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guilty of such an outrageous act. A few days after w'rk and re-wrote bis history: the latier is thought this conversation, we met at Doctor Gordon's, (the to have been much less perfect than the original author of the history of the American Revolution), copy. The writer last alluded to says-1 who then lived at Roxbury. I introduced the sub. “If doctor Gordon was compelled to leave out of ject again, when Doctor Gordon spoke of Nesbit's his book some atrocious truths from dread of the conduct in the strongest terms of reprobation; and, pains and penalties of the British laws and customs, on being asked whether be had noticed the event he, on the other side, voluntarily left out some mat. in his history, he produced the manuscript, and read ters to the discredit of America, which things he to me a detail of that transaction, which, with the read to me from his manuscript, at his residence in observations and reflections connected with it, would Roxbury, I refer here particularly to the subject make three or four pages of his work.
of negro-elavery. He was also persuaded to soften In 1790 I embarked for England, wbere I was in. bis harsh picture of the illustrious Exempt." troduced to a relation of Doctor Gordon, of whom I inquired how the Doctor had succeeded in his his.
There are very few of the present generation, torr? He smiled and said, “It was not Doctor Gor.
who have any idea of the humiliations to which don's history!" On my requesting an explanation,
their ancestors were subjected, while under a co. he told me, that on the Doctor's arrival in England,
lonial government, from the contumely and insohe placed bis manuscript in the hands of an intelli- lence of upstart officers, who, in their own country, gent friend, on whom he could depend, who, (after bad been as servile as the spaniel, but on their arperusing it with care), declared that it was not rival here, aped the port and authority of the lion. suited to the meridian of England, consequently Not only humiliations, but other severe suffering! would never sell. The style was not agreeable--it and privations were endured by them, with pati. was too favourab!e to the Americans-above all, it ence and fortitude, and with a moral rectitude, was full of libels against some of the most respecta.
which would have done fionor to Greece or Ronie, ble characters in the British army and navy-and in their most virtuous days. that if he possessed a fortune equal to the duke of
After the battle of Lexington, the egress of Bedford's, he would not be able to pay the damages part of the inhabitants of Boston was prohibited that might be recovered against him, as the truth by a breach of faith on the part of Gen. Gage, and would not be allowed to be produced in evidence. those who were permitted to depart, were obliged The doctor had returned to his native country, and to obtain passports, as mentioned in my last com. expected to enjoy "otium cum dignitate.” Over munication. whelmed with mortification, and almost with de. It was not until the fifth of June that my fa. spair, he asked the advice of his friend; who recom-ther became determined to leave the town. On mended him to place the manuscript in the bands that day he directed me to make out a schedule of of a professional gentleman, that it might be new the family, agreeably to the rules instituted by modelled, and made agreeable to English readers; general Gage, and demand a pass of major Cain, of this was assented to by the doctor, and the history the army, who was empowered to perform that ser. which bears his name was compiled and written from vice. Such was the crowd of citizens, eagerly press. bis manuscript, by another hand!
ing to obtain passports, that it was not until seve. If any of our historical or antiquarian societies, ral hours of exertion that I was enabled to reach could obtain Gordon's original manuscript, it would the door of the major's apartment, and when it was be an invaluable document.
opened, I was so forcibly urged on by the crowd be. On hearing the foregoing narration, I had the cu. hind, that, on entering the chamber, I lost my bariosity to look into Gordon's history to learn what lance, which caused me to rush violently into the the "professional gentleman” bad said of col. Nesbit room, and though be must have perceived that the and bis exploits, when,to my surprise, I found he had act was involuntary, yet he had the brutality to exdevoted only a few lines to that subject, vol. 1, claim (in broad Scotch) "hoot, hoot mon! are you Page 307, American edition. The whole of this going to murder me?” I was obliged to bear this statement evinces that all histories published in insolence in silence, though my countenance must England, in which that country is concerned, cannot have exhibited marks of indignation, and I walked contain the whole truth.
to a window which looked into the court yard, [Another writer agrees generally in the fact, as to where my feelings were still more excited by a certain alterations in Gordon's history—but states view of my fellow citizens, wbo, with countenances that the author, indignant at the purgation, went to almost bordering on despair, were waiting a favor.
