE,

32

Joseph Addison,

32 | PULPIT ORATORS,

145

The Constancy of the Early

Bishop Atterbury,

147

Christians,

32 Dreims and Visions,

150

Bishop Butler,

34 The Rainbow about the Throne, 153

The Mediatorial System, 36 Dean Swift,

156

Bishop Newton,

42 On the Trinity,

156

Prophecies regarding the Deso-

Jeremial Seed,

163

lation of Judea,

43 True Heroisin,

164

Bishop Watson,

48 Occa pation for the Opulent, 164

The Virtues of the First Chris-

Wit Misdirected,

166

tians,

48 Daily Devotion,

167

Bishop Horne,

54 Bishop Sherlock,

170

A Dialogue on Philosophical

Christianity and its Compe-

Scepticism,

54 titors,

171

Soame Jenyns,

63 Archbishop Secker,

174

The Originality and Pre-emi-

Antidotes to Anger,

175

nence of Christ and Chris.

Set Thine House in Order, 180

tianity,

64 Laurence Sterne,

18+

THEOLOGIANS,

73 The Prodigal Son,

185

Bishop Butler,

73 Dr Dodd,

189

The Supremacy of Conscience, 74 Rules for Conversation,

190

On Love to God,

78 Anecdotes respecting Con-

Bishop Warburton,

80

versation, .

193

Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac, 82 Dr Ogden,

197

Bishop Horsley,

86 The Intercessor's Prayer

The Lord come to His Temple, 88

coming back into his own

The Risen Redeemer,

94

Bosom,

Abraham Tucker,

99 A Socratic Dialogue,

201

Providence,

101 The Lord's Supper,

202

Doing all for the Glory of God, 104 Philip Skelton,

207

Reason and Passion, .

107 Matrimonial Counsel,

208

Dr Conyers Middleton,

109 Bishop Porteus,

212

Holy Water, .

110 The Centurion,

212

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THE GREAT REVIVAL, AND ITS

The Vanity of Science,

361

EVANGELISTS,

217 Castle-Building,

362

Specimens,

254 Alexander Pope,

363

George Whitefield,

254 Messiah,

364

The Offering up of Isaac, 254 The Dying Christian to his

What think ye of Christ? 256

Soul,

The last Farewell,

260 Dr Edward Young,

367

John Wesley,

261 The True Land of the Living, 369

On the Death of Mr White-

The Awful Certainty,

369

field,

261 Dying Friends,

370

A Hymn,

267 Time,

371

James Hervey,

268

Piety,

371

Theron and Aspasio,

268 The Good Man,

372

The Treasures of Snow, 271 John Gambold,

374

Samuel Walker,

275 The Mystery of Life,

374

"God resisteth the Proud,"; 275

William Cowper,

375

John Berridge,

278 The Author Himself,

377

False Security, and Peace in

The Pardoned Sinner,

377

Believing,

278 The Patriot and the Martyr, 378

William Romaine,

283 England,

380

Gospel Obedience,

283 London,

382

Thomas Adam,

287 Patriotism and Providence, 383

Resignation,

287 The Pulpit, ·

384

PRACTICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL

Emmaus,

385

WRITERS,

289 Cruelty to Animals,

386

Bishop Beveridge,

289 The Restoration of all Things, 387

Flattery and Detraction, 290 HYMNS,

390

Lady Rachel Russell, .

291 Bishop Ken,

390

Letters,

293 For Morning,

391

William Law,

296

For Evening,

393

A Father's Counsels,

297 For Midnight,

394

Bishop Horne,

304 Joseph Addison,

396

The Psalms of David,

305 The Traveller's Hymn,

396

Henry Venn,

307

Creation's Testimony,

397

Life in the Parsonage,

307 Joseph Hart,

398

Letter to a Daughter,

308 Gethsemane,

398

John Newton,

311 Augustus M. Toplady,

400

Things Lovely,

311 Assured Faith,

400

THE LAITY,

318

The Rock of Ages,

401

Sir Isaac Newion,

318 A Meditation in Sickness, 402

Periods of Prophetic Inspira-

The Dying Believer to his Soul, 404

tion,

319 Edward Perronet,

405

Sir Richard Steele,

321 Crown Him Lord of All, 405

St Paul,

321 Charles Wesley,

406

Daniel Defoe, :

326 The Day of Judgment,

407

The Squire and the Cottager, 325 Wrestling Jacob,

408

Samuel Johnson,

337 For the New Year,.

410

Prayers,

338 Gone Home,

411

Dr John Rutty,

339 Thomas Olivers,

412

Diary,

339 The God of Abraham,

412

Hannah More,

341 William Cowper,

415

Diligent Dick,

342 Walking with God,

415

William Wilberforce,

353 The Fountain Opened,

415

Looking unto Jesus,

354 Light in Darkness, .

416

SACRED POETRY,

361

Matthew Prior,

361 , INDEX,

418

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OUR CHRISTIAN CLASSICS.

THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.

APOLOGISTS.

“ HOLY HERBERT,” as men love to call the author of “ The Temple,” had an older brother Edward, who was created by Charles I. LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. This older brother was a dashing soldier, a spirited diplomatist, and an accomplished English gentleman. Besides representing King James at the Court of France, and distinguishing himself in the single-combats which were still the fashion of the age, under Maurice of Nassau he fought the Spaniards as recklessly as if he really wished to throw his life away. But, like his devout and gentle brother, Lord Herbert was a scholar and a genius, and his stirring career was interrupted by occasional fits of profound and careful meditation. There was a difference, however, betwixt the themes of the brothers. To the pure, meek spirit of George, the sayings of Scripture were conclușive, and he craved no truth more absolute than the utterances of the Great Amen. But in the mind of the warrior the place of faith was pre-occupied by philosophy. Instead of sitting under the Tree of Life, and eating the pleasant fruits, or grouping in bright garlands the leaves and blossoms, he addressed himself to a different task. He analysed the soil, and experi

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mented on the sap, and came to the conclusion, that fruits as fair, and leaves as healing, could be manufactured by human alchemy. Asking "What is Truth ?" he found particles of it

“ in every creed and worship, and by extracting them and recombining them under the guidance of enlightened reason, he produced a system of natural religion, absolute, universal, and sufficient for all purposes! 1. That there is a Supreme Being ; 2. That He is to be worshipped ; 3. That He is best worshipped by the exercise of virtue ; 4. That, if repented of, sin will be pardoned ; 5. And that there is a future state, with punishments for vice, and with rewards for virtue:-into these five ultimate articles he crystallised the essence of all creeds, and as a substitute for more cumbrous systems, offered to the world his Eclectic Theism.

It frequently happens that, whilst faith is shut out at the door, superstition gets in at the window. When Lord Herbert had finished his book, one object of which was to bring into question everything like special revelation, he could not persuade himself to publish it until he had personally received

a sign from heaven.” “ Being thus doubtful in my chamber," he tells

us, one fair day in the summer, my casement being open towards the south, the sun shining clear, and no wind stirring, I took my book 'De Veritate in my hands, and kneeling on my knees, devoutly said these words : 0 Thou eternal God, author of this light which now shines upon me, and giver of all inward illuminations, I do beseech Thee of Thine infinite goodness, to pardon a greater request than a sinner ought to make. I am not satisfied enough, whether I ought to publish this book; if it be for Thy glory, I beseech Thee give me some sign from heaven; if not, I shall suppress it. I had no sooner spoken these words, but a loud though gentle voice came forth from the heavens---for it was like nothing on earth-which did so cheer and comfort me, that I took my petition for granted, and that I had the sign I de

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