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Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas

[In this resolution the General Assembly expresses its approval of the action of the Economic and Social Council in connection with the survey of the economic reconstruction of devastated areas in Asia and the Far East, urges the Members to take all possible steps which may lead to the early solution of the problems of economic reconstruction of devastated areas, and requests further study of the problems involved by the Economic and Social Council and its Commissions. The resolution was unanimously adopted by the General Assembly on December 11, 1946.]

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

TAKING NOTE of the Preliminary Report of the Temporary SubCommission on Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas (document A/147), and of the relevant resolution of the Economic and Social Council of 3 October 1946 (document A/126), and recognizing the urgent need for international cooperation in the reconstruction of devastated areas:

1. APPROVES the General Resolution of the Economic and Social Council, the resolution on Survey of the Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas in Asia and the Far East, and the resolution for continuing the work of the Sub-Commission on Devastated Areas in Europe (document E/245);

2. URGES the Members of the United Nations, the Economic and Social Council, and the specialized agencies and intergovernmental organizations concerned, to take all possible steps, within their respective fields of activity, which may lead to the early solution of the problems of economic reconstruction of devastated areas;

3. DIRECTS the Secretary-General to transmit to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development the opinion of the General Assembly that, if the economic reconstruction of devastated areas is not to be unduly delayed, the International Bank should come into full effective operation at the earliest possible date so that, in accordance with the special functions laid down for the Bank in its articles of Agreement, it may be able, early in 1947, to make the fullest possible contribution toward the needs of economic reconstruction;

4. RECOMMENDS that the Economic and Social Council and its Commissions consider undertaking as soon as possible, in cooperation with the specialized agencies concerned, a general survey of raw material resources needed for the economic reconstruction of devastated areas, with a view to recommending the adoption of the necessary measures to increase and promote production and to facilitate

transportation of those materials from the producing areas to the devastated areas;

5. FURTHER RECOMMENDS that, in order to give effective aid to the countries devastated by war, the Economic and Social Council at its next session give prompt and favorable consideration to the establishment of an economic commission for Europe and an economic commission for Asia and the Far East.

Consultative Arrangements of the Economic and Social Council With Non-Governmental

Organizations

[The first of the two resolutions on this subject recommends that the Economic and Social Council give to the World Federation of Trade Unions the same rights as specialized agencies to submit to the Council items for inclusion in its provisional agenda. This proposal was adopted on December 15, 1946, 25 to 22, with 6 abstentions, the United States voting against this resolution. The second resolution provides that all non-governmental organizations in the same category as the WFTU should receive equal treatment in respect of consultative arrangements with the Council. It was adopted on December 15, 1946, 34 to 11, with 8 abstentions. The United States voted for this resolution.]

I. REQUEST OF THE WORLD FEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING CONSIDERED the request of the World Federation of Trade Unions, dated 12. November 1946, for the establishment of a closer connection with the Economic and Social Council, and taking into account the decision of the Council of 21 June 1946 “that most close consultative connection should be established with the World Federation of Trade Unions";

RECOMMENDS to the Economic and Social Council that it give to the World Federation of Trade Unions the right to submit to the Economic and Social Council questions for insertion in the provisional agenda, in accordance with the procedure now applicable to specialized agencies. II. CONSULTATIVE ARRANGEMENTS WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL

ORGANIZATIONS THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING CONSIDERED the report of the Economic and Social Council (document A/125) concerning arrangements for consultation with non-governmental organizations,

TAKES NOTE of the action of the Council to place certain non-governmental organizations in category (a);

EXPRESSES agreement with the general principle that all nongovernmental organizations in category (a) should receive equal treatment in respect of consultative arrangements with the Council.

