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Girty Simon, his conduct 76

his speech 132

Governor, his letter 376

Gazette occupied 389

Harrod James comes to Kentucky

and builds a cabin 12

his biography 23

Harrodsburgh, females at 1 -


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Henderson Richard buys south

side of Kentucky 13

purchase made void 14

grant in lieu of it 15

Haggin John 45

Henry Patrick 64

Holder John Capt. defeated 130

Harrison William, his escape 144

Hardin Capt. crossed Ohio, &c. 252

Hargrove defeated lb.

Harmar Gen. his excursion 358

his expedition 362

Hubbell Capt. defeats Indians 370


Introduction, &c. 3

Indians, a description 2

war 18

killed by Cressup,&c. 36.148.167

infest the country 282

Indian hostilities suspended ^ 241

depredation 341.370.391

Johnson Robert Col. settles 164

Jefferson county divided 195

Jay John, his proposition 258

Innis Harry, his excuse 269

implicated 310

directed, &c. 358


Logan Benjamin comes to Ken.. • ,

tucky, builds a fort, St. Asaphs 13

his biography 28

moves his family, siege 42.49

convenes county lieutenants 271

Leestown 46

Land law &>

Lexington settled 89

Land a fair subject of purchase 106

specimen of locations 150

Logan J. Col. defeats Indians. &c. 269

Land the criterion of interest 421

Legislature divided 423

McBride, name cut 7
McGary, brave'
McAfees, a sketch 27
sieee H,
R.~B. McAfee, a native 95
Marshall Thomas Col. visits Ken-
tucky 104
appointed surveyor 120
his letter 344
apology 390
McClure defeated 220
Moore defeated 221
Mercer county made 227
McKnit defeated 252
Marshall John, agent 254
Muter George, &c. letter 259
addresses the people 295
with Col. Marshall offers for
convention, &c. 298
Maj George appointed surwyor 120
Marshall Humphrey voted for con-
stitution 287
Montgomery's station attacked 121
Mason county made 341
Memorial to Virginia 350
McMillan Major, reported 354
Men unequal 420

Nicholas George Col. his conduct 394


Ohio river, its sources 4
O'Fallon, his enterprise . 372

Oldham Col. commands militia 378

his conduct 380

Overture to treat, from Spain 391


Kentucky, ancient annals, by C.

S. Rafinesque, (Profess. Trans.

University) 9

Kentucky, description, &c. 1. 122

county 47

made a district 159

to be excluded &c. 315

described, population 436.441

religious sects 443

Knox James 9

Kenhaw'a river, its sources 11

Kenton Simon in Kentucky 39

joined Clark, made prisoner 74

crosses Ohio . 281

Kincheloe's station surprised 144

Kenton and Clark settle Lawrence

creek, and Limestone 188

Kentucky Gazette published 274

Posts on the Lakes 65

Patterson Rt. settle'! Lexington 89

saved at Blue Licks, 141

Polk Mrs. her case 145

Peace expected 155

announced 16:!

Paine and his disciples 161

Posts of defence lf58.366

resolution of congress 168

Population increased 193

Price Benjamin killed 252

Postoffice, none 257
President recommends tlje recep-
tion of Kentucky into the union 367

act of admission lb.

Paper mill 39

Power, its quality 415

Predestination discussed 449


Rapids of Ohio described 30

settled 67

Randolph Thompson 144

Resolution against importation 351

Retrospect 370

Rich and poor 4


Spotswood Gov. recommended

conquest 3

Surveyors sent to Kentucky 11

Stewart John killed 18
Slaughter George Col. descends

the Ohio with troops 104

Stations, Ruddle's and Martin's I

taken 107

Surveying north of Licking 166

Separation dawned 194

act 255

violent, agitated, reference

to the people proposed 289

St. Clair Governor complains 353

appointed general 377

his expedition lb.

Seminary Transylvania 356

Scott General, his expedition 37:


Taylor Handcock in Kentucky 38
Thompson James, surveyor of Lin-

"non, opened his office 120





262 325


Todd John and Col. Trigg pursue

Indians, and are defeated 136

Treaty with Great Britain, inexe

cution, Indian hostility, &c. 167.170 Todd Robert makes au expedition 271

United States as to Indians

Virginia sold land warrants, to be
located by the holder without
previous survey, the effects

cedes northwest of Ohio to
the United States

proceedings as to treaty
pass resolutions relative to
Mississippi navigation
an act


Whitley William visits Kentucky

War with Spain, and France J

with Indians 11

revived 257

Walker Dr. attempts to find the

Ohio 6

ran the state line H3

Winter of 1779-80 101

Whitaker Aquilla fired on, and

defeats the Indians on Ohio 115

Wilkinson James Gen. arrives 165 addresses people in Lexington 242 goes to Orleans 270

returns a Spanish subject 282 intrigue with Spanish agents 313 essays the military life his expedition made lieutenant colonel Washington designated

made president
Woodford county erected
White Mrs. kills an Indian

York New. as to treaty

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Twelve years have elapsed since I determined to write and publish a history of Kentucky; and nearly that term has expired', posterior to the ap» pearance of the first, of two volumes, which were intended to com prise the work. Why it was not accomplished, needs no explanation at this time. Adhering to the original design, its execution has been attempted, by revising the former volume, extending it to 500 pages, and writing a second, of equal size. Which are respectfully offered, To The People Of Kentucky,—and of which, it is hoped they may profit.

