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THE OHIO .

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION:

PUBLISHED MONTHLY,

UNDER THE AUSPICES OF

Che Ohio State Teachers Association.

-EDITORS:-

(RESIDENT,) ASA D. LORD, COLUMBUS.
M. F. COWDERY, BANDUSKY,

S. N. SANFORD, GRANVILLE,
I. W. ANDREWS, MARIETTA,

JOSEPH RAY, CINCINNATI,
ANDREW FREESE, CLEVELAND, A. HOLBROOK, MARLBORO.

VOLUME III.-1854.

COLUMBUS:
PRINTED AT THE STATE JOURNAL OFFICE.

PUBLIC LIBRARY

148362 ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

1900.

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

OHIO STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.

PREAMBLE. As a means of elevating the profession of Teaching, and of promoting the interests of schools in Ohio, we whose names are affixed associate ourselves together under the following

CONSTITUTION. ARTICLE I.-This Association shall be called the Ohio State Teachers' Association.

ARTICLE II.—The officers of this Association shall be a President, twenty-one Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secretary, and an Executive Committee, to consist of seven persons.

ARTICLE III.-It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all meetings of the Association. In case of vacancy, or his absence, it shall be the duty of any one of the Vice Presidents to perform the same duty.

ARTICLE IV.-It shall be the duty of the Recording Secretary to perform the usual duties devolving upon such officer.

ARTICLE V.-It shall be the duty of the Corresponding Secretary to correspond with associations of a similar character; to correspond with individuals, under the direction of the Executive Committee; he shall, further, keep a full copy of communications from and to him, in a book provided for that purpose; keep such correspondence on file, and report his correspondence, when called upon to do so, at any regular meeting of the Association.

ARTICLE VI.-It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to receive and keep all funds belonging to the Association, and pay out the same only on orders from the Chairman of the Executive Committee. He shall keep a faithful account of all moneys received and expended, in a book to be provided for that purpose, and report the condition of the finances, when called upon to do so, at any regalar meeting.

ARTICLE VII.—The Executive Committee shall carry into effect all orders and resolutions of the Association, and shall devise and put into operation such other measures, not inconsistent with the object of this Association, as it shall deem best. It shall fix the time and place for holding all regular meetings of the Association, and shall appoint at least an annual meeting each year, secure speakers, and arrange business to come before the Association. It shall keep a full record of its proceedings, and present an annual report of the same to the Association.

ARTICLE VIII.-The Executive Committee shall hold its first meeting as soon after election as practicable. Four members of said committee shall constitute a quorum for business, and afterwards may meet on its own adjournment or appointment.

ARTICLE IX.--All funds raised for the Association shall be by voluntary contribution, and shall be expended under the direction of the Executive Committee, through its Chairman.

ARTICLE X.-Any teacher or active friend of education, male or female, may become a member of this Association, by subscribing to this Constitution, each male member paying the Treasurer the sum of one dollar.

ARTICLE XI.--Delegates appointed to attend the meetings of this Association, by county associations, whose object is in unison with ours, shall be considered as honorary members.

Article XII.-The officers of this Association shall be chosen by ballot, at the annual meetings of this Association, and shall hold their offices for one year, or until their successors are elected.

ARTICLE XIII.—This Constitution may be altered or amended by a majority of the members present at any regular meeting, where notice of such ntended alteration shall have been given at the preceding regular meeting.

TO THE CONTENTS OF VOLUME III

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PAGE

PAGE A FACT with a Moral ............ 109 252, 283 ; Asbury University (Ta.), A Hundred Years hence...

58, 253 ; Capital University, 2.52; A Merry Heart, etc., A. A. Carter'.. 116 Denison University, 32, 380; MiA New Wonder

381 ami University, 126, 221, 252, 256; Academies noticed: Halcyon, 253; Ohio University, 158, 283 ; Ohio Salem. 253 ; Seneca County......

253 Wesleyan University, 158, 283; Act reducing the School Tax ...... 151 Urbana University, 252; Starling Acts relating to Teachers' Institutes, 123 Medical College, 94. 283 ; Bryant, Advantages of thorough instruction L., & Stratton's, Commercial, 18.1; in Morals, M. F.C.

358 Duff's Commercial, 317; Gundry's All Sorts of Minds, S. Smith 318 Commercial

180 Andrews, L, his reception as Presi- Contributors : dent of Kenyon College

25 Prof. I. W. Andrews, 53, 109, 166, 321 ; La Anecdotes, 145, 28, 30, 109, 127, 140, Andrews, 66; J M. B., 171 ; Miss R. S Bal 183, 197, 219, 266, 268, 317, 382

ley, 199 ; J. B. Beach, 212; Miss A. A. Carter, Annual Meetings:

116, 303, 368; Dr. W. C. Catlin, 89, 125 ; M.

