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Liquor, we all know, is hurtful—if, then, I weakened its strength, by adding a portion of that delightful beverage appropriated for the use of the whole human family, and made it less powerful for evil, I was undoubtedly entitled to commendation rather than abuse. At all events I put cash into my pocket by the operation, and received their curses in a philosophical spirit, that could not have been excelled by Socrates himself. So with coffee and tea—the first was half rocks, and the last almost entirely composed of sloe leaves. You cannot conceive how I was vilified—but what of that? I was making money like dust-folks knew it, and I was outwardly respected accordingly. I was a rising man then, and I have been rising ever since.
You must Skin in self-defence. There are but two classes in the world--the Skinther and the Skinned. The former are wise men; the latter are fools. If you do not skin, you must assuredly be skinned—so you can make your choice. Pay no attention to derogatory remarks, but skin on.
We are no worse than the majority of business men. There is trickery in all trades and professions. Each is trying with might and main to get the advantage of the other. The lawyer, the doctor, the merchant, the workman—all are on an equality. Some ignorant people may call it swindling—but, poor souls! they know no better, and deserve to be bitten for their egregious ignorance. They learn soon that the only way to keep from being bitten to death, is to bite back. They make your sharpest biters, those who have been well torn. They bite all mankind for what they think is an injury inflicted on them by one. A dog blessed with the hydrophobia is not a circumstance with them!
It is perfectly safe, if you manage right. Your eye-teeth must be cut before you Fenture out into deep water. As for conscience, as I before intimated, no business man can keep one and succeed in the world. It is nothing but a dead weight, always holding him back, when it is evidently his interest to go forward. If you have not already come to the conclusion to discard it, I must beg you to do so, by all means. No merchant, with a conscience, ever gets fat—no such a one ever sleeps well of nights. I assert with perfect truth, when I say that I never feel better than when I have just gode through with a skinning operation. My spirits are revived, and I number my gains with a joyousness utterly astonishing to weak nerves.
Do not boggle at what some call lying. Men are born liars.” Lie with emphasislie with seriousness—lie with impudence. Never lie unless you can see a chance to make something thereby—then lie boldly. A man, especially a merchant, who always tells the truth, and nothing but the truth, must frequently be the victim of disappointment. He cannot succeed, and it is perfectly useless for him to think of it. I told the truth once, and I have repented it to this day. I lost a thousand dollars. I could have made it just as easy as winking. That sum, singly, is not much to me now, but just think-in the ten years since I committed that offence, how much might have been made with it. It would have quadrupled itself at the least calculation. I took a solemn oath, never to catch myself again!
Be always on hand. Never lose a chance. Remember, it is the early bird that snaps up the worm. Every buman gudgeon is hooked up by somebody; so take your chance. They are curious-show them your elephant. Keep a little good liquor to treat them with. Don't drink yourself, but fill them to the muzzle before cominencing trade. They purchase with desperation wben about half or three parts fuddled. Any. thing-everything-nothing comes amiss. Backbite your neighbors-declare they are koares, swindlers, cheats, thieves—wouldn't trust them out of sight. Then, when you have got them well screwed in your vice, squeeze, until they are as dry as dust. That is the way, my dear nephew, to show yourself worthy of the appellation of a business man, and to do honor to my instructions. Your loving uncle,
SMUGGLING IN SPAIN. The Madrid Gazette contains a decree extending the line of custom-houses through the province of Zaragosa, from Justinana and Navarre, as far as the province of Huesca. This measure has been taken in consequence of the increase of smuggling and the complete and dangerous organization of smugglers in that department. The government begins to find that it is impossible to maintain its protective system without recourse to custom-houses in the interior.
LANDING A STEAMBOAT PASSENGER The Poughkeepsie Eagle reports aninteresting law case which has recently been decided in the Circuit Court of Oyer and Terminer, in that place. It seems that a gentlemen by the name of Whinfield, belonging to Poughkeepsie, took passage at New York on the steam bout Oregon, buying a through ticket to Albany, as, owing to the competition, a through ticket could be bought for a less price than a way ticket. When the boat reached Poughkeepsie, Whitfield offered his through ticket and attempted to go ashore; but the officers of the boat forcibly resisted him, and carried him against his will to Albany. Whinfield brought a suit against the owners and officers of the boat for assault and false imprisonment; contending that a through ticket entitled the holder to land wherever he pleased on the way. The court sustained this position; ruling, that a through ticket entitled a passenger to land at any place where the boat stopped; and that in fact all the passengers had a right to walk ashore at any place. That a passenger not paying his passage, when demanded, was liable to be put on shore im. mediately ; but if the steamboat came to Poughkeepsie or any other dock, a passenger who had not paid his passage had a right to go ashore without any detention from the owners or employees of the boat; and that in fact the owners must collect the passage money before starting ; and that if not collected at that time, it was a debt, and to be collected as other debts; and that it was false imprisonment to detain any passenger from landing. Under this ruling the jury found a verdict of $150 and costs against the captain, clerk, and ticket agent of the Oregon.