able moment to obtain admission. The first refleco scowling eyes, be said with great asperity. "Your tion wbicb presented itself to my mind was, what father, young man, is a damn'd rebel, and cannot be acmust be the indignation of our king, if he knew commodated with a pass." Not at all intimidated by how his faithful, loyal, and affectionate subjects, his brutality, I asserted with much vehemence, that were abused, insulted, and driven into acts of reluct. my father was no rebel, that be adored the illustrio ant resistance. Which brought to my recollection sous bouse of Hanover, and had fought for good king a part of Warren's oration, on the preceding 5th George the 2d, in forty-five. Whether it was, that of March, in which he observes, that “The royal be bimself had been a real rebel in Scotland, in 1745, ear, far distant from this western world, has been as. or whether my mentioning that number reminded assulted by the longue of slander, and villains, trai. bim of Wilkes' North Briton No. 45, a paper pub. Sorous alike to king and country, have prevailed up lished in London, and peculiarly obnoxious to the on a gracious prince to clothe his countenance with Scotch-or whether he thought my expression of wrath.” Even then a reconciliation was fondly hop- the house of Hanover, was intended as an insinua. ed for by many of the most strenuous assertors of tion against his own loyalty, (which it really was), the rights of the colonies, although blood had been-whatever may have been the cause of his irrita. shed at Lexington; and even after the battle of tion-the moment I had finished speaking he rose Bunker's Hill, the congress presented an humble from his chair, and with a countenance foaming with petition to the king, and an affectionate address to rage, he ordered me out of the room with abusive lan. their fellow subjects in England, in wbich, (with guage. The centinel at the door had an English much feeling), they say, “We have not yet learnt countenance, and, with appareot sympathy, very cito rejoice at a victory oblained over Englishmen," and villy opened it for my departure, wbich I made bumbly entreated that their grievances might be without turning my back on my adversary. redressed. Ardent hopes were entertained that On inquiry it was afterwards ascertained, that these conciliatory and loyal measures, would in- what constituted the crime of my father and caused duce the king to change his ministers, and take to him to be denominated a rebel, was bis having been his councils a Chatham, a Cambden, and a Rocking. a member of the Whig club! ham. Most fortunately, however, for the eventual The Whig club, in consequence of the perturbed prosperity and happiness of America, they pursued state of the times, had not assembled or met for their mad schemes of burning our towns, hiring more than a year. The gentlemen that had comthe savages of the wilderness and foreign merce. posed it, were James Otis, Dr. Warren, Dr. Church, naries, to spread death and desolation through the Dr. Young, Richard Derby, of Salem, Benjamin Kent, land, which finally weaned us from our fond at. Nathaniel Barber, William Mackay, col. Bigelow, of tachments to an ungrateful and cruel mother, and, Worcester, and about half a dozen more. Through on the glorious 4th of July, 1776, we passed the the instrumentality of my father, I was sometimes Rubicon!!-Never! never! never! to return again admitted to hear their deliberations. There was under her subjection, but to establish a government always at each meeting, a speech or dissertation by of our own, founded on the principles of justice one of the members, on the principles of civil liber. and equal laws, the influence of whose example, we ty, and the British constitution. They professed hope, will eventually emancipate the world from loyalty to the king, but were in violent opposition to tyranny and despotism. America! recollect the the encroachments of the parliament, and their disawful and solemn responsibility which reposes on cussions tended to a consideration of what would be your conduct.
the duty of Americans if those encroachments were "Contemplate well; and if perchance thy bome
continued. For this purpose they corresponded "Salute thee with a father's honored name,
with some society in London, the name of which I "Go call thy sons-instruct them what a DEBT
have forgotton, (probably the Revolution society). *They owe their ancestors, and make them swear "To pay it, by transmitting down intire
Among the names of their correspondents I recollect "Those sacred rights, to which themselves were born." Wilkes, Saville, Barre and Suwbridge. A few years But to return to the object of my communication previous to the revolution, they sent the London after waiting nearly an hour the major accosted me society two green turtle, one of which weighed 45 with, "Well, young man, what do you wanı?” I hand, and the other 92 pounds. Those who are acquainted him a schedule of my father's family, including ed with the history of those times, will easily underthat of his sister's (the widow of a clergyman). He stand to what those numbers alluded. On their arexamined a small book which contained what the to- rival in London, a grand dinner was prepared, a! ries called the "black list,” when slowly raising his which col. Barre presided, and among other distin.
guished guests I recollect hearing the names of earl nies. Let the king ask of us our aid, and we will grant Temple, lord Cambden, and the lord mayor; and more than he will demand; but we will not be drove,' among the toasts, "The Whig club of Boston,” and we will not be taxed by the parliament.' “The ninety-1700 patriots of Massachusetts Bay," were
Had the government of Great Britain been as condrank with three times three cheers.