F. Cowdery, 10, 290, 325, 354; D. C. Eastman, Of the State Teacher's Associat'n, 33

335 ; S. Findlay, Jr., 75; R. Fry. 205 ; J. B. Or' the Friends of Female Educa'n, 51 Harris, 361 ; A. llolbrook, 148: J. Hurty, 12, Of the Phonetic Association

SO 115 ; Miss M. B. Janes, 173, 333, 355 ; A. D. Of the New York State Teachers'

Lord, 1, 15, 65, 91, 117, 119, 161, 193, 257, 259, Association

307

263, 264, 269, 272, 289, 300, 308, 310, 353, Of the Par. Teachers' Association, 307

359; J. B. Merriam, 19; Kate Montgomerie, 4;

C. C. Nesselrode, 163; D. C. Pearson, 104; E. Answers to Questions on the School

B. Peirce, 232 ; Dr. J. Ray, 169, 336, 316; C. 8. Law, by the Commissioner, 2, Royce, 329; S. N. Sanford, 7, 17, 41, 93, 150, 56, 81, 98, 130, 178, 216, 235, 311, 344 297, 311, 377; A. Schuyler, 22, 337, Miss EL Arithmetic, mental, relative import- Vail, 141, 202, 305, 331 ; E. E. White, 210; L. ance of, E. B Peirce ...

232

A.T., 367 ; D. H. Williams, 145; Dr. J. WDAttendance, punctual, Importance

liams, 113, 147, 175, 209, 234, 275. of, A. D. L. 264 Coral, labors of the..

61 Baird, Prof. S. F., Letter.

49 Correspondence.... 57, 94, 125, 156, 185 Be Kind to Children....

301 Cost of Crime in Ohio, A. D. L. 310 Bisection of a Triangle, the........ 210 Courtesy

29 Boards of Education, duties, etc.,

Curious Historical Fact....

219 161, 289, 297 Curran the Orator.......

......... 249 Boards of School Examiners, duties Dardanelles, the...

29 of, S. N. S.....

7 Decision of Character, Foster ..... 222 Responsibilities of A. D. L....... 65 Definitions in Etymology, A. D. L. 117 Books noticed, 31, 62, 159, 189, 255, 385 Difficulties in School Government, 300 Bosphorus, the..

29 Dist. School Houses, plan, A. D. L. 119 Bottom of Lake Erie..

121 Why not improve them, A. D. L. 259 Boys out after Night....... 371 Dull Child needs a Teacher, D. C. E. 335 Causes of Things, questions on the, 328 Duty of Teacher to himself, I W.A. 321 Cheerfulness, importance of, A. A C. 116 Duties of Boards of Education, by Circuiars: Of Commissioner to Co. A. D. L., 289; by S. N. S..

297 Auditors, 378; to School Officers, Duties of School Examiners, S. N. S. 7 129 ; 10 Friends of Science, 93; to Duties of School Officers and TeachSchool Examiners, 388; to Public crs, A. D. L. ...

389 and Union Schools....

389 Duties of Teachers to their Profes. Circulation of the Journal 97 sion, A. D. L.

359 Circuses & Negro Concerts, A. D. L. 269 Early Rising and Exercise, C. C. N. 163 Classification of Sciences, A. H. 149 Editor's Introductory, A. D. L. 1 Close of Volume III, A. D.L. 353 Edmund Stone, story of

268 Coal in the United States..

249 Educate the People, Mass. Bd.of Ed. 194 Colleges noticed: Farmers', 63, 252; Education, chapter on, Kate MontKenyon, 25. 191, 252, 283, 287, 380; gomerie

4 Madison, 186, 316; Marietta, 26, Education in Ohio, A. D. L

257 283; Muskingum, 316; New Eng. Education in Portage Co., E. B. 0.. 142 land, statistics of, 94; Oberlin, 26, Education of Daughters....

165 316, 317: Sharon, 347; Union, 58; Elements of Success in Teaching, Western Reserve, 252; Wittenberg,

M. B. Janes...

333

PAGE

222

.

..., 352

PAGE Energy and Victory.... 222 Plaster Blackboard, recipe for.....

185 English Etymology, A. D.L., 15, 117, 308 Practical Elocution, J. Hurty.. 12 Exchange, methods of, A. H. ..... 148 Prefixes, Numerical.....

............. 118 Facts about Digestion.....

184
Prepositional...

............ 308 Faithful Students, successful Men.. 276

Noun and Adjective..... 309 Family Sitting Room, Prof. Fair. Primary Reading, Dr. Williams 113 child ........

