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IMPORTS OF IRON INTO THE PORT OF NEW YORK IN 1851.
A STATEMENT OF THE IMPORT OF VARIOUS KINDS OF IRON INTO THE PORT OF NEW YORK IN EACH MONTU DURING YEAR ENDING DECEMDER 81, 1851.
Sheets and plates. Hoops and rods.

Bars.
Railroad iron.

Pig Iron.

Rus, Sw. & Nor. Iron. Total each month,
Tons." cwt. qr. Ibs. Tons. cwt.qr. Ibs. Tons. cwt. gr. Ibs. Tous.cwt.qr. Ibs.

Tons. cwt. qr.

Ibs. Tons. cwl. gr. lbs. Tons. cwt.qr. Ibs.
January..

511 2 3 10 354 00 21 2,278 6 0 2 772 01 18 3,247 10 0 0 1,495 0 2 14 8,658 00
February..

650 17 2 1 422 71 5 2,555 12 1 4 1,133 19 1 1 883 0 0 0 118 13 1 18 5,764 93 1 March.

512 19 1 14 919 1 0 13 5,279 61 6 3,922 11 14 3,815 00 0 1,191 88 24 15,639 17 0 14

First quarter......

1,674 19 2 25 1,795 8 2 11 10,113 4 2 11

5,828 10 6

7,945 10 0 0

2,805 3 0 0

30,062 6 3 24

April
May
June..

1,079 10 2 6 814 12 1 0
1,332 41 26 1,407 9 3 12
1,072 71 19 977 7 3 14

6,157 4 0 20
5,999 17 1 20
4,441 01 1

5,667 10 2 3 3,774 500
17,097 18 3 18 7,546 4 2 7
11,415 4 3 15 6,080 16 0 0
34,180 14 1 8 17,401 527
40,008 15 1 13 25,346 15 2 7

368 51 5
1,296 17 1 26
628 10 1 16

17,861 7 3 6
34,680 12 2 25
24,605 6 3 8

Second quarter.....
First 6 months

3,484 2 1 22 3,299 9 3 26 16,588 1 3 13
5,159 2 0 19 5,094 18 2 9 26,701 6 1 24

2,293 13 0 19 77,861 71 11 5,098 16 0 19 107,209 14 1 7

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Total in 1851..
Total in 1850..

10,616 4 0 22 9,530 14 0 6 47,269 14 2 12 141,230 16 2 25 50,983 3 1 25 14,550 11 1 20 273,981 3 9 18 9,575 19 1 23 3,618 11 2 26 50,919 12 3 2 70,032 14 1 25 38,951 15 2 2 12,993 1 3 18 186,091 15 2 20

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THE CHEESE TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES. The Cincinnati Price Current, in accordance with its custom, gives a brief review of the cheese trade for the season of 1851-52, from which we derive the subjoined statements. The following table shows the monthly average price for good merchantable Western Reserve Cheese in the months of each year, from 1848 to 1852 '48-9. '49-50. '50-1. '51-2.

'48-9. '49-50. '50-1. '51.2. April .cts. 87 68 61 67 November... 64 5% 6} 64 May.

61
64 54 6+ December.... 64 6

64 June 6 6 January.. 6$ 67

64 Suly 54 6} February

7

64 August... 54

67 March ..
65 74

7 September .. 54 67 6 61 Yearly av... 63 65 October..... 6 6} 6 67

It is seen the average prices for the past season are better than for either of the three preceding years.

The receipts at the port of Cincinnati during the last five years ending March 31, were, in boxes, as follows:

1847-8. 1848–9. 1848–50. 1850-1. 1851-2.

139,878 152,373 124,755 189,494 253,844 Estimating the average weight of boxes at 35 pounds, and the amount received would be as follows in pounds :

1847-8. 1848-9. 1849-50. 1850-1. 1851-2. 4,895,730 5,333,055 4,466,425 6,622,180 8,884,540 Thus, it is seen, the receipts since 1847-8 have increased very nearly 100 per cent.

With regard to the future of this trade, we may say there is every prospect that the increase for years to come will be even more rapid iban beretofore, and it is very safe, we think, to predict that in ten years, i. e., in 1861-2, the receipts at this port will be 30,000,000 pounds, which amount is 13,000,000 less than the present yearly receipts at the port of New York,

Cincinnati is the distributing point for a vast extent of territory, where the consumption of cheese is rapidly increasing. The following States are now supplied, in a great measure, from this point; namely, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, and Texas, besides a portion of Obio. The free population of these States, according to the last census, was about eight millions, leaving twelve millions for the remainder of the United States. Now let us see by whom the cheese is produced. The amount of cheese produced by each State during the year ending June 30, 1850, was as follows: Maine.... ..lbs. 2,201,195 Alabama..

. lbs. 30,423 New Hampshire. 3,196,568 Mississippi...

20,314 Vermont.... 6,755,006 Louisiana ...