ciliatory to Americans, as the bonest good bearted About the time of the burning the British govern. Montague was to the collier, we should probably ment schooner Gaspee, at Newport, a few years pre. now be subjects of George IVth!--"The ways of vious to the revolution, admiral Montague, who then beaven are dark and intricate.”—We should still be commanded the ships of war at Boston, took several servile dependants. We should not have a beauti. of his officers and proceeded to Newport, to make ful star-spangled banner, peeping into every port personal inquiry into the affair. On his return to in the world, in pursuit of enterprize and wealth.Boston, not far from Dedham, a charcoal cart ob. We should not now have merchants whose capital structed the passage of the coach, when the coach. in trade is equal to that of a province, and making man, feeling much consequence from his exalted magnificent presents in support of literature and station, in driving a British admiral, and knowing science that would do honor to prioces. Let Amer that bis master was to dine that day with Mr. B.call. ricans be thankful for these mercies, and a thousand ed, in an insolent manner, to the collier to turn out others and study to appreciate them. and make way for admiral Montague!-- who, (not at all intimidated by the splendid equipage, imposing Tea-There have been some doubts concerning manner, and rich livery of the knight of the whip,) the destruction of the tea on the 16th of Decem. replied that he was in the king's high way, and that ber, 1773. The number of the ships, and the place he should not "turn out for any one but the king where they were situated is not quite certain.- One himself, and thanked fortune that he had the law to gentleman, now living, over 70 years of age, thinks support him. The admiral finding an altercation they were at Hubbard's wbarf, as it was then called, had taken place, on discovering the cause, told his about half way between Griffin's (now Liverpool) coachman to get down and give the fellow a thrash, and Foster's wharf, and that the number of ships ing, but the coachman did not seem disposed to was four or five. Another gentleman, who is 75 obey his commander. One of the officers in the years of age, and who was one of the guard detachcoach, a large athletic man, alighted, reproached the ed from the new grenadier company, says that he coachman with being a coward, and was proceeding spent the night, but one, before the destruction of to take vengeance of the coal driver, who, perceiv. the tea, in company with gen. Knox, then a private ing so potent an adversary advancing, drew from bis in that company, on board of one of the tea ships; cart a stake, to use as a weapon of defence, and plac- that this ship lay on the south side of Russell's ing bimself between bis oxen, in an attitude of de. wharf; and that there were two more on the north fence, he exclaimed Well, I vow, if I must, darn side of the same wharf, and he thinks one or two at mne! but I'll tarnish your laced jacket if you don't Griffin's wharf. A gentleman now living, who came keep off.'-By this time the admiral and the other from England in one of the tea ships, thinks there officers had left the coach, and finding that no lau. were but two, but be is uncertain where they lay. rels were to be obtained in such a contest, he made a song, written soon after the time, tells of "Three a conciliatory proposition, and condescended to ask ill-fated ships at Griffin's wharf.” The whole evi. that as a fuvor, which he had ordered his coachman dence seems to result in this, there were three ships to obtain by force.-'Ah! now said the collier, you but whether at Russell's or Griffin's wharf, or one behave like a gentleman, as you appear, and if you or more at each, is not certain. The number of had been as civil at first, I vow I would have driven chests destroyed was, according to the news.papers over the stone wall to oblige, you-But I won't be of the time, 342. There was a body meeting on drove; I vor I won':--The coal driver made way, this 16th of December, 1773. This matter of the and the admiral passed on.
