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To Man imparts it; but with such a view
As, whịle he dreads it, makes him hope it too:
The hour conceal'd, and so remote the fear, 75.
Death ftill draws nearer, never seeming near.
Great standing miracle ! that Heav'n aflign'd
Its only thinking thing this turn of mind.

II. Whether with Reason, or with Instinct bleft, Know, all enjoy that pow'r which suits them beft ; To bliss alike by that direction tend,

83 And find the means proportion'd to their end. Say, where full Instinct is th’unerring guide, What Pope or Council can they need beside ? Reason, however able, cool at best,

85 Cares not for service, or but serves when prest, Stays 'till we call, and then not often near; But honest Instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'er- thoot, but just to hit! While still too wide or short is human Wit; 90 Sure by quick Nature happiness to gain, Which heavier Reason labours at in vain. This too ferves always, Reason never long; One must go right, the other may go wrong:

VARIATIONS,

VER. 84. in the MS.

While Man, with op'ning views of various ways
Confounded, by the aid of knowledge strays :
Too weak to chuse, yet chusing still in hafte,
One moment gives the pleasure and distaste.

See then the acting and comparing pow'rs 95
One in their nature, which are two in ours;
And Reason raise o'er Instinct as you can,
In this 'tis God directs, in that 'tis Man.

Who taught the nations of the field and wood
To shun their poison, and to chuse their food ? 100
Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand,
Build on the wave, or arch beneath the fand ?
Who made the spider parallels design,
Sure as De moivre, without rule or line ?
Who bid the stork, Columbus-like, explore 105
Heav'ns not his own, and worlds unknown before?
Who calls the council, states the certain day,
Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?

III. God, in the nature of each being, founds Its

proper bliss, and sets its proper bounds:
But as he fram'd a Whole, the Whole to bless,
On mutual Wants built mutual Happiness :
So from the first, eternal Order ran,
And creature link'd to creature, man to man.
Whate'er of life all-quick’ning ather keeps,

115
Or breathes thro' air, or shoots beneath the deeps,
Or pours profuse on earth, one nature feeds
The vital flame, and swells the genial seeds.
Not man alone, but all that roam the wood,
Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood,
Each loves itself, but not itself alone,
Each sex desires alike, 'till two are one,

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Nor ends the pleasure with the fierce embrace ;
They love themselves, a third time, in their race.
Thus beast and bird their common charge attend,
The mothers nurse it, and the fires defend; 126
The
young

dismiss'd to wander earth or air,
There stops the Instinct, and there ends the care,
The link diffolves, each seeks a fresh embrace,
Another love succeeds, another race.

130 A longer care Man's helpless kind demands; That longer care contracts more lasting bands ; Reflection, Reason, ftill the ties improve, At once extend the int'rest, and the love ; With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn;

135 Each Virtue in each Passion takes its turn; And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise, That graft benevolence on charities. Still as one brood, and as another rose, These nat’ral love maintain'd, habitual thofe: 140 The last, scarce ripend into perfect Man, Saw helpless him from whom their life began : Mem'ry and fore-cast just returns engage, That pointed back to youth, this on to age ; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combir’d, 145 Still spread the int'reft, and preserv'd the kind. IV. Nor think, in Nature's State they blindly

trod; The state of Nature was the reign of God: Self-love and Social at her birth began, Union the bond of all things, and of Man. 150

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Pride then was not; nor Arts, that Pride to aid ;
Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the fade;
The same his table, and the same his bed ;
No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed.
In the same temple, the resounding wood, 155
All.vocal beings hymn'd their equal God:
The shrine with gore unstain'd, with gold undrest,
Unbrib'd, unbloody, ftood the blameless prieft:
Heav'n's attribute was Universal Care,
And man's prerogative to rule, but spare. 160
Ah ! how unlike the man of times to come!
Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;
Who, foe to Nature, hears the gen'ral groan,
Murders their species, and betrays his own.
But just disease to luxury succeeds,

165
And ev'ry death its own avenger breeds ;
The Fury-passions from that blood began,
And turn'd on Man a fiercer savage, Man.

See him from Natyre rising flow to Art !
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Inftinet then was Reason's

part ; 170 Thus then to Man the voice of Nature spake Go, from the Creatures thy instructions cake : .6 Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield; Learn from the beasts the physic of the field ;

VER. 173. Learn from the birds, etc.] It is a caution commonly practised amongst Navigators, when thrown upon a desert coast, and in want of refreshments, to observe what fruits have been touched by the Birds : and to venture on these without further hesitation.

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Thy arts of building from the bee receive; 175 • Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave; “ Learn of the little Nautilus to fail, “ Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale. 5. Here too all forms of social union find, es And hence let Reason, late, instruct Mankind: 16 Here subterranean works and cities see; 181 " There towns aerial on the waving tree. “ Learn each small People's genius, policies, The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees; iss How those in common all their wealth bestow, And Anarchy without confusion know; " And these for ever, tho' a Monarch reign, " Their sep'rate cells and properties maintain. “ Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state, 6. Laws wise as Nature, and as fix'd as Fate. IGO " In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw, " Entangle Justice in her net of Law,

186

VE2. 174. Learn from the beasts, etc.] See Pliny's Nat. His. 1. viii. c. 27, where several instances are given of Animals dif. covering the medicinal efficacy of herbs, by their own use of them; and pointing out to some operations in the art of healing, by their own practice.

VER. 177. Learn of the little Nautilus] Oppian. Halieut. lib. i. describes this fish in the following manner : " swim on the surface of the sea, on the back of their shells, "< which exactly resemble the hulk of a ship; they raise two “ feet like mafts, and extend a membrane between, which “ serves as a fail; the other two feet they employ as oars at 's the hide. They are usually seen in the Mediterranean.”

“ They

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