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assessment notice, on which the unpaid assessment shall be delinquent, not less than thirty nor more than sixty days from the time of making the order levying the assessment; and a day for the sale of delinquent stock, not less than fifteen nor more than sixty days from the day the stock is declared delinquent.

Sec. 335. Upon the making of the order, the Secretary Notice of shall cause to be published a notice thereof, in the following form:



(Name of corporation in full. Location of principal place of business.) Notice is hereby given, that at a meeting of the directors, held on the (date), an assessment of (arnount) per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, payable (when, to whom, and where). Any stock upon which this assessment shall remain unpaid on the (day fixed), will be delinquent and advertised for sale at public auction, and, unless payment is made before, will be sold on the (day appointed), to pay the delinquent assessment, together with costs of advertising and expenses of sale.

(Signature of Secretary, with location of office.) Sec. 336. The notice must be personally served upon each Service and stockholder, or, in lieu of personal service, must be sent of notice. through the mail, addressed to each stockholder at his place of residence, if known, and if not known, at the place where the principal office of the corporation is situated, and be published once a week, for four successive weeks, in some newspaper of general circulation and devoted to the publication of general news, published at the place designated in the articles of incorporation as the principal place of business, and also in some newspaper published in the county in which the works of the corporation are situated, if a paper be published therein. If the works of the corporation are not within a State or Territory of the United States, publication in a paper of the place where they are situated is not necessary. If there be no newspaper published at the place designated as the principal place of business of the corporation, then the publication must be made in some other newspaper of the county, if there be one, and if there be none, then in a newspaper published in an adjoining county. (Amend

Delinquent notice.

ment, approved March 30, 1874; Amendments, 1873–4, 206; took effect July 1, 1874.)

SEC. 337. If any portion of the assessment mentioned in the notice remains unpaid on the day specified therein for declaring the stock delinquent, the Secretary must, unless otherwise ordered by the Board of Directors, cause to be published in the same papers in which the notice hereinbefore provided for shall have been published, a notice substantially in the following form:

(Name in full. Location of principal place of business.) Notice.—There is delinquent upon the following described stock, on account of assessment levied on the (date), and assessments levied previous thereto, if any), the several amounts set opposite the names of the respective shareholders, as follows: (Names, number of certificate, number of shares, amount.) And in accordance with law (and an order of the Board of Directors, made on the [date], if any such order shall have been made), so many shares of each parcel of such stock as may be necessary, will be sold at the (particular place), on the (date), at (the hour), of such day, to pay delinquent assessments thereon, together with costs of advertising and expenses of the sale.

(Name of Secretary, with location of office.) SEC. 338. The notice must specify every certificate of stock, the number of shares it represents, and the amount due thereon, except where certificates may not have been issued to parties entitled thereto, in which case the number of shares and amount due thereon, together with the fact that the certificates for such shares have not been issued, must be stated.

SEC. 339. The notice, when published in a daily paper, must be published for ten days, excluding Sundays and holidays, previous to the day of sale. When published in a weekly paper, it must be published in each issue for two weeks previous to the day of sale. The first publication of all delinquent sales must be at least fifteen days prior to the day of sale.

Sec. 340. By the publication of the notice, the corporation acquires jurisdiction to sell and convey a perfect title to all of the stock described in the notice of sale, upon which any portion of the assessment or costs of advertising remains

Contents of notice.

Publication of notice.

Jurisdiction acquired, how.


bidder to be


bidders, cor

may pur

unpaid at the hour appointed for the sale, but must sell no more of such stock than is necessary to pay the assessments due and costs of sale.

Sec. 341. On the day, at the place, and at the time sale to be by appointed in the notice of sale, the Secretary must, unless auction, otherwise ordered by the directors, sell or cause to be sold at public auction, to the highest bidder for cash, so many shares of each parcel of the described stocki as may be necessary to pay the assessment and charges thereon, according to the terms of sale; if payment is made before the time fixed for sale, the party paying is only required to pay the actual cost of advertising, in addition to the assessment.

Sec. 342. The person at such sale offering to pay the assess- Highest ment and costs for the smallest number of shares or fraction the purof a share is the highest bidder, and the stock purchased must be transferred to him on the stock books of the corporation, on payment of the assessment and costs.