1,148 Massachuset's. 7,124,461 Texas.

92,018 Rhode Island 296,748 Arkansas.

28,440 Connecticut. 4,513,019 Tennessee..

179,577 New York. 49,785,905 Kentucky.

228,744 New Jersey 500,819 Michigan.

1,042,551 Pennsylvania... 2,395,279 Ohio..

21,350,478 Delaware.. 3,187 Indiana.

666,986 Maryland... 3,925 Illinois.

1,283,858 District of Columbia.. none. Missouri.

201,597 Virginia.... 434,850 Iowa..

198,444 North Carolina.

95,043 Wisconsin.... South Carolina.

4,810 Florida.. 18,324 Total....

35,765,539 Georgia.

40,391 Total.......

77,375,527 Thus, it is seen, the States containing a population of about twelve millions produce over seventy-seven million pounds of cheese annually, while the Western and

440,961

Southern States, with a free population of eight millions, produce only thirty-five million pounds. Of the former, New York produces forty nine million, and of the latter, Ohio produces twenty-one million. The Southern States produce a very small quantity in proportion to their population, and as it is not now, nor is not likely to become a profitable business in those States, the consumptive demand must be supplied from Ohio, and hence we may look for a steady increase in the trade at this point, Cincinnati being, as already remarked, the distributing market for the South and West, and as railroads are extended, the area of country supplied from this place will increase. Before many years elapse, North and South Carolina and Georgia will be connected by railroads with Cincinnati, and, indeed, already the merchants of that city are receiving orders from Georgia, the Chattanooga Railroad having connected some portions of that State with the western rivers.

When the statistics of this trade in the United States are fully considered in connection with the facts presented, our prediction that the yearly trade at the port of Cincinnati will in ten years have increased to thirty million pounds, will not be regarded as too large an estimate. This increase would be greatly less than that experienced in New York. The receipts at that port in 1834 were 6,340,000 pounds; in 1844, 29,672,000; and in 1850, 43,097,000.

COMMERCE OF SWEDEN. The following table of the Commerce of Sweden during the year 1850, is derived from official tables just published. It will be seen from this table that Sweden imports more from Brazil than any other country, and that her exports to Great Britain and Ireland are double what they are to any other country. The trade of Sweden with the United States, in exports and imports, amounts to Rd. bko. 4,157,000.

Imported. Exported. Norway.

..Rd. bko. 2,317,000 778,000 Finland

422,000

691,000 Russia...

1,698,000 272,000 Denmark.

1,733,000 3,673,000 Prussia

451,000 1,374,000 Mecklenburg.

51,000 452,000 Lubeck

4,083,000 1,313,000 Hamburg.

647,000 111,000 Bremen

243,000 186,000 Hanover and Oldenburg

1,000

89,000 Netherlands.

561,000 468,000 Belgiom..

74,000 266,000 Great Britain and Ireland..

3,332,000 7,741,000 France..

479,000 2,074,090 Spain...

245,000 342,000 Portugal

153,000 839,000 Gibraltar and Malta.

52,000 Italy

162,000 248,000 Austria

82,000 Egypt

11,000 Algiers

298,000 Rest of North Africa

5,000 United States..

1,639,000 2,518,000 West Indies

161,000

4,330,000 299,000 Plata States, rest of North and South America.

31,000 Cape of Good Hope ......

131,000 East Indies and Australia.

1,215,000 211,000 Total Bho. Rd......

23,987,000 24,505,000 The import of coffee was, in 1841, 5,300,000 lbs.; in 1860, it was about 8,000,000 lbs. Raw sugar was imported in 1811 in the quantity of 14,500,000 lbs.; in 1850, it reached 25,000,000 lbs." Arrac, rum, and cognac, in 1846, 290,000 cans; in 1850,

The commercial fleet consisted, in 1840, of 2,171 vessels, of 175,558 tons ; in 1850, of

Brazil....

390,000 cans.

2,744 vessels, of 225,966 tons. The merchant fleet of Stockholm decreases annually, while that of Gothenburg and Gefle increases rapidly. In 1850, 841 vessels were engaged in foreign trade, with a burden of 141,746 tons, their crews amounted to 1,283 officers, and 8,050 men, an increase, since 1840, of 283 officers and 1,106 men.

The Navigation act was used in Sweden in 1850 by 7 English ships, of 2,522 tons; in England, by 112 Swedish vessels, of 26,032 tons.

MARINE DISASTERS ON THE NORTHERN LAKES. John C. DODGE, Esq., agent for the New York Board of Underwriters, has sent us 'a tabular statement of marine disasters, losses to vessels, &c., on the Northern Lakes in 1851, and also a comparative statement for the years 1848 to 1851, inclusive, a summary of which we here subjoin :

LOSS OF LIFE, DAMAGE TO VESSELS, ETC., IN 1851.
Loss of Damage to vessels.

Damage to cargoes.
Date.

life.
English. U. Slates.
English, U, States.

