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Where Naves once more their native land behold,
No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold.
To Be, contents his natural desire,
He asks no Angel's wing, no Seraph's fire;
But thinks, admitted to that equal sky,
His faithful dog shall bear him company.

IV. Go, wiser thou! and, in thy scale of fense,
Weigh thy Opinion against Providence;
Call imperfe&tion what thou fancy'st fuch,

115 Say, here he gives too little, there too much : Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust, Yet cry, If Man's unhappy, God's unjust; If Man alone ingrofs not Heav'n's high care, Alone made perfect here, immortal there : Snatch from his hand the balance and the rod, Re-judge his justice, be the God of God. In Pride, in reas’ning Pride, our error lies ; All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies. Pride still is aiming at the bleft abodes,

125 Men would be Angels, Angels would be Gods. Aspiring to be Gods, if Angels fell, Aspiring to be Angels, Men rebel :

1 20

After 108. in the first Edition;

But does he say the maker is not good,
Till he's exalted to what state he wou'd :
Himself alone high Heav'n's peculiar care,
Alone made happy when he will, and where ?



And who but wishes to invert the laws
Of ORDER, fins against th' Eternal Caufe. 130

V. Ak for what end the heav'nly bodies shine, Earth for whose use ? Pride answers, “ 'Tis for mine: “For me kind Natare wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb, and spreads out ev'ry flow'r ; Annual for me, the grape, the rose renew “ The juice nectareous, and the balmy dew; " For me, the mine a thousand treasures brings ; “ For me, health gushes from a thousand springs ; “ Seas roll to waft me, suns to light me rise ;

My foot-stool earth, my canopy the skies." 140

But errs not Nature from this gracious end, From burning suns when livid deaths defcend, When earthquakes fwallow, or when tempelts sweep Towns to one grave, whole nations to the deep? “ No ('tis reply'd) the firft Almighty Cause 145 “ Acts not by partial, but by gen'ral laws; “ Th’exceptions few ; some change fince all began: And what created perfect?"-Why then Man? If the great end be human Happiness, Then Nature deviates, and can Man do less ? 150

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VER. 131. Ask for what end, etc.) If there be any fault in these lines, is not in the general sentiment, but a want of exactness in expressing it. It is the highest absurdity to think that Earth is man's foot-fiool, his canopy the Skies, and the beavenly bodies lighted up principally for his use; yet not so, to suppose fruits and minerals given for this end,

Ver. 150. Then Nature deviates, etc.] 6 While comets

As much that end a constant course requires
Of show'rs and fun-fhine, as of Man's desires ;
As much eternal springs and cloudless skies,
As Men for ever temp'rate, calm and wise.
If plagues or earthquakes break not Heav'n's design,
Why then a Borgia, or a Catiline ?

156 Who knows but he, whose hand the light'ning

forms, Who heaves old Ocean, and who wings the storms ; Pours fierce Ambition in a Cæsar's mind, 159 Or turns young Ammon loose to scourge mankind ? From pride, from pride, our very reas'ning springs; Account for moral, as for nat'ral things : Why charge we Heav'n in those, in these acquit ? In both, to reason right is to submit.

Better for Us, perhaps, it might appear, 165 Were there all harmony, all virtue here ; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never paflion discompos'd the mind. But all subfifts by elemental strife ; And passions are the elements of Life.


move in very eccentric orbs, in all manner of positions, blind “ Fate could never make all the planets move one and the same

way in orbs concentric; some inconsiderable irregularities

excepted, which may have risen from the mutual actions of “ comets and planets upon one another, and which will be apt “ to increase, 'till this system wants a reformation.” Sir Isaac Newton's Optics, Queft. ult.

VER. 169. But all subfifts, etc.] See this subject extended in Ep. ii. from $ go to 112, 155, etc.

The gen’ral ORDER, since the whole began,
Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man.
VI. What would this Man ? Now upward will

he soar,
And little less than Angel, would be more ;
Now looking downwards, just as griev'd appears 175
To want the strength of bulls, the fur of bears.
Made for his use all creatures if he call,
Say what their use, had he the pow’rs of all ;
Nature to these, without profufion, kind,
The proper organs, proper pow’rs assignd;
Each seeming want compensated of course,
Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force ;
All in exact proportion to the state;
Nothing to add, and nothing to abate.
Each beast, each insect, happy in its own : 185
Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and Man alone?
Shall he alone, whom rational we call,
Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless’d with all ?

The bliss of Man (could Pride that blessing find) Is not to act or think beyond mankind ;


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Ver. 174. And little less than Angels, etc.] Thou bast made bim a little lower than the Angels, and baft crowned bim witb glory and bonour. Psalm viii. 9.

VER. 182. Here with degrees of swiftness, etc.] It is a certain axiom in the anatomy of creatures, that, in proportion as they are formed for strength, their swiftness is leflened; or as they are formed for swiftness, their strength is abated.

No pow'rs of body or of foul to share,
But what his nature and his state can bear.
Why has not Man a microscopic eye?
For this plain reason, man is not a Fly.
Say what the use, were finer optics giv'n, 195
T' inspect a mite, not comprehend the heav'n?
Or touch, if tremblingly alive all o'er,
To smart and agonize at ev'ry pore?
Or quick effluvia darting thro' the brain,
Die of a rose in aromatic pain ?
If nature thunder'd in his op'ning ears,
And stunn’d him with the music of the spheres,
How would he wish that Heav'n had left him ftill
The whisp'ring Zephyr, and the purling rill?
Who finds not Providence all good and wise, 205
Alike in what it gives, and what denies ?

VII. Far as Creation's ample range extends,
The scale of sensual, mental pow’rs ascends:


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VER. 202. Stunn'd him with the music of the spheres,] This instance is poetical and even sublime, but misplaced. He is arguing philosophically in a case that required him to employ the real objects of sense only: and, what is worse, he speaks of this as a real object. If NATURE thunder'd, etc. The case is different where (in $ 253) he speaks of the motion of the heavenly bodies under the sublime Imagery of ruling Angels : For whether there be ruling Angels or no, there is real motion, which was all his argument wanted; but if there be no mufic of the Spheres, there was no real sound, which his argument was obliged to find

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