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DEPARTMENT OF STATE
CONFERENCE SERIES 82
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sept of state
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Letter of Transmission from the Honorable James
F. Byrnes, Secretary of State, to the President of the United States
Preparation for the General Assembly iii
President of the General Assembly
6 6 6 7 8 10 11 12 14 14
Spain . .
20 21 22 23 23 24 24
38 38 40
I. Address by the Honorable James F. Byrnes,
Senior United States Representative to the
General Assembly, January 14, 1946
sion on Atomic Energy .
tion in the Committee by Senator
Byrnes in the General Assembly,
January 24, 1946 . .
and Rehabilitation Administration IV. Resolution on Refugees
V. Resolution on Wheat and Rice .
Belonging to the United Nations Devas
tated by War . . VII. Resolution on Non-Self-Governing Peoples . VIII. Resolution on Representation of Non-Gov
ernmental Organizations on the Economic
and Social Council ..
ment of War Criminals
bers of the Security Council, of the Eco-
45 46 47
Letter of Transmission from the Honorable James F.
Byrnes, Secretary of State, to the President of the United States.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
March 1, 1946 THE PRESIDENT:
I have the honor to transmit my Report on the activities of the Delegation representing the United States at the First Part of the First Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations held in London from January 10 to February 14. I also enclose a copy of this Report with the suggestion that you may wish to forward it to the Congress for its information and for the information of the American people.
The first formal session of the 51 nations united under the Charter adopted at the San Francisco Conference last June ends a long chapter of preparation for peace carried out even in the midst of war. It opens a new chapter of active collaboration of the United Nations for the maintenance of the peace finally won after that Conference and for the encouragement of relations and the promotion of conditions conducive to peace throughout the world.
The first step along this road took place only three weeks after Pearl Harbor when, on January 1, 1942, the United Nations Declaration was signed at the White House pledging the 26 governments then signatory to the Declaration to cooperate to win the war.
Next began a series of special United Nations conferences called on specific matters which seemed ripe for discussion such as Food and Agriculture, Relief and Rehabilitation, Monetary and Financial Cooperation, Civil Aviation, and Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Cooperation, which by the present date has resulted in the establishment of a group of specialized international organizations.
In October of 1943, the necessity of establishing a general organization for the maintenance of international peace and security was recognized at the Moscow conference of the Foreign Ministers of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, and their wide and decisive measure of agreement in principle, in which China joined, was announced in the Declaration of Moscow.
In the autumn of 1944, representatives of these powers met at Dumbarton Oaks and agreed upon definite proposals for a general