A SELF-WINDING OR PERPETUAL CLOCK. After years of mathematical labor and mechanical results, Professor Willis, of Rochester, has completed and has now in constant operation a self-winding clock, which determines the seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, and years of time with unfailing accuracy, continuing in constant motion, by itself, never requiring to be wound up, never running down, but moving perpetually so long as its components exist. It might easily be called a perpetual motion, and it is so in one sense, but the inventor very properly makes no such claiin. The scientific will at once understand this upon inspection. The Rochester Democrat says that the clock stands upon two uprights about six feet high, with a large highly.finished dial. Its mechanism is all exposed to the closest scrutiny, and the movement of its simple escapement and its direct motion is as plain to the eye as the truth and force of its well applied principles to the mind.
BUSINESS OF DUBUQUE IN 1851. It appears from the report of a committee appointed by the city council of Dubuque, Iowa, that the number of steamboats that arrived there during the boating season of 1851 was 353, and the number of departures 352. Dubuque exported 4,287 tons of merchandise of the value of $233,207 59; and imported 24,663 tons of the value of $1,175,207 40. The number of immigrants who have been landed from steamers we find to be 2,824. The articles embraced in the above summary of exports consist chiefly of the agricultural products of the soil, lead, horses, cattle, and hogs. The imports were mostly made up of dry goods, groceries, queensware, machinery, leather, lumber &c. The amount of insurance by merchants and others upon exports was in and about the sum of $1,749, and that paid upon imports $8,814, making the aggregate paid for insurance the sum of $10,563,
OF THE COASTING TRADE BETWEEN NEW YORK AND VIRGINIA. An act was passed by the legislature of New York on the 20th March, 1852, "er. empting vessels and persons engaged in the coasting trade between the port of New York and the Capes of Virginia, from Quarantine,” as follows:
Sec. 1. Article first, title second, chapter fourteen, of the first part of the revised statutes, entitled of the place of quarantine, and the vessels and persons subject thereto, shall not apply to Vessels and persons engaged in the coasting trade between the port of New York and any of the Capes of Virginia; and all such vessels and persons may at all times enter the port of New York without being subject to quarantine, the same as if they did not pass to the south of Cape Henlopen, except in case there may be sickness on board, when they shall be subject to the existing provisions of laws.
THE BOOK TRADE.
1.--Five Years in an English University. By CHARLES Astoa BRISTED, late Foun
dation Scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge. 2 vols. New York: G. P. Putnam, 155 Broadway.
Mr. Bristed's book has a right to a place among the latest voyages to unexplored regions, and by the side of the last journey to the interior of Africa. Polar seas and regions are rather better known to the American public, than the modes of life and course of studies in the Great English Universities. Our ignorance in this respect, is the more striking from our familarity with the German Universities, with which numerous books, learned and familiar, and the experience of many an American student have made us acquainted. In the colonial times, young Americans of aspiration used to repair to the English Universities, but very few have found their way there since. Mr. Bristed's experience, therefore, was something unique and well worth narrating. Mr. Bristed has very decided talent for description, the minuteness of observation, the eye for details, which give vividness and life. His pictures of university life are as piquant as Howitt's similar sketches of German student life. Having graduated at New Haven also, he is enabled to contrast his experience of the American with the English College system, much to the disadvantage of the former. The book, in fact, under a narrative form is much more; it is a formal expose of the defects of American classical scholarship, of the superiority of English, and of the mode by which the inferiority is to be removed, which is the substitution of the English system. We confess we were more struck in Mr. Bristed's Companion, with the points of resemblance than of difference, between the English and American system of college study and discipline. They were both formed on the same model—the monastic discipline; both breathe the same school-boy spirit. The difference is a differenee of degree, not of kind. The American collegian euds his college course at twenty, the English begins at about that age; the American devotes about seven years to the classics, the English student, twelve or more ; and above all, the English student pursues his course at a mature age. But the system is the same; competition, artificial incitements, coaches, steam, petty restraints, study to pass examination, not to learn. The fact is, England and America must alike acknowledge the literary sovereignty of Germany in classical learning. The best labors of English scholars consist in working up the results of German erudition, translating German treatises, editing German editions. What is Liddel and Scott's Lexicon, cited by Mr. Bristed as proof of Oxford industry, but a translation in the main? When the classics are studied by men, as a profession, such results may be expected, but we study them as an inferior branch, preparatory to law, divinity, or medicine, not, like the faculty of Philosophy in Germany, co-ordinate with them. Mr. Bristed's book, however, is full of valuable suggestions; it is written in a frank, manly spirit, with much earnestness, and withal good humor, full too of those personal details which make such interesting reading. For how many pleasant hours is the world indebted to the amiable egotism of its Pepyses and Berneys! At the same time we cannot too much applaud this race instead of an American man of wealth earnestly laboring in the cause of good letters. We think Mr. Bristed underrates American scholarship. We have not space to show how; but really it seems scarce confirmation of his complaint, when in a book so professedly scholarly, there occur such errors as indagimus facile andiisse, etc., which we can of course call nothing but misprints. Is it impossible to have Latin and Greek correctly printed in New York ? 2.-Harper's New Monthly Magazine. Vol. 4. December, 1851, to May, 1852. 8vo.,
pp. 863. New York: Harper & Brothers.
