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See the same man, in vigour, in the gout;,
75 Friendly at Hackney, faithless at Whitehall.
Catius is ever moral, ever grave,
Who would not praise Patritio's high desert,
What made (say Montagne, or more fage Charron!)
Ver. 81. Patritio] Lord G-
Triumphant leaders, at an army's head,
The throne a Bigot kcep, a Genius quit,
Know, God and NATURE only are the fame : 95
his Hat a leaden image of the Virgin Mary, which when he swore by, he feared to break his oath.
Ver. 90. A godlefs Regent tremble at a Star ?] Philip Duke of Orleans, Regent of France in the minority of Louis XV. superstitious in judicial astrology, tho' an unbeliever in all religion,
VER. SI. The throne a Pigot keep, a Genius quit,] Philip V. of Spain, who, after renouncing the throne for Religion, resumed it to gratify his Queen; and Victor Amadeus II. King of Sardinia, who resigned the crown, and trying to reassume it, was imprisoned 'till his death,
VER. 93. Europe a Woman, Child, or Dotard rule, - And just her wiseft monarch made a fool ?] The Czarina, the King of France, the Pope, and the abovementioned King of Sardinia.
VER. 95. Know, God and Nature, etc.) By Nature is not here meant any imaginary substitute of God, called a Plafiic nature; but his moral laws: And this observation was inserted with great propriety and discretion, in the conclusion of a long detail of the various characters of men: For, from this circumstance, Montagne and others have been bold enough to infinuate, that morality is founded more in custom and fashion than in the nature of things. The speaking therefore of a moral law of God as having all the constancy and durability of his Effence, had an high expediency in this place.
In vain the sage, with retrospective eye, Would from th'apparent What conclude the Why, Infer the Motive from the Deed, and shew, That what we chanc'd was what we meant to do. Behold! If Fortune or a Mistress frowns, Some plurge in bus’ness, others shave their crowns: To eale the Soul of one oppreffive weight, 105 This quits an Empire, that embroils a State: The same adult complexion has impellid Charles to the Convent, Philip to the Field.
Not always Actions hew the man: we find Who does a kindness, is not therefore kind; Perhaps Frosperity becalm d his breast, Perhaps the Wind jut fhifted from the east: Not therefore humble he who seeks tetreat, Pride guides his steps, and bids him Mun the great : Who combats bravely is not therefore brave, He dreads a death bed like the meaneft slave:
Ver. 107. The forme aduff complexion has impell d-Cbarles to the Convent, Philip to the Field.] The atrabilaire complexicn of Philip II, is well known, but not so well that he derived it from his father Charles V. whose health, the histcrians of his life tell us, was frequently disordered by bilious fevers. But what the author meant principally to observe here was, that this humour made both these prir.ces act contrary to their Character; Charles, who was an active man, when he retired into a Convent; Philip, who was a man of the Closet, when he gave the battle of St. Quintin.
Who reasons wisely is not therefore wise,
that Actions best discover man; 119
VER. 117. Who reasons wisely, etc.] By reasoning is not here meant speculating ; but deliberating and resolving in public counsels; for this instance is given as one, of a variety of actions.
VEP. 130. Cæsar himself might whisper be was beat.] Cæfar wrote his Commentaries, in imitation of the Greek Generals,
Ask why from Britain Cæsar made retreat ?
The mighty Czar would tell you he was drunk. Alter'd as above, because Cæsar wrote his Commentaries of this war, and does not tell you he was beat. As Cæsar too afforded an instance of both cases, it was thought better to make him the single Example,
Why risk the world's great empire for a Punk ?
'Tis from high Life high Characters are drawn;
for the entertainment of the world: But had his friend asked him, in his ear, the reason of his sudden retreat from Britain, after so many pretended victories, we have cause to suspect, even from his own public relation of that matter, that he would have whisper'd be was beat.
VER. 131. Wby risk the world's great empire for a Punk ?] After the battle of Pharsalia, Cæsar pursued his enemy to Alexandria, where he became infatuated with the charms of Cleopatra, and instead of pushing his advantages, and dispersing the relicks the Pharsalian quarrel, (afte narrowly escaping the violence of an enraged populace) brought upon himself an unnecessary war, at a time his arms were most wanted elsewhere.
VER. 141. Court-virtues bear, like Gems, etc.] This whole reflection, and the fimilitude brought to support it, have a great delicacy of ridicule,