-When he tea was the occasion of the meeting. The meeting arrived at Mr. B's he related the occurrence with began at Fanueil Hall, but that place not being much good humour, and appeared much gratified large enough it was adjourned to the Old Soutb, with the spirit and independence of the man. Mr. and even that place could not contain all who came. B. assured the admiral, that the collier had exhi. Jonathan Williams was moderator. Among tbe biled a true character of the American people, and spectators, was John Rowe, who lived in Pond that the story he had then related was an epitome street where Mr. Prescott now lives; among other of the dispute between Great Britain and her colo. I things, he said, "Who knows how tea will mingle with salt water"--and this suggestion was receivo) it together, a number of patriotic gentlemen gare ed with great applause. Governor Hutchinson was their bonds to the amount of about two hundred at this time at the house on Milton hill where Bar. and sixty thousand pounds, in gold and silver, for ney Smith, esqr. lives. A committee was sent from procuring them. The provisions were providedthe meeting, to request him to order the ships to the army was kept together, and our independence depart.-While they were gone, speeches were was finally achieved. The amount of the bonds was made, for the purpose of keeping the people toge- never called for, but it is well to keep in remember. ther. The committee returned about sun set with ance the names of those who in the times that tried his answer, that he could not interfere. At this men's souls, stepped forward and pledged their all moment the Indian yell was heard from the sireet. towards the support of those who were cor.tending Mr. Samuel Adams cried out, that it was a trick for our liberty. The following is a list of some of of their enemies to disturb their meeting, and reo their names, with the sums respectively subscribed quested the people to keep their places--but the by them. people rushed out, and accompanied the Indians to Robert Morris 110000 Abraham Bickley (2000 the ships. The number of persons disguised B. M'Clennaghan 10000 Robert Bass 2000
A. Bunner & Co. 6000 Owen Biddle 2000 as Indians is variously stated-none put it lower Tench Francis 5500 John Gibson 2000 than 60, none higher than 80. It is said by per James W lson 5000 Charles Petit 200
2000 sons who were present, that nothing was destroyed William Bingham 5000 John Mitchell
Richard l'eters 5000 Robert Knox 2000 but tea and this was not done with noise and tu. Samuel Meredith 5000 Jolin Builock 2000 mult, little or nothing being said either by the James Mease 5000. Joseph Ried 2000 agents or the multitude,-who looked on. The im- Thomas Barclay 5000 Francis Gurney 2000
Samuel Morris, jr. 5000 George Campbell 2000 pression was that of solemnity, rather than of riot R bert L. H.oper 5000 John Wharton 2000 and confusion.—The destruction was effected by Hugh Shield 5000
Basi Rush 2000
5000 Thomas Lawrence 2000 the disguised persons, and some young men who Philip Moore
Matthew Irwin 5000 Joseph Bieiver 2000 volunteered; one of the latter collected the tea which Thomas Irwin 5000 William Hall 2000 fell into the shoes of himself and companions, and John Benzet 5000 John Patton 2000 put it into a phial and sealed it up;-which phial is
$000 Benjamin Fuller 2008
John Morgan 5000 Meade & Fitzsimnow in his possession,-containing the same tea.-Thomas Willing 5000
2000 The contrivers of this measure and those who carried Samuel Powell 5000 Andrew Hodge 200€ it into effect, will never be known; some few per. Robert Bridges
John Nixon 5000 | Henry Keppele 2000
5000 Francis C. Hasseasons have been mentioned as being among the dis- John Dunlap 4000 clever
2000 guised; but there are many and obvious reasons why Michael Hillegas 4000 Isaac Melcher 2000
William Coates 4000 John Scbaffer 2000 secrecy tben, and concealment since, were necessa. E venuel E;re 4000 | Alexander Tod 2000 ry. None of those persons who were confidently said James Bodden 4000 | John Purviance 2009 to have been of the party, (except some who were Jobn Mease 4000 John Wilcocks 2000
Joseph Carson 4000 then minors or very young men), have ever admit. Thomas Leiper
Samuel Inglis 2008
4000 Jonathan Penrose 2009 ted that they were so. The person who appeared Kean & Nichols 4000 | Nathaniel Falkner 2000 to know more than any one, I ever spoke with, re.
Samuel Morris 3000 James Caldwell 2000
Isaac Moses 3000 Gerardus Clarkson 2000 fused to mention names. Mr. Samuel Adams is Charles Thompson 3000 John Sbee
1000 thought to bave been in the counselling of this ex. John Pringle 3000 Samuel Caldwell 1000
Samuel Miles 3000 ploit, and many other men who were leaders in the
Cadwalader Morris 2500 William Turnbull 1000 political affairs of the times;—and the hall of coun. Matthew Clarkson 2500 B. Davis jr. 1000 cil is said to have been in the back room of Edes Thomas M'Kean 2000 Sharp Delany
John Donaldson 2000 and Gill's printing office, at the corner of the ally John Steinmetz
2000 Peter Whitesides 1000 leading to Battle street church from court street. Benj. Randolph
2000 Andrew Robeson 100% There are very few alive now, who helped to empty the chests of tea, and these few will pro. ARMS OF THE UNITED STATES. bably be as prudent as those who bave gone before Although the study of heraldry may not be very them.
amusing to our readers, yet as the eagle with extended wings, grasping the arms of war and the olive
of peace, is constantly presented to our eyes, in At a critical period of the revolutionary war, some way or other, it may not be uninteresting 1 when there was great danger of the dissolution of give a history and an explanation of the arms of our the American army, for want of provisions to keep country.
YROM THE PITTSBURG STATESMAX.