196 Portage Co., education in .......... 143 Female Seminaries noticed: Chica- Public and Union Schools noticed :

go, 186; Cincinnati, 94; Cleveland, Akron....... 187 Newark .... 63 186; Esther Institute, Columbus, Ashland ..... 59 New Lisbon . 189 253; Mt. Vernon, 185; Oakland, Bainbridge .. 319 N. Philadel’a, 288 Hillsboro', 186, 283; Ohio Wes- Bellefontaine, 352 Newport, Ky., 284 leyan Female College, Delaware, Boston 95 New Richm'd, 317 221; Oxford, 127; Putnam, 253; Canton ...... 160 Norwalk..... 125 South Delaware.

26 Chillicothe .. 156 Painesville 253 Fishes, new family of, S. N. S. 17 Cincin'ti, 125, Perrysb'g, 184, 186 General Exercises in School, M.F.C. 327 128, 191, 380 Piqua ... 126 Geography, A. A. Carter.......... 368 Cleveland 127 Plymouth 223 Geological Divisions of Ohio

Columb's, 127, Portsmouth 60 Geometry, use of, etc., 147, 175, 209,

187, 319, 374 Republic

234, 275 Dayton.. 186, 380 Ripley, 59,187, Government, Schools, D. H. W... 145 Defiance..... 128 222, 284, 288

Difficulties in, etc., A. D. L., 363, 300 Frederickto'n, 222 Salem,127,287,347 Greek and Latin authors compared, 278 Hamilton..

.... 319 Sandusky.... 127 Growth of the Union, DeBow 350 Ironton... 27, 126 Steubenville, Habit, Lord Brougham 302 Lebanon, 95,

223, 317 Hat-boxes, convenience of

155

126, 288 Tiffin..... 319 Henry, Prof. Joseph, Letter from.. 47 Lond., 160, 185, 317 Toledo, 127, Hints, etc., to Teachers, 27, 187, 270, 382 Marlboro', 27, 250 185, 191, 385 Home Politeness.

..... 189

301 Martinsville · 191 Warren ..... 221 How to be a Man, Carlyle.......... 146 Maumee City, 191 Wellsville, 94, 284 How to Tell a Good Teacher.

McConnelsville, Wilmington 27 Ideals in Education, R. S. Bailey 199

27, 125, 283 Zanesville... Ignorance, illustrations of, 30, 127, Milan

........ 253

191, 352 143, 223, 351 Questions for Solution.....

..... 336, 374 Ignorant Adults in Ohio.. 257 Questions to Teachers.

10 Iliad, and its Author

341 Rail Roads in the United States.... 286 Is Attraction the source of all Power? 19 Reading, good

89 Items, personal, 32, 63, 96, 128, 160, Reading, importance of ........... 372 191, 223, 256, 287, 352, 387 Reading understandingly.

171 Knowledge Classified, A. H.. ...... 149 Reception of President Andrews at Lake Erie, bottom of... 121 Kenyon College.....

25 Lessons on Objects, need of, M. F. C. 295 Reports, Annual: Library Books, list of, for Ohio.... 310 Of Executive Committee of State Libraries, how to form, etc., D.C.P. 104 Teachers' Association....... 66 Magnetism an effect of Dynamical Of Association of Friends of FeElectricity, J. B. B. 212 male Education.....

75 Marine Improvements.............. 349 Of Committee on Scientific InvesMathematical Department.... 336, 374 tigation

41 Moral Culture....

365 Requisites for an Instructor ....... 114 Moral Education, H. Vail 331 Right-angled Triangle........

337 Moral Influences, etc., M. B. Janes, 367 Rules for Home Education

107 Moral Lessons, M. F. C... 294, 326, 356 Rules and Regulations in School, 272 Moral Training, S. N. S. ........ 7, 297 Rules for finding Averages, Dr. Ray, 170 Murray, Lindley, sketch of ........ 122 Sabbath, what if it were abolished ? 286 Normal Schools, need of, L. A. 71 Sandusky Public Schools, 289, 325, 354 Numerical Prefixes

118 School Government, D. H. Williams, 145 Obituaries

256 School Government, A. D. L....... 263 Officers of the State Teachers' As- Difficulties in, A. D. L. .......... 300 sociation

36 School Houses, District, plan...... 119 Parents should Study the Disposi. Need of Improving, A. D. L...... 259 tions of Children.... 165 School Law, change of.

154 Parental Teaching

198 School Libraries for Ohio, books for, 310 Periodicals, noticed.... 31, 62, 159, 190 School Statistics, Dr. Ray.... 169, 376 Phonetic Assoc'on, meetings of, 80, 248 Scientific Correspondence

176 Phonography...

329 Seminaries, etc., noticed : Planetary Phenomena for 1854..... 95 Grand River Institute...

... 316 103 Must judge of the qualifications of their Rents of Sec. 16, to whom should be paid.. 136 own members

PAGE!