A fourth volume of Harper's Magazine was completed with the May number. It is unnecessary to repeat what all the world in the United States and the Canadas well know, that nowhere else can be found the same amount of agreeable reading, at the same expense, as in these pages. The good taste of the work, the excellence of its varied contents, and the discrimination in their choice are well appreciated. The aid of sach writers as the Abbotts, and the entertainment and instruction of their articles cannot be too highly valued. It is a work that should be received into every family. Each volume improves in appearance. Many of the articles in these pages are profusely illustrated with well executed cuts. Indeed no labor or cost seems to be spared to make this work as complete, and tasteful, and perfect as possible.
-Philadelphia as it is in 1862: Being a Correct Guide to all the Public Buildings; Literary, Scientific, and Benevolent Institutions ; and Places of Amusement, Remarkable Objects, Commercial Warehouses, and Wholesale and Retail Stores in Philadelphia and its Vicinity. With Illustrations, and a Map of the City and its Environs. By R. A. SMITH.° 12mo., pp. 452. Philadelphia : Lindsay & Blakiston.
The title of this work explains its contents at length. It is sufficient to say that it is issued in very good taste, and contains many well executed cuts. 4.-The World Here and There; or Notes of Travelers. From “ Household Words.”
Edited by CHARLES DICKENS. No. 4, 12mo., pp. 231. 5.-The Existence of a God and Human Immortality Philosophically Considered, and
the Truth of Divine Revelation Substantiated. By J. Bovee Dods. 12mo., pp. 215. New York : Fowlers and Wells.
This author is a pleasant and easy writer. In his discussion of the subject of the existence of the Deity he has presented many strong facts in a forcible and popular manner. 6.—The Hive and the Honey-Bee; with Plain Directions for Obtaining a Con
siderable Annual Increase from this Branch of Rural Économy. To which is added an Account of the Diseases of Bees, with their Remedies. Also Remarks as to their Enemies, and the Best Mode of Protecting the Bees from their Attacks. By H. D. RICHARDSON. With illustrations on wood. 8vo., pp. 72. New
York: C. M. Saxton. 7.-Journey to Iceland, and Travels in Sweden and Norway. Translated by CHAB
LOTTE F. COOPER. 12mo., pp. 270. New York: G. P. Putnam.
Madame Pheiffer, the author of this volume, is the woman who through curiosity made the tour of the world. The same motive led her to Ireland. She is shrewd, sensible, and often striking in her observations, and the reader will follow her with interest throughout her trip. The volume forms number eight of Putnam's Cheap Library. 8.-Les Aventures de Telemaque, fils d'Ulysse. Par M. FENELON. D'apres l'edition
de M. CHARLES Beun. 12mo., pp. 395. New York: Leavitt & Allen.
Fenelon's Telemachus is a work too well known to the public to require explanation. For two hundred years it has been the admiration of mankind. This edition is issued in very good taste, in clear and distinct type, and substantial paper. The sig. nification of the most difficult words is added at the foot of each page, and a brief compendium of ancient history and geography, so far as may be necessary, to increase the intelligibility of the work, is placed at the close, as an appendix. We have never seen a better edition for youth. 9.-Notes, Explanatory and Practical, on the Book of Revelations. By ALBERT
BARNES. 12mo., pp. 506. New York: Harper & Brothers.