Total. March..

$350

$350 April.

10 $30,300 30,770 $1,350 $5,000 67,420 May 16 3,000 47,580

24,350 74,930 June..

500 11,300

1,500 14,350 27,450 July

1
2,500 19,750

1,500 8,650 32,400 August

1
400 12,570

8,200

21,170 September

2 9,000 25,650 10,000 4,350 49,000 October .....a 39 12,000 70,350

6,000 92,600 180,950 November

1
3,800 75,000

1,500 102,350 182,650 December.... 5 500 73,100 1,000

4,000 78,600 75 $62,000 $366,420 $22,850 $263,650 $714,920 Tot’l dam'e to Eng. cargoes 22,850 Tot'l dam'e to Amer. ves'ls 366,420 $84,850

$630,070 GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATEMENT.

Grand 1848. 1819. 1850. 1851.

Total. Loss of life....

40 46 430

75

591 Loss to American vessels

$230,963 $189,750 $397,580 $366,420 $1,184,713 Loss to American cargoes.

106,700 161,250 114,850 263,650 646,450 Loss to English vessels 31,600 11,000 26,700 62,000

131,300 Loss to English cargoes.

23,000 6,500 2,500 22,850 54,850 Grand totals

$392,263 $368,500 $541,630 $714,920 $2,017,313

TIMBER TRADE OF QUEBEC. The timber forming this trade consists of white pine, red pine, oak, elm, tamarac and spruce. White pine forms three-fourths of all the timber received at Quebec. The aggregate amount of all kinds, in cubic feet, exported from there to Great Britain, for two seasons, has been as follows: 1850. 1851.

Increase.
22,128,203
23,951,393

1,823,195 The vast amount of commerce made by this amount of timber, with the staves, sawed lumber, and articles of produce exported from Quebec, is indicated by the arrivals at that port. The arrivals by sea at Quebec have been, for two seasons, as follows 1850.

1851.

Increase.
Ships.
Tonnage. Ships.

Tonnage.
Ships.

Tonnage. 1,078 536,379 1,185 505,024 107

68,655

COMMERCE OF CEYLON.

STATEMENT SHOWING THE VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS INTO AND FRON THE ISLAND

OF CEYLON, ALSO THE TOTAL REVENUE DERIVED THEREFROM IN THE SHAPE OF CUSTOM
DUTIES, TOGETHER WITH THE NUMBER OF VESSELS WHICH ENTERED INWARDS AND
CLEARED OUTWARDS.
Vessels Vessels

Total

Value of Value of Year. inward. outward.

revenue.

imports. exports, Tons. Tons.

£ 1836 .....

71,232 68,483 140,106 411,167 308,703 1837

81,345 83,563 187,564 595,888 326,860 1838..

96,292 95,667 107,538 547,501 293,315 1839

105,838 100,166 134,010 661,920 375,608 1840.

103,005 104,015 116,943 733,513 409,947 1841

109,606 109,187 110,250 679,070 368,383 1842.

130,327 124,692 192,745 794,758 463,445 1843

140,853 139,622 125,700 1,034,631 421,083 1844.

169,128 162,953 155,096 1,867,504 582,367 1845.

196,364 189,815 148,519 1,494,824 583,100 1846.

211,946 212,424 141,771 1,372,701 679,286 1847.

228.738 228,998 150,326 1,421,737 961,119 1848.

229,155 233,842 119,365 1,235,443 1,448,901 1849....

234,135 232,836 119,192 1,367,549 1,206,149 1850......

242,264 248,398 129,457 1,488,678 1,246,956 STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPORTS OF THE PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF COLONIAL PRODUCE

DURING THE LAST FIFTEEN YEARS.

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NAVIGATION OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE UNITED KINGDOM. The following table will show the amount of tonnage which entered the ports of Great Britain and the United States for nine years :UNITED STATES.

GREAT BRITAIN.
American. Foreign. Total.

British. Foreign. Total 1842..... 1,510,111 732,755 2,242,886 1,680,838 974,769 2,655,607 1843.. 1,113,523 531,752 1,648,275 2,919,528 1,005,894 3,925,422 1644. 1,977,438 916,992 2,894,430 3,087,437 1,143,896 4,231,333 1845.

2,035,486 910,563 2,946,049 3,689,853 1,353,735 4,043,588 1846. 2,221,028 969,178 3,189,206 3,022,808 1,407,963 4,430,771 1847.

2,101,858 1,120,346 3,221,704 4,238,056 1,552,096 4,790,152 1848. 2,393,402 1,406,191 3,798,693 4,020,415 1,519,046 4,539,461 1849. 2,658,321 1,710,515 3,368,836 4,390,375 1,680,894 5,071,269

2,573,016 1,779,623 3,362,639 4,070,544 2,055,152 6,125,696 1851.....

3,054,349 1,939,091 4,993,440 4,388,245 2,599,988 6,988,243

1850.....

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