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S. R. WELLS & CO., 737 BROADWAY.

1880.

PUBLIC LIBRARY

652382

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDA 'IONS.
R
1913

L

And thou, sweet Poetisa thoi lyveliest maid,.
Still first to fly where sensual joys invade ;

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Teach erring man to espurn.the rage of gain ;
Teach him, that states of native strength possest,
'Though very poor, may still be very blest;
That trade's proud empire hastes to swift decay,
As ocean sweeps the labor'd mole away;
While self-dependent power can time defy,
As rocks resist the billows and the sky.

JOHN KENT,
STEREOTYPER AND ELECTROTYPER,

13 FRANKFORT ST., N. Y.

INTRODUCTION.

'HIS Poem is said by the biographers of Goldsmith to be founded on his adventurous wanderings, “flute in hand,” on the conti

nent of Europe in the years 1754 and 1755. One says: “In these wanderinge he encountered maay privations. After a hard day's toil he knew what it was to be refused a night's shelter at a peasant's cottage. His flate ruid him good service except while in Italy, where, as he sảys, every, peasant was a better musician than I.” He had also bpcoutea gopa-disputant; and by maintaining his ground in the open discussions going on in the universities and convents on certain days, he was open to claim the gratuity of a small sum of money, a dinner, and a bed for one night."

“ The Traveller” was published in December, 1764, and for the first time Goldsmith's name appeared as an author, the numerous works which he had written previously having been published by the booksellers without allusion to their authorship. Dr. Johnson examined the proof-sheets, and favorably considered it in the Critical Review. The Poem proved a great success, and made Goldsmith's name famous. It had been his dream for eight years, and the writing of it his principal solace in many hours of affliction. So much care did he bestow upon the work, that Johnson pronounced it to be “a poem to which it would not be easy to find anything equal since the death of Pope;” and Charles Fox said that " The Traveller" was one of the first poems in the English language.” Up to the time of its author's death there were nine

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