This is an excellent work on a subject upon which so much has been written, and so little is actually known. The author entered upon the task of exposition not precisely from any previous purpose, or to establish a theory of his own, but rather in the coarse of his private studies. Finding much in historical writers to confirm the views which arose in his own mind, he was led to complete and publish them. His well known ability and success in biblical investigations are such as to entitle this work to a cordial reception. 10.- Miscellanies. By Rev. James MartineAU. 12m0., pp. 472. Boston: Crosby
The contents of this volume consist of articles which have heretofore appeared in the English periodicals, but they treat of such high themes, and possess such a lofty tone, clearness of moral discrimination, affluence of imagery, and vigorous precision of language, that they not only made quite an impression upon their first appearance, but have been regarded, and with justice, as worthy to be reproduced in a more permanent form. The titles of some of the articles are the following "The battle of the Churches;" " The Church of England;" “ Church and State;" “ Life and correspondence of Thomas Aruold;" and among liberal Christians this volume will find great favor, and they will regard its appearance, in the present state and tendencies of opinion, as very timely.
11.--St. Paul's Epistles to the Corinthians: an Attempt to convey their Spirit and Significance. By John HAMILTON Trom. 12mo., pp. 400. Boston: Crosby & Nichols.
All scholars and deep students are warned off from these pages. They are designed for the unlearned; for those who desire religious truth with simplicity, sincerity, and love. The author belongs to that class known as liberal Christians, and while he displays in his annotations of Paul's Epistle all that depth of thought and elegance of diction, peculiar to his brethren, yet he has farther advanced than is usual, into a field which is often comparatively overlooked. He not only believes, but feels that it is through the heart alone man can sympathize with whatever exists behind the veil ; that the feelings of the heart are the ultimate source of all thought and all action; that love and its kindred affections only, constitute all that is immortal of the acquisitions of man on earth. 12.- The Two Families : an Episode in the History of Chapelton. By the author of
Rose Douglas. 12mo., pp. 261. New York: Harper & Brothers. Some very agreeable and pleasing scenes will be found in these pages, and the whole work is written with much strength and force. But there are several of the characters strongly depicted which are destitute of any attraction whatever. Indeed they are such that scarcely a reader can desire their acquaintance. These are blemishes which seriously mar what might have been made, with a little modification, a very attractive tale. 13.—The Howadji in Syria. By Geo. Wm. Curtis. 12mo., pp. 304. New York:
Harper & Brothers.
There may be some readers who will be pleased with this work. The author is happy in the selection of his language, which is generally the most mellow and soft words. The order of their arrangement is less harmonious, and often made at the expense of the thought, which should never be done. There are many pleasing and agreeable passages, but nothing which the reader will call“ downright good.” The effort to polish and finish is glaring all over, and often there is a far-fetchedness in the thoughts, an absence of that truthful and natural adaptation to the subject which is requisite to agreeable reading of every kind. It is, in other respects, a work of much better taste than most writers possess, though art has done more than nature here. We do not desire to deter any reader from a book which he ought to possess, and which is worth far more than the mere cost. It belongs to a peculiar and difficult department of composition, and we have examined it as such. 14-The British Colonies ; their Ilistory, Extent, Condition, and Resources. By R.
M. Martin. Part 38. New York: John Tallis & Co.
A finely executed portrait of Sir Ralph Abercromby embellishes this number. In its pages the history of the colony of Cape Town during the year 1814 is continued. 16.–Tallis's Scripture Natural History for Youth. Part 13. 18mo. New York: John Tallis & Co.
It contains sixteen colored and finely executed plates of birds which are mentioned in scripture, accompanied with a very interesting and instructive outline of their patural history. 16.-The Illustrated Atlas and Modern History of the World. By R. M. Martin.
Part 47. New York: John Tallis & Co.
This part contains a beautiful engraving of the city of Edinburg, and some additional pages of the Index Gazetteer. We have often expressed our gratification at the elegant execution of these maps. 17.-Lillian and other Poems. By W. MACKWORTH PRAED. Now first collected.
12mo., pp. 290. New York: J. S. Redfield.
It is a very unusual circumstance in these days that the author of poems of so much merit as these, should never attempt the task of their collection from the ephemeral publications in which they have first appeared. On the contrary, the labor has been done in this country for an English poet who was far too careless of his reputation, The contents of the volume consist of numerous pieces, some of which are of considerable length, and others are quite brief. They possess a delicate sensibility and a richness of fancy intermingled often with a tone of sadness which imparts to them an intense charm.