The former Introduction, will accompany this edition—it appearing still appropriate, and expressive of my sentiments.

Viewing the preface to a book, as a kind of antechamber, where the author, and his readers meet, to hold free conference; in which the former, if he can, is to prepare the latter, for a favourable reception of what he is about to offer them; this will be so employed: but without an apology for my own defects.

Believing, nevertheless, that the motive with which any thing is done, must always make an essential constituent of its merit, I shall not hesitate to say, that PUBLIC Utility, has been the predominant object of my labour. While the wisest of books, teacbeth, that—"no manlighteth a candle, and puttcth it under a bushel, but on a table, that it may give light to those in the house." The parable in the text, it will be perceived, may find an easy solution in the publication of a book, by its author. If it. manifests vanity, so it does also benevolence—especially, when the paramount design is, to diffuse information^ as the candle doth light to the household.

That history has not been more beneficial to mankind, than there is reason to conclude, from the state of the public mind, it has been, is not merely because men seldom profit by the experience of others—but also, because, from the intrinsic difficulties in the case, it has seldom been written in republics of a peaceful character, or especially, where their civil transactions furnish its subjects, until after both its precepts, and examples, have, in a great measure, lost their application and effect. While military annals, filled with different topics, having no such difficulties to encounter, are readily supplied; and, accordingly, every where furnished.

The history now offered, is in some of its material parts, an experiment, and, may hereafter become an example. Allusion is made to those parts, which apply to the constitutions, and the laws: and which are predicated upon the assumption, that our government is but in its infancy—that it has much to reform—and that the only way, by which it can attain perfection, is, impartially to detect its errors, see whence they flow, and then, with a sound discernment and honest intention, correct them.

Another reason, why history has not imparted all its benefits to mankind, is, that it is not sufficiently read by adequate numbers, to produce a general opinion of practical, moral, and political results. While its place, if occupied, is supplied by newspapers—whence are propagated every kind of opinion; of course, not only those which are correct, but as frequently, those which are entirely the reverse—when, to be able to perceive the right from the wrong, some previous reading of a more general nature, seems to be ne»

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cessary. Not that history is infallible, or newspapers unuseful: but the form mer, being written under the direction of one will, is more likely to be consistent; and by the multiplicity of its facts, presents more extensive views.

Again, history, although it treats of recent occurrences in our own country, in ever so proper a manner, yet owing to prepossessions, of a personal or party nature, may fail of its merited attention, and effect. The author is either somebody, or nobody. If the former, it is more than probable, that he has belonged to one, or the other, of the parties, which at different times, have agitated and divided the state, or the United States: and then, he will bo suspected of partiality, and his book read,' by opponents at least, with a jealous and suspicious eye. But to exercise any judgment, the most impartial author must discriminate between right, and wrong; and award his decisions accordingly. If he exposes the leaders, or the principles of a party—adherents and followers are offended. Those who are wrong however, and especially if they have power on their side, refuse to yield their opinions, or to correct their course—while they all join to blast the author, that they may suppress his book.

In such a state of things, history is read by one portion of the community, not to be studied for information or improvement, but to be criticised and execrated j because it does not promote the party purposes, of a possible majority.

Reasons analagous to those expressed, exist in every popular government, against writing a history of the last half century—being the period which mine embraces. A large number of the individuals who figured in the scenes described, are still living; and where the actors are dead, their immediate descendants may now occupy the stage. Suppose the author to possess every requisite quality, and qualification, for the work—impartiality must be one of them. Admit that he descends to the delineation and exhibition of personal character. He would, it is certain, find many persons whose principles, talents, and amiable dispositions, it were a,pleasure to recount, elucidate and record.

To treat of these only, would prove him partial, and offend the rest of the same party, reciprocally. But, what popular favourite could bear an examination of his political conduct for twenty years past? Suppose one, the least exceptionable, selected, his course retraced—his measures scrutinized—his motives developed—his tergiversations noted—his inconsistencies set in array against him—his pretensions, feints and deceptions, as by him played off upon the people themselves, shewn—and the general selfishness of his patriotism duly exposed: to most honest men who would examine the portrait, it would be repulsive. Whatthen must a faithful delineation of those be, who have not the ground work of a good moral character; and hardly a virtue with which to begin the picture? And yet, such there are. Consider what that history would be, which should collect and display the transactions of such men to public view. Not that I have attempted the task. On the contrary, deeming it expedient to decline personal history—since the prevalence of party feelings; although to the generality of the readers of the histories of other countries, peculiarly interesting and agreeable; and which might have been made entertaining in this; yet the defect is to be acknowledged in the history ofKentucky.

P if A's, I 'rave o.ug'ii a compensation—to myself, in the reflection that in /.-vidua''ieace, andcomnl-iccac- of mind, were left unmolested—and to the reader, that even the ' idnv of the #i»rkwas enhanced bv substiti ting the rtSMltS'f public lehbvration, tode nil- <f personal occurrences That, in f ct, til fairway of estimating the veal char.ictero! a Fwvk 'ioki, is by u' deniltiivli ig ih-ir constitution of governm nt the spirit of their.legislation-. Mid'ho gepius -if their erst while better part of history, lie ii irivinv *o t: '.<'. afairhful representation; rather than in retracing the, steps which led to them, farther than illustration^ demand.

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