SEC. 343. If, at the sale of stock, no bidder offers the In default of amount of the assessments and costs and charges due, the poration same may be bid in and purchased by the corporation, chase. through the Secretary, President, or any director thereof, at the amount of the assessments, costs, and charges due; and the amount of the assessments, costs, and charges must be credited as paid in full on the books of the corporation, and entry of the transfer of the stock to the corporation must be made on the books thereof. While the stock remains the property of the corporation it is not assessable, nor must any dividends be declared thereon; but all assessments and dividends must be apportioned upon the stock held by the stockholders of the corporation.

SEC. 344. All purchases of its own stock made by any Disposition corporation vest the legal title to the same in the corpora- chased by tion; and the stock so purchased is held subject to the control of the stockholders, who may make such disposition of the same as they deem fit, in accordance with the by-laws of the corporation or vote of a majority of all the remaining shares. Whenever any portion of the capital stock of a corporation is held by the corporation by purchase, a majority of the remaining shares is a majority of the stock for all purposes of election or voting on any question at a stockholders' meeting

of stock pur


Extension of time of


shall not be

recovery of stock and limitation thereof.

SEC. 345. The dates fixed in any notice of assessment or delinquent notice of delinquent sale, published according to the provis

ions hereof, may be extended from time to time for not more than thirty days, by order of the directors, entered on the records of the corporation; but no order extending the time for the performance of any act specified in any notice is effectual unless notice of such extension or postponement is appended to and published with the notice to which the

order relates, Assessments SEC. 346. No assessment is invalidated by a failure to invalidated. make publication of the notices hereinbefore provided for,

nor by the non-performance of any act required in order to enforce the payment of the same; but in case of any substantial error or omission in the course of proceedings for collection, all previous proceedings, except the levying of the assessment, are void, and publication must be begun

anew. Action for Sec. 347. No action must be sustained to recover stock

sold for delinquent assessments, upon the ground of irregularity in the assessment, irregularity or defect of the notice of sale, or defect or irregularity in the sale, unless the party seeking to maintain such action first pays or tenders to the corporation, or the party holding the stock sold, the sum for which the same was sold, together with all subsequent assessments which may have been paid thereon and interest on such sums from the time they were paid; and no such action must be sustained unless the same is commenced by the filing of a complaint and the issuing of a summons thereon

within six months after such sale was made. Publication, SEC. 348. The publication of notice required by this artihow proved,

cle may be proved by the affidavit of the printer, foreman, or principal clerk of the newspaper in which the same was published; and the affidavit of the Secretary or auctioneer is prima facie evidence of the time and place of sale, of the quantity and particular description of the stock sold, and to whom, and for what price, and of the fact of the purchase money being paid. The affidavits must be filed in the office of the corporation, and copies of the same, certified by the Secretary thereof, are prima facie evidence of the facts therein stated. Certificates signed by the Secretary and under the seal of the corporation are prima facie evidence of the



contents thereof. (Amendment, approved March 30, 1874; Amendments 1873–4, 207; took effect July 1, 1874.)

SEC. 349. On the day specified for declaring the stock Waiver of delinquent, or at any time subsequent thereto and before the to recover sale of the delinquent stock, the Board of Directors may elect to waive further proceedings under this chapter for the collection of delinquent assessments, or any part or portion thereof, and may elect to proceed by action to recover the amount of the assessment and the costs and expenses already incurred, or any part or portion thereof.





Powers of corpora

SECTION 354. Every corporation, as such, has power:

1. Of succession, by its corporate name, for the period lim- tions. ited; and when no period is limited, perpetually;

2. To sue and be sued, in any Court;

3. To make and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure;

4. To purchase, hold, and convey such real and personal estate as the purposes of the corporation may require, not exceeding the amount limited in this part;

5. To appoint such subordinate officers or agents as the business of the corporation may require, and to allow them suitable compensation;

6. To make by-laws, not inconsistent with any existing law, for the management of its property, the regulation of its affairs, and for the transfer of its stock;

7. To admit stockholders or members, and to sell their stock or shares for the payment of assessments or installments;

8. To enter into any obligations or contracts essential to the transaction of its ordinary affairs, or for the purposes of the corporation.

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