Agreements With Specialized Agencies

[In this resolution the General Assembly gives its approval to the agreements bringing the International Labor Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Civil Aviation Organization, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization into relation with the United Nations. The Economic and Social Council is requested to follow carefully the progress of collaboration under the agreements and to report to the Assembly within three years so that the Council and the General Assembly may, if necessary, and after consultation with the specialized agencies, formulate suitable proposals to improve such cooperation. The resolution was adopted on December 14, 1946 by a vote of 44 in favor, including the United States, with 5 abstentions.] THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

WHEREAS Agreements entered into by the Economic and Social Council with certain specialized agencies are now before the General Assembly for approval,

RESOLVES to approve the Agreements with the International Labor Organization, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Civil Aviation Organization, provided that, in the case of the Agreement with the International Civil Aviation Organization, that Organization complies with any decision of the General Assembly regarding Franco Spain;

FURTHERMORE, considering it essential that the policies and activities of the specialized agencies and of the organs of the United Nations should be coordinated,

REQUESTS the Economic and Social Council to follow carefully the progress of such collaboration;

INSTRUCTS the Economic and Social Council to report on this question to the General Assembly within the space of three years so as to keep the Assembly informed and in order that the Council and the General Assembly may, if necessary, and after consultation with the said agencies, formulate suitable proposals for improving such collaboration.

Transfer to the United Nations of Powers Exercised by the League of Nations Under the International Agreements, Conventions, and

Protocols on Narcotic Drugs

[This resolution transfers to the United Nations and its Commission on Narcotics, under the direction of the Economic and Social Council, the powers exercised by the League of Nations under the various international agreements on narcotic drugs and thus continues the international system of narcotics control. A draft protocol formalizing this transfer was presented for signature during the General Assembly session and signed by the United States on December 11, 1946, subject to ratification. The resolution was adopted unanimously on November 19, 1946.]

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

Desirous of continuing and developing the international control of narcotic drugs,

APPROVES the Protocol which accompanies this Resolution;

URGES that it shall be signed without delay by all the states who are Parties to the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols mentioned in the Annex, and

RECOMMENDS that, pending the entry into force of the aforesaid Protocol, effect be given to its provisions by the Parties to any of these Agreements, Conventions and Protocols.

INSTRUCTS the Secretary-General to perform the functions conferred upon him by the Protocol, signed on December 11, 1946, amending the International Agreements, Conventions and Protocols relating to narcotic drugs which were concluded in the years 1912, 1925, 1931 and 1936.

DIRECTS the Economic and Social Council and the Secretary-General in view of the General Assembly's Resolution on the Relations of Members of the United Nations with Spain, adopted on 9 February 1946, to suspend all action under this Protocol and the above-mentioned Agreements, Conventions and Protocols with respect to the Franco Government in Spain so long as this Government is in power.

Refugees and Displaced Persons

[In the first of the two resolutions on this subject, the General Assembly approved the Constitution of the International Refugee Organization and the accompanying interim arrangement and urged Members of the United Nations to sign and accept them. The second resolution recom

mends certain measures to be taken pending the establishment of the Organization. The two resolutions were approved by the General Assembly December 15, 1946 by a vote of 30 to 5, with 18 abstentions. The United States voted in the affirmative. The United States signed the Constitution and interim arrangement on December 16, 1946, subject to ratification.)

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I. DRAFT CONSTITUTION AND INTERIM ARRANGEMENTS

PENDING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INTERNA.

TIONAL REFUGEE ORGANIZATION THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

NOTING that action has been taken pursuant to the resolution concerning refugees and displaced persons adopted by the General Assembly on 12 February 1946, as follows:

(a) the establishment by the Economic and Social Council of a Special Committee on Refugees and Displaced Persons under a resolution of the Council of 16 February 1946;

(b) the making of a report by the Special Committee to the second session of the Council;

(c) the adoption of a draft Constitution for an International Refugee Organization and the creation of a Committee on the Finances of the International Refugee Organization by the Council under a resolution of the Council of 21 June 1946;

(d) the circulation to Members of the United Nations for their comments of the draft Constitution and the report of the Committee on Finances;

(e) the final approval by the Council of the Constitution, and of a provisional budget for the first financial year, the adoption by the Council of an Arrangement for a Preparatory Commission, and the transmittal of both these instruments to the General Assembly, under resolution of the Council of 3 October 1946;

HAVING CONSIDERED the Constitution of the International Refugee Organization and the Arrangement for a Preparatory Commission as approved by the Economic and Social Council;

CONSIDERING that every effort should be made to provide for the early establishment of the International Refugee Organization and the provision of measures during the interim period designed to facilitate such establishment;

THEREFORE,

(a) APPROVES the Constitution of the International Refugee Organization and the Arrangement for a Preparatory Commission as annexed hereto;

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