PAGE Grove School

...... 127 The Journal and Teachers, A. D. L. 193 Mount Union Seminary . ......... 221 The Peach Bud, II. Vail....

202 Normal Institute, Georgetown... 58 The Pet Scholar, etc., R. Fry....... 205

West'n Reserve Eclectic Institute, 27 The Thoroughly Educated, Ruskin, 188 Series

22 Theory and Practice, Miss A. A. Society Interested in the Education Carter

303 of every Youth, H. Mann........ 262 Thoughts on Education, from the Solemn Thought... 215 German....

115, 195 Suggestions to Scientific Observers, 151 Thoughts on Moral Training, S. N. Sunshine and School...... 173 Sanford...

7, 297 Tact and Talent................... 348 Township Boards of Education.... 161 Teach your Children to Labor..... 197 Triangle, bisection of, E. E. White. 210 Teacher in the School Room, A. D. L. 269 Triangle, right-angled, A. Schuyler, 337 Teachers' Institutes in 1853.. 68 Union Schools, statistics of, for '53, 72 In the Spring of 1854.... .... 158 Vastness of the Universe

188 Teachers' Meetings, J. Hurty 115 Velocity of the Wind, Prof. Stoddard, 217 Teaching, elements of success in, Velocities, relative

286 Miss M. B. Janes

... 333 We must Educate, Miss H. Vail.... 141 The best Recommendation 317| What can not Industry do ?

268 The Boy who kept his purpose.... 266 Wise Decision .

140 The Bridge, Miss H. Vail .......... 305 Works of the Creator

60 The Eye and the Ear in Elementary Young Children, mode of teaching, 273 Instruction, Prof. I. W. A., 53, 109, 166. Zinc Paint.......

350

INDEX

TO ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ON THE SCHOOL LAW, BY THE COMMISSIONER.

etc. ....

56

ABOLISHING sub-districts, effect of .. 134 Fractional Districts entitled to three DirectActing Manager, how compensated.. 130 ors only

88 Township Clerk may be appointed.. 82 Clerk of, where entitled to a seat.. 88 Assignment of scholars from one district to Funds of Joint Sub-districts, how distribuanother, does not effect the distribution of ted

241 school moneys......

131 Holidays, number of, determined by custom, 219 Barring school house door, etc...

85 Joint Sub-districts, how to be managed, Boards of Education, township, not entitled

241 to compensation...

2, 130 Judgment against Directors, how to be paid, 139 Can not contract with Principal of Semi- Persons over 21 may be excluded from nary for tuition of scholars, etc. 311 schools

84 Can not limit salaries of Teachers in sub- Principals of Union Schools not entitled to districts

135

school money if they employ Teachers Conflict of jurisdiction with local directors, 137 without certificates May unite districts, etc. .... 82 Re-districting townships..

246 Salaries of Teachers in sub-districts, TownMust levy a sum sufficient for prolonging ship Boards can not limit...

135 the schools..

182 School Examiners, duties, liabilities, etc... 3, 4 Must provide for debts previously con- School Funds, how to be distribnted .. 101 tracted by Directors...

139, 244 School House and Lot, can not be mortTo determine studies and text-books.. 2, 181 gaged..

243 Central High Schools, may be formed by School Month, determined by custom..... 219 Township and Village Boards... 99 School Year, should begin in October

239 Certificate of Teacher, when valid. 4, 178 Teachers, must have certificates, etc... ..3,56 Changes of districts, should be made at April Rights of, etc... meeting, if possible...

236, 238 Text-books, to be prescribed by Township Clerks of sub-districts hold office for one year 236 Boards..

2, 181 -Of fractional districts

88 Tie vote for Directors, a failure to elect.... 179 Colored Schools, how to be organized, etc.. 314 Township Boards : Compensation, 2; Debts, Colored persons not eligible as Directors... 217 etc., 189, 244 ; Qualifications, 246; Studies Consolidation of districts, power of Town- and Text-books, 2, 181; Taxes..

182 ship Board to effect. 82 Township Clerk, how paid, etc..

2 Cost of School Houses, in sub-districts, on Township Taxes for prolonging Schools, whom to be assessed .. 132 how to be distributed.

179, 344 In villages and towns, how to be assessed 134 Transfer of Scholars, from one district to Debts contracted by Directors must be met another..

131 by Township Board.

139, 244 From one township to another, etc..... 3 Directors of Sub-districts, relations to Town- Transfers of Territory to Towns, how made, 236 ship Boards.

137 Treasurers of special districts to settle with Division of State school fund by Co. Auditor, 101 County Auditors

88 -By Township Board..

101 Treasurers of Townships, how paid.. 131

85, 139

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