In June, 1782, when congress were about to form The pyramid on the reverse, signifies strength and an armorial device for a seal for the union, Charles devotion; its unfinished state refers to the infancy Thompson, esq. then secretary, with the honorable of the American government. The eye over it, and Dr. Arthur Lee and E. Boudinot, members of con. the motto, “Annuit captis," "he sanctions our gress, called on Mr. William Barton, and consulted endeavours," allude to the many and single interpohim on the occasion. The great seal, for which Mr. sitions of Providence in favor of the American cause. Barton furnished these gentlemen with devices, was
[ Nat. Recorder.) adopted by congress on the 26th of June, 1782. The device is as follows:
DOCTOR FRANKLIN. Arms—Paleways of thirteen pieces, argent,* gules,
The author of the "Systeme de La Nature" saysa chief azure, the escutcheon on the breast of the "Wliat imports it to me, that Mauper ujs is a good American eagle, displayed, proper, holding in bis geometrician, if he be a despotic and merciless predexter talon an olive branch, and in bis sinister asident, and if I be obliged to live in his domain or bunch of thirteen arrows, all proper; and in his beak his academy? A beneficent man is, in my opinion, a scroll, with the motto “E pluribus unum.”
much more estinable, than a being who is learned, The cress-Over the head of the eagle, which ap- but cruel.”—Mirabeau the Eller. Not so with our pears above the escutcheon, a glory, or, breaking Dr. Franklin-for, “Whatever he writes, his fellow through a cloud proper, and surrounding stars, form- citizens read with eagerness, delight and pleasure ing a constellation, argent, on an azure field.
and whatever he performs the civilized part of the Reverse ~ pyramid unfinished.
world approves."— Targıl to Dr. Price. In the zenith an eye in a triangle, surrounded From among "the political, triscellaneous, and with a glory. Over the eye these words, "Annuit philosophical pieces of Dr. Franklin, printed in Loncaplis."
don, 1779, p. 297," is extracted the following, and Remarks and erplanations--The escutcheon is placed at your service.
Civis. composed of the chief and pale, the two most ho. “At the conclusion of the peace of 1762, when norable ordinaries. The thirteen pieces pale, repre certain projectors advised the English ministers to sent the several states in the union, all joined in one leave the French in possession of Canada, in order solid compact entire, supporting a chief which that they might check the too rapid increase of the unites the whole, and represents congress. The English colonies, the celebrated doctor Franklin obmotto alludes to the union.
served 'It is a modest, word, this CHECK, for mas. The pales in the arms are kept closely united by sacreing men, women, and children; and for all the ibe chief, and the chief depends on that union, and other horrors of Indian warfare.” It was being very the strength resulting from it, for its support, to de. far-sighted indeed, to feel so soon the necessity of note the confederacy of the states, and the preser. checking the excessive population of the then Eng. ration of the union, through congress.
lish colonies. •But,'continues this truly great man, The colours of the pales are those used in the flag with that Socratic simplicity which is the peculiar of the United States of America. White signifies characteristic of his writings, 'If it be, after all, purity and innocence; red, hardiness and valor; and thought necessary to check the growth of our coloblue, the colour of the chief, signifies vigilance, per. 'nies, give me leave to propose a method less cruel. severance and justice. The olive branch and arrows 'It is a method of which we have an example in the denote the power of peace and war, which is esclu. 'scripture. The murder of husbands, of wives, of sively vested in congress.
'brothers, sisters and children, whose pleasing socieThe cresi, or constellation, denotes a new state 'ty has been for some time enjoyed, affects deeply taking its place and rank among other foreign the respective surviving relations: but grief for the powers.
'lo99 of a child just born is short, and easily sup. The escutcheon, borne on the breast of an Ameri. 'ported. The method I mean is, that wbich was can eagle, without any other supporters, denotes
dictated by the Egyptian policy, when the infinite that the U. States ought to rely on t'eir own virtue increase of the children of Israel was apprehended as
•dungerous to the state; and PHARAOH said unto his *1:1 beraldry, argent signifies white, gules red, and azure blue; where these colors cannoi be em: 'priests, behold the people of the children of Israel are blazoned, they are represented on seals, &c. as fol- 'more anı mightier than we; come on, let us deal wisely lows: Argeni, by a perfect blank: red by perpen with them, lest they multiply, und it come to pass that dicular, and azure by horizontal lines. The chief in our arns, o'i the horizontal lines in the upper 'zohen there falleth oul any war, they join also unto our quarter of the escutcheon, or eagle's breast. enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up our