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good faith, a new obligation changing his position, in respect to the thing, to his prejudice.
SEC. 1827. If a thing deposited is owned jointly or in Delivery of common by persons who cannot agree upon the manner of jointly, etc. its delivery, the depositary may deliver to each his proper share thereof, if it can be done without injury to the thing.
DEPOSIT FOR KEEPING.
SECTION 1833. A depositor must indemnify the depositary: Depositor 1. For all damage caused to him by the defects or vices of indemnify the thing deposited; and,
2. For all expenses necessarily incurred by him about the thing, other than such as are involved in the nature of the undertaking.
as to use of
SEC. 1834. A depositary of living animals must provide obligation of them with suitable food and shelter, and treat them kindly. of animals. SEC. 1835. A depositary may not use the thing deposited, obligations or permit it to be used, for any purpose, without the consent thing deof the depositor. He may not, if it is purposely fastened by the depositor, open it without the consent of the latter, except in case of necessity.
SEC. 1836. A depositary is liable for any damage happen- Liability ing to the thing deposited, during his wrongful use thereof, arising from unless such damage must inevitably have happened though use. the property had not been thus used.
SEC. 1837. If a thing deposited is in actual danger of per- Sale of ishing before instructions can be obtained from the depositor, danger of the depositary may sell it for the best price obtainable, and retain the proceeds as a deposit, giving immediate notice of his proceedings to the depositor.
or loss of
SEC. 1838. If a thing is lost or injured during its deposit, Injury to, and the depositary refuses to inform the depositor of the cir- thing cumstances under which the loss or injury occurred, so far as he has information concerning them, or willfully misrep
Service rendered by
resents the circumstances to him, the depositary is presumed to have willfully, or by gross negligence, permitted the loss or injury to occur.
SEC. 1839. So far as any service is rendered by a deposdepositary itary, or required from him, his duties and liabilities are prescribed by the title on employment and service.
SEC. 1840. The liability of a depositary for negligence of depositary cannot exceed the amount which he is informed by the depositor, or has reason to suppose, the thing deposited to be worth. (Amendment, approved March 30, 1874; Amendments 1873-4, 244; took effect July 1, 1874.)
Gratuitous deposit, what.
Nature of involuntary deposit.
Degrees of care
His duties cease, when.
SECTION 1844. Gratuitous deposit is a deposit for which the depositary receives no consideration beyond the mere possession of the thing deposited.
SEC. 1845. An involuntary deposit is gratuitous, the depositary being entitled to no reward.
SEC. 1846. A gratuitous depositary must use, at least, slight care for the preservation of the thing deposited.
SEC. 1847. The duties of a gratuitous depositary cease: 1. Upon his restoring the thing deposited to its owner; or, 2. Upon his giving reasonable notice to the owner to remove it, and the owner failing to do so within a reasonable time. But an involuntary depositary, under subdivision two of section one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, cannot give such notice until the emergency which gave rise to the deposit is past.
Deposit for hire.
SECTION 1851. A deposit not gratuitous is called storage. The depositary in such case is called a depositary for hire. SEC. 1852. A depositary for hire must use at least ordirequired of nary care for the preservation of the thing deposited.
Degree of care
SEC. 1853. In the absence of a different agreement or usage, a depositary for hire is entitled to one week's hire for
fraction of a week, etc.
the sustenance and shelter of living animals during any frac- Rate of tion of a week, and to a half month's hire for the storage of tion for any other property during any fraction of a half month. SEC. 1854. In the absence of an agreement as to the length Termination of time during which a deposit is to continue, it may be terminated by the depositor at any time, and by the depositary upon reasonable notice.
SEC. 1855. Notwithstanding an agreement respecting the same. length of time during which a deposit is to continue, it may be terminated by the depositor on paying all that would become due to the depositary in case of the deposit so continuing.
CARRIAGE IN GENERAL.
SECTION 2085. The contract of carriage is a contract for
the conveyance of property, persons, or messages from one place to another.
SEC. 2086. Carriage is either:
1. Inland; or,
Different kinds of
SEC. 2087. Carriers upon the ocean and upon arms of the Marine and sea are marine carriers. All others are inland carriers.
inland carriers, what.
SEC. 2089. Carriers without reward are subject to the same obligations rules as employés without reward, except so far as is other- carriers. wise provided by this title.
SEC. 2090. A carrier without reward, who has begun to obligations perform his undertaking, must complete it in like manner carrier who as if he had received a reward, unless he restores the person to carry. or thing carried to as favorable a position as before he commenced the carriage.
Degree of care required.
CARRIAGE OF PERSONS.
GRATUITOUS CARRIAGE OF PERSONS.
SECTION 2096. A carrier of persons without reward must use ordinary care and diligence for their safe carriage.
General duties of carrier.
CARRIAGE FOR REWARD.
SECTION 2100. A carrier of persons for reward must use the utmost care and diligence for their safe carriage, must provide everything necessary for that purpose, and must exercise to that end a reasonable degree of skill.
SEC. 2101. A carrier of persons for reward is bound to provide vehicles safe and fit for the purposes to which they are put, and is not excused for default in this respect by any degree of care.
SEC. 2102. A carrier of persons for reward must not overhis vehicle. crowd or overload his vehicle.
Treatment of passengers.
speed and delays.
SEC. 2103. A carrier of persons for reward must give to passengers all such accommodations as are usual and reasonable, and must treat them with civility, and give them a reasonable degree of attention.
SEC. 2104. A carrier of persons for reward must travel at a reasonable rate of speed, and without any unreasonable delay, or deviation from his proper route.
CARRIAGE OF PROPERTY.
SECTION 2110. Property carried is called freight; the Freight, reward, if any, to be paid for its carriage is called freightage; etc., what. the person who delivers the freight to the carrier is called the consignor; and the person to whom it is to be delivered is called the consignee.
OBLIGATIONS OF THE CARRIER.
SECTION 2114. A carrier of property for reward must use Care and at least ordinary care and diligence in the performance of required of all his duties. A carrier without reward must use at least slight care and diligence.
SEC. 2115. A carrier must comply with the directions of Carrier to the consignor or consignee to the same extent that an em- tions. ployé is bound to comply with those of his employer. SEC. 2116. When the directions of a consignor and con- Conflict of signee are conflicting, the carrier must comply with those of the consignor in respect to all matters except the delivery of the freight, as to which he must comply with the directions of the consignee, unless the consignor has specially forbidden the carrier to receive orders from the consignee inconsistent with his own.
SEC. 2117. A marine carrier must not stow freight upon Stowage, deck during the voyage, except where it is usual to do so, nor make any improper deviation from or delay in the voyage, nor do any other unnecessary act which would avoid an insurance in the usual form upon the freight.
SEC. 2118. A carrier of property must deliver it to the Delivery consignee, at the place to which it is addressed, and in the manner usual at that place.
SEC. 2119. If there is no usage to the contrary at the place Place of of delivery, freight must